Thursday, March 23, 2017

Oclaro Announces 1 Tbit/s Dual Wavelength PM-QMZ External Modulator

Oclaro announced that it has expanded its lithium niobate (LiNbO3) portfolio with a dual wavelength PM-QMZ external modulator for data rates up to 1 Tbit/s and that at OFC it is hosting an interoperability demonstration showcasing a 100 Gbit/s ER4-Lite QSFP28 and CFP2 over 40 km single-mode optical fibre (SMF).

New PM-QMZ modulator

The new dual wavelength PM-QMZ modulator joins Oclaro's established high-bandwidth single carrier PM-QMZ (polarisation multiplexed quad parallel Mach-Zehnder) modulator line that was launched in 2015 and has been tested in labs and R&D centres operating at symbol rates up to 64 Gbaud and with different modulation formats up to 128QAM.

Oclaro's dual wavelength PM-QMZ LiNbO3 external modulator is designed to support data rates up to 1 Tbit/s utilising two wavelengths 'packed' into a single gold box. The modulator is a high electro-optic bandwidth PM-QMZ device that integrates into a hermetic package two PM-QMZ sets, each featuring an input beam splitter, four parallel Mach-Zehnder modulators configured for I-Q modulation, a polarisation combiner and monitor photodiodes for power and bias control.

Key features of the new product include: 3 dB electro-optic bandwidth exceeding 28 GHz; smooth optical response up to 45 GHz, enabling symbol rates up to 45 Gbaud; extinction ratio above 25 dB for complex modulation formats; insertion loss below 12 dB; and support for L-Band operation.

Interoperability demonstration

The demonstration of 100 Gbit/s ER4-Lite QSFP28 and CFP2 over 40 km single-mode fibre (SMF) is designed to show how ER4-Lite solutions can deliver the low power and low cost required to enable 100 Gbit/s in the access and core networks where longer reach is required.

Oclaro noted that as 100 Gbit/s technology is deployed in metro and access networks, operators require 100 Gbit/s client interfaces able to provide 40 km reach without the use of amplifiers. The new ER4-Lite specification is designed to enable cost-effective 100 Gbit/s 40 km pluggable solutions in compact QSFP28 transceivers with FEC and APD-based receivers.

The new Oclaro QSFP28 ER4-Lite device, which complements the existing CFP2 product, leverages the company's proven 28 Gbit/s EML as used in its CFPx and QSFP28 LR4 product families. The ER4-Lite QSFP28, which is currently sampling, can support 100 Gigabit Ethernet and OTU4 applications with up to 40 km reach with FEC, or 30 km without FEC, and is interoperable with existing ER4 solutions up to 30 km.

Oclaro noted that QSFP28 has been standardised by ITU-T as G.959.1 4L1-9D1F and is being standardised by the newly established 4-Wavelength WDM MSA group.

Fujitsu Intros Access-agnostic Virtual Access Network for SMBs

Fujitsu Network Communications has introduced its Virtual Access Network (VAN) solution, designed to address the cost and time barriers for small-to-medium business (SMB) service deployment by eliminating the need for purpose-built routing devices and manual provisioning and allowing the use of any access technology to deliver services, and will showcase the solution at OFC 2017.

Fujitsu noted that SD-WAN and access services can be cost-prohibitive for SMB customers, thereby resulting in an underserved market. Fujitsu's new VAN solution is designed to enable delivery of SMB services more cost-effectively by removing the need for operators to deploy CPE routing devices requiring manual, on site provisioning. VAN also provides a single solution that can be used to deliver virtualised products using multiple access technologies.

The VAN solution helps to minimise service delivery time and costs leveraging features including centralised compute resources. By virtualising and centralising network functions, the solution both improves performance and makes services easier to manage.

Fujitsu's VAN solution comprises a services gateway unit, a low-cost whitebox that can support services over any access medium, a plan and provision tool that allows zero-touch plug-and-play provisioning, and a virtual private service VNF that serves to replace traditional routers.

The complete solution is designed to help operators: deploy new services without the need for manual provisioning; deliver seamless access regardless of underlying technology, whether fibre, copper, HFC, WiFi or LTE; reduce the cost of service delivery; and enable the delivery of competitively priced services to end customers.

Corning and Kaiam Demo CoPPhI

Kaiam, a privately-held developer of hybrid photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology, and Corning announced they are showcasing an optical engine and single-mode fibre interface connector designed to be co-packaged with a 12.8 Tbit/s switch chip at the 2017 OFC in Los Angeles.

The companies stated that by converting high-speed signals to optical within the switch package, the high-density engine based on co-packaged photonic interconnect (CoPPhI) technology can potentially enable up to a halving in chip interconnect power consumption.

Kaiam noted that prior to CoPPhI, the sub-micron alignment tolerances required in single-mode optical packaging presented a barrier to creating practical co-packaged single-mode optical interconnect solutions, while the reduced power consumption provided by CoPPhI-enabled switches can address a key impediment to data centre growth.

At OFC, the demonstration by Corning and Kaiam features a prototype connector, with the optics capable of delivering 1.6 Tbit/s from four fibres at 400 Gbit/s per fibre, or lambda (4 λ), extendable to 8 λ. The demonstration interoperates at 25 Gbit/s per λ with a standard CWDM4 transceiver.

