Sunday, November 4, 2018

California not to enforce new Net Neutrality law pending legal resolution

The State of California has agreed not to enforce its new Internet regulation law pending the resolution of a petition for review of the FCC’s Restoring Internet Freedom Order in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and any subsequent proceedings before the U.S. Supreme Court.

All parties have requested that further proceedings in the District Court be stayed pending final resolution of that litigation.  The agreement must be approved by the District Court.

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai issued the following statement about the matter: “The Internet is inherently an interstate information service, as the Supreme Court has recognized, which means that only the federal government can set policy in this area.  A patchwork of state laws only introduces uncertainty in the broadband marketplace that will slow investment and deployment of infrastructure and hurt consumers.  I am confident that the FCC’s authority to preempt such state laws will be upheld, along with our proven market-based framework for protecting Internet openness, investment, and innovation nationwide."

California enacts Net Neutrality law, Washington moves to block

California governor Jerry Brown signed into law the Internet Consumer Protection and Net Neutrality Act of 2018 (Senate Bill 822), which prohibits fixed and mobile Internet service providers from blocking lawful content, applications, services, or nonharmful devices, impairing or degrading lawful Internet traffic on the basis of Internet content, application, or service, or use of a nonharmful device, and specified practices relating to zero-rating. The...

Twenty-two states petition to restore Net Neutrality

Twenty-two states are petitioning a U.S. appeals court to reinstate net neutrality rules that were recently overturned by the FCC under Ajit Pai. Additional petitioners include the District of Columbia, Mozilla Corp., Public Knowledge, Open Technology Institute at New America, National Hispanic Media Coalition, NTCH, Benton Foundation, Free Press, Coalition for Internet Openness, Etsy, and INCOMPAS. FCC votes 3-2 to end Net Neutrality...

FCC forms best practices disaster recovery working group

The FCC has formed a new Disaster Response and Recovery Working Group to look for ways to improve the resiliency of broadband infrastructure before a disaster occurs, as well as actions that can be taken to more quickly restore broadband infrastructure following a disaster.

The working group is also charged with developing best practices for coordination among wireless providers, backhaul providers, and power companies during and after a disaster.

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai stated: “Recently, I announced that the FCC will comprehensively re-evaluate the agency’s Wireless Resiliency Framework. The BDAC Working Group’s recommendations will be key to this review. We encourage and expect all stakeholders—including government at all levels, power companies, fixed and mobile broadband providers, first responders, and others—to work together to develop ways to harden networks for future disasters and quickly restore communications services.”

* indicates a member of the Broadband Deployment Advisory Committee

Red Grasso, FirstNet State Point of Contact
North Carolina Department of Information Technology

Jonathan Adelstein, President & Chief Executive Officer*
Wireless Infrastructure Association


Andrew Afflerbach, Chief Executive Officer and Director of Engineering, CTC Technology and Energy
National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors

Allen Bell, Distribution Support Manager, Georgia Power Company*
Southern Company

Megan Bixler, Technical Program Manager for Communications Center and 911 Services
Association of Public Safety Communications Officials

Skyler Ditchfield, Chief Executive Officer

Patrick Donovan, Senior Director, Regulatory Affairs

Tony Fischer, Director, Information Technology
City of Germantown, Tennessee

Monica Gambino, Vice President, Legal
Crown Castle

Larry Hanson, Executive Director*
Georgia Municipal Association

David Hartshorn, Chief Executive Officer
Geeks Without Frontiers

Greg Hauser, Communications Branch Manager/Statewide Interoperability Coordinator,
North Carolina Emergency Management Division
National Emergency Management Association

Kurt Jacobs, Corporate Director, Emerging Technology & Solutions
JMA Wireless

Richard Kildow, Director of Business Continuity & Emergency Management

Frank Korinek, Director of Government Affairs

Wyatt Leehy, Information Technology Manager
Great Plains Communications

David Marshack, Telecommunications Regulatory Lead

Jim Matheson, Chief Executive Officer*
National Rural Electric Cooperative Association

Kelly McGriff, Vice President & Deputy General Counsel*
Uniti Group

Wendy Moser, Commissioner, Colorado Public Utilities Commission
National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners

