Thursday, April 11, 2019

Deutsche Telekom reaches 20 million broadband lines at up to 250 Mbps

Deutsche Telekom is now serving 20 million residential and business broadband lines at up to 250 Mbps. Lines to over 1.5 million households and business locations have been added in the past 4 weeks alone. Some 75,000 street cabinets have been fitted with super vectoring technology.

“20 million households and businesses are now able to #takepart and benefit from our super vectoring build-out," says Timotheus Höttges, CEO of Deutsche Telekom. “To achieve that figure we have fitted at least one line card into over 75,000 street cabinets within 15 months. We’re building broadband for millions.”

Using other technologies, Deutsche Telekom has sped up lines of a further 105,000 households to up to 100 Mbps. The total number of households equipped to order a speed of 100 Mbps or faster has now reached 28 million.

Bell Canada declines to buy spectrum in 600 MHz auction

The Government of Canada completed its auction of 600 MHz spectrum.

In total, 104 licences were awarded to nine Canadian companies, including 40 licences to regional providers, covering the entire country. Regional providers more than doubled their share of low-band spectrum, strengthening their ability to offer competitive services to all Canadians. In addition to improving competition, the results of this auction will improve our country's robust networks and support the deployment of current and next-generation technologies.

Bell Canada did not acquire any licenses in the auction. The company noted that it already has spectrum assets in the low, mid and high frequency bands in both urban and rural locations. Specifically, Bell holds spectrum in the 700, 850, 1900, AWS-1, AWS-3, 2500, 3500 MHz and 24 GHz bands. The previously announced shutdown of its CDMA network on April 30 also enables Bell to "re-farm" additional low band spectrum in the 850 MHz band for 5G services.


"We know that Canadians want more choice, lower prices and better service. Through this process, we have strengthened wireless competition, which will drive prices down and improve coverage. It is clear that the big winners in this auction will be Canadians in both urban and rural areas," stated Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development.

Highlights:

  • 600 MHz spectrum carries signals over long distances and penetrates structures better than higher-frequency bands, making it well-suited to deliver services in both urban and rural settings.
  • The auction started March 12, 2019, with 12 Canadian bidders qualified to participate.
  • 70 MHz of spectrum divided in blocks of 10 MHz was available in each service area, including 30 MHz set aside for regional providers in each area.
  • The 600 MHz auction raised $3.47 billion, which will be remitted to the Consolidated Revenue Fund, administered by the Receiver General of Canada.
  • As with the previous 700 MHz and 2500 MHz spectrum auctions, the Government of Canada successfully employed a comprehensive multistep bidding process that included rigorous security protocols to ensure the integrity of the auction.

Proximus boosts mobile core with 7750 Nokia Service Router-14s

Belgium-based Proximus is one of the first operators in the world to carry customers' traffic on the Nokia 7750 Service Router-14s (SR-14s). The deployment increases capacity in the network core by 10x.  The multi-terabit router, Nokia 7750 SR-14s, featuring the new Nokia FP4 network processor.

The carrier's new IP backbone will support innovative new broadband and mobile services with improved capacity, scalability and programmability.

Proximus previously announced its TITAN (Terabit IP Transport and Aggregation Network) backbone network upgrade with 165 out of 600 buildings connected and 30% of 50,000 optical fibres migrated after only seven months.

Patrick Delcoigne, Director Network Engineering & Operations at Proximus, said: "Titan is laying the foundations of a hyper scale network, propelling Proximus into the terabit era. The track record of Nokia and Proximus in IP network innovation is extending today with our tandem becoming among the world's pioneers in activating the biggest equipment ever deployed in a telecom operator network and so defining the new capacity reference standards. I'm really proud of the R&D crews and of the project teams of both companies, who did a fantastic job to create the future standards."

Sri Reddy, President of IP/Optical Networks at Nokia, said: "We have a long and proud history of partnering with the team at Proximus and so are especially pleased to be working closely with them to help ensure the TITAN network upgrade project continues flawlessly. With the Nokia 7750 SR-14s as the foundational technology of this smart, dynamic network fabric, Proximus is laying the groundwork to meet the future digital demands of their consumer, enterprise and mobile customers.