It was noted that multiple CoPPhI engines can be co-packaged in close proximity to the four sides of a switch ASIC to support over 12 Tbit/s of optical connectivity. Single-mode fibres interface to the engine via a low-profile connector compatible with electronic packaging and assembly processes, including solder reflow.

With the 12.8 Tbit/s switch IC generation, the companies stated that the power required to drive signals over a PCB between the switch IC and the optical module will equal the power required for the switching function. By shrinking the optics and pushing the electrical-optical conversion point close to the switch IC, the required line drive power can be minimised.

Separately, Kaiam announced that it plans to acquire the manufacturing facilities of Compound Photonics (CP) in Newton Aycliffe in the UK through a transaction hat includes investment by CP into Kaiam to develop the facility. Subject to final approvals, the agreement is expected to close in the second quarter.

The manufacturing space acquired through the deal will enable expansion of Kaiam's datacom transceiver manufacturing capacity and also includes a cleanroom for processing of III-V devices, including pHEMTs, HBTs, photodetectors and lasers. Kaiam noted that the new facility will advance its strategy of vertical integration.

Previously, Kaiam acquired Gemfire, its strategic PLC supplier, in 2013 and currently operates an 8 inch silica-on-silicon line for the fabrication of integrated optical components in Gemfire's Livingston facility in Scotland. It also operates 40 and 100 Gbit/s optical packaging lines at the facility that are nearing capacity due to rising demand.

The new facility in Newton Aycliffe and its wafer-fab will allow Kaiam to expand its silica-on-silicon and transceiver manufacturing and in the future enable it to add integrated InP photonic integrated circuits (PICs) for advanced transceivers.

Regarding the joint solution with Corning, Rob Kalman, Kaiam VP of marketing, said, "On-board optics such as COBO allow the industry to explore post-pluggable usage models but still require power-hungry electrical interfaces… Kaiam is working on the part of the problem that eliminates this power while also addressing the cost and density needs of hyperscale data centre customers".

Nistica unveils FLEXBOX grid-flexible, disaggregated ROADM

Nistica, a Fujikura subsidiary and supplier agile optical networking solutions, has unveiled FLEXBOX, a disaggregated ROADM node designed for next-generation software defined networks (SDN), and plans to work with existing system vendor customers to deliver the product to carriers and webscale end customers.

Offered in single rack unit (1 RU) form-factors, Nistica's products are designed to enable broadcast-and-select and route-and-select architectures by integrating its grid-flexible single and dual C-band and L-band wavelength selective switches (WSS).

For the new solution, Nistica has leveraged gain-controlled optical amplification derived from its expertise in ROADM blade optical signal control loops that is incorporated with the WSS technology to enable an automated optical layer for carriers seeking hands-free operation via software control.

Nistica is introducing a customised black-box model whereby OEMs can specify optical layer differentiators, as well as tailor the software layer to offer advanced optical capabilities to end customers. Based on standardised SDN support of NetConf and RestConf network management interfaces through Yang models, FLEXBOX is designed to be compatible with emerging standards within collaborative platforms such as OpenROADM and Telecom Infrastructure Project (TIP).

Nistica is demonstrating the functionality of the FLEXBOX solution at OFC 2017 in Los Angeles.

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

AT&T Conducts 400G Field Trial

AT&T completed the first of a multi-phase trial testing 400 gigabit Ethernet data speeds. This first phase used optical gear from Coriant to carry a true 400GbE service across a long-distance span of AT&T global backbone from New York to Washington, demonstrating that AT&T’s nationwide software-centric network is 400G-ready.

A second phase of the trial will carry a 400GbE on a single 400G wavelength across AT&T’s OpenROADM metro network. This phase is expected to use optical gear from Ciena.

 A third phase is expected to test the first instance of a 400GbE open router platform. The “disaggregated router” platform uses merchant silicon and open source software – and this is expected to be another industry first.

“Our approach to roll out the next generation of Ethernet speeds is working. We continue to see enormous data growth on our network, fueled by video. And this will help with that growth,” said Rick Hubbard, senior vice president, AT&T Network Product Management.

In a post deadline paper at OFC, researchers at AT&T Labs described the trial, which encompassed an end-to-end 400G Ethernet circuit, inclusive of 400GbE client cards with a CPF8 interface and dual-carrier 16QAM line-side. The trial demonstrated the feasibility of SDN-enabled creation, deletion, and re-routing of the 400G service.

Mellanox Intros Silicon Photonics-based 200G Transceivers

Mellanox Technologies introduced a new line of new line of 200 Gbit/s silicon photonics and VCSEL-based transceivers in a QSFP28 package and 100 Gbit/s silicon photonics components designed for hyperscale Web 2.0 and cloud optical interconnect applications.

200 Gbit/s transceivers

Mellanox new 200 Gbit/s silicon photonics and VCSEL-based transceivers are offered in the same QSFP28 package as current 100 Gbit/s products and target hyperscale Web 2.0 and cloud 100 Gbit/s networks. Mellanox is also introducing 200 Gbit/s active optical cables (AOCs) and direct attach copper cables (DACs), including breakout cables, enabling end-to-end 200 Gbit/s Ethernet networks.

Specifically, Mellanox is introducing the following 200 Gbit/s products:

1.  1550 nm DR4 QSFP28 silicon photonics transceiver for reach up to 500 metres on single mode fibre.

