Tuesday, June 18, 2019

GCI to deploy 5G in Anchorage with Ericsson

GCI, Alaska's largest telecommunications company, will deploy a 5G network in Anchorage (population 291,000), the state's largest city, in partnership with Ericsson.

GCI is deploying Ericsson's 5G New Radio (NR) hardware and software to 82 macro cell sites across the Municipality of Anchorage from Girdwood to Eklutna, an area larger than the state of Rhode Island.

GCI's metro fiber network will provide backhaul services to these sites, which include both towers and building locations.  The project will be completed in 2020 with initial 5G service coming online in the first half of the year.

"We are committed to providing superior 5G wireless service to the residents of Anchorage just as we already provide the fastest internet service," said GCI CEO Ron Duncan. "We are bringing all our assets – fiber, spectrum, wireless footprint, Alaska expertise – to bear on that commitment."

GCI's metro fiber network and cable plant already offers 1 GIG cable modem service to 95% of Anchorage households. GCI controls more low/mid-band mobile radio spectrum than any other wireless provider in Anchorage. And it has more macro cell sites in Anchorage than any other Alaska wireless provider.

https://www.gci.com

Mellanox supplies 200G InfiniBand for Lenovo’s liquid cooled servers

Mellanox Technologies has begun shipping liquid cooled HDR 200G Multi-Host InfiniBand adapters for the Lenovo ThinkSystem SD650 server platform, which features Lenovo's "Neptune" liquid cooling technologies.

“Our collaboration with Lenovo delivers a scalable and highly energy efficient platform that delivers nearly 90% heat removal efficiency and can reduce data center energy costs by nearly 40%, and takes full advantage of the best-of-breed capabilities from Mellanox InfiniBand, including the Mellanox smart acceleration engines, RDMA, GPUDirect, Multi-Host and more,” said Gilad Shainer, Senior Vice President of Marketing at Mellanox Technologies.

Hazelcast raises $21.5 million for in-memory computing

Hazelcast, a start-up based in Palo Alto, California, closed a $21.5 million funding round for its in-memory computing platform/

Hazelcast said launched its in-memory data grid (IMDG) product to directly address the inherent limitations of databases in use cases where microseconds count, including payment processing, microservices, fraud detection and many more. More recently, Hazelcast introduced two new products: Hazelcast Cloud, a managed service, and Hazelcast Jet, the industry’s fastest event stream processing engine. The company was founded in 2012.

The funding was led by new investor C5 Capital, a UK-based venture capital firm focused on cybersecurity, data analytics and cloud computing. Existing investors Bain Capital Ventures, Earlybird Venture Capital and Capital One Growth Ventures also participated in the round.

“From the cloud to the internet of things, the macro trends hitting today’s enterprises require a new approach to data processing for meeting the time-sensitive demands of data-centric applications,” said Kelly Herrell, CEO of Hazelcast. “Hazelcast enables its customers to establish a System of Now through its platform that scales linearly and delivers the industry’s fastest processing for stored and streaming data, leaving competitive offerings far behind as data sizes and processing loads grow.”

https://hazelcast.com

Equinix promotes Jon Lin to President, Americas

Equinix appointed Jon Lin, a 10-year Equinix veteran, as President, Americas. Lin will be responsible for the regional management, strategy and growth plan for Equinix in the Americas, including existing operations in Brazil, Canada, Colombia and the U.S.

Lin succeeds Karl Strohmeyer, who served as President, Americas since 2013 and was appointed Chief Customer and Revenue Officer earlier this year, overseeing the company's overall go-to-market strategy.

Lin has held various roles since joining Equinix in 2009, most recently as Vice President, Americas Regional Corporate Development. In this role, he led the Americas regional strategic planning and was a leader in the one of the company’s largest transactions: the $3.6 billion acquisition of 29 data centers from Verizon in 2017. Lin also managed the integration of the Verizon data center assets into Equinix, with a special focus on supporting the company’s federal strategy development. In 2018, he also played a leading role in the acquisition of Infomart Dallas.

http://www.Equinix.com

Monday, June 17, 2019

Ericsson debuts standalone 5G NR software and edge cloud hardware

Ericsson introduced standalone 5G New Radio (NR) software to expand 5G deployment options. Ericsson already supports 5G non-standalone (NSA) 5G NR. The new standalone 5G NR software can be installed on existing Ericsson Radio System hardware. Coupled with Ericsson’s 5G dual-mode Cloud Core solutions, the new products are aimed at opening new business opportunities for service providers – especially having established an architecture that facilitates agility, provides advanced support for network slicing and enables the speedy creation of new services.

