Monday, October 1, 2018

Guo Ping takes his turn as chair of Huawei

Mr. Guo Ping has taken over the position of Rotating and Acting Chairman of Huawei. He will serve from October 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019 as the company's top leader, and head the Board of Directors and its Executive Committee.

Guo has worked at Huawei since 1988 and has served as R&D Project Manager, General Manager of Supply Chain, Director of Huawei Executive Office, Chief Legal Officer, President of the Business Process & IT Mgmt Dept, President of the Corporate Development Dept, Chairman and President of Huawei Device, Rotating CEO of Huawei, and Chairman of the FC.

IEEE launches Ethics Certification Program for AI

IEEE and the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) are launching an the Ethics Certification Program for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems (ECPAIS).

The idea is to offer a process and define a series of marks by which organizations can seek certified A/IS products, systems and services.

“It becomes more and more evident that consumers and citizens of the world are expecting technology to conform with ethical principles beyond functionality,” said Konstantinos Karachalios, managing director of IEEE-SA. “IEEE is one of the first global organizations to recognize the importance of certified accountability, transparency and reduction of algorithmic bias as being a critical enabler for A/IS value realization. This is also why the formation of ECPAIS complements the series of our IEEE P7000™ standard projects, along with all our A/IS Ethics work.”

“Today’s technology ecosystem calls for solutions that secure fair and transparent A/IS development, and Finland is at the forefront of key global efforts to move ethical A/IS from principles to pragmatism through close public-private partnership,” noted Meeri Haataja, chair of Ethics Working Group in Finland’s AI Program, and chair of ECPAIS. “Moving forward, A/IS need certifiable processes supported by a trusted organization that establishes easily identifiable marks, in order to signal high levels of reliability and safety to the general public. As chair of this groundbreaking IEEE program, I am honored to more broadly share and further incentivize Finland’s, and Europe’s, forward-thinking push to secure certifiably ethical A/IS.”

Sunday, September 30, 2018

IDC: Cloud infrastructure spending continues double-digit growth rate

Vendor revenue from sales of infrastructure products (server, enterprise storage, and Ethernet switch) for cloud IT, including public and private cloud, grew 48.4% year over year in the second quarter of 2018 (2Q18), reaching $15.4 billion, according to IDC's Worldwide Quarterly Cloud IT Infrastructure Tracker.

IDC also raised its forecast for total spending (vendor recognized revenue plus channel revenue) on cloud IT infrastructure in 2018 to $62.2 billion with year-over-year growth of 31.1%.

"As share of cloud environments in the overall spending on IT infrastructure continues to climb and approaches 50%, it is evident that cloud, which once used to be an emerging sector of the IT infrastructure industry, is now the norm. One of the tasks for enterprises now is not only to decide on what cloud resources to use but, actually, how to manage multiple cloud resources," said Natalya Yezhkova, research director, IT Infrastructure and Platforms. "End users' ability to utilize multi-cloud resources is an important driver of further proliferation for both public and private cloud environments."


Some highlights:

  • Quarterly spending on public cloud IT infrastructure has more than doubled in the past three years to $10.9 billion in 2Q18, growing 58.9% year over year.
  • By end of the year, public cloud will account for the majority, 68.2%, of the expected annual cloud IT infrastructure spending, growing at an annual rate of 36.9%.
  • In 2Q18, spending on private cloud infrastructure reached $4.6 billion, an annual increase of 28.2%. IDC estimates that for the full year 2018, private cloud will represent 14.8% of total IT infrastructure spending, growing 20.3% year over year.
  • The combined public and private cloud revenues accounted for 48.5% of the total worldwide IT infrastructure spending in 2Q18, up from 43.5% a year ago and will account for 46.6% of the total worldwide IT infrastructure spending for the full year. 
  • Spending in all technology segments in cloud IT environments is forecast to grow by double digits in 2018. Compute platforms will be the fastest growing at 46.6%, while spending on Ethernet switches and storage platforms will grow 18.0% and 19.2% year over year in 2018, respectively. Investments in all three technologies will increase across all cloud deployment models – public cloud, private cloud off-premises, and private cloud on-premises.
  • The traditional (non-cloud) IT infrastructure segment grew 21.1% from a year ago, a rate of growth comparable to 1Q18 and exceptional for this market segment, which is expected to decline in the coming years. At $16.4 billion in 2Q18 it still accounted for the majority, 51.5%, of total worldwide IT infrastructure spending. For the full year, worldwide spending on traditional non-cloud IT infrastructure is expected to grow by 10.3% as the market goes through a technology refresh cycle, which will wind down by 2019. By 2022, we expect that traditional non-cloud IT infrastructure will only represent 44.0% of total worldwide IT infrastructure spending (down from 51.5% in 2018). This share loss and the growing share of cloud environments in overall spending on IT infrastructure is common across all regions.
  • All regions grew their cloud IT Infrastructure revenue by double digits in 2Q18. Asia/Pacific (excluding Japan) (APeJ) grew revenue the fastest, by 78.5% year over year. Within APeJ, China's cloud IT revenue almost doubled year over year, growing at 96.4%, while the rest of Asia/Pacific (excluding Japan and China) grew 50.4%. Other regions among the fastest growing in 2Q18 included Latin America (47.4%), USA (44.9%), and Japan (35.8%).

