Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Facebook open sources Katran, its network load balancer

Facebook is releasing its Katran forwarding plane software library, which powers the network load balancer used in Facebook's infrastructure.

Facebook said that by sharing Katran with the open source community, it hopes others can improve the performance of their load balancers and use it as a foundation for future work.

Katran is deployed today on backend servers in Facebook’s points of presence (PoPs). Katran offers a software-based solution to load balancing with a completely reengineered forwarding plane that takes advantage of two recent innovations in kernel engineering: eXpress Data Path (XDP) and the eBPF virtual machine.


https://code.facebook.com/posts/1906146702752923/open-sourcing-katran-a-scalable-network-load-balancer/

On GitHub:  https://github.com/facebookincubator/katran

EllaLink submarine cable system to connect Brazil to Europe

EllaLink, a proposed submarine cable system promises to bring the most direct fiber connectivity between Brazil and Europe.

EMACOM - Telecomunicações da Madeira - announced the signing of a contract to develop the system with direct links to the islands of Madeira. The expected ready-for-service is 2020.

EllaLink will be a 3 fiber pair systems linking Southern Europe (Sines – Lisbon – Madrid) to LATAM (Fortaleza – Sao Paulo). Three intermediate branches are also being planned to land in Cabo Verde, the Canary Islands and Madeira. The main section of the cable traveling from Sines to Fortaleza is approximately 5900 km.

http://www.eulalink.com
http://www.eem.pt



Nordic countries seek the lead in 5G

The five Nordic countries are seeking to take a global lead in the rollout of 5G.

A vision of how to capture this leadership role was set out in a meeting of prime ministers this week in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden.

A key pillar is cooperation on spectrum, policy, and test beds across all five countries -- Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Iceland.

The prime ministers are calling on the digitalisation ministers of each country to take the lead in following up their joint declaration.

“The Nordic region is one of the most innovative regions in the world. The development of 5G is progressing quickly and the Nordic region will be at the fore of this development. It creates jobs and prosperity in our countries,” says Prime Minister Stefan Löfven.

Platform.sh raises $34M for enterprise cloud

Platform.sh, a start-up based in Paris with offices in San Francisco, raised $34 million in a Series C funding for its "idea-to-cloud" application platform.

Platform.sh simplifies deployments for enterprises by combining an automated cloud with its unique rapid cloning technology that can instantly spin up and deploy exact clones of entire live web applications in less than 60 seconds, allowing development teams to ensure that new features do not break when in production. Its product can be used to develop, test, deploy and run their cloud-based web applications with speed and confidence. The company claims more than 650 enterprise customers across the globe are currently using its platform and says sales have grown 110 percent this year.

The funding round was U.S.-based Partech and included Idinvest Partners, Benhamou Global Ventures (BGV), SNCF Digital Ventures and returning investor, Hi Inov.

“The customer traction and organic growth we’ve seen over the past 12 months – especially in North America – made it clear that we are ready to scale on a global level,” said Frederic Plais, CEO of Platform.sh. “The productivity gains that our platform delivers are beyond anything offered by managed hosting solutions, or DIY approaches with cloud infrastructures. The recent years have seen an explosion of incredibly strong tools that help implement novel cloud architectures, but the mainline approach is patchwork and piecemeal. Platform.sh proposes a unified model that transcends categories, not only solving difficult cluster orchestration and continuous delivery problems, but also improving testing and quality assurance of applications.”

https://platform.sh

Kaiam partners with Broadex to manufacture optical modules in China

Kaiam, which is a leading supplier of optical transceivers for hyperscale data centers, signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Broadex concerning the volume production of QSFP28 100G-CWDM4 transceivers in China based on Kaiam’s LightScale2 platform.

Kaiam says its LightScale2 architecture offer fundamental advantages in cost and performance and is ideally suited for high-volume applications.

The agreement allows Broadex to manufacture these units in China and directly address Chinese customers who require local production. This also complements Kaiam’s in-house manufacturing in the UK and provides further capacity to address the high volume data center market.

Broadex Technologies is located in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, and operates an R&D center in Shanghai. Its product portfolio includes PLC splitters, arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs), variable optical attenuators (VOAs), Variable Optical Power Multiplexer (VMUX), and optical sub-assembly (OSA) for transceivers.