Ceragon installs a 240km microwave backhaul link -- longest to date

Ceragon Networks has deployed what is believed to be the longest known microwave backhaul link to connect an island in Equatorial Guinea back to its capital. The link spans 240km over the Gulf of Guinea. Ceragon has also been selected to upgrade the network of MUNI S.A., the mobile operator.

The project is valued at $3.4 Million, with shipments commencing in Q1 2019. Ceragon expects this project to be completed within 2019. Ceragon noted that difficult environmental conditions in tropical Africa make it difficult for microwave signals to travel this distance over water.

"We are delighted to have partnered with Ceragon Networks to transition our 2G/3G services to 4G," said Oumar Bonkoungou, CEO at MUNI S.A. "Ceragon has successfully met our challenge in order to provide high speed 4G wireless backbone between our country's island capital and the mainland. With this remarkable achievement, we can also increase our subscriber base and improve our 4G services to our customers in the 2 largest cities of the country."

"Ceragon is proud to have been selected to help light up a 4G mobile broadband network for the people of Equatorial Guinea," said Ira Palti, President and CEO of Ceragon. We are happy to be part of the initiative to bridge the digital divide to a significant part of the population that has been waiting for mobile broadband services in the country's island capital. This accomplishment is a testament to the quality of our professional services and deployment teams, and of course our leading wireless backhaul technology. With a current mobile penetration rate of only 60%, Equatorial Guinea has great growth potential, and Ceragon is pleased to enable MUNI S.A to provide nationwide connectivity and expand its customer base."

Penn State researchers develop new germanosilicate glass

Researchers at Penn State have developed a new composition of germanosilicate glass by adding zinc oxide has properties good for lens applications.

The researchers invented a new family of zinc germanosilicate glass that has a high refractive index comparable to that of pure germania glass. The samples also showed high transparency, good ultra-violet-shielding properties, and good glass forming ability, making them suitable for lens applications.

Germanosilicate glass is essential in the manufacture of optical amplifiers, waveguides, and solid-state lasers.

The researchers published their results in a recent issue of the Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids.

https://news.psu.edu/story/567138/2019/04/03/research/new-family-glass-good-lenses

Telekom Srbija picks Ericsson for Core network virtualized functions

Telekom Srbija has virtualized some of its Core Network functions.

Under the terms of the Network Functions Virtualization contract, Ericsson’s full portfolio of network function solutions and related services have been harnessed to deploy Ericsson Cloud Core solutions.  This includes the Serbia’s first live Ericsson virtual Home Location Register (vHLR) based on virtual User Data Consolidation (vUDC). Added to the existing virtual Evolved Packet Core (vEPC) and virtual Home Subscriber Server (vHSS), this means Telekom Srbija are able to optimize their network depending on present and future needs, making it a very cost-effective solution.

In a Customer-Centric Network, the virtual UDC solution eliminates the complexity of managing subscription by consolidating subscriber information from the different network silos into one common repository, creating a Unified Profile. This allows for a simpler and more scalable network topology, more efficiency on managing the network database resources and it also gives more flexibility to introduce new services.

Filip Bankovic, Chief Technology Officer, Telekom Srbija says: “Ericsson’s portfolio of VNF enables us to become more agile where efficiency, reliability and scalability are of top priority. This project is an important step in our transformation journey towards 5G, future-proofing our core network. It provides us with state-of-the-art virtual core applications that serve mobile and fixed access and extend the lifecycle of our legacy network.”

Antonio Passarella, Head of Ericsson Serbia says: “Ericsson is a long-term partner to Telekom Srbija and this achievement strengthens that partnership by evolving their existing network to the cloud, ensuring continued exceptional services to their customers. Telekom Srbija subscribers will benefit from best-in-class applications with full-service continuity of current high-quality communication services.”

TSMC gets ready for the arrival of 5 nanometer

TSMC has delivered a complete version of its 5 nanometer (nm) design infrastructure to design partners.

TSMC said its kit enables 5nm systems-on-chip (SoC) designs in next-generation advanced mobile and high-performance computing (HPC) applications, especially for 5G and AI.

“TSMC’s 5-nanometer technology offers our customers the industry’s most advanced logic process to address the exponentially growing demand for computing power driven by AI and 5G,” said Cliff Hou, Vice President of Research & Development/Technology Development at TSMC. “5-nanometer technology requires deeper design-technology co-optimization. Therefore, we collaborate seamlessly with our ecosystem partners to ensure we deliver silicon-validated IP blocks and EDA tools ready for customer use. As always, we are committed to helping customers achieve first-time silicon success and faster time-to-market.”