Ericsson has also launched Inter-band NR Carrier Aggregation – a new software feature that extends the coverage and capacity of NR on mid- and high bands when combined with NR on low bands. This will improve speeds indoors and in areas with poor coverage.

Two new Massive MIMO radios have also been added to the Ericsson Radio System mid-band portfolio: AIR 1636 for wider coverage which provides optimized performance on longer inter-site distances; and AIR 1623 for easy site build with minimal total cost of ownership.

Ericsson is also introducing an edge computing solution to enable service providers to offer 5G services such as augmented reality and content distribution at low cost, low latency, and high accuracy. The new Ericsson Edge NFVI (Network Functions Virtualization Infrastructure) is part of the end-to-end managed and orchestrated distributed cloud architecture, which makes it possible to distribute workloads, optimize the network and enable new services in the cloud. 

In addition, Ericsson is launching the Ericsson partner VNF Certification Service, a partner certification program for virtual network functions (VNF). The service is open to all VNF vendors and grants a certification on the Ericsson NFVI platform using Ericsson Labs. This will create an ecosystem with a shorter time-to-market for working with partners and applications.

Fredrik Jejdling, Executive Vice President and Head of Business Area Networks, Ericsson, says: “We continue to focus our efforts on helping our customers succeed with 5G. These new solutions will allow them to follow the 5G evolution path that fits their ambitions in the simplest and most efficient way.”

YouTube: A Coffee with Ren

Huawei Founder & CEO Ren Zhengfei hosted a 1-hour 45-minute discussion with George Gilder (futurist and venture capitalist) and Professor Nicholas Negroponte (co-founder of the MIT Media Lab), at the company's Shenzhen headquarters.



Some key takeaways:

  • Ren did not expect such a ferocious attack by the U.S. government
  • Ren expects the U.S. blacklisting to wipeout US$30 billion in sales growth, however, overall sales will be flat for 2019 and 2020 at around $100 billion.
  • Ren said overseas smartphone sales will dip 40%
  • Gilder said the U.S. is making a terrible mistake with the Huawei ban. Gilder said the entire Internet is facing a security problem. This is a technical problem, not a political problem.
  • Negroponte said we are facing a cultural problem. He although described the Huawei ban as a mistake, and that the world must learn to collaborate.

The video was streamed live and posted by CCTV.

The panel's moderator invited questions from the international press but Ren did not respond to a question from CNN regarding China's censorship of the Web and the blocking of Google and other American firms.

https://youtu.be/h43qwoetLwU



AT&T spends $980 million for 5G spectrum in 24 GHz band

AT&T confirmed that it won 24 GHz spectrum in 383 Partial Economic Areas (PEAs) in FCC Auction 102 for a nationwide average of 254 MHz. AT&T spent about $980 million in the auction.

All of the licenses that AT&T won were in the upper 500 MHz portion of the 24 GHz band. When added to the mmWave spectrum AT&T already holds in the 39 GHz band, AT&T’s average spectrum depth in mmWave increased by two-thirds to more than 630 MHz nationwide.

AT&T said the auction provides it with stronger nationwide coverage and additional spectrum depth and capacity in many top markets where demand is often greatest. In the top 10 markets alone, AT&T won nearly 286 MHz on average, including 300 MHz in 8 of those markets.

“We’ve already been recognized for having the nation’s fastest1 and best2 wireless network, and by further strengthening our spectrum position, we intend to build on our success. I’d like to congratulate and thank the FCC on the conclusion of another successful auction.”

AT&T's mobile 5G service is currently available in parts of 19 cities, with plans to reach parts of 29 cities by the end of 2019.

“We’re leading the nation in mobile 5G deployment and the large, contiguous block of spectrum we won in Auction 102 will be critical to maintaining that leadership,” said Scott Mair, president of AT&T Operations. “We’ve already been recognized for having the nation’s fastest1 and best2 wireless network, and by further strengthening our spectrum position, we intend to build on our success. I’d like to congratulate and thank the FCC on the conclusion of another successful auction.”

