Wednesday, September 7, 2016

NEC to Build Indonesia Global Gateway Submarine Cable

PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia has selected NEC to build an optical submarine cable system that will connect the islands of Sumatra, Batam, Jawa, Bali, Kalimantan and Sulawesi with Singapore.

The Indonesia Global Gateway Cable System (IGG) is specified at 100 Gbps x 80 wavelengths (wl) x 4 fiber pairs (fp) optical fiber pairs. The systems will span approximately 5,300 kilometers, connecting the cities of Dumai, Batam, Jakarta, Madura, Bali, Makassar, Bilikpapan, Takaran and Manado with Singapore. Activation is planned for 2018.

"NEC is honored to be selected once again by Telkom as the supplier of an optical fiber submarine cable system, the advanced 100Gb/s IGG system, providing connectivity among nine Indonesian cities and Singapore, and linking two international submarine cables at Dumai and Manado. Since first building an optical fiber submarine cable system for Telkom in 1991, NEC has continuously helped to expand Indonesia's domestic connectivity. The Papua Cable System (SMPCS) being the latest such contribution, NEC is proud to have the chance to add yet another page to its service history with the IGG," said Mr. Toru Kawauchi, General Manager, Submarine Network Division, NEC Corporation.

http://www.nec.com

Celeno Secures $38 Million for Wi-Fi Silicon

Celeno Communications, a start-up based in Israel, raised $38 million in new funding for its semiconductors for multimedia Wi-Fi networking.

Celeno's portfolio includes its 802.11ac Wave 2 product line and software technologies.

The new funding round was led by Red Dot Capital Partners, a capital fund focused on growth stage investments funded by Temasek, an investment company based in Singapore, through its enterprise development unit. Additional new investors are Poalim Capital Markets, the investment arm of Bank HaPoalim, the largest financial banking group in Israel, and OurCrowd. Existing investors including Liberty Global, Cisco, Pitango, 83North (formerly Greylock IL), Vintage and Miven also participated in the round. Zvika Naggan, Managing Partner at Red Dot has joined Celeno’s Board of Directors.

“With this significant new investment round, combined with the calibre of investors backing us, we are able to continue executing our strategy, building a world class global company that will bring value to investors and shape the industry as a market leader,” says Gilad Rozen, CEO of Celeno. “With this new round we have taken Celeno to the next level and are able to further accelerate our growth and expansion in the market as well as focus on enhancing R&D efforts and further developing our disruptive solutions.”

http://www.celeno.com/media-room/press-releases/445-celeno-closes-a-38-million-investment-round.html

Finisar Intro WaveShaper Optical Processors

Finisar introduced its WaveShaper Series A Programmable Optical Processors for optical filtering and processing applications in advanced communication systems in R&D and manufacturing.

Finisar said its new WaveShaper Series A processors significantly reduce insertion loss and polarization dependent loss (PDL), and provide an increased operating wavelength range for both C- and L-band units. All WaveShaper instruments now include an Ethernet interface, in addition to the existing USB control.

http://www.finisar.com

Microsoft Activates Azure from UK Data Centers

Microsoft announced the availability of its Azure cloud services and Office 365 from multiple data centers in the UK.

Microsoft has now announced 34 Azure regions around the world with 28 generally available today – more than any other major cloud provider.

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/microsoft-azure-now-available-from-uk-datacenters/

Tuesday, September 6, 2016

AT&T and Qualcomm Put LTE on Drones

Qualcomm and AT&T will test Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), or drones, on commercial 4G LTE networks and upcoming 5G networks.

The UAS trials, which begin later this month at Qualcomm's San Diego campus, will be based on the Qualcomm Snapdragon Flight, which offers high fidelity sensor processing, precise localization, autonomous visual navigation and 4K videography.

The team will look at coverage, signal, strength and mobility across network cells and how they function in flight. The goal of the trials and ongoing research is to help enable future drone operations, such as Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS), as regulations evolve to permit them. The ability to fly beyond an operator’s visual range could enable successful delivery, remote inspection and exploration. Wireless technology can bring many advantages to drones such as ubiquitous coverage, high-speed mobile support, robust security, high reliability and quality of service (QoS).