TSMC’s 5nm process is already in risk production and offers IC designers a new level of performance and power optimization targeted at the next generation of high-end mobile and HPC applications.

http://www.tsmc.com

T-Mobile US to launch video service

T-Mobile US is preparing to launch TVision Home service featuring a set-top box that is an upgraded version of Layer3 TV. The service will offer content from Amazon Prime, Netflix and other providers.

“5G will transform entertainment, and the New T-Mobile will transform 5G if our merger with Sprint is approved,” said Mike Sievert, President and COO of T-Mobile. “Having Prime Video on board with TVision speaks volumes about 5G’s potential to disrupt entertainment and give customers better ways to get the content they care about.”

Vision Home is launching in Chicago, Dallas-Fort Worth, Los Angeles, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. metro areas, as well as Longmont, CO, with other markets coming later this year.

T-Mobile also announced that Netflix and other streaming apps will be available on TVision Home, and the Un-carrier shared plans for TVision to run on popular third-party TV platforms in the future.

Following on its deal with Viacom last week, T-Mobile also announced they will launch nationwide streaming services later in 2019 “We love giving our customers more ways to conveniently access Prime Video and are thrilled to work with T-Mobile,” said Andrew Bennett, Director of Worldwide Business Development for Prime Video. “The launch will give Prime members easy access to new favorites like Hanna and upcoming seasons of Bosch, Good Omens and Sneaky Pete.”

http://www.tvision.com

Silicon Line releases new ICs for Active Optical Cables

Silicon Line GmbH introduced a new line of integrated circuits (ICs) with transmission speeds of 16 to 18 gigabytes per seconds (Gb/s).

The new chips will be produced in single-channel and four-channel versions, enabling the production of active optical cables with speeds up 72 Gigabytes per Second.

Likely applications for the ICs include active optical cables for HDMI- and DisplayPort-enabled devices, as well as customized cable solutions for virtual reality headsets, 4K and 8K TV and commercial products. Silicon Line is the global leader in developing and providing innovative optical link technology for consumer, commercial and industrial electronics.

Ruud van der Linden, CEO, also announced Silicon Line sales had doubled for the second consecutive year in 2018 and that the company, which recently completed an expansion of its production capacity at its Hasselt, Belgium facility, will add another shift to the plant's production schedule this fall. The Hasselt factory manufactures Silicon Line's patented optical components which are combined with the company's ICs to fabricate modules used inside the housings at either end of active optical cables.

"Module sales to existing customers continue to grow, as do the number of customers we serve," van der Linden said. "With bandwidth specifications for connectivity standards only increasing, we see a very bright future for active optical technology and our company."

Earlier this year, Silicon Line demonstrated the first active optical cables with the company's embedded proprietary technology supporting all features of the recently released HDMI 2.1 specification.


Silicon Line GmbH announced the first active optical cables with embedded t

Wednesday, April 10, 2019

H2 subsea Pacific cable system signs Subcom

Subcom has been selected to supply and build a new H2 submarine cable system linking Australia and Hong Kong with direct access to China. The cable design also allows for a number of branching units that can be deployed to locations including Taiwan, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Island, Guam, Queensland, Hawaii and Los Angeles.

A contract was signed at this week's SubOptic 2019 show in New Orleans.



H2 will provide the lowest latency from Australia across the Pacific Ocean, with the Sydney to Hong Kong branch carrying 15 Tbps per fiber pair and the Sydney to Los Angeles branch carrying more than 12.9 Tbps per fiber pair. The cable has a single end power feeding capability of more than 13,000 km. The branch between Sydney and Los Angeles will follow an entirely diverse route to the north of New Caledonia, which has not been used by any other cable.

“We are pleased to partner with SubCom and are confident their superior technology and operational excellence will enable a smooth system deployment,” said Georges Krebs, CEO of H2. “H2 will bring the necessary boost in connectivity to Australia, which has one of the fastest-growing international traffic streams in the world.”