California enacts Net Neutrality law, Washington moves to block

California governor Jerry Brown signed into law the Internet Consumer Protection and Net Neutrality Act of 2018 (Senate Bill 822), which prohibits fixed and mobile Internet service providers from blocking lawful content, applications, services, or nonharmful devices, impairing or degrading lawful Internet traffic on the basis of Internet content, application, or service, or use of a nonharmful device, and specified practices relating to zero-rating.

The new law also prohibits fixed and mobile Internet service providers from offering or providing services other than broadband Internet access service that are delivered over the same last-mile connection as the broadband Internet access service, "if those services have the purpose or effect of evading the above-described prohibitions or negatively affect the performance of broadband Internet access service."

The U.S. Department of Justice immediately announced a lawsuit against the state of California regarding Senate Bill 822.

FCC Chairman Ajit Pai issued the following statement: “I’m pleased the Department of Justice has filed this suit.  The Internet is inherently an interstate information service.  As such, only the federal government can set policy in this area.  And the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit recently reaffirmed that state regulation of information services is preempted by federal law.   Not only is California’s Internet regulation law illegal, it also hurts consumers.  The law prohibits many free-data plans, which allow consumers to stream video, music, and the like exempt from any data limits.  They have proven enormously popular in the marketplace, especially among lower-income Americans.  But notwithstanding the consumer benefits, this state law bans them.  The Internet is free and open today, and it will continue to be under the light-touch protections of the FCC’s Restoring Internet Freedom Order.  I look forward to working with my colleagues and the Department of Justice to ensure the Internet remains ‘unfettered by Federal or State regulation,’ as federal law requires, and the domain of engineers, entrepreneurs, and technologists, not lawyers and bureaucrats.”


SSE teams with Three UK and O2 for fibre through London sewers

SSE Enterprise Telecoms, which operates a 13,700km private telecoms network and an estate of 15 data centres across the UK,  announced a fibre agreement with Three UK and O2 that will form the basis of enhanced fibre access in the country’s capital.

The companies will intend to deploy fibre through the sewers of London to enhance backhaul capabilities of 4G and 5G networks.

Under the agreement with Three UK and O2, approximately 100 points of connectivity exit from this central London sewer network via two BT Exchanges. By partnering with SSE Enterprise Telecoms, Three UK and O2 can operate their own Central London Area (CLA) network, while also accessing spare fibre ducts for future initiatives in London.

“Networks will fundamentally underpin the UK’s digital economy and will be essential to 5G services,” said Colin Sempill, Managing Director of SSE Enterprise Telecoms. “With this high capacity core in the London sewers, Three UK and O2 are tapping into our unique, diverse connectivity and putting their networks in a strong position to trial 5G offerings, while enhancing existing services for their customers.”

Dave Dyson, Chief Executive Officer of Three UK added, “New and innovative models are essential to improving the customer experience of mobile networks by increasing the availability of dark fibre for mobile backhaul and driving competition in the market. Our partnership with SSE Enterprise Telecoms and O2 is one of the first examples of using existing infrastructure to improve connectivity in an urban area.”