2.  SR4 VCSEL QSFP28 transceiver for reach up to 100 metres on OM4 multi-mode fibre.

3.  QSFP28 AOC for reach up to 100 metres.

4.  QSFP28 DAC cable for reaches up to 3 metres.

5.  QSFP28 to 4 x 50 Gbit/s SFP28 copper splitter cables for connecting 50 Gbit/s servers to ToR switches.

Mellanox noted that the transceivers and DACs support the new IEEE 200GAUI electrical standard using 25 GBaud PAM4 signalling.

100 Gbit/s silicon photonics components

Mellanox also unveiled new 100 Gbit/s silicon photonics components and announced the availability of the following solutions:

1.  PSM4 silicon photonics 1550 nm transmitter with flip-chip bonded DFB lasers and attached 1 metre fibre pigtail for reach up to 2 km.

2.  PSM4 silicon photonics 1550 nm transmitter with flip-chip bonded DFB lasers and attached fibre stub for connectorised transceivers with reach up to 2 km.

3.  Low-power 100 Gbit/s (4 x 25 Gbit/s) modulator driver IC.

4.  PSM4 silicon photonics 1310 and 1550 nm receiver array with 1 metre fibre pigtail.

5.  PSM4 silicon photonics 1310 and 1550 nm receiver array for connectorised transceivers.

6.  Low-power 100 Gbit/s (4 x 25 Gbit/s) trans-impedance amplifier IC.

At OFC Mellanox held live demonstrations of its end-to-end solutions, including: Spectrum 100 Gbit/s QSFP28/ SFP28 switches; ConnectX-4 and ConnectX-5 25/50/100 Gbit/s QSFP28/SFP28 network adapters; LinkX 25/50/100 Gbit/s DAC and AOC cables and 100 Gbit/s SR4 and PSM4 transceivers; Quantum switches with 40 ports of 200 Gbit/s QSFP28 in a 1 RU chassis; and ConnectX-6 adapters with 2 ports of 200 Gbit/s QSFP28.

ADVA enhances FSP 3000 CloudConnect for 600G

ADVA Optical Networking unveiled its next generation terminal for the FSP 3000 CloudConnect, designed for hyperscale data centre interconnect (DCI) applications, with the TeraFlex solution, enabling transport of 600 Gbit/s of data over a single wavelength for total duplex capacity of 3.6 Tbit/s in a single rack unit.

ADVA claims that the new TeraFlex terminal delivers 50% greater density than competing technology and enables the ADVA FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform to meet the demands of Internet content providers (ICPs) and carrier-neutral providers (CNPs) seeking scale their DCI networks to support data traffic growth.

The new TeraFlex terminal expands the capabilities of the FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform, launched in 2015 and designed to offer an open, modular and scalable solution for DCI applications.

The FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform is offered as a complete solution or as a disaggregated open line system (OLS). ADVA noted that by decoupling the terminal functions from the line system, customers have the ability to change and optimise each network layer separately and according to different development cycles.

In addition, via open APIs and management interfaces, the ADVA FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform is able to support any DCI architecture.

Recently, ADVA enhanced the FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform with direct detect open optical layer functionality, offering an alternative for customers that do not wish to deploy traditional coherent solutions. The direct detect technology is available either as an open line system (OLS) in a disaggregated form or as a complete solution incorporating the terminal and line system. A key feature of the OLS solution is SmartAmp technology, which enables direct detect transmissions to be transported up to 100 km.

Describing the CloudConnect platform, Stephan Rettenberger, SVP, marketing and investor relations at ADVA, said, "… the FSP 3000 CloudConnect platform (offers) a choice of terminal options… coherent optics, direct detect solutions and even support (for) alien wavelengths… ADVA is pushing the boundaries of what open DCI technology can be".

Facebook shows its progress with Open Compute Project

The latest instalment of the annual Open Compute Project (OCP) Summit, which was held March 8-9 in Silicon Valley, brought new open source designs for next-generation data centres. It is six years since Facebook launched OCP and it has grown into quite an institution. Membership in the group has doubled over the past year to 195 companies and it is clear that OCP is having an impact in adjacent sectors such as enterprise storage and telecom infrastructure gear.

The OCP was never intended to be a traditional standards organisation, serving more as a public forum in which Facebook, Microsoft and potentially other big buyers of data centre equipment can share their engineering designs with the industry. The hyper-scale cloud market, which also includes Amazon Web Services, Google, Alibaba and potentially others such as IBM and Tencent, are where the growth is at. IDC, in its Worldwide Quarterly Cloud IT Infrastructure Tracker, estimates total spending on IT infrastructure products (server, enterprise storage and Ethernet switches) for deployment in cloud environments will increase by 18% in 2017 to reach $44.2 billion. Of this, IDC estimates that 61% of spending will be by public cloud data centres, while off-premises private cloud environments constitute 15% of spending.

It is clear from previous disclosures that all Facebook data centres have adopted the OCP architecture, including its primary facilities in Prineville (Oregon), Forest City (North Carolina), Altoona (Iowa) and Luleå (Sweden). Meanwhile, the newest Facebook data centres, under construction in Fort Worth (Texas) and Clonee, Ireland are pushing OCP boundaries even further in terms of energy efficiency.

Facebook's ambitions famously extend to connecting all people on the planet and it has already passed the billion monthly user milestone for both its mobile and web platforms. The latest metrics indicate that Facebook is delivering 100 million hours of video content every day to its users; 95+ million photos and videos are shared on Instagram on a daily basis; and 400 million people now use Messenger for voice and video chat on a routine basis.