Remi Galasso, Chairman of H2, added, “Growing capacity requirements and new traffic patterns emerging within the Asia-Pacific region require the deployment of innovative and versatile submarine infrastructures. The H2 cable, with its north and east segments, has been designed to deliver direct connectivity through new subsea paths and provide optimal diversity. We are excited to be at the forefront of this development.”

BT first to deploy Nokia's 7750 SR-s platform

BT will be among the first operators in the world to deploy Nokia's 7750 Service Router (SR)-s platform to boost backbone network capacity in preparation for the continued rise in residential and mobile traffic driven by the traffic demands of FTTP and 5G.

The Nokia 7750 SR-s will augment the existing Nokia 7750 SR and 7950 Extensible Routing System (XRS) it BT's network. Financial terms were not disclosed.  Nokia described the deal as an exclusive agreement.

Howard Watson, BT Group CTIO, said: "BT's FTTP footprint is growing on a daily basis, and we are launching 5G this year in the busiest parts of 16 of the UK's busiest cities. These technologies create an amazing customer experience, and drive people to watch more, play more and share more. We have to stay ahead of the massive traffic growth that this will bring, and Nokia are a key part of that, giving us the capacity and automation that we need."

Sri Reddy, Co-President of IP/Optical Networks at Nokia, said: "Nokia's 7750 SR-s platform, based on our FP4 silicon, will offer BT's network the enhanced capabilities and automation needed to address continuously mounting capacity demands as it moves toward 5G. Our exclusive partnership will allow BT's converged core network to grow, and move to a programmable, insight-driven network architecture, creating a platform for BT's growth to continue as demand for its services in FTTP and 5G expands."

The Nokia 7750 SR-s is powered by the company's multi-terabit network processor silicon (FP4).

http://www.nokia.com

Nokia Unveils its Next Gen IP Routing Engine

Nokia unveils its fourth generation network processing silicon for powering the first petabit-class core IP routers.

The new FP4 silicon, which comes six years after the preceding FP3 chipset was announced, offers 2.4 Tb/s half-duplex capacity, or 6X more capacity than the current generation 400 Gb/s FP3 chipset. The FP4 will support full terabit IP flows. All conventional routing capabilities are included. Deep classification capabilities include enhanced packet intelligence and control, policy controls, telemetry, and security.


The FP4 could be used to provide an in-field upgrade to Nokia’s current line of core routers and carrier switches. It will also be used to power a new family of 7750 SR-s series routers designed for single-node, cloud scale density. In terms of specs, the SR-s boasts a 144 Tb/s configuration supporting port densities of up to 144 future Terabit links, 288 400G ports, or 1,440 100GE ports. Absolute capacity could be double for a maximum of 288 Tb/s configuration. It runs the same software as the company’s widely-deployed systems.  The first 7750 SR-s boxes are already running in Nokia’s labs. First commercial shipments are expected in Q4.

Nokia is also introducing a chassis extension option to push its router into petabit territory. Without using the switching shelf concept employed in the multi-chassis designs of its competitors, Nokia is offering the means to integrate up to six of its 7750 SRS-s routers into a single system. This results in 576 Tb/s of capacity, enough for densities of up to 2,880 100GE ports or 720 400G ports.

https://networks.nokia.com/ip-networks-reimagined

Google Cloud offers ice cold archive storage

Google Cloud announced new archive class of Cloud Storage designed for long-term data retention as an alternative to tape storage.

Pricing starts at $0.0012 per GB per month ($1.23 per TB per month).

Access and management are performed via the same APIs used by Googles other storage classes, with full integration into object lifecycle management. Data in Cloud Storage is always redundantly stored across availability zones with 11 9’s annual durability.

Google Cloud also announced the general availability of Cloud Filestore, a managed file storage system that’s built for high performance. Cloud Filestore’s premium instances will now provide increased read performance up to 1.2 GB/s throughput and 60k IOPS.

https://cloud.google.com/blog/products/storage-data-transfer/whats-cooler-than-being-cool-ice-cold-archive-storage

Keysight provides 5G NR device conformance test to DOCOMO

NTT DOCOMO has selected Keysight’s 5G Conformance Toolset, part of Keysight’s 5G network emulation solution portfolio, to ensure 5G new radio (NR) mobile devices comply to the latest 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards prior to market introduction of new 5G services.