Brendan O’Reilly, Chief Technology Officer of O2 shared: “This kind of agreement is essential to allow for continued investment and improvement of services for our customers. This partnership is a great example of SSE Enterprise Telecoms, Three UK and O2 coming together in a collaborative and innovative way to address the growing challenge and pressure of obtaining access to fibre for mobile backhaul in the UK”

South Atlantic Cable System ready for service with Angola-Brazil

The South Atlantic Cable System (SACS), which is a 40 Tbps, 6,165 km cable linking Angola to Brazil, is now on-stream and open for commercial traffic.

SACS features four fibre pairs, with each fibre pair capable of transmitting 100 wavelengths at 100 Gbps. NEC served as lead contractor on the project.

The SACS cable system lands at Sangano cable landing station in Angola, near the capital city of Luanda, and will provide onward connectivity to the Angonap data center. In Brazil, SACS lands directly in a newly constructed data center, which was built together with SACS and for another cable system connecting Brazil to the U.S.A.

SACS is 100% owned by Angola Cables.

SACS was partially f
unded by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) through a loan agreement in buyer's credit with Banco de Desenvolvimento de Angola (BDA), the state-owned development bank of Angola. The loan was co-financed with Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (SMBC) with Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI) providing insurance for the portion financed by SMBC.

"Our ambition is to transport South American and Asian data packets via our African hub using SACS, and together with Monet and the WACS, provide a more efficient direct connectivity option between North, Central and South America onto Africa, Europe and Asia. By developing and connecting ecosystems that allow for local IP traffic to be exchanged locally and regionally, the efficiency of networks that are serving the Southern Hemisphere can be vastly improved. As these developments progress they will have considerable impact for the future growth and configuration of the global internet," said Mr. Antonio Nunes, Chief Executive Officer of Angola Cables.

Facebook open sources LogDevice data store

Facebook is committing to the open source community its LogDevice distributed data store for sequential data.

LogDevice was originally developed and currently deployed within Facebook for a variety of workloads, including event streaming, replication pipelines, transaction logs, and deferred work journals. LogDevice comes with a command-line administration tool called LDShell.

https://code.fb.com/core-data/open-sourcing-logdevice-a-distributed-data-store-for-sequential-data/

Gremlin adds $18m in funding for its Failure-as-a-service

Gremlin, a start-up based in San Francisco, announced $18 million in Series B for its Failure-as-a-Service platform.

Gremlin, which was founded by a former engineer at Amazon and Netflix, said it helps customers build more resilient system through a new engineering philosophy called chaos engineering. The new tool simulates how a system would react when encountering challenges, such as network latency, data center outages, etc. With nearly a dozen attacks and more launching soon, Gremlin recreates the most common failures across three categories: Resource, Network, and State. The Gremlin tool is delivered as a subscription-based service, with pricing based on per instance or service.

The new funding round was led by Redpoint Ventures.

“The concept of purposefully injecting harm into systems is still new for many companies, but chaos engineering has been practiced at places like Amazon and Netflix for over a decade,” said Kolton Andrus, CEO and Co-Founder of Gremlin. “We like to use the analogy of a flu shot, injecting small amounts of harm to build an immunity, in order to proactively avoid disasters. Now with ALFI, users will be able to bring this practice to serverless environments, and have much greater control within their applications.”

Zayo to supply high-bandwidth IP to Mexican carrier

Zayo announced a contract to provide a high-bandwidth IP solution to a leading Mexican carrier. The solution will facilitate interconnection to U.S.-based content, gaming and webscale companies via Zayo’s data center at 1950 N. Stemmons in Dallas.

Zayo operates a Tier 1 IP backbone delivering IP solutions in North American and European data centers and Internet exchange points.

“We continue to see growing demand from global carriers for interconnection, and we are leveraging our international experience to make inroads in strategic markets,” said Randy Dunbar, president of Transport at Zayo. “This transaction is a success story of flexibility and agility, underscoring our commitment to global customers. In addition to this IP solution, we are providing the platform for this carrier to connect to major markets that Zayo serves.”

Molex to acquire Laird Connected Vehicle Solutions Division

Molex agreed to acquire the Connected Vehicle Solutions division of Laird Limited. Financial terms were not disclosed.