“We anticipate very strong demand for 100G transceivers based on our LightScale2 technology,” said Dietmar Zapf, GM / VP of Manufacturing at Kaiam. “In addition to the production lines already running at our Livingston, UK facility, we need to develop and secure further expanded capacity for manufacturing these products in high volume. The MOU signed with Broadex would allow us to leverage Broadex’s manufacturing expertise and infrastructure and expand our capacity in the next 3–6 months to meet high demand.”

“We are glad that Kaiam chose to continue working with us for manufacturing its new non-hermetic transceivers for data center applications,” said Yong Ding, PhD, VP and CTO of Broadex Technologies. “We have been producing OSA-level components for Kaiam in high volumes for several years now. The LightScale2 platform is optimized to deliver maximum value and performance in the data center environment at dramatically lower costs. We will work aggressively to quickly ramp to high volumes with high yields.”

Kaiam debuts 400G QSFP-DD

Kaiam unveiled an 8-lane, single-mode 400G transceiver in a QSFP-DD form factor at OFC 2018.

The new device, which is enabled by the company's LightScale2 architecture used in its XQX5000 series of 100GBASE-CWDM4 QSFP28 pluggables, is optimized for high-volume, low-cost manufacturing.

The company said its LightScale2 platform supports both 4-lane and 8-lane 200G and 400G transceiver variants, including 400G-LR8/FR8, 400G-FR4, 2x100G-LR4, 2x100G-CWDM4, 2x100G-4WDM-10, 200G-FR4, and 2x200G-FR4. These can be supported in either QSFP-DD or OSFP packages. The platform can further extend to future 800G solutions, and even beyond pluggables to Kaiam’s Co-Packaged Photonics Interconnect (CoPPhI).

“As capacity and density requirements increase in the data center, our MEMS-based PLC approach further outperforms traditional approaches,” commented Bardia Pezeshki, CEO. “At OFC 2018, we are demonstrating a transceiver that has 4x the bandwidth of the previous generation in roughly the same QSFP form factor, highlighting the bandwidth and density scalability of Kaiam’s technology.”

“We’re seeing market need for 400G QSFP-DD transceivers in 2019, but uncertainty and skepticism about whether transceiver vendors can deliver cost-effective solutions at scale with the high speeds needed per lane and the desired reach. Our ability to offer a simple 8-channel 400G solution in advance of the more complex 4-channel electronics, with the full 10km reach, gives the customers faster and easier access to 400G in the desired compact form factor,” commented Jeremy Dietz, VP of Global Sales & Marketing.

Irish firm acquires key property in Ashburn's Data Center Alley

Chirisa Investments, an Irish-based investor in global digital infrastructure, has acquired a strategically located facility in Ashburn, Virginia - often referred to as Data Center Alley.

The facility, which was acquired for an undisclosed amount of cash in an off-market transaction, is located at the corner of Beaumeade Circle and Loudoun County Parkway. It adjoins major Equinix, Digital Realty CenturyLink, and Raging Wire data centers.

Chirisa said designs are being finalized for a first phase $225m development of a 280,000 SF, 30 MW Tier III facility to meet the phenomenal demand in the US's hottest data center market/

Telia Carrier activates PoP in Belgrade

Telia Carrier activated its first Point-of-Presence (PoP) in Belgrade, Serbia, enabling customers to connect directly to the Telia Carrier backbone

The Belgrade PoP will also serve as a connectivity hub for surrounding countries, improving the availability of high-speed IP Transit, Cloud Connect, Ethernet and IPX services. It will also provide a transport interconnection point for international customers requiring a dedicated connection into Serbia.

"The appetite for online services, in both a business and consumer context, has reached a point in Serbia where we saw a compelling need to expand our network into the region. Many of the world’s leading telcos, cloud and content providers already connect directly to the Telia Carrier backbone and this expansion brings our customers in Serbia and the surrounding countries ever closer to the content and services they need," stated Henrik Almroth, Sales Director at Telia Carrier.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

First release of open source Kata Containers

The open source Kata Containers project marked its version 1.0 release.

Kata Containers 1.0 delivers the fully integrated code bases of the two technologies contributed to form the foundation of the project: Intel Clear Containers from Intel Corporation and runV technology from Hyper.sh.