Gulf Bridge International picks Nuage for SD-WAN

Gulf Bridge International, which provides managed IP services in Europe, Middle East and Africa (MEA) and Asia, will deploy Nuage Networks' SD-WAN 2.0 solution to offer their enterprise customers optimized connectivity between branches and private and public clouds.

GBI said the rollout will enable its customers to set up automated services with specific policies related to availability, reliability or security, via one, unified interface. This includes dynamic responses to security threats such as distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDoS) and the ability to monitor capacity and distribute it manually or automatically in order to meet the bandwidth needs of individual branches or data centers.

Sunil Khandekar, founder and CEO of Nuage Networks, said: "Contributing to this one-of-a-kind service for the region presents immense opportunity for Nuage Networks. By integrating our SD-WAN solution with GBI's extensive network, their enterprise customers will reduce operational overhead and have the ability to create a highly secure and dynamic network to connect all their branches and users to both public and private clouds - at a global scale."

GBI - Transforming Subsea Systems with SDN



GBI, which stands for Gulf Bridge International, is well-known for its subsea cable system extending from the Arabian Gulf to the United Kingdom to the west and Singapore to the east. In this video, Rick Hillson, VP of Next Gen Architecture for GBI, talks about transforming this system with #SDN and #NFV.

See video: https://youtu.be/O09truKmCkU

GSMA: 5G impacting weather forecasting is untrue

The GSMA issued a press statement asserting that 5G systems will not harm weather forecasting services, commercial satellite, radar and other applications using adjacent airwaves.

“5G and weather forecasts can and will co-exist – it’s ludicrous to suggest otherwise,” said Brett Tarnutzer, Head of Spectrum, GSMA. “To suggest that our 7-day forecast will go away with 5G is simply fake news. We cannot allow these scare tactics to prevent us from reaping the huge societal and economic benefits of 5G networks. We urge everyone to simply look at the facts and not get drawn in by misleading rhetoric.”

“We are asking Europe and other countries around the world not to let a campaign of misinformation close the door on a new world of possibilities that 5G will bring,” added Tarnutzer. “From mobile broadband at fibre-like speeds to the home to digital factories and precision surgery – without mmWave spectrum, none of these use cases will reach their full potential. Making decisions on 5G that aren’t based on the facts will seriously undermine the potential impact of 5G on communities and economies.”

FiberHome selects Ethernity's FPGA SmartNIC

FiberHome Telecommunication Technologies, a major Chinese networking and telecommunication equipment provider, has selected Ethernity Networks' ACE-NIC100 FPGA SmartNIC for implementation within its latest FitBNG Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) product.

The accelerated platform will integrate FiberHome’s BNG software and Ethernity’s SmartNIC hardware using standard DPDK (data plane development kit) to fully offload up to 80Gbps of data processing to the ACE-NIC100’s onboard FPGA.

Ethernity said its solution minimizes CPU intervention, saving CPU cycles and significantly reducing CPU power and cost. The ACE-NIC100 will support tens of thousands of subscribers with PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) termination, performance monitoring counters per subscriber, and hierarchical quality of service (H-QoS), which is impractical for implementation in software-only BNG.

“We have been working closely with Ethernity for months to develop a solution that includes the performance and features that best fit our needs,” said Mr. Wang Ye, Director of NFV Product Lines at FiberHome. “Ethernity’s ACE-NIC100, with its high throughput and offloading capabilities, is an ideal fit for our FitBNG solution architecture, and by reducing the required CPU cores, we have improved our cost efficiency as well. It's a very powerful enabler for FiberHome.”

Anixter develops new cabling system for next-gen buildings

Anixter has developed a new utility-grade cabling system for supporting building subsystems, technologies & applications.

INFRASTRUCTURE by Anixter, also known as UTG, was developed alongside Belden, CommScope and Fluke Networks.

Anixter said its UTG program provides specifications for interoperable and future-ready solutions that exceed current standards of category rated cabling, including extended transmission distances, higher bandwidth capabilities, 4k streaming, increased bundling sizes for Power over Ethernet (PoE) applications and support for next-generation Wi-Fi technologies.

“Connectivity issues impact employee productivity, business profitability and user experience, and these variables are some of the key factors in attracting premium tenants and employees,” says Bill Geary, executive vice president, Network & Security Solutions at Anixter. “According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the number of connected buildings across the globe is projected to double by 2060, and IHS Markit predicts connected devices will reach 75 billion in the next 6 years, meaning these spaces must transform to keep up with our reliance on technology.”