Laird CVS specializes in the design, development and delivery of vehicle antenna systems, smart device integration and vehicle connectivity devices.

Molex said the acquired solutions will add to its agile connected vehicle technology ecosystem, which feature a 10Gbps Ethernet backbone for automotive OEMs building next-generation, intelligent vehicles.

“There is tremendous demand for seamless end-to-end network integration across hardware, software and services in the automotive industry,” said Tim Ruff, senior vice president, Molex Business Development. “Laird CVS expands our geographic reach and strengthens our ability to support automotive OEMs seeking to introduce future-ready vehicles with critical functionality while still containing costs. It aligns with our strategy to provide groundbreaking solutions for a growth market.”


Thursday, September 27, 2018

Facebook plans big expansion of Virginia data center campus

Facebook announced a major expansion of its data center campus in Henrico County, Virginia.

Under the plan, Facebook will build two new data center buildings, for a total of five at this campus.

Facebook said the expansion builds on its original $1 billion investment in its initial 940,000 square foot campus, and that there are currently more than 800 construction workers on-site and, so far, over 925,000 hours have gone into building the project.

Facebook also noted that it is working with Dominion Energy to develop additional renewable energy resources that will support the campus.

MAREA redefines the transAtlantic subsea bandwidth equation

Construction of the highest-capacity subsea cable to cross the Atlantic is now complete.

The 6,600 km MAREA subsea cable, which was jointly funded by Microsoft and Facebook, links Virginia Beach, Virginia to Bilbao, Spain. The cable will be managed by Telxius, Telefónica’s new infrastructure company. The cable features eight fiber pairs and an initial estimated design capacity of 160 Tbps.

The cable takes a more southern route than other transatlantic cables, which mostly connect northern Europe to the New York/New Jersey region.

“Marea comes at a critical time,” says Brad Smith, president of Microsoft. “Submarine cables in the Atlantic already carry 55 percent more data than trans-Pacific routes and 40 percent more data than between the U.S. and Latin America. There is no question that the demand for data flows across the Atlantic will continue to increase and Marea will provide a critical connection for the United States, Spain, and beyond."


  • TE SubCom served as the system supply partner for MAREA.

AWS intros EC2 12 TB instances for large in-memory databases

Amazon Web Services (AWS) announced the availability of new High Memory instances for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) for running large in-memory databases, including production deployments of SAP HANA.

Amazon EC2 High Memory instances deliver 6 TB, 9 TB, and 12 TB of memory today, with 18 TB and 24 TB instances coming in 2019.

These are the largest memory sizes available in the cloud, according to AWS.

“Amazon EC2 provides the most comprehensive selection of instances by far, giving customers the flexibility to select the right instance for the right workload today and into the future,” said Matt Garman, Vice President of Compute Services at AWS. “We have memory-optimized instances today, and they’ve proven quite popular with customers who want to run memory-intensive applications, including in-memory databases. With 12 TB instances available in AWS, and 24 TB instances coming next year, Amazon EC2 High Memory instances give our customers the ability to scale their in-memory database with predictable performance in the same VPC as their other AWS services. Customers can grow their in-memory database and easily connect it to their storage, networking, analytics, IoT, and machine learning services – helping them make faster and better business decisions.”

SoftBank tests Non-IP Data Delivery for NB-IoT

SoftBank is testing NIDD (Non-IP Data Delivery) for NB-IoT over its commercial network.

NIDD, which is defined by 3GPP, enables users to transmit data to IoT devices without allocating an IP address. Two benefits are cited: better security by not using IP in transmission; and better efficiency by not requiring header information.

SoftBank said it aims to leverage NIDD technology to introduce and commercialize devices tailored to various businesses and fields such as crime prevention, social infrastructure and agriculture, making full use of its distinctive features of high security, low power consumption, and high area coverage.


Akira Sakakibara, CTO at Microsoft Japan, stated “We expect that NIDD technology to reduce communication load for IoT devices and enables to accelerate utilization in IoT field especially for those who had difficulty in conventional condition. As NIDD technology corresponds to open standards, it can easily connects to Microsoft Azure IoT platform and enable to implement data management, view and AI features. SoftBank and Microsoft Japan will continuously contribute to accelerate IoT technology utilization in every industry.”