“The trial with a carrier with the reach and technology of AT&T is a significant step in the development of connectivity technologies for small unmanned aircraft systems (SUAS), including optimization of LTE networks and advancement of 5G technology for drones,” said Matt Grob, executive vice president and chief technology officer, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. “Not only do we aim to analyze wide-scalable LTE optimization for safe, legal commercial SUAS use cases with beyond line-of-sight connectivity, but the results can help inform positive developments in drone regulations and 5G specifications as they pertain to wide-scale deployment of numerous drone use cases.”

"Many of the anticipated benefits of drones, including delivery, inspections and search and rescue will require a highly secure and reliable connection," said Chris Penrose, senior vice president, IoT Solutions, AT&T. “With a focus on both regulatory and commercial needs, LTE connectivity has the potential to deliver optimal flight plans, transmit flight clearances, track drone location and adjust flight routes in near real-time. Solving for the connectivity challenges of complex flight operations is an essential first step to enabling how drones will work in the future.”

http://about.att.com/story/qualcomm_and_att_to_trial_drones_on_cellular_network.html
http://www.qualcomm.com

Verizon and Qualcomm Bet on Cat M1 LTE

Verizon will pre-integrate its ThingSpace IoT platform as-a-service within Qualcomm Technologies’ MDM9206 Category M (Cat M1) LTE modem. The joint initiative also utilizes Verizon’s 4G LTE network as the gateway for simplifying the process of building, deploying and managing IoT applications customized for a wide-range of use cases.

The companies said their collaboration would address the barriers most commonly associated with IoT deployments – including firmware management, real-time device diagnostics, device onboarding and  data access. The collaboration also aims to bring even more sophisticated apps to the forefront such as device security and sensor data visualization. Verizon's ThingSpace IoT platform is expected to be available for OEM integration on MDM9206-based solutions in early 2017.

“When it comes to the internet of things, no single company can go at it alone in order to scale from the millions of devices to the billions of devices needed to create cleaner cities, deliver better healthcare, conserve water and make the digital world work better for consumers and citizens,” said Mike Lanman, senior vice president Enterprise Products and IoT at Verizon. “Simplicity is a necessary starting point and working across the ecosystem – at the network, platform and application levels – is also needed in order to capture the real market opportunity of the internet of things.”

“That’s why solidifying our long-standing relationship with Qualcomm Technologies in this manner to give developers worldwide the tools they need to innovate seamlessly, securely and in a cost-effective structure on 4G LTE combined with our ThingSpace platform, built by Verizon Labs, is an exciting milestone for the industry,” Lanman added.

“Wireless technologies, including LTE and 5G in the future, are rapidly evolving to deliver a scalable, unified and interoperable connectivity platform for the Internet of Things,” said Raj Talluri, senior vice president, product management, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. “Our LTE modems bring not only connectivity but also compute capabilities to all kinds of IoT devices, helping leading operators such as Verizon extend their business models into promising new areas including smart energy and metering, building security, infrastructure, industrial control and automation, retail point of sale and asset tracking.”

http://www.verizon.com
http://www.qualcomm.com

AT&T Brings Connectivity to LeEco Super Bike

AT&T will be the exclusive U.S. wireless carrier for the LeEco Super Bike, which offers tracking features as well as an alarm triggered by movement, a fingerprint scanner, and an electronic parking brake on the rear disc.

The bike comes with a waterproof smart device with a 4-inch display, running Android software, connected to AT&T’s cellular network.

“The Internet of Things (IoT) is creating endless possibilities for consumers and businesses,” said Chris Penrose, senior vice president, Internet of Things Solutions, AT&T.  “We already connect millions of things - from cars, homes, and wearables to farms, factories, and cities. The Super Bike shows once again how connectivity can change how we work and play.”

LeEco Super Bike also features a push-to-talk intercom feature, as well as heart rate monitor, accelerometer, gyroscope, temperature and humidity sensors and compass capability.

http://about.att.com/story/att_the_exclusive_wireless_carrier_for_leeco.html

Intel to Acquire Movidius for Machine Vision Silicon

Intel has agreed to acquire Movidius, a start-up developing a programmable, ultra-low power vision chip. Financial terms were not disclosed.

Movidius is based in San Mateo, California, with design centers in Dublin, Ireland, and Timisoara, Romania.