Singapore to deploy 5G-ready SDN alongside power grid

Nokia is collaborating with SP Telecom to roll out Singapore’s first 5G-ready software-defined network, which sits alongside the country’s power grid, to support critical communication services.

Nokia will be supplying a full suite of tech to SP Telecom, including its FP4-based Service Router, optical transport, cloud software, service automation and network orchestration.

SP Telecom infrastructure serves as an alternative fibre network in Singapore. It uses unique fibre pathways that combine leased SP Group infrastructure and owned fibre pipes, laid alongside the power network cables. It is also a highly efficient network that supports ultra-low latency for 5G players. SP Telecom is a joint venture of ST Engineering and SP Group.

“SP Telecom constantly looks for new ways to bring the latest technologies and best-in-class partners together, developing solutions that can generate new and positive changes in the industry,” said Titus Yong, CEO of SP Telecom. “We are well poised to facilitate the rollout of 5G in Singapore, working closely with our technology partners to deliver a reliable, high-performance and seamless network for 5G players and their customers.”

http://www.sptel.com/media-centre/

Mellanox cites supercomputing momentum for HDR 200G Infiniband

Mellanox Technologies reports that HDR 200G InfiniBand continues to gain traction with next generation of supercomputers worldwide due to its highest data throughput, extremely low latency, and smart In-Network Computing acceleration engines.

Mellanox's HDR 200G InfiniBand solutions include its ConnectX-6 adapters, Mellanox Quantum switches, LinkX cables and transceivers and software packages.

“We are proud to have our HDR InfiniBand solutions accelerate supercomputers around the world, enhance research and discoveries, and advancing Exascale programs,” said Gilad Shainer, senior vice president of marketing at Mellanox Technologies. “InfiniBand continues to gain market share, and be selected by many research, educational and government institutes, weather and climate facilities, and commercial organizations. The technology advantages of InfiniBand make it the interconnect of choice for compute and storage infrastructures.”

Examples

  • The Texas Advanced Computing Center’s (TACC) Frontera supercomputer -- ranked #5 on the June 2019 TOP500 Supercomputers list, Frontera utilizes HDR InfiniBand, and in particular multiple 800-port HDR InfiniBand switches.
  • The new HDR InfiniBand-based Orion supercomputer located at the Mississippi State University High Performance Computing Collaboratory -- ranked #62 on the June 2019 TOP500 list, the 1800-node supercomputer leverages the performance advantages of HDR InfiniBand and its application acceleration engines to provide new levels of application performance and scalability.
  • CSC, the Finnish IT Center for Science, and the Finnish Meteorological Institute -- ranked #166 on the TOP500 list.
  • Cygnus -- the first HDR InfiniBand supercomputer in Japan and ranked #264 on the TOP500 list.
  • India's Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) 

Sunday, June 16, 2019

Corning: Network Densification = Glassification

Speaking at an Investor Day event in New York, Corning CEO Wendell Weeks said the company expects 6%-8% compound annual sales growth for the 2020 to 2023 period primarily driven by organic growth in Corning's market-access platforms.

According to Corning estimates, about 100x more metro fiber is needed to connect a 5G network with dense small cells than was required to support 3G/4G networks. This is twice as fiber as required for FTTH in the same area.

In hyperscale data centers, a non-blocking optical is required to link compute, storage and networking resources. Corning estimates that the new data center network architecture requires 10 times more optical links. In fact, a single hyperscale data center can require more than one million fiber kilometers in a single campus -- the equivalent to FTTH in the entire Dallas suburbs.

The move to onboard optics in servers and switches will also impact fiber demand. The copackaging of optical transceivers with switch ASICs may lead to new types of fiber. Corning believes it is well-positioned for this transition.

For Corning, Densification = Glassification.

Corning outlined the following priorities and key drivers for the 2020 to 2023 period:
  • Optical Communications to grow approximately twice as fast as the passive optical market, driven by 5G and next-gen hyperscale data centers;
  • Automotive market sales to double by 2023, driven by growth in gasoline particulate filters and the company's new automotive glass solutions business;
  • Mobile Consumer Electronics market sales to continue on a path to doubling, as Corning captures more value per device and wins in new device categories with Corning Gorilla Glass and other innovations; 
  • Life Sciences Vessels market sales to grow at least double the industry rate, driven by cell and gene therapy-related demand; launch of Valor Glass for pharmaceutical packaging has potential to become a multi-billion-dollar franchise;
  • Display to be stable as price declines remain moderate, television screen size continues to increase, and Gen 10.5 plants come on line.
Corning also expects to invest $10 billion to $12 billion in RD&E, capital and mergers and acquisitions. Its primary focus on organic growth will continue.