The developers q1say Kata Containers offer a fast and secure deployment option for anything from highly-regulated workloads to untrusted code, spanning public/private cloud, containers-as-a-service and edge computing use cases.

The Kata Containers project was launched in December 2017 by the OpenStack Foundation. Arm, Canonical, Dell/EMC, Intel and Red Hat have announced financial support for the project. Other companies supporting the project include 99cloud, AWcloud, China Mobile, City Network, CoreOS, EasyStack, Fiberhome, Google, Huawei, JD.com, Mirantis, NetApp, SUSE, Tencent, Ucloud and UnitedStack.

Telefónica to resell AWS cloud services

Telefónica Business Solutions has agreed to sell Amazon Web Services in its cloud offering portfolio.

Telefónica will train and certify specialists in AWS services and best practices. AWS has agreed to have dedicated resources to support Telefónica and their customers.

Hugo de los Santos, Director Global B2B Products and Services at Telefónica commented, “Our customers are asking for advice and support in their Cloud adoption processes. AWS, with its depth and breadth of services as well as global presence, is a piece that fits perfectly in our Cloud portfolio. Telefónica’s cloud offering thus empowers our customers to run their infrastructure, applications and workloads on the most suitable Cloud service possible.”

Niko Mykkanen, Head of EMEA Partners & Alliances, Amazon Web Services, said: “Service providers are playing an important role in driving innovation and creating value for organizations. We are excited to work with Telefónica to enable the digital transformation of enterprise customers and help them leverage the scalability and breadth of services that AWS offers.”

Verizon Digital Media implements Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC)

Verizon Digital Media Services has deployed Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC) across its content delivery network, with 125 points of presence globally.

QUIC is a transport protocol developed by Google to improve web page load and transaction speeds. Specifically, QUIC improves web application performance across Chrome and Opera web browsers and select connected devices by decreasing the time required to establish a secure connection. It also continues to deliver an active stream, seamlessly and uninterrupted, when an end user changes IP addresses by continuing to use the old connection ID from the new IP address.

Verizon Digital Media Services said its customers can now enable QUIC through a simple rules engine change that takes effect within minutes, at no additional cost.

“We are always working to improve our network performance for our customers, who are in the business of providing digital media to their end users as quickly, securely and cost-efficiently as possible,” said Frank Orozco, chief technology officer, Verizon Digital Media Services. “Whether it’s streaming a widely watched sports event or accelerating a shopping cart transaction, every millisecond counts.”

https://www.verizondigitalmedia.com/platform/edgecast-cdn/

OIF plans SDN Transport API interoperability demo presentations

The OIF (Optical Internetworking Forum) will conduct several public read-out events to present the results of the 2018 Software-Defined Networking (SDN) Transport Application Programming Interface (T-API) interoperability demonstration.

This year’s demo, in collaboration with MEF, is focused on accelerating the commercialization of Transport SDN through validating the industry-leading T-API 2.0 northbound interface (NBI) from the Open Networking Foundation (ONF). The multi-vendor demo includes testing new dynamic behavior use cases and deployment scenarios by CenturyLink, China Telecom, SK Telecom and Telefónica. Participating vendors include ADVA, Coriant, Infinera, NEC/Netcracker, Nokia and SM Optics. Centre Tecnològic Telecomunicacions Catalunya is the participating academic and/or research institution and TELUS Communications is participating as a consulting network operator.

The demo incorporates service provisioning scenarios at the LSO Presto reference point in the MEF LSO architecture, using the MEF NRP Interface Profile Specification (MEF 60), which defines T-API extensions in support of Carrier Ethernet services.

“The OIF multi-vendor interop testing is particularly important to Telefónica’s network transformation. We are anxious to validate T-API as the standard NBI for Transport SDN and announce the results in June,” said Juan Pedro Fernández Palacios, Telefónica.

The results of the demo will be presented during a featured workshop and keynote presentation at NGON & DCI Europe 2018 conference in Nice, France.

Private read-outs will also be conducted by CenturyLink (July 10 in Denver) and China Telecom in Beijing (July 19).

Ixia delivers 200/100/50GE test for its 400GE QSFP-DD system

Ixia, a division of Keysight Technologies, announced first shipment of a 400GE test system with multi-rate 200/100/50GE speed options for the K400 400GE QSFP-DD load module family.