Intel said the acquisition brings low-power, high-performance SoC platforms for accelerating computer vision applications. Additionally, this acquisition brings algorithms tuned for deep learning, depth processing, navigation and mapping, and natural interactions, as well as broad expertise in embedded computer vision and machine intelligence. Movidius’ technology optimizes, enhances and brings RealSense capabilities to fruition.

http://www.intel.com


  • Movidius is headed by Remi El-Ouazzane (CEO), who previously spent 15 years at Texas Instruments where he served as Vice President and worldwide general manager of the Open Multimedia Applications Platform (OMAP) Business Unit. In this role, he led development of strategic relationships with Amazon, Google and Microsoft.


Sequans Demos LTE Cat M1 Chip

Sequans Communications is demonstrating its LTE Category M1/NB1 chip at this week's CTIA’s Super Mobility Week in Las Vegas.

Sequans’ Monarch chip will be shown in live communication with an LTE eNodeB (base station) emulator, the Amari OTS 100 from Amarisoft.

Monarch is an LTE Cat M1/NB1, LTE Release 13 solution. It is designed specifically for narrowband IoT applications, including sensors, wearables, and other low data, low power M2M and IoT devices. Monarch complies with the ultra-low-power and reduced complexity feature requirements of the 3GPP release 13 LTE Advanced Pro standard, defining narrowband, low data rate LTE technology for machine type communications.

“We are very proud to highlight the key capabilities of Monarch in this first-in-the-industry live demo of a Cat M1/NB1 chip,” said Georges Karam, Sequans CEO. "In designing Monarch, we worked from day one to make sure it would be fully optimized in both cost and power consumption to fully unleash the LTE for IoT market potential. I am very excited to say that Monarch is operating as designed and we expect to have it ready for network deployments in Q4.

http://www.sequans.com/

Zayo is Awarded 1,800 Site National Mobile Infrastructure Contract

Zayo announced its largest mobile infrastructure contract to date, but did not disclose the customer or financial terms.

Zayo will upgrade and expand the customer’s fiber-to-the-tower (FTT) network, which includes dark fiber to more than 1,800 cell sites in 26 markets across the U.S. With this expansion, Zayo’s FTT network will surpasses an estimated 10,000 cell sites nationwide, including those under construction.

“Close collaboration between Zayo and our customer resulted in a solution that achieved a low price per site for our customer and strong financial outcome for Zayo,” said Dan Caruso, chairman and CEO of Zayo. “Zayo believes the opportunity in these markets is far greater than the scope of this initial award, and the buildout will provide the scaffolding for serving broader requirements in the coming years.”

“The power of second tenant economics is demonstrated through this award, including where the other tenants are from a variety of verticals, such as content providers, technology companies, traditional enterprises and school districts,” added Chris Morley, chief operating officer at Zayo. “The financial merits of a multi-tenant platform will become even more compelling as wireless carriers move toward small cell, 5G and CRAN.”

http://www.zayo.com

Lanner's Network Appliance Certified with NTT Lagopus SDN

Lanner Electronic's FW-7551  Intel x86 based network appliance has been certified to be compatible with NTT Lagopus SDN software switch. The appliance is powered by Intel Atom CPU C2000 SoC up to 8-core and 8GB 1333/1600 DDR3 memory.

Lagopus, functioning as Open Source Software (OSS), is developed by NTT to provide a high-performance and flexible functionality suitable for data centers and wide area network applications. In the mean time, Lanner has certified Lagopus as a software switch compatible with FW-7551 and potentially Lanner’s other network appliances. The exchanged co-certifications will enhance both parties to be even dynamic in the SDN ecosystem.

Lanner also certified NTT Lagopus SDN virtual switch on its hardware platform for its usability and stability. The co-certification will enhance both parties to be even dynamic in the SDN ecosystem.

http://www.lannerinc.com/

Monday, September 5, 2016

Reliance Jio Launches Mobile Digital Price War in India

Reliance Jio Infocomm (“Jio”) is making waves and setting off a price war with the launch of mobile digital services for India.

The Jio Welcome Offer includes unlimited LTE data and national voice, video and messaging services along with the full bouquet of Jio applications and content, free of cost up to 31 December 2016.

Jio has filed its tariff plans with the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (“TRAI”).