At this year's OCP Summit, Facebook is rolling out refreshed designs for all of its 'vanity-free' servers, each optimised for a particular workload type, and Facebook engineers can choose to run their applications on any of the supported server types. Highlights of the new designs include:

·         Bryce Canyon, a very high-density storage server for photos and videos that features a 20% higher hard disk drive density and a 4x increase in compute capability over its predecessor, Honey Badger.

·         Yosemite v2, a compute server that features 'hot' service, meaning servers do not need to be powered down when the sled is pulled out of the chassis in order for components to be serviced.

·         Tioga Pass, a compute server with dual-socket motherboards and more IO bandwidth (i.e. more bandwidth to flash, network cards and GPUs) than its predecessor, Leopard, enabling larger memory configurations and faster compute time.

·         Big Basin, a server designed for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, optimised for image processing and training neural networks. Compared to its predecessor, Big Basin can train machine learning models that are 30% larger due to greater arithmetical throughput and by implementing more memory (12 to 16 Gbytes).

Facebook currently has web server capacity to deliver 7.5 quadrillion instructions per second and its 10-year roadmap for data centre infrastructure, also highlighted at the OCP Summit, predicts that AI and machine learning will be applied to a wide range of applications hosted on the Facebook platform. Photos and videos uploaded to any of the Facebook services will routinely go through machine-based image recognition and to handle this load Facebook is pursuing additional OCP designs that bring fast storage capabilities closer to its compute resources. It will leverage silicon photonics to provide fast connectivity between resources inside its hyper-scale data centres and new open source models designed to speed innovation in both hardware and software.

Luxtera unveils Duplex 100G CWDM2 QSFP with PAM4

Luxtera, a leading supplier of silicon photonics solutions, announced the sampling of its 100G-CWDM2 QSFP optical transceiver module based on its latest silicon photonics chipset and targeting applications in cloud, enterprise and high performance computing,

Luxtera's new LUX45202 optical transceiver is a 100 Gbit/s duplex solution developed for 100 Gbit/s deployments for cloud, enterprise and high performance computing end users, and is designed to offer high performance and reliability at a low price point. The solution implements PAM4 modulation, enabling the device to deliver using two lasers the performance that current solutions require four lasers to achieve.

The new LUX45202 transceiver module offers key features including:

1. 100 Gbit optical transceiver in QSFP28-compliant form-factor.

2. Multi-rate capability, with support for 10.3125, 20.625 or 25.78125 Gbit/s per electrical channel.

3. Support for CWDM2 and reach of over 2 km.

4. Power consumption of less than 3.5 W.

Luxtera's LUX45202 100 Gbit/s duplex CWDM2 optical transceiver is currently sampling to select customers, with volume production scheduled for the second half of 2017.

Recently, Luxtera announced a partnership with TSMC for next generation silicon photonics manufacturing. Under the agreement, Luxtera and TSMC are developing a new silicon photonics technology platform designed to double optical link performance while enabling four times the raw data rate of existing silicon photonics solutions. The technology will provide SoC integration of optical interconnect with the CMOS logic for applications including network switch, storage and compute solutions.

Cavium and Elenion offer silicon photonics-based reference architecture

Cavium, a provider of semiconductor products designed to enable secure, intelligent packet processing, and Elenion Technologies, a developer of silicon photonics technology, announced an end-to-end reference architecture for use in enterprise and cloud data centres.

Integrating Cavium's QLogic network interface cards (NICs) and XPliant-based switches, with Elenion's silicon photonics on-board optics, the direct fibre-to-the-server and parallel multi-channel on-board solution for switches is designed to provide increased bandwidth to the server, aggregation at 400 Gbit/s and beyond, lower power consumption and offer a path to achieving the target of less than $1 per Gbit.

For the joint solution, Cavium is contributing its QLogic high performance, multi-protocol Ethernet adapters, which support 10/25/40/100 Gbit/s speeds, and the XPliant Ethernet switch family, providing a high throughput, programmable data centre switching solution.

Cavium noted that platforms based on the XPliant Ethernet switches are able to leverage its programmatic control of table resources and pipeline logic to address the specific needs of the network architecture, while also providing a high degree of packet visibility and telemetry.

Cavium and Elenion are displaying the reference design for fibre-to-the-server solutions during OFC 2017 in Los Angeles. A demonstration based on Elenion's next-generation photonics platform and packaging technology, combined with the Cavium solutions, showcases advanced on-board transceivers with light sources integrated onto the silicon photonics to enable a scalable, cost disruptive on-board solutions for NIC and switch applications within the data centre.

Recently, Coriant introduced a short reach CFP2-ACO pluggable module for its Groove G30 Network Disaggregation Platform (NDP) that included silicon photonics technology from Elenion, The Groove short reach CFP2-ACO pluggable is designed to enable cost-optimised, power-efficient 200 Gbit/s connectivity for carrier transport and DCI applications.

EXFO launches FTB-4 Pro platform for spectral and transport

EXFO has announced the launch of the FTB-4 Pro platform for 100 Gbit/s networks, which it claims is the most compact platform for testing high speed and optical networks, expanding the company's test orchestration portfolio designed to enable efficient and scalable network testing in support of field operations, network performance assurance and service delivery.