Alexandra Fernandez Navarro, Commissioner
Puerto Rico Public Service Regulatory Board

John O’Connor, Director, National Coordinating Center for Communications
Department of Homeland Security

Eddie Reyes, Prince William County Emergency Communications Center
National Public Safety Telecommunications Council

Rikin Thaker, Vice President, Telecommunications and Spectrum Policy*
Multicultural Media, Telecom and Internet Council

Pete Tomczak, Manager, Spectrum Coordination and Clearance

Rocky Vaz, Director of Emergency Management
City of Dallas, Texas

Joseph Viens, Senior Director of Government Affairs

Debra Wulff, Public Safety Director
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation

FWD: The FCC's much needed Disaster Working Group

Last week, the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) opened a nominating process to select members for a new Disaster Response and Recovery Working Group of the Broadband Deployment Advisory Committee (BDAC). The long bureaucratic name might suggest to some a tedious process of government meetings, argumentation, and report writing geared at creating new rules that broadband service providers will likely find difficult to interpret, let...

Federated Wireless outlines shared spectrum model

Federated Wireless identified numerous new bands as being ideal candidates for the shared spectrum model, further unlocking the airwaves to support new wireless services and business models, and provide a path for 5G. Bands identified by Federated Wireless and submitted by the Company to the FCC for consideration, include 3.7-4.2GHz, 3.45-3.55GHz, 3.1-3.45GHz, 5.925-7.125GHz, 37GHz, 26GHz, 70/80GHz and 4.9GHz bands.

In a new blog post by Jennifer McCarthy, Federated Wireless Vice President, Legal Advocacy, calls on the FCC to broadly adopt the shared spectrum model across these bands.

FCC microwave spectrum auctions to begin Nov 14

The FCC's Wireless Telecommunications Bureau approved 40 applications received for Auction 101, which will offer 3,072 Upper Microwave Flexible Use Service (UMFUS) licenses in the 27.5–28.35 GHz (28 GHz) band.

The Bureau also announced that 58 of the 60 applications received for Auction 102 have been deemed to be complete. Auction 102 will offer 2,909 Upper Microwave Flexible Use Service (UMFUS) licenses in the 24.25–24.45 GHz and 24.75–25.25 GHz (24 GHz) band.

Both auctions are scheduled to begin on November 14, 2018.

The list of approved bidders is posted here.

Nokia optimises Hutchison 3 Indonesia

Hutchison 3 Indonesia is using Nokia's Spectral Performance Management to optimise its LTE network. The solution has led to a 17% increase in Hutchison 3's spectral efficiency by proactively identifying and resolving network performance issues. Nokia AVA's cloud-based analytics generates automated recommendations that improve spectral efficiency and help prioritize investment in additional capacity.

Nokia AVA collects, stores and analyzes data from multiple sources, including Minimization of Drive Test (MDT) data. A 3GPP feature, MDT enables the collection of performance data from Nokia and other vendors' networks, tapping into billions of anonymized measurement reports sent by ordinary mobile phones.

Dennis Lorenzin, Head of the Network Cognitive Service unit at Nokia, said: "Spectrum is a finite resource, so making the most out of it is the smart thing for any operator to do. Hutchison 3 Indonesia is addressing head-on the challenge posed by growing subscriber numbers and new bandwidth-hungry apps such as video and gaming. With the help of Nokia AVA, they can improve network efficiency and boost the experience for their subscribers."

Thursday, November 1, 2018

MEF18: CenturyLink's Andrew Dugan on Network Transformation

 What does network transformation mean to CenturyLink?

Andrew Dugan, SVP Technology Planning & Network Architecture, CenturyLink says it is vital to understand that customers are undergoing transformations of their own. Enterprise applications are getting distributed into multiple clouds. Some workloads stay in private data centers and others are moved into hybrid or public clouds. Carriers, like CenturyLink, must provide networking services that are equally as dynamic as the service offered by cloud providers.

CenturyLink is developing products that allow for dynamic service creation. This allows for new connections to be set-up, capacity to be scaled, and VLANs to be controlled.

Another area of interest is MEF's LSO (lifecycle service orchestration) APIs for enabling dynamic services across carriers to public clouds. CenturyLink is heavily supporting MEF's efforts in this area.