Shri Mukesh D. Ambani, Chairman of Reliance Industries Limited, said his company is "dedicated to realising the Prime Minister’s inspiring vision of “Digital India” for 1.2 billion Indians.

Ambani outlined five fundamental pillars of the Jio ecosystem: (i) The best quality broadband network with the highest capacity; (ii) A world of affordable, cutting-edge devices; (iii) Compelling applications and content; (iv) Superior digital service experiences; and
(v) Affordable and simple tariffs.

Some highlights of the announcement:

  • Domestic voice calls to any network across the country would be free for Jio subscribers even beyond the Jio Welcome Offer. 
  • Domestic roaming services would also not be charged separately.  
  • Average data prices would be around Rs. 50/ GB, which would be amongst the lowest in the world.
  • Leveraging its all-IP network, Jio will also offer end-to-end solutions that address the entire value chain across various digital services in key domains such as education, healthcare, security, communication, financial services, government-citizen interfaces and entertainment.
  • Jio is also launching a Digital India Start-up Fund, promising to invest Rs. 5,000 crores in start-ups over the next 5 years.

Mellanox Ships 25G Short Reach Optical Transceivers

Mellanox Technologies announced commercial availability of 25Gb/s SR (short reach) Ethernet optical transceivers and Active Optical Cables (AOCs) that enable next generation servers and storage appliances to interface with 100Gb/s switches and routers.

“The transition to 100Gb/s networks in data centers are linked to server upgrades to 25Gb/s and 50Gb/s,” noted Westwood Liu, China general manager, at Mellanox Technologies. “Our new optical transceivers and AOCs enable a new generation of server and storage connectivity.”

“Mellanox is currently the market share leader in shipments of data center Ethernet NICs with speeds of 25GbE and greater,” said Seamus Crehan, President and Founder of Crehan Research. “High-speed optical interconnects allow data centers to break the traditional 3m copper link between servers and TOR switches. With these optics, racks of 25Gb/s servers and storage can be placed anywhere in the data center.”

http://www.mellanox.com

Friday, September 2, 2016

Verizon Confirms Cat M1 Rollout

Verizon confirmed plans to deploy Category M1 connectivity solutions on its 4G LTE network to support IoT. Verizon expects to launch Cat M1 connectivity by the end of this year.

Category M1 (or Cat M1) refers to sensors and devices requiring lower throughput, extended battery life (for some use cases) and better power efficiency than current IoT solutions.

Verizon said it is working closely with industry-leading chipset, modules and device partners to drive the ecosystem towards the next-generation of IoT use cases. Partners include Altair, Sequans, U-Blox, Telit, Sierra Wireless, Gemalto, Nokia, Ericsson and others.

“Up until now, the cost to connect devices to a wide-area network has been a barrier to widespread IoT,” said Rosemary McNally, vice president Mobile Devices & OS Technology at Verizon. “By evolving our device ecosystem to include Cat M1, we’re aligning Verizon’s 4G LTE network to the needs of future IoT deployments. We are also taking direct aim at emerging low power wireless access (LPWA) solutions, which have entered the U.S. market, but do not offer the same level of scale, coverage and security as LTE.”

http://www.verizon.com/about/news/another-industry-first-verizon-will-deploy-long-awaited-cat-m1-lte-network-technology-iot

Verizon's ThingSpace Ties IoT with Data Analytics and Cloud

Verizon launched ThingSpace, a new IoT platform allowing developers to create applications, customers to manage devices, partners to market their services, and Verizon to launch integrated vertical solutions in an open environment.

Thingspace, which will leverage an existing ecosystem of more than 1,000 channel partners and revenue from the company's IoT and telematics business, promises to accelerate innovation and adoption of IoT devices.  At a press event in San Francisco, Verizon's executives said the industry is poised to move from millions to billions of connected devices and sensors in the coming years. To achieve this, Verizon is creating a new dedicated network core and new connectivity options for the next-generation of IoT use cases in verticals such as agriculture, healthcare, the consumer electronics evolution and the sharing economy.

Verizon has created a core IoT network within its LTE architecture optimized for Cat1 devices.  The company is also working with partners to embed LTE chipsets in a wide-range of connected machines to automate the provisioning process and make it faster to deploy IoT devices on its wide-area network

Significantly, Verizon will offer a big data analytics engine tied into its IoT deployments. ThingSpace will provide end-to-end management of IoT environments and related data, from device to network to application. The goal is to offer hundreds of APIs via the Thingspace environment. The data and analytics engine is being developed at the Verizon labs in Palo Alto, California.