Tadashi Okazaki, Head of Solution Architect, Amazon Web Services Japan K.K., said “Along with the popularization and growth of IoT technology, absolute security for IoT devices itself is strongly in demand. With the implementation of NIDD technology which securely connect AWS IoT platform and peripheral device, we expect to accelerate the popularization of IoT technology. Low power consumption is one of the characteristic of NIDD technology. Therefore, we hope to solve long discussed controversy of IoT devices high power consumptions.”

Cignal AI: Compact modular optical equipment market to top $1 billion in 2018

The market for compact modular optical equipment is on track to top $1 billion in revenue this year, according to the latest Optical Applications Report from Cignal AI. the category includes equipment designed specifically for use in DCI, open & disaggregated hardware applications.

Cignal AI has raised its CY18 forecast for 200G and 400G coherent port shipments and cut its 100G coherent forecast.

“Operators are rapidly adopting second and third generation coherent technology as they seek to lower their cost per bit and achieve better performance. This has resulted in higher than expected demand for 200G and 400G speeds this year, at the expense of first-generation coherent,” said Andrew Schmitt, lead analyst for Cignal AI. “Compounding this trend is the growing adoption of 200G CFP2 DCO modules, which allows coherent technology to integrate with switches and routers more easily than earlier solutions.”

Some highlights from Cignal AI:

  • Ciena and Huawei Top Compact Modular Market Growth – In this record quarter, Ciena and Huawei were the fastest-growing vendors in the compact modular segment. Ciena benefits from its third-generation coherent technology, while Huawei was lifted by greater adoption from Chinese cloud operators. New entrant Nokia also grew share in its second quarter of serving this market.
  • Packet-OTN Market Grows with Incumbent Adoption – More incumbent network operators are using packet-OTN switching hardware to upgrade their transport networks. In North America, this segment grew 30 percent year-over-year as result of more deployments by Verizon and other large incumbents. Growth was also significant in EMEA and India, where Nokia has taken significant market share.
  • Third Generation Coherent Gaining Momentum – Even though the overall market slowed in 2Q18 as a result of ZTE’s shutdown, other vendors experienced healthy sales growth. Third generation coherent solutions are picking up steam with Ciena’s 400G offering doing well. Acacia, Huawei, Nokia, and NTT Electronics based solutions will reach the market within the next two quarters to challenge Ciena’s lead.
https://cignal.ai/2018/09/compact-modular-optical-equipment-market-on-pace-to-break-1-billion-in-2018/


ECOC 2018: Synopsys and SMART Photonics announce InP kit

At ECOC 2018, Synopsys and SMART Photonics, which is a European manufacturer of InP Photonics components with production and research facilities located in Eindhoven, The Netherlands, introduced a production-ready process design kit (PDK) based on SMART Photonics' Indium Phosphide (InP) process.

Synopsys said its PIC Design Suite, which comprises OptSim Circuit and OptoDesigner tools, provides a seamless PIC design flow from idea to manufacturing from a single solutions provider. The addition of the SMART PDK to OptSim Circuit, combined with the PDK's availability in OptoDesigner, enables users to use the PIC Design Suite to schematically capture and simulate InP-based PIC designs with the SMART PDK building blocks, and then synthesize and verify a SMART-foundry-compatible layout.

"This is another example of a world-class PIC foundry taking advantage of the new opportunities offered by rapid advances in photonic integration," said Tom Walker, group director of R&D for Synopsys' Photonic Solutions. "We are excited to be working with SMART Photonics and to be able to give our mutual customers the ability to design advanced custom photonic applications using the SMART Photonics InP semiconductor process."

http://www.synopsys.com

ECOC 2018: Inphi highlights 100G and 400G Single Lambda PAM4

At ECOC 2018, Inphi highlighted its ecosystem collaboration with multiple optical solution industry leaders, including AOI, Delta Electronics and Source Photonics, showing readiness in delivering 100Gbps and 400Gbps PAM4 based module solutions for hyperscale cloud data center networks.