Keysight’s 5G network emulation solutions were selected by NTT DOCOMO for characterizing and validating 5G NR mobile devices to ensure these operate as intended on the mobile operator’s 5G network. As an influential contributor to the 3GPP standards organization, Keysight helps mobile operators, such as NTT DOCOMO and its mobile device suppliers, confidently evolve with the latest 5G NR standards as defined by 3GPP and adopted in the GCF and PTCRB certification schemes.

"Keysight’s proven expertise in 5G and end-to-end 5G test solutions enable us to accelerate our 5G commercialization plans," said Toshiyuki Futakata, vice president and general manager of Communication Device Development Department, NTT DOCOMO. “By working with Keysight we are confident that our new 5G mobile devices comply to the latest 3GPP standards to meet our customers’ high expectations, enabling us to create new business opportunities based on 5G technology.”

Aquantia and Qualcomm collaborate on 5G fixed CPE

Aquantia is collaborating Qualcomm Technologies on next-generation 5G NR fixed wireless access broadband equipment for high-speed Internet delivery to the customer premises.

The consumer premises equipment (CPE) platform will feature the Aquantia AQtion Multi-Gig Ethernet Controllers AQC107 (10GbE) and AQC111C (5GbE), which can be used in conjunction with the Qualcomm Snapdragon X55 5G modem available from Qualcomm Technologies.

The companies expect the first deployment in the United States in the first half of 2020. Aquantia has supplied samples of the reference design to early customers.

The Aquantia AQtion AQC107 is a high-performance, 5-speed, 10 G PCI Express (PCIe)–to–Multi-Gig Ethernet controller that integrates PCIe, MAC, and PHY to provide power and space-efficient connectivity for client systems. An x4/x2/x1 PCIe interface enables the AQC107 to easily handle up to 10Gbps line-rate performance while delivering maximum flexibility. The AQrate PHY technology integrated into the AQC107 delivers up to 10 Gbps network connectivity speed through 100 m of Cat 6a and up to 5 Gbps network connectivity speed on legacy Cat 5e or Cat 6 cabling.

The Aquantia AQtion AQC111C is a high-performance, Multi-Gig Ethernet controllers housed in a compact 9 x 9 mm package. Its ultra-small footprint and low-cost design makes it the perfect solution for embedded platforms as well as other PCIe LAN on Motherboard (LOM) implementations. By offering Multi-Gig Ethernet speeds of up to 5 and 2.5 GbE, Aquantia AQtion AQC111C offers flexible design options for a variety of networked devices including OEMs of consumer premises equipments, PCs and any device using a motherboards which to offer a seamless, Multi-Gig upgrade path.

“For more than 30 years, Qualcomm has provided foundational wireless technologies that help to transform industries. We are continuing that legacy by providing a robust platform designed to support seamless 5G connectivity in the connected home and enterprises, powered by our second generation Snapdragon X55 5G modem with support for both mmWave and sub-6 GHz spectrum bands,” said, Gautam Sheoran, Senior Director, Product Management, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. “We are excited to work with Aquantia, as the use of our 5G connectivity platform with their Multi-Gig wired backhaul in the connected home and enterprises can help support the growth of connected devices and provide unsurpassed user experience.”

“Aquantia is very pleased to work with Qualcomm Technologies on this new class of service provider access device,” said LK Bhupathi, Vice President of Marketing at Aquantia. “Use of the Snapdragon X55 5G modem with Aquantia’s Multi-Gig wired backhaul has the potential to create new business models beyond what has traditionally been offered by Internet service providers. More importantly it can also spur the delivery of rich content services such as ultra-high definition video streaming, cloud gaming and virtual reality.”


Versa Titan delivers cloud-managed SD-WAN branch and security

Versa Networks released a cloud-managed SD-WAN branch and security solution that simplifies the complexity associated with wide-area network transformation.

The new Versa Titan, which is available through certified partners as a cloud-managed service, incorporates all core functionality of Versa Secure Cloud IP, Versa's fully integrated, cloud native, contextually-aware software stack. Versa Titan delivers offers cloud-based SD-WAN and software-defined security management tools via a Web browser that enhance visibility into security vulnerabilities, application behavior, network performance and bandwidth utilization.