Zayo Lands Layer 2 Networking Contract

Zayo announced a contract to supply a Layer 2 network connecting more than 20 locations in North America, South America and Europe for a leading location intelligence company. Financial terms were not disclosed.

The network leverages existing Zayo network, including recently acquired assets from Allstream and Viatel. Zayo is providing a Layer 2 solution that enables the customer to connect key office locations with core data centers, integrating into its multi-vendor network.

“Zayo’s rich assets in the North America and Europe, in addition to our expansive Global Reach partnerships, made this the ideal combination of capabilities for this customer,” said Tyler Coates, senior director, Ethernet at Zayo. “We look forward to building this relationship as we continue to leverage our technology and the power of our global assets.”

http://zayo.com

Is the Axiata Group of Malaysia just a smaller version of Singtel? - Part 2

 Foreword: -- Is the Axiata Group of Malaysia just a smaller version of Singtel? --Part 2 ------Some further data from the Axiata 2015 AR shows the distribution of revenue by country or group 

In thousands of Malaysian ringgits 

------------------>                    REVENUE.            EBITDA.          PROFIT 
MALAYSIA.                        7,330,177               2,719,163.          1,301,311 
INDONESIA                        6,619,966               2,512,587              (10,932) 
BANGLADESH.                 2,622,844                   944,179.            200,438 
SRI LANKA                        2,081,835.                 684,315.               98,581 
OTHERS.                             1,756,355.                452,831.           1,075,272 
ELIMINATIONS. (527,717). (29,021). (28,602) 
TOTAL 19,883,460. 7,284,054. 2,636,068 

As can be seen Malaysia provides just under 37% of total revenue but almost half total profit; Others are amazingly profitable 
The rest appear in poor shape profit wise. 

Recent news 
--------------------News just in on Axiata merger in Bangladesh 
On September 1st 2016, Axiata Group Bhd and Bharti Airtel Ltd received the approval of Bangladesh's High Court to merge their operations in the country. 

On completion of the merger, Axiata would hold a controlling 68.7% stake in the combined entity, while Bharti would own 25%. The remaining 6.3% would be held by existing shareholder NTT DoCoMo of Japan. Bharti Airtel Bangladesh is reported to have around 17 million mobile customers compared to Axiata Bangladesh's existing 50 million 

However, the merger fee and spectrum charge will come to almost RM320mil in total. Previously the possibility of very high charges had threatened to derail the merger. 

In its statement to the stock exchange on Thursday, Axiata did not say whether it would appeal, or consider to appeal, for a lower amount. 

Axiata had originally targeted to complete the merger transaction in the first half of 2016. In the latest announcement to Bursa Malaysia, it gave the fourth quarter of 2016 as the new deadline. The court in Bangladesh also ruled that spectrums assigned to Robi Axiata and to Airtel Bangladesh respectively prior to the proposed merger would continue to be used by the amalgamated company for the time period stipulated in the letter of assignment or license. 

-------------------Axiata could get control of M1 in Singapore 

In late January 2016, Bloomberg reported that, according to some of its private sources, Temasek Singapore's sovereign wealth fund was considering possible adjustments in their stock holdings by two of Temasek's portfolio companies namely Keppel and Sembcorp Marine, the world's No. 1 and No. 2 maker of oil rigs, of which Temasek owned 21.0% and. 49.5% respectively. 
Orders at Keppel and Sembcorp Marine, had dropped in 2015 to their weakest level in six years as falling crude prices crimped demand for drilling equipment and the two companies also faced cancellation risks from a major client in Brazil. Temasek also did not believe the demand for oil rigs would recover for at least three years. 

According to Bloomberg's informants, Temasek was considering the possibility of Keppel selling its 19.1 percent stake in wireless operator M1 Ltd. and paring its 44.6 percent interest in office landlord Keppel REIT. 
In early March 2016 a report by BMI Research suggested that if Keppel Corporation decided to sell off its 19.08% stake in mobile operator M1, then Temasek and, the Axiata Group which currently held a 28.32%* in M1 would be the most obvious buyers of Keppel’s stake. In Axiata's case acquiring Keppel’s stake would enable Axiata to own a controlling stake in M1, which in turn would give it better control over the telco's business direction and assets. 