EXFO's new 4 slot modular FTB-4 Pro platform combines support for 100 Gbit/s commissioning, turn-up and troubleshooting. The solution includes the FTBx-88200NGE 100 Gbit/s multi-service tester featuring its iOptics transceiver validation software, and the FTB-5240S-P optical spectrum analyser. The solution is designed to eliminate the need for additional platforms or swap modules by enabling transport and spectral testing using a single platform.

The FTB-4 Pro platform supports a range of modules for field testing, data centre interconnect, submarine testing and lab applications to provide increased flexibility and support testing across all phases of the service delivery chain, from development to deployment, maintenance and troubleshooting.

Additional module combinations provided by the FTB-4 Pro platform also include iOLM/OTDRs, OLTS for fibre characterisation, dispersion solutions and other transport modules, all of which offer compatibility with EXFO's fibre inspection probes.

EXFO noted that the FTB-4 Pro platform features a 10-inch high-resolution widescreen display and a QUAD core processor and operates on the latest Microsoft Windows 10 OS.

Menara samples C-band tunable coherent CFP-DCO transceivers

Menara Networks, an IPG Photonics business and vertically integrated provider of IP/Ethernet DWDM transport solutions, has announced immediate sampling of its coherent CFP-DCO transceivers to select customers.

Based on an advanced 16 nm coherent processor, Menara's latest digital CFP-DCO DWDM transceiver is designed to support DWDM coherent transmission for 100 and 200 Gbit/s per wavelength in a CFP MSA form factor. The device performs functionality including adaptive advanced modulation, digital signal processing for linear and non-linear fibre impairments compensation, G.709-compliant OTN framing and a range of hard and soft decision-based FEC encoding/decoding.

Compatible with 100 Gigabit Ethernet, CAUI, OTL4.10 and OTL 4.4 interfaces, Menara's new coherent CFP-DCO is full C-band tunable and offers support for ITU-T G.694.1 12.5 GHz flexible grid. The solution is designed to support ZR, data centre interconnection (DCI), metro and long haul network applications.

At OFC 2017, Menara is showcasing its new coherent CFP-DCO transceivers on a 250 km repeater-less fibre link featuring IPG Photonics' compact hybrid EDFA/Raman Optical Services Transport Platform (OSTP). The company will also demonstrate its transceiver solution integrating C-band tunability, OTN framing and FEC in a SFP+ transceiver MSA form factor.

In March 2016, Menara announced the availability of a MSA CFP-2 100 Gbit/s adapter module designed to accommodate QSFP28 transceivers covering all 100 Gbit/s MSAs and reaches. Menara claimed this was the first solution able to adapt any MSA QSFP28 100 Gbit/s module into a MSA-compliant CFP2 100 Gbit/s module.

FatPipe enhances SD-WAN with L2/3 load balancing

FatPipe Networks, the developer of software-defined networks for wide area connectivity and hybrid WANs, has announced its Next Gen SD-WAN platform, version 9, which is designed to simplify the management of a WAN and provide load balancing for Layer 2 and 3 networks, thereby eliminating the need for routers.

FatPipe's Next Gen Version 9 SD-WAN platform is designed to enable customers to fully integrate its SDN at the data centre with the SD-WAN at the branch level, providing a scalable SDN + SD-WAN solution that is claimed to offer superior functionality to current SD-WAN products. In addition, virtual versions are available for Amazon and Azure platforms, plus VMWare and other popular platforms.

FatPipe's latest Next Gen SD-WAN platform is designed to deliver feature including:

1. Layer 2 and 3 support, enabling routed and switched topologies for global SDN deployments that bridge the LAN and WAN, while also providing low-latency performance and enabling lower-cost deployments.

2. New configuration design with a web-based interface that scales for any screen and offers a unified view across the network and a simplified configuration view to help bring appliances online.

3. New auto-configuration functionality designed to reduce the complexity of configuring multiple appliances, with MPSec, VPN and policy routing rules propagated to remote/branch devices automatically from a central location, plus improved support for legacy routing protocols via BGP and OSPF support.

4. Application visibility and performance allow application flows to be managed across the WAN, with enhanced flexibility in application identification and control over flow direction and a holistic view across the network providing granular application visibility.

FatPipe's 'branch in a box' SD-WAN product integrates all branch requirements, including multi-line load balancing, firewall, VPN, QoS and local Smart DNS. The company noted that with Smart DNS hosted at the local branch, if the cloud-based management product, FatPipe Orchestrator, is inaccessible, the local appliances can continue to perform and transmit data.

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Ciena Opens WaveLogic to Lumentum, NeoPhotonics and Oclaro

Ciena announced it is extending the market reach of its WaveLogic coherent modem technology by making it available to a number of industry participants, with optical component companies Lumentum, NeoPhotonics and Oclaro to leverage WaveLogic technology to develop coherent optical modules for a range of applications.

Additionally, each of the companies will join an ecosystem that will focus on standards-based product development, designed to provide customer choice in the emerging 400 Gbit/s pluggable market, which is being driven by increasing data centre interconnect (DCI) requirements.

Ciena stated that while retaining its intellectual property rights, through the initiative it will provide its WaveLogic Ai chipset to Lumentum, NeoPhotonics and Oclaro. The partners will each be responsible for the manufacture, sale and distribution of Ciena-designed 5 x 7 coherent modules based on a combination of the WaveLogic technology and electro-optics components.