"We believe that Corning is more resilient than at any point in its history," said Tony Tripeny, executive vice president and chief financial officer. "Our strategic investments are paying off and our relationships with industry-leading customers are creating new opportunities for collaboration and growth. Based on these factors and our record of execution, we are confident in our ability to meet the long-term goals we are setting today."

A webcast of the presentation is online (2 hours 43 minutes):
https://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/oeaqhoh6

https://investor.corning.com/investor-relations/default.aspx


Vodafone Spain launches 5G in 15 cities with Huawei

Vodafone España lauched commercial 5G service in 15 cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Sevilla, Málaga, Zaragoza, Bilbao, Vitoria, San Sebastián, La Coruña, Vigo, Gijón, Pamplona, Logroño y Santander. This is the first commercial 5G launch in Spain.

Huawei has been a strategic network supplier to Vodafone since at least 2009. In 2014, Huawei was selected to will supply products and services for Vodafone radio access networks in 15 countries including the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, Romania, Czech Republic, Hungary, Greece, Turkey, Egypt, South Africa, Mozambique, Lesotho, DRC and Ghana. The deployments use Huawei's SingleRAN solutions and beam-forming Active Antenna System.

For its 5G rollout, Vodafone España is using 90 MHz of contiguous spectrum in the 3.7 GHz band.

A premium 5G service tier is priced at EUR50 per month for unlimited data at the maximum rate available to the smartphone.

5G smartphones on offer include the Samsung Galaxy S10 5G, LG V50 ThinQ 5G, and the Xiaomi Mi MIX3 5G.

In May, Vodafone completed the first international 5G roaming call between Spain and Portugal.

5G roaming to Germany, Italy, and the UK will be available later this summer.

Vodafone is also announcing an exclusive partnership with Hatch, a cloud gaming platform optimized for 5G.

As of June 2019, Huawei says it has secured 46 commercial 5G contracts and shipped over 100,000 5G base stations.

NXP's Ultra-wideband brings location positioning to centimeters

NXP Semiconductors introduced a next-generation Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) ranging technology designed for mobile, automotive, Internet-of-Things (IoT) and industrial.

The new UWB technology enables precision sensing, which creates a new dimension of spatial context for wireless devices.

NXP describes this new generation of UWB as a major evolutionary step from the existing wireless technologies, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and GPS. Its ability to process contextual information such as the position of the UWB anchor, its movements, and distance to other devices with an unprecedented precision of a few centimeters, enables decision making and management of these devices to take place with high granularity.

NXP UWB enables accurate localization capabilities. Doors and points of entry will open once approaching them. Lights, audio speakers and any other connected devices with sensors will be able to follow consumers from one room to another, and smart connected technology will blend in more intuitively in people’s lives.

“NXP’s UWB sparks exciting new use cases that have never before been possible,” said Kurt Sievers, President at NXP. “The technology not only understands motion and relative positioning outdoors and indoors, but its real-time robust accuracy can change the way we drive efficiency in factories, play interactive games or use AR/AI applications on our phones. We’re excited to share news of our latest developments in this space to bring us into a new era of intuitive on-demand applications.”

Key UWB features:

  • UWB higher bandwidth channel provides greater instantaneous precision than existing wireless technologies in challenging environments, leading to an accuracy of a few centimeters.
  • UWB enables latency-sensitive applications, such as access, gaming, and AR, by an efficient Time-of-Flight calculation.
  • UWB adds a new level of security to car key fobs and can prevent relay attacks by distinguishing the authentic signal from the relayed/spoofed signal.

https://media.nxp.com


Friday, June 14, 2019

Zayo to provide metro dark fiber in Chicago for big customer

Zayo has been selected by a global technology company for metro dark fiber in Chicago. The solution will provide additional high-performance capacity between the company’s data centers.

Zayo said its solution leverages its dense Chicago fiber network that spans more than 1,600 route miles and connects more than 35 data centers. Dark fiber offers substantial levels of bandwidth, a higher level of control and long-term lease terms.