These multi-rate speed options allow network equipment manufacturers to test products at speeds based on the new IEEE 802.3cd draft standard and IEEE 802.3bs standard using the 400GE QSFP-DD module at 200GE, 100GE, and 50GE speeds, from a single port.

Ixia said 56 Gbps technology is at the forefront of Ethernet speed evolution—moving from legacy 25GE, 50GE, and 100GE (based on 28Gbs technology) to the new 200GE, 100GE, and 50GE interfaces expected to come to market this year. The Ixia K400 QSFP-DD load module is the only shipping test solution that can validate these technologies using 400GE-port fan-out media for testing 400GE, 200GE, 100GE, or 50GE multi-speed or single-speed network devices.

“Flexible test solutions are necessary to develop higher speed, multi-rate, high-density Ethernet products for the leaders in the data center space,” said Sunil Kalidindi, vice president product management, at Keysight’s Ixia Solutions Group. “Network devices such as routers, switches and servers must be able to operate at all new speeds in the IEEE 802.3cd draft specification and IEEE 802.3bs on most, or all, ports on their devices.”

Pica8 launches orchestration software for White Box switches

Pica8 introduced switch orchestration software designed to automatically connect almost any number of multivendor 1G to 100G white box Ethernet switches and run them as if they were a single logical switch with a single IP address.

Pica8 said that by compressing dozens of white box switches int
o a single logical device for configuration and management, its new PicaPilot software reduces network operational complexity by 10-50X.

In lieu of Spanning Tree Protocol, PicaPilot uses MLAG (Multi-Chassis Link Aggregation) to maximize bandwidth utilization and act as PicaPilot’s primary high-availability/reliability mechanism. In addition, PicaPilot automatically redirects traffic in the event of a spine switch or link failure, significantly reducing the possibility of any network downtime.

“The biggest complaint we hear from almost every one of our enterprise customers today is that the complexity and rigidity of their existing legacy networks has got to end,” said Jeff Paine, vice president of marketing at Pica8. “As the first company to ship an open, Linux-based NOS on white box switches over six years ago, we felt it was incumbent upon us to be the one to find a way to crack the final barrier facing our industry – entrenched complexity – which PicaPilot has done by extracting all the complexity from leaf-spine and reducing it to a single layer from a management perspective.111 There is literally nothing simpler or easier to use in the market.”

All versions of PicaPilot for PICOS-enabled switches are priced at under $1,000 for a perpetual license and are available now for deployment on any Pica8-supported switch.

Holland's Previder builds 400km ring with ADVA's FSP 3000 DCI

Previder, the largest Dutch-based and owned data center company in the Netherlands, has deployed ADVA's FSP 3000 CloudConnect data center interconnect (DCI) platform to meet booming enterprise cloud service demand. Previder has built a 400km ring network to deliver 100GbE and 16 Gbit/s Fibre Channel services to its enterprise customers.

ADVA said the open, multi-protocol network, which also leverages ADVA's OpenFabric cross-connect technology for flexible service delivery, enables the colocation and cloud services provider to maximize the value of its existing infrastructure as it smoothly transitions to 100Gbit/s transport.
The new network also benefits from ADVA’s FSP 3000 QuadFlex capabilities -- an innovative line card technology that enables a single chassis to support multi-Terabit transmissions over long distances without the need for signal regeneration.

“Our DCI technology meets the most exacting density, security and energy demands. It’s the ultimate tool to enable forward-looking cloud operators like Previder to expand its colocation environment and deliver even more attractive on-demand connectivity offerings,” commented Yann Evain, sales director, Benelux, ADVA.

TrueCom, a local ADVA partner, also played a key role in the process.

Fujitsu deploys Juniper's AppFormix for cloud management

Fujitsu Limited has deployed Juniper’s AppFormix cloud management platform to support its K5 enterprise cloud service in Japan.

Fujitsu’s K5 is described as the world’s largest open-source based platform for enabling digital business transformation across the public, private and hybrid cloud.

Juniper said its AppFormix management was selected to address the growing operational needs of Fujitsu’s K5 platform as it expands to new regions.

“AppFormix is delighted to be an integral part of Fujitsu’s K5 Cloud Service platform, an exciting partnership in our challenge against complexity. We look forward to the continued advancement of AppFormix solutions in support of Fujitsu’s operational needs going forward, especially for the potential global deployment of K5 as a continuation of our long-term, firm partnership,” stated Sumeet Singh, Vice President of Engineering at Juniper Networks.