MEF18: CenturyLink's Adam Saenger on Enterprise Transformation

Enterprise transformation is a big part of ongoing work at MEF, says Adam Saenger, Vice President of Networking Solutions at CenturyLink.

Enterprises are increasingly using software-defined networking to power hybrid clouds. CenturyLink is working hard on the orchestration of these functions so that customers can move "at the speed of enterprises" and not at the speed of telecom.

CenturyLink first introduced dynamic capacity in its network seven years ago. Over the past 12 months, it has added capabilities such as dynamic VLAN management spanning into cloud environments. Most recently, CenturyLink announced global availability of SD-WAN, and dynamic connections on demand to cloud resources.

MEF18: Sparkle's Daniele Mancuso on Network Transformation

There are a few big takeaways from the MEF18 event in Los Angeles, says Daniele Mancuso, Executive VP ICT Engineering, Sparkle.

First, it is clear that MEF is playing a transformational role in the industry not only in standardization but also leapfrogging innovations.

Second, SD-WAN is the candidate technology to bring us to the future. A new generation of enterprise services will ride SD-WAN.

Third, MEF is doing a great job with the development of Cantata and Sonata APIs.

Fourth, network cloudification is hot trend, especially driven by containerized workloads.

Fifth, artificial intelligence and machine learning will take us to the next step on intent-based networking.

The future is bright. Keep on following us!

MEF18: Josh Goodell on AT&T's edge-to-edge vision

AT&T was back at MEF's annual event once again to share its vision of network transformation, this time presenting its edge-to-edge vision. This transformation is really about looking at customer networking needs holistically, says Josh Goodell, Vice President, Edge Solutions, AT&T.

AT&T has seen strong momentum this year for services powered by its SDN and NFV platforms, with over 28,000 end points currently deployed. MEF's work to standardize SD-WAN services will further strengthen the market.

2019 will bring more network transformation. 5G will be transformative, enabling a whole new set of use cases, and these hopefully will be incorporated in the MEF framework going forward.

MEF18: Executing on the MEF 3.0 Framework

One year ago, MEF 3.0 set out a bold framework for carrier network transformation. Over the past 12 months, the MEF community has really executed on this vision, says Pascal Menezes, Chief Technology Officer, MEF.

This execution includes innovations at layer 1 optical transport, layer 2 Carrier Ethernet services, and automated, managed access E-Line services. Additional, MEF is working on IP service overlays. MEF has also just delivered draft specifications for SD-WAN services.

MEF18: Networking specs at the speed of software

This week, MEF released its Sonata LSO (Lifecycle Service Orchestration) API in both specification form and as a sofware development kit (SDK). Most people have no idea how big a deal this really is, says Dan Pitt, Senior Vice President, MEF.

This means that the specification is not final. It won't be final under the SDK has generated feedback from developers. The notion that MEF can issue specifications that are not perfect, but open to improvements through iteration, is quite powerful. This is standards development at the speed of software. Think of it as the industry's first DevOps approach to standards development.

Broadcom samples first 7nm 400G PAM-4 PHY

Broadcom began sampling its 7nm 400G PAM-4 PHY device for hyperscale data center and cloud infrastructure.

The BCM87400 device, which leverages Broadcom’s 7nm Centenario 112G PAM-4 DSP platform, provides 400G 8:4 gearbox performance.

Broadcom says its 7nm 400G PHY solution delivers significant power savings compared to existing 16nm PHYs, thereby enabling sub-8W optical modules, compared to 12W power dissipation current generations 16nm PHYs.

7nm Centenario PAM-4 DSP Highlights

  • Industry leading DSP performance and power efficiency enabling DR4/FR4 optical modules to meet IEEE standards and MSA specifications
  • DSP platform supporting DR/FR optical modules for legacy switch applications
  • Client-side interface compliance to CEI-28G/56G LR specification supporting long reach (LR) channels
  • IEEE 802.3bs standard-compliant KP4 and end-to-end FEC bypass operation
  • Proven PAM-4 architecture supporting multiple optics front ends including EML, DML and silicon photonics
  • Optimized design with proven interoperability with Broadcom switch ASICs and ASSPs using 28Gbaud PAM-4 and NRZ SerDes architecture