In addition, under the agreement the partner companies will contribute to the ongoing development of 400 Gbit/s pluggable technologies and the establishing of specifications for adoption by relevant industry forums and standards-setting bodies. Ciena intends to invest in further developing coherent DSP technology, which its partners will then be able to utilise in the development of 400 Gbit/s pluggable modem solutions for hardware and systems vendors.

Lumentum, NeoPhotonics and Oclaro will also support the creation of a roadmap for future generations of coherent optical modules based on Ciena's WaveLogic technology.

Separately, Oclaro announced it has been selected by Ciena as a partner for the development of 400 Gbit/s coherent networks leveraging Ciena's 56 Gbaud WaveLogic Ai coherent DSP chipset. The technology will be used to develop programmable modules supporting up to 400 Gbit/s rates.

Oclaro stated that it expects to sample its first 400 Gbit/s flex coherent transponders based on the WaveLogic Ai DSP chipset by the end of the year. The device will feature a single wavelength transmitter in a 5 x 7 inch form factor designed to support flexible bandwidth for 400, 300, 200 and 100 Gbit/s applications.

Coriant Unveils Aware Toolkit for Real-time Optical Performance, Control Capability

Coriant has announced the introduction of Coriant Aware Technology, an new software-enabled toolkit designed to enhance the value of dynamic optical networks via sophisticated real-time performance awareness and control functionality.

In a live demonstration at OFC 2017, Coriant will showcase how the Aware technology can be used to enable faster and simpler new wavelength planning and provisioning, increased reach and capacity and improved service availability.

Coriant noted that existing networks suffer from limitations that can increase costs, increase wavelength activation times, limit reach and reduce efficiency, with these limitations in part due to planning tools that do not have real-time data from the optical network, as well as coherent receivers that are unable to measure OSNR and NMS, SDN and ASON/GMPLS implementations that lack the optical models of offline planning tools. In addition, the adoption of SDN and flexi-rate interfaces will further emphasise these limitations.

The new Coriant Aware technology is designed to correlate, analyse and act upon real-time data by applying concepts already used for the Internet of Things (IoT) and help to address these limitations, as well as help operators reduce capex and opex.

Coriant noted that residual margin in a network is affected both by OSNR and linear and non-linear impairments, so that accurately assessing residual margin means determining the impact of all three factors. For example, while current coherent receivers may be able to measure linear effects such as CD, PMD and PDL, they cannot measure the impact on signal quality, nor accurately measure OSNR or the effect of nonlinear penalties.

To address these issues, Aware technology features two components: the Optical Performance Engine (OPE) and Margin Processing Engine (MPE).

Optical Performance Engine

OPE is designed to combine the accuracy of an offline planning tool with the real-time speed needed for wavelength activation, Layer 0 restoration, and other optical use cases, with real-time performance enabled by simplifying the mathematical operations.

The OPE responds to path validation requests from the path computation function within the NMS, SDN or ASON/GMPLS control plane. With optical models that incorporate both linear and nonlinear effects, the OPE generates valid options for each requested path, including modulation types, baud rates, FECs, frequencies and power levels to allow the optimum options, including flexi-rate interface settings and super-channels, to be selected.

Margin Processing Engine

MPE is designed to enable operators to accurately estimate residual margin by collecting performance monitoring data from across the network, including coherent receivers and per-channel power monitoring capabilities of the network elements. It then processes this data in real-time to distinguish OSNR from signal degradation due to linear and nonlinear impairments, providing accurate, real-time residual margin values for each channel.

Additionally, MPE is able to provide this without the need for next-generation DSPs, allowing use with installed coherent interfaces.

Key capabilities enabled by Coriant Aware technology include:

1. Increased transmission reach and capacity by reducing or eliminating margin stacking and optimising power levels.

2. Faster wavelength service activation through reducing the provisioning steps required and the boundaries between planning and management systems.

3. Higher availability via support for SDN or ASON/GMPLS restoration, enabling a reduction in margin requirements for temporary restoration paths and pro-active downtime prevention.

4. Allows operators to use margin as extra capacity that can be provided to customers.

Coriant Aware technology will be introduced in phases, with initial OPE functionality due to be available for trials beginning in the second quarter of 2017.

Oclaro Unveils I-Temp Transceivers for 5G fronthaul, Samples 400G

Oclaro announced the introduction of two new industrial temperature (I-temp) transceivers designed to drive the market transition to 5G wireless fronthaul systems and sampling of its 400 Gbit/s CFP8 transceiver for core routers/transport applications.

I-temp transceivers

Oclaro's new I-temp transceivers are designed to provide customers with the flexibility to choose either a 10 Gbit/s TSFP+ I-temp that can fit a WDM fronthaul system into a next generation 5G wireless network, or a 25 Gbit/s SFP28 LR I-temp that significantly increases data capacity and offers industry-leading low power consumption.

The TSFP+ is Oclaro's latest product to include I-temp and follows the company's 10 Gbit/s TSFP+ C-temp and E-temp devices, which are already shipping. The TSFP+ is vertically integrated based on Oclaro's in-house ILMZ chip and custom-designed TOSA and TSFP+ technology. Oclaro has enabled 85 degrees C operation by optimising the operation temperature of the ILMZ chip and -40 degrees C operation by developing TEC to lower power consumption, as well as improving power dissipation of key components.

Oclaro expects to begin sampling the 10 Gbit/s TSFP+ I-temp in April, with volume production due to start in the third quarter of 2017.