Juniper to Acquire AppFormix for Cloud Optimization

Juniper Networks agreed to acquire AppFormix, a start-up based in San Jose, California, specializing in cloud operations management for enterprise DevOps teams. Financial terms were not disclosed.

The AppFormix software platform provides real-time analytics, capacity planning, and orchestration tooling in a shared dashboard that gives cloud operators and applications developers a better way to understand performance across the entire cloud stack.  AppFormix works with popular cloud environments like AWS, OpenStack, Azure and Kubernetes.

In 2015, AppFormix raised $7 million in funding from August Capital.

Juniper said the acquisition will bring the power of analytics through machine learning and telemetry to Juniper's customers.

"The networking industry is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, and new technologies like analytics and machine learning are enabling companies to have more insight into their network than ever before," said Pradeep Sindhu, founder, vice president and CTO at Juniper Networks. "We recognize our customers' needs and desires for a self-driving infrastructure; one that is optimized, secure and automated. With the acquisition of AppFormix, we're accelerating our vision to use software automation and intelligence to deliver a smarter network and more simplified operations for our customers around the world."

http://www.juniper.net
http://www.appformix.com

  • AppFormix was headed by Sumeet Singh, who previously served as Principal Development Manager for Microsoft Azure, and, before that, as Data Center Architect - Principal Engineer at Cisco Systems.

SpaceX launches 5 Iridium NEXT satellites, 2 GRACE-FO satellites

SpaceX successfully launched five Iridium NEXT satellites and two GRACE-FO satellites from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The launch used the Falcon 9 rocket.

Falcon 9’s first stage for this mission was previously used in January for the Zuma mission from Cape Canaveral in Florida. After today's launch, SpaceX did not attempt to recover the first stage again.

The Iridium NEXT project is replacing the replacing all of the company's satellites with new ones for enabling next-generation broadband for specialized applications, like safety services, data and communications, remote monitoring, tracking, etc. This was the sixth of eight launch missions by SpaceX for Iridium NEXT. In total, 81 satellites are being built, with 66 in the operational constellation, nine serving as on-orbit spares and six as ground spares.

The two Geosciences (GFZ) GRACE Follow-On (GRACE-FO) satellites belong to the NASA/German Research Centre. As the twin satellites fly over
areas of higher and lower mass, the distance between them changes slightly due to gravitational forces. By precisely measuring these changes, the distribution of Earth’s mass can be mapped monthly and tracked over time. This data can be used to monitor changes in ice sheets and glaciers, underground water storage, water in large lakes and rivers, and sea level, providing a unique view of Earth’s evolving climate and its water and energy cycles, with far-reaching societal benefits

Monday, May 21, 2018

Google Cloud releases Kubernetes Engine

The Google Kubernetes Engine 1.10 has now entered commercial release.

In parallel to the GA of Kubernetes Engine 1.10, Google Cloud is new features to support enterprise use cases:

  • Shared Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) for better control of network resources
  • Regional Persistent Disks and Regional Clusters for higher-availability and stronger SLAs
  • Node Auto-Repair GA, and Custom Horizontal Pod Autoscaler for greater automation

Google also outlined several upcoming features for its Kubernetes Engine, including the ability for
teams within large organizations to share physical resources while maintaining logical separation of resources between departments. Workloads can be deployed in Google’s global Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) in a Shared VPC model.

Google's Kubernetes Engine will also gain Regional Persistent Disk (Regional PD) support. This will ensure that network-attached block storage has synchronous replication of data between two zones in a region.

https://cloudplatform.googleblog.com/

Progress on OpenStack-Kubernetes integration efforts

OpenStack and Kubernetes are being used in tandem to develop a new generation of cloud-native platforms, according to SIG-Kubernetes, an OpenStack special interest group focused on cross-community efforts with Kubernetes.

Development efforts combining OpenStack and Kubernetes can be found at AT&T, CERN, SK Telecom, and Superfluidity, which is a European Research project (Horizon 2020) trying to build the basic infrastructure blocks for 5G networks by leveraging and extending well known open source projects.