Versa Titan also brings to market the Versa Cloud Services Gateway (CSG), a Versa-branded appliance series that combines innovative hardware for high-performing advanced SD-WAN and security capabilities. Versa CSG runs Versa's FlexVNF software stack as a branch office endpoint appliance with integrated enterprise-class LTE, Wi-Fi and PoE to further simplify and improve the customer experience as organizations transition to multi-cloud and hybrid-WAN infrastructures.

"The complexity of traditional WAN infrastructure is cumbersome, performance inhibiting and counterproductive to fueling digital transformation. With limited ability to secure multi-device, mobile and IoT-centric networks, legacy WAN infrastructure restricts the ability to harness the advantages of cloud," said Rob Mustarde, Senior Vice President, Worldwide Sales, Versa Networks. "Versa Titan enables businesses to unleash the power and performance of a secure SD-WAN infrastructure without the added costs, complexity and footprint of legacy networking solutions."

https://www.versa-networks.com/partners/titan

Mobile Experts: Small Cell market to reach $5.2B by 2024

The LTE Small Cells market grew 20% year over year in unit shipment and 20% year over year in over value in 2018, reaching $2.9 billion, according to a new 108-page report from Mobile Experts.

"As the market transitions to 5G, we will see some challenges for Small Cells—especially in the outdoor segment. Overall, we do see growth drivers in Private LTE and 5G, which are included in this forecast. Even after excluding the 5G millimeter wave radio units, our Small Cells market is expected to grow from over $2.9 billion in 2018 to $5.2 billion in 2024…a 10% CAGR," commented Principal Analyst Kyung Mun.

Mobile Experts tackles both the Carrier Indoor segment and the Carrier Outdoor segment with rigorous analysis. The Indoor segment, which includes Distributed Radio Systems (DRS) such as Huawei Lampsite, Ericsson RadioDot, ZTE Qcell, and Nokia ASiR, will remains a key driver for the overall market, according to the report.   The 5G network transitions will require some very interesting augmentation with in-building DRS deployment, so with 5G the small cell layer is becoming an integral part of the network from the beginning.

According to Mr. Mun, "5G Massive MIMO will have a profound impact on C-band small cell strategies, and we will see a shift to a new approach.   Also, Private LTE and Edge Computing use cases will drive significant growth in the small cell market, with new customer groups aligning to drive growth.    We also see substantial adoption for CBRS, LAA, and Wi-Fi connectivity in small cells as a low-cost way to add capacity."

This report provides a high level view of how CBRS, LAA, Wi-Fi, and MIMO will play roles in the small cell market.   Mobile Experts has published reports over the past year that dive into the deeper details of these technology areas, so the Small Cell report provides a business-level overview for all Small Cell deployment and how these features play into the overall HetNet.

https://www.mobile-experts.net/

Uruguay's ANTEL deploys 5G with Nokia

ANTEL, the Uruguayan state owned operator, activated the first 5G commercial network in Latin America. Nokia is the supplier.

The deployment started in the Barra de Manantiales area, Maldonado Department, where the first 5G base stations are operational and ready to provide services.

Andrés Tolosa, President of ANTEL, said: "We are very proud to be the first operator in Latin America to set a 5G network into commercial service. This milestone is in line with our strong commitment to the development of the industrial and entertainment sectors as well as a great impulse to application development. We are a worldwide reference in FTTH networks and pioneers in providing our subscribers with state-of-the-art mobile networks. This great step towards 5G, with Nokia's support, enhances our technological ecosystem. Once again, we confirm our technological leadership in the region."week and pl

Bharti Airtel expands VoLTE with Ericsson

Bharti Airtel is working with Ericsson to expand its VoLTE services in India.

The agreement will result in deployment of the Ericsson Cloud VoLTE solution, an industrialized solution to deliver VoLTE services onto a customer data center. Financial terms were not disclosed.

Randeep Sekhon, CTO, Bharti Airtel, says: "We remain committed to building a state-of-the-art future-ready network as part of our network transformation program - Project Leap - and deliver best-in-class digital experience to our smartphone customers. This partnership with Ericsson will allow us to rapidly increase VoLTE capacity to serve our growing traffic, and make our network prepared to easily introduce new communication services today and in 5G."

As per the June 2018 Ericsson Mobility Report, India is expected to have more than 780 million VoLTE subscriptions by 2023. VoLTE technology will also be the foundation for enabling 5G voice calls on different types of 5G devices.