400 Gbit/s CFP8 transceiver

Oclaro's 400 Gbit/s CFP8 transceiver targets core routers/transport applications and leverages its EML laser and receiver technology to deliver higher data rates between high-end routers and optical transport systems. At OFC Oclaro will demonstrate the CFP8 operating with 8 lasers at 50 Gbit/s PAM4.

With a 40 x 102 x 9.5 mm form factor, the 400 Gbit/s CFP8 transceiver provides a high density, high-throughput solution. The CFP8 leverages technology from Oclaro's earlier CFP, CFP2 and CFP4 designs, including its cooled 1310 nm 28 Gbit/s EA-DFB lasers, integrated TOSA and ROSA and 28 Gbit/s 4 channel integrated PIN-PD array.

The CFP8 transceiver for reach of 2 km and 10 km is compliant with 400GBASE-LR8 optical and 400GAUI-16 electrical interface specifications, offers EML laser technology offering good margin over IEEE 400 Gigabit Ethernet optical specifications and receiver bandwidth capability to allow interfacing with different lasers.

Oclaro's CFP8 product is currently sampling, with volume production scheduled for the second half of 2017.

Inphi Launches ColorZ 100G PAM4 platform, unveils 16 nm CMOS PAM4

Inphi, a provider of high-speed interconnect solutions, announced the commercial availability and production ramp of ColorZ, which it claims is the first silicon photonics 100 Gbit/s PAM4 platform for 80 km DWDM data centre interconnect (DCI) in QSFP28 form factor, and introduced the Polaris 16 nm CMOS PAM4 solution.


First unveiled at OFC 2016, Inphi's ColorZ utilises advanced PAM4 signalling and is able to support up to 4 Tbit/s of bandwidth over a single fibre, allowing multiple data centres located within 80 km of each other to be connected and behave as a single data centre facility.

The ColorZ DWDM platform offers key features including: support for 100 Gigabit Ethernet; extended reach up to 80 km; 4.5 W power dissipation; compatibility with ITU wavelength grid; InphiNity core DSP engine with a mixed-mode DSP architecture for low power applications requiring adaptability and configurability; and multiple programmable FEC options, with varying levels of pre-FEC BER performance.

At OFC 2017, Inphi is carrying out live interoperability demonstrations of its ColorZ QSFP28 solution, including driving 3.6 Tbit/s of bi-directional east-west traffic over 80 km of fibre between two Arista 7500R platforms, and 100 Gbit/s line cards connected via AVDA direct detect Open Line System (OLS) with SmartAmp technology.

The demonstration is designed to showcase the simplicity and plug-and-play capabilities of the ColorZ technology, and to demonstrate its ability to offer a cost-effective solution for edge data centre connectivity.


Inphi's new Polaris offering is claimed to be the first 16 nm CMOS PAM4 solution for next-generation cloud deployments and includes the company's integrated, low power PAM4 DSP IC and low power linear driver and TIA for data centre connectivity.

Inphi's 16 nm PAM4 DSP PHY ICs provide a full bi-directional interface with host ASICs that have 28 GBaud PAM4 and NRZ electrical interfaces and support bridging to 28 GBaud PAM4 optics. The products also support retiming and gearbox functionality, with packaging designed for the following optics modules:

1. Polaris-400G, 8 x 56 Gbit/s PAM4, 16 x 28 Gbit/s NRZ gearbox for CFP8.

2. Polaris-400G (NG), 8 x 56 Gbit/s, 8 x 56 Gbit/s PAM4 retiming for OSFP/QSFP-DD.

3. Polaris-200G, 4 x 56 Gbit/s, 4 x 56 Gbit/s PAM4 retiming for QSFP56.

4. Polaris-100G, 2 x 56 Gbit/s, 2 x 56 Gbit/s PAM4 retiming for QSFP28.

5. Polaris-50G, 1 x 56 Gbit/s, 1 x 56 Gbit/s PAM4 retiming for SFP56.

The Polaris products also feature the InphiNity DSP engine with mixed-mode DSP architecture, a range of self-test and loopback modes for diagnostic monitoring of channel and system parameters, eye-scan, samplers and monitors on receiver interfaces, and API routines for data and error analytics.

Inphi noted that its IN2834 28 Gbaud low power quad linear driver: and IN2864 28 Gbaud low power quad linear TIA for PAM4 optical modules are currently sampling to lead customers.

Source Photonics Demos XGS-PON N2 OLT module, 53 Gbaud PAM4

Source Photonics announced that at OFC 2017 it is demonstrating its recently introduced XGS-PON N2 OLT optical module, and that with MACOM Technology Solutions (MACOM) it is showcasing a 53 Gbaud PAM4 solution delivering a 6 dB loss budget using a compact TOSA and ROSA capable of supporting single lambda 100 Gbit/s in a QSFP28 form factor.

Source Photonics' XGS-PON optical transceiver module is designed to offer a universal upgrade path from existing GPON networks to next generation XGS-PON networks supporting multi-gigabit services. The company is demonstrating the transmission with the XGSPON N2 OLT XFP optical module over a 20 km optical link.

The XGS-PON N2 OLT offered in the XFP form factor meets the N2 class maximum optical link budget set in the XGS-PON standard G.9807.1, providing 9.953 Gbit/s downstream and upstream data rates and supporting a 1:64 split ratio over 20 km links.