In conjunction with OpenStack Summit in Vancouver, SIG-Kubernetes published a whitepaper highlighting progress on OpenStack-Kubernetes integration efforts, including:

  • The OpenStack Cloud Provider, an external cloud controller manager for running Kubernetes in an OpenStack cluster, has a permanent new home. Cloud Provider OpenStack gives Kubernetes direct access to OpenStack resources such as Nova compute instance information, Cinder block storage, and Neutron and Octavia load balancing.
  • The latest release of the CNCF dashboard features OpenStack as one of the target public clouds. This CI system runs nightly test jobs against CNCF projects. It uses a cross-cloud deployment tool to build a multi-node, highly available Kubernetes cluster. It runs Kubernetes end-to-end tests against the installation and also tests other cloud-native applications like Helm and Prometheus on the OpenStack-hosted Kubernetes test cluster.
  • Cinder now offers one integration point for over 80 different storage options through a single Cinder API with a choice of Flex or Container Storage Interface (CSI) drivers.
  • The community has documented how to Integrate Keystone authentication and authorization with Kubernetes role-based access control (RBAC). This approach allows Kubernetes to use OpenStack Keystone as an identity server. 
The whitepaper is here: https://www.openstack.org/containers/whitepaper



Red Hat OpenStack Platform 13 containerizes all OpenStack services

Red Hat OpenStack Platform 13, the newest version of Red Hat’s cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) solution provides the capability to containerize all OpenStack services, including networking and storage, for the first time in a Red Hat OpenStack offering.

Some key features of Red Hat OpenStack Platform 13:

  • Red Hat Ceph Storage for massively scalable, integrated storage, which enables organizations to more quickly provision hundreds of virtual machines from a single snapshot and build a fully-supported storage solution.
  • Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform helps Red Hat OpenStack Platform 13 serve as an extensible platform for cloud-native workloads, providing a single architecture that brings the power of Linux containers on Kubernetes orchestration to scalable OpenStack infrastructure.
  • Fast Forward upgrades -- gives customers the option to stay on a faster upgrade path and receive new features from the upstream community every six months, or remain on a supported release for a longer period of time. 
  • Integration of security related projects such as OpenStack Barbican, providing tenant level lifecycle management of secrets, such as passwords, security certificates and keys. With the introduction of Barbican, encryption related use cases are now available, such as Cinder encrypted volume support, Glance image signing and Swift object encryption. 
  • Increased TLS coverage for internal communication flows for services such as VNC, OpenDaylight and Redis. The introduction of these features can enable customers to better comply with security standards such as FedRAMP, SecNumCloud, and other industry specific risk management frameworks.


Qualcomm intros 5G NR for Small Cells and Remote Radio Heads

Qualcomm introduced the first 5G NR solution for small cells and remote radio head deployments. The new device (FSM100xx), which builds on Qualcomm's FSM Platform for 3G and 4G small cells, support 5G NR in both mmWave and sub-6 GHz spectrum.

Qualcomm said its 5G NR solutions allows OEMs to reuse both software and hardware designs across sub-6 and mmWave products, supporting high-bandwidth and robust coverage for mobile subscribers around the globe. Given the propagation characteristics of 5G NR’s higher frequencies (especially mmWave), solutions are needed to support delivery of uniform 5G experiences, especially indoors where most data is consumed.

The FSM100xx solution scales to address outdoor small cell performance requirements such as support for MIMO implementation and multi-gigabit throughput, as well as support indoor requirements such as compact form factor and power over Ethernet (PoE) support. It also includes a software-defined modem, designed to facilitate OEMs to readily upgrade their devices to comply with future 3GPP releases. Additionally, this 5G NR solution supports various options for interface splits between central unit (CU) and remote radio head, providing OEMs and operators with the flexibility to use a 5G radio access network architecture that best fits their needs, such as a virtualized 5G architecture that is designed to deliver scalability through the cloud or a more distributed architecture to ease fronthaul requirements.

“Qualcomm Technologies is leading the world to 5G by providing this 5G NR small cell solution to support 5G NR in both sub-6Hz and mmWave spectrum,” said Irvind Ghai, vice president, product management, Qualcomm Atheros, Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. “With small cells expected to play a critical role in 5G networks, we are happy to announce our highly flexible FSM100xx solution capable of supporting a wide range of use case and deployment models, and to support our customers to deliver on the promise of 5G.”