“With the general availability of 12.8-Tb/s switches such as Broadcom’s Tomahawk 3, hyper-scale data center operators and cloud providers will be leveraging the 400GbE ports in these switches to address increasing demand for higher bandwidth. Our low power 7nm Centenario PAM-4 DSP is essential to support high density 400G connectivity using QSFP-DD and OSFP optical modules, accelerating the adoption of 400GbE network infrastructure,” said Lorenzo Longo, senior vice president and general manager of the Physical Layer Products Division at Broadcom. “The currently available 16nm 400G PHYs have been used to enable engineering prototypes and testing of 100G per lambda optical components. Our 7nm Centenario 400G PHY enables high volume deployment of 400G optical modules in hyper-scale data centers.”

Optech intro 400G QSFP-DD SR8 Optical Transceiver

Taiwan-based Optech introduced a 400GBase QSFP-DD SR8 transceiver that supports connections of up to 100 meters over multi-mode fiber and uses MPO connectors.

Key specs:

  • 8 channels 850nm VCSEL transmitter
  • Reach distance up to 70 meters with OM3
  • Reach distance up to 100 meters with OM4
  • MPO Connector
  • Power Consumption 9.0W
  • Single 3.3V power supply
  • Temperature range: 0 to 70°C
  • Compliant with the QSFP-DD MSA

The 400G QSFP-DD SR8 transceiver supports different configurations (50G/100G/200G) and is also offers backward compatibility with the 100G QSFP28 SR4 and 40G QSFP+ SR.

Interxion's European data centres at 79% utilisation after big expansion

Interxion, which operates more than 50 data centres in 11 European countries, cited growing demand from major cloud and content platforms as the key driver for its business in Q3 2018.
The company serves over 700 connectivity providers, 21 European Internet exchanges, and most leading cloud and digital media platforms across its footprint,

Interxion reported that its data centre utilisation rate, which is the ratio of revenue-generating space to equipped space, was 79% at the end of the third quarter of 2018, compared with 82% at the end of the third quarter of 2017 and 80% at the end of the second quarter of 2018.

Although the utilisation rate is slightly lower than a year ago, the completed major expansions of its facilities over the past year. Equipped space at the end of the third quarter of 2018 was 140,300 square metres, compared with 118,900 square metres at the end of the third quarter of 20176 and 132,600 square metres at the end of the second quarter of 2018.

“Growing demand from the major cloud and content platforms for Interxion’s highly-connected data centres is driving strong bookings and steady revenue growth,” said David Ruberg, Interxion’s Chief Executive Officer. “The underlying demand drivers are secular in nature and, accordingly, we have enhanced our balance sheet and expanded capacity in key markets to meet this demand.”

During the third quarter, Interxion completed the following capacity additions:

  • 3,300 sqm expansion across two data centres in Amsterdam;
  • 2,400 sqm expansion across two data centres in Frankfurt, including the opening of FRA13;
  • 600 sqm expansion in Marseille;
  • 1,200 sqm expansion in Vienna; and
  • 200 sqm expansion in Zurich.

Interxion's revenue in the third quarter of 2018 was €142.2 million, a 14% increase over the third quarter of 2017 and a 2% increase over the second quarter of 2018. Recurring revenue was €134.8 million, a 15% increase over the third quarter of 2017. Net income was €10.9 million in the third quarter of 2018, a 16% increase over the third quarter of 2017

  • In August, Interxion announced dedicated access to Google Cloud Platform (GCP) across its European footprint through Cloud Connect, Interxion’s multi-cloud interconnection platform. With Google Cloud deploying its Cloud Interconnect points of presence (PoPs) in Interxion’s Paris Marseille, Frankfurt and Stockholm data centres, customers can now directly connect to Google Cloud Platform from these locations. Moreover, because Interxion is a partner of Google Cloud’s newly launched Partner Interconnect service, customers can also connect from any of Interxion’s data centres across Europe via Cloud Connect. Customers using this service benefit from fully redundant, instant access to GCP from multiple metropolitan areas, ensuring a 99.99% availability SLA without the complexity and costs of having to build a networking solution themselves. 
  •  Interxion’s Cloud Connect already provides connectivity to Microsoft Azure, AWS, Oracle Cloud and IBM Cloud.