The company noted that its optical and electrical design capabilities enable the integration of a 1577 nm EML transmitter and burst mode 1270 nm APD receiver with micro-optic WDM filters to provision a single-fibre, dual-wavelength upgrade and overlay pathway for migration of existing class B+ and C+ GPON networks to XGPON and XGS-PON. Source Photonics will demonstrate downstream optical power of the OLT at over 5 dBm with uplink sensitivity of -30 dBm at 1 x 10-3.

The XGS-PON N2 OLT is due to begin sampling in March 2017 and available for production in the third quarter of the year.

In addition, MACOM and Source Photonics are demonstrating a 53 Gbaud PAM4 solution. The companies are part of the ecosystem for 53 Gbaud PAM4 components that is aiming to meet demand for lower cost, higher density solutions for cloud data centre applications leveraging single wavelength 100 Gbit/s PAM4 technology.

The demonstration is designed to show that 53 Gbaud PAM4 PHYs can enable a production-grade EML laser to replace four 25 Gbit/s NRZ lasers; thereby improving the scalability of 100 Gbit/s transceivers, as well as providing the basis for duplex single mode fibre for 400 Gbit/s small form factor modules.

The demonstration comprises MACOM's 16 nm, 56 Gbaud PAM4 PHY IC on an evaluation board driving an optical loop back through a Source Photonics TOSA and ROSA. The small form factor TOSA package developed by Source Photonics uses its internal 53 Gbaud EML laser, which can deliver a more than 3 dB improvement over the proposed 100GBASE-DR OMA specification.

The joint 53 Gbaud PAM4 demonstration utilising a compact TOSA and ROSA combination, is designed to operate below the KP4 FEC requirement with a 6dB loss budget. Source Photonics and MACOM believe that the demonstration marks a key step toward realising a commercial single lambda solution able to replace many four channel solutions.

Source Photonics also announced that in cooperation with Semtech it is demonstrating a 53 GBaud PAM4 compact ROSA capable of supporting a single lambda 100 Gbit/s QSFP28. The demonstration comprises an optical loop back from a Source Photonics' 53 GBaud TOSA using a production-grade EML laser and 53 GBaud ROSA based on Semtech's GN1089 TIA. The combined TOSA and ROSA link can support a loss budget of 5 dB and better than 1 x 10-5 BER over the link.

InnoLight Demos 400G OSFP

InnoLight Technology based in Suzhou, China, a supplier of next generation cloud computing optical transceivers, has announced volume shipments of a suite of QSFP28 products and the availability of what it claims is the first 400 Gbit/s OSFP at OFC 2017 in Los Angeles.

InnoLight noted that 100 Gbit/s QSFP28 has become the de-facto standard for optical interconnects for cloud networks, as on a cost-per-gigabit basis 100 Gbit/s QSFP28 can be significantly more cost effective compared with 10 Gbit/s SFP+ and 40 Gbit/s QSFP+. As a result, the industry is rapidly deploying QSFP28 connections.

To support this transition, InnoLight is introducing a complete portfolio of QSFP28 optics solutions, as follows: SR4; eCWDM4; eSR4; CLR4; AOC; LR4 (Ethernet); QSFP28 to 4 x 25 Gbit/s SFP28 AOC; LR4 (dual rates); PSM4; LR4 (receive only); CWDM4; and ER4-Lite.

InnoLight stated that it is currently offering seventeen QSFP28 parts in mass production. The company noted that it is developing 400 Gbit/s solutions based on both the OSFP and QSFP-DD form factors to enable the optimal price-performance.

In addition, to support the 400 Gbit/s expansion, InnoLight will conduct a live demonstration of 400 Gbit/s OSFP optics during OFC.

PacketLight establishes channel partner program for metro and DCI markets

PacketLight Networks, a provider of optical networking solutions, announced the launch of its Channel Partner Program (CPP) for enterprise VARs and resellers, designed to expand its footprint of bundled solutions for metro and DCI optical networks.

The new PacketLight program offers members the product training, customisation, pre- and post-sales support and incentivised pricing.

PacketLight's CPP features five tiers and includes: training, both technical and sales, designed to help partners understand customers' requirements for WDM solutions; and custom design blueprints, with the sales support team providing network designs, assisting with technical presentations and demonstrations for customers. It also provides partners with technical support, 24 x 7.

PacketLight's products are designed to provide optical transport for high speed, secure data centre interconnect (DCI) and metro networks. Its technology is designed to increase spectral efficiency, optimise wavelength resources and enable higher fibre and metro network utilisation.

In February, PacketLight announced a partnership with Avelacom to build a high speed network from London to Moscow using its optical transport solutions. The PacketLight solution was designed to reduce network latency and enable the company to meet the demands of capital markets for low latency data transport across the continent.

Avelacom specifically selected PacketLight's PL-1000GT muxponder/transponder solution, and PL-1000IL platform, to establish a 100 Gbit/s low latency DWDM long-haul network spanning 1,100 km, with full add/drop capability at all major sites.

In November 2016, PacketLight launched the PL-2000M transport solutions for DCI and metro networks. The new muxponder/transponder is claimed to enable 30% lower cost and 2x increase in the spectral efficiency for improved network utilisation. The product supports carrier-grade coherent 200 Gbit/s tunable uplink, capable of serving applications and protocols including data, storage, OTN and TDM.