“As the pioneer of PAM based solutions with a proven history in the data center, Inphi is excited to be demonstrating single lambda PAM4 based solutions in conjunction with multiple industry leaders at ECOC 2018,” said Siddharth Sheth, SVP, Networking Interconnects at Inphi. “Multi-vendor interoperability coupled with adhering to strict compliant standards, allows this ecosystem of vendors to successful advance the adoption of PAM4 based solutions quickly and efficiently.”

“In order for 100Gbps and 400Gbps PAM4 based optical solutions to become a reality, strong collaboration across the industry is critical,” said Seamus Crehan, president and founder of Crehan Research Inc. “This ecosystem of industry leaders will help to advance the quick adoption and interoperability of PAM4 based systems and make single lambda optical solutions for 12.8T switch platforms a reality.”

“As the industry continues to move to higher data rates, it becomes vital to build a healthy ecosystem through value-driven partnerships. Inphi Corporation has been an important partner in the development of our 100G and 400G solutions,” said Robinson Tsai, VP of R&D of AOI Taiwan and AOI China. “We are excited to work together with this collaboration of leaders to build the next generation high-speed transmission technology.”

“We work closely with Inphi on 100Gbps and 400Gbps PAM4 based solutions. We see the emergence of 100Gbps and 400Gbps PAM4 solutions for next generation of hyperscale cloud data center networks and Inphi is one of the leading companies providing advance technologies,” said Ted Kuo, CBU BU Head at Delta Electronics Inc.

“Many successful demonstrations at this years’ ECOC show that the single lambda 100G ecosystem is coming together and will be ready for deployment in the field in 2019,” said Ed Ulrichs, director of PLM at Source Photonics. “Inphi is a trusted industry partner that is enabling us to productize both 100G and 400G solutions using a variety of solutions at both 28Gbaud and 53Gbaud per lane. We are excited to partner with Inphi to meet both performance and time-to-market needs for advanced transceiver solutions.”

ECOC 2018: Tektronix shows PAM4 test and debug solutions

At ECOC 2018, Tektronix showcased its optical test solutions, including:
  • PAM 4 Testing - DSA8300 sampling oscilloscope with an 80GHz optical sampling module showing support for IEEE 802.3bs based 400G optical testing for TDECQ, including new advances in high-sensitivity single-mode/multi-mode optical measurements for NRZ and PAM-4.
  • PAM 4 design and debug- DPO70000SX 70GHz ATI performance oscilloscope analyze single shot PAM-4 signals with live triggering and post-equalized error detection for 400G standards.
  • Complex Coherent testing - an end-to-end demonstration of optical modulation analysis software supporting multi-OMA systems, featuring the AWG70000 Series Arbitrary Waveform Generator and the DPO70000SX oscilloscope for applications such as spatial division multiplexing and more.
  • Support for new emerging standards - 400G ZR Receiver Testing - featuring the Tektronix DPO70000SX 70GHz ATI performance oscilloscope


Nokia Bell Labs joins Alex Thomson Racing for Vendée Globe race

Nokia Bell Labs will serve as Technology Partner to UK-based sailing team Alex Thomson Racing.

Skipper Alex Thomson, supported by his onshore team, will compete in the next Vendée Globe race, a 24,000-mile solo, non-stop unassisted sailing race around the world. The next Vendée Globe is scheduled to begin in November 2020.

The Vendée Globe race is often described as "the ultimate physical and psychological challenge" especially as the boats traverse the Southern Ocean.

Nokia Bell Labs said it will work alongside Thomson - and his IMOCA 60 race boat – to develop and test both existing and new cutting-edge technologies including augmented intelligence and wearables.

Nokia Chief Technology Officer and Bell Labs President, Marcus Weldon, said: “We are delighted to be working with Alex Thomson Racing to push the limits of what is possible, and pioneer breakthroughs in the seamless integration of human talent and technological performance, in extremely harsh and often remote environments, in a race against time.

"Alex Thomson Racing represents an important microcosm of the broader industrial IoT and mission-critical network focus of Nokia. This collaboration is another step toward realization of our Future X Network Vision, where human existence will be transformed in an era defined by the digitization and connection of everything and everyone with the goal of automating much of life, effectively creating time, by maximizing the efficiency of everything we do."

http://www.bell-labs.com
https://www.vendeeglobe.org/