Equinix sees interconnection revenue growth outpacing colocation growth

Equinix reported that interconnection revenues growth continued to outpace colocation revenue growth in Q3, reflecting what it calls a movement towards "Interconnection Oriented Architecture" strategies and the adoption of hybrid multicloud as the preferred IT deployment model. Interconnection revenues grew 2.5% over Q2, while colocation revenues grew 1.8%.  On an annual basis, Equinix's interconnection revenue grew 12.8%, while colocation revenue grew 10.3%.

Cross connects between customers increased to more than 294,000, and the Equinix Cloud Exchange Fabric platform now serves more than 1,300 customers.

In Q3, Equinix completed nine expansion projects in eight markets including Culpeper, Frankfurt, Houston, Melbourne, Miami, Rio de Janeiro, Singapore and two in São Paulo. The company has 30 expansion projects currently underway across 21 markets in all three regions, including seven newly announced expansions in Frankfurt, Helsinki, London, Madrid, Osaka, Seattle and Warsaw.

In Q3, more than 59% of revenues came from customers deployed across all three regions, and 85% came from customers deployed across multiple metros.

Overall for Q3, Equinix reported revenue of $1.284 billion, a 2% increase over the previous quarter. Net income amounted to $125 million, an 85% increase over the previous quarter, including $9 million of integration costs for acquisitions.

Charles Meyers, who was appointed CEO of Equinix in September, stated "I am extremely proud of our track record of success in my eight years as a member of the leadership team, and that track record continues this quarter with our 63rd quarter of consecutive revenue growth. Since 2010, we have more than quadrupled the size of our business, and we have invested $22 billion in capital to build the world's leading interconnection platform, positioning us as the trusted center of a cloud-first world. As CEO I will build on this strong foundation, and we will remain focused on extending our core sources of differentiation: superior global reach; market-leading network and cloud density; the industry's most comprehensive interconnection portfolio; scaled digital ecosystems; and an unwavering commitment to service excellence."

Arista hits Q3 revenue of $563 million, up 29% yoy

Arista Networks reported record revenue of $563.3 million for the third quarter of 2018, an increase of 8.4% compared to the second quarter of 2018, and an increase of 28.7% from the third quarter of 2017. GAAP net income of $168.5 million, or $2.08 per diluted share, compared to GAAP net income of $133.7 million, or $1.68 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP net income of $171.3 million, or $2.11 per diluted share, compared to non-GAAP net income of $128.2 million, or $1.62 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2017. GAAP gross margin of 64.2%.

Commenting on the company's financial results, Ita Brennan, Arista’s CFO, said, “The business continued to execute well across key financial metrics in the quarter, with continued healthy revenue growth and earnings expansion.”

Syntiant raises $25 million for battery-powered AI silicon

Syntiant, a start-up based in Irvine, California, raised $25 million in Series B funding for its deep neural network processors for battery-powered devices.

Syntiant said its forthcoming neural decision processors (NDPs) will use an analog neural network that can offer orders of magnitude lower power by extreme memory efficiency along with massively parallel computation with modest precision. The processsors are targetted at applications as small as hearing aids and IoT, to as large as smart speakers and mobile phones.

The funding was led by M12, Microsoft Corp.’s venture fund, and included the Amazon Alexa Fund, Applied Ventures, Intel Capital, Motorola Solutions Venture Capital and Robert Bosch Venture Capital.

“We are both humbled and excited to be supported by several of the world’s greatest technology companies,” said Kurt Busch, CEO of Syntiant. “With participation from existing and new investors, and deeper guidance from our expanded board with the additions of Samir Kumar and Bret Johnsen, we will be able to commercialize Syntiant’s neural network technology for battery-powered devices to truly enable pervasive artificial intelligence.”

  • Syntiant is headed by Kurt Busch, who previously led Lantronix. Before that, he was a senior vice president and general manager of high performance analog business unit at Mindspeed Technologies, acquired by MACOM.

AT&T signs California for FirstNet services

AT&T has finalized a contract with the State of California that enables state and local public safety entities to procure FirstNet services.

FirstNet is the nationwide communications platform dedicated to America's public safety community. It's being built with AT&T, in public-private partnership with the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet Authority).