Zayo operates four zColo data centers in the Chicago metro area, with a total footprint of more than 258,000 critical square feet.

Zayo also provides diverse connectivity into 350 Cermak, one of the world’s largest data centers. 350 Cermak is a key carrier hotel in the region and a backbone of the internet. Chicago is one of the top data center markets in the U.S. due to affordability of power, available fiber connectivity and low exposure to natural disasters.

In addition to Zayo’s Chicago metro fiber footprint, Zayo has several major long haul routes that connect into the city, including New York/New Jersey to Chicago via the low-latency Spread Networks by Zayo route, Columbus to Chicago, Minneapolis to Chicago, Omaha to Chicago, Indianapolis to Chicago, St. Louis to Chicago and Toronto to Chicago.

“Zayo’s high fiber count footprint in Chicago enables us to be one of the few providers that can offer customers diverse dark fiber along with access to long haul routes,” said Steve Orlando, senior vice president of Central Region at Zayo. “In this case, our customer continues to require additional bandwidth to accommodate growth, and we look forward to increasing their dark fiber capacity.”

http://www.zayo.com

Intel backs early-stage start-ups in Israel

Intel is launching an incubation program focused on early-stage startup companies in Israel in key segments, including artificial intelligence (AI), autonomous systems and other data-centric technologies and business models.

The Intel Ignite program, which is based in Tel Aviv, will leverage Intel’s global market access and business and technology leadership to provide early-stage startups with unique advantages on their paths to disrupt the future.

Intel will host 10 to 15 top pre-seed to seed startups through a 20-week program where they will receive hands-on mentorship from Intel and industry experts in a variety of product, business, management and technical areas. Intel is committed to accelerate their growth and scale their ideas for greater impact.

“Intel has always worked in concert with open ecosystems to scale new technologies so they can be transformational for our customers, business and society. This process is fueled by the innovation and passion of the startup community,” said Intel CEO Bob Swan. “Israel has the deep skill base in AI, autonomous systems and the underlying technologies critical to these inflections that make it a natural choice to launch our Ignite program.”

AT&T sells WarnerMedia offices in NYC for $2.2 billion

WarnerMedia, an operating company of AT&T, completed the sale-leaseback of its premises at 30 Hudson Yards to a consortium for approximately $2.2 billion. The company announced its initial agreement to sell these assets in April 2019.

WarnerMedia’s lease at 30 Hudson Yards runs through early 2034.

AT&T said it will use proceeds from this transaction, along with additional planned sales of non-core assets, to reduce its debt.

CiscoLive!: Innovations in Optics

The cost of optics has come down, but not nearly as fast as silicon, said Bill Gartner, VP/GM of Cisco's Optical Systems & Optics, speaking at this week's CiscoLive! event in San Diego.

For 100G systems, roughly 50% of the bill of materials (BoM) is the optics. At 400G, roughly 70% of the BoM is optics. This has spurred Cisco to take a more active role in developing its own optics for data centers, enterprise networks, and even Service Provide and webscale applications. Beyond cost savings, Gartner said Cisco's investment in optics is at the heart of its Intent-based Networking strategy.

Earlier this year, Cisco acquired Luxtera, a developer of silicon photonic technologies, for $660 million in cash and assumed equity awards. Luxtera, which is based in Carlsbad, California, focuses on silicon photonics process and packaging technologies for building integrated optics capabilities for webscale and enterprise data centers, service provider market segments, and other customers. Luxtera leverages a hybrid integration approach wherein the photonics die forms the base of the transceiver chipset, while the light source and electronics die are attached on top. The company says its ability to integrate all optical components into a single silicon chip enables it to manufacture at wafer scale.

In terms of its supply chain, Cisco currently designs its own optical components and relies on contract manufacturers for the actual production. Gartner said Cisco is constantly evaluating whether it makes sense to bring production in-house. Cisco is currently shipping over 10 million transceivers per year. The portfolio current ranges from spans of under 30 meters to metro distances in the 80km range, and from under 1G up to 400G.

Regarding the use of onboard optics and the COBO initiative back by Microsoft and others, Gartner said that a lot of work is underway. Specifically, Luxtera's expertise in this area was one of the reasons that drove Cisco to acquire the firm. Luxtera is actually doing onboard optics. Gartner said you can think about onboard optics as a stepping stone to the idea of packaging optics and silicon, which is something he thinks will be necessary in the future.