Meanwhile, Keppel’s divestment would mean that the Singapore government, which holds stakes in all three operators, would be losing a major stake in the country's smallest operator. 


NB* Shown as 29.12% in Part 1 

----------------------India 

Axiata's subsidiary Idea Cellular has been doing very well in India generally gaining share every month and is definitively the country's third largest operator The company now has a clear 17 % mobile market share only 2.2 pp behind Vodafone 

In early June 2016, Axiata Digital invested $16 million in four years old StoreKing of India which uses modern low-cost technology kiosks equipped with low-cost TV monitors and Android tablets to provide a simple self-service shopping experience to small-town shoppers. 
With presence in over 1,200 towns, StoreKing’s model enables rural retailers to sell over 50,000 products to walk-in customers via the digital kiosks. The retail shop owner helps customers use the mobile kiosk, select products and make cash payment to the retailer. In return, a receipt is given and StoreKing ships the products to the retail store within 24-48 hours. Users then can collect their order from these retail stores. 
Currently, StoreKing operates 16,000 mobile kiosks with a network of local stores across south India. It claims to deliver over 150,000 orders every month from a base of over 1 million. 

--------------------Need to reduce debt in Indonesia 

At the end of March 2016, PT XL Axiata Tbk, signed an agreement to sell 2,500 of its broadcast towers to tower provider PT Professional Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Protelindo) for Rp 3.5 trillion (US$267.2 million) in an effort to pay off some of the company’s debt. 
XL Axiata finance director Mohamed Adlan bin Ahmad Tajudin explained that the sale of the towers was part of the company'€™s strategy to reduce its total debt, which stands at Rp 26.9 trillion and is due in 2020. 

Summary 
Axiata and Singtel do appear to be rather closely competitive in Indonesia, India, Bangladesh and Singapore. Both companies seem to have similar strategies but Axiata does not seem quite big enough to execute well 

Thursday, September 1, 2016

Australia's nbn Looks to Complete Network by 2020

Australia's nbn is on track to complete its network build by 2020 by which time it should have 8 million premises connected, according to nbn's newly released its Corporate Plan 2017.

“We’ve had a terrific 2016 financial year, exceeding the company’s key targets set by the Board," stated nbn CEO Bill Morrow. “During the year we completed the Multi-Technology Mix (MTM) by introducing three new products to market: Fibre-to-the-Node, the Sky Muster™ satellite service and HFC. We have strengthened our relationships with our partners; finalised contracts to the end of the build; and, improved data quality. These factors have enabled nbn to minimise many of the uncertainties and cost assumptions in the business. This has led to a projected decrease in the top end of the peak funding range, now $46-54 billion, down from $46-56 billion in the 2016 Corporate Plan."

Some key points:

  • Currently, nearly two thirds of all Australian premises are either in design, construction or able to order an nbn service. 
  • Increased annual revenue for FY2020 to an estimated $5bn, with ARPU forecast to $52;
  • Remains on track to complete network build with peak funding of $49bn;
  • Decreased top end of peak funding range by $2bn to $46-54bn; and,
  • Increased IRR to 3.2 - 3.7 per cent.


http://www.nbnco.com.au/

Nokia 4.5G Pro Promises Gigabit Downlink Speed

Nokia has defined a "4.5G Pro" step as an intermediary point on the path to 5G.

Nokia 4.5G Pro, will be powered by the Nokia AirScale radio portfolio, promises major increases in LTE capacity, coverage and speed, including ten times the speeds of initial 4G networks.

Nokia said this new LTE performance tier will make it possible for operators to offer gigabit peak data rates.

Nokia 4.5G Pro will leverage extended carrier aggregation techniques across up to five frequency bands. Operators will be able to leverage their diverse paired (FDD) and unpaired (TDD) licensed spectrum as well as unlicensed spectrum, in line with local national regulations, supported by the upcoming generation of user devices.

Nokia 4.5G technology leverages techniques such as aggregation of up to four carriers, advanced radio modulations techniques and network based IoT connectivity to boost LTE capabilities and help operators address these challenges.  While 4.5G Pro focuses on the 2017 user device ecosystem and 5G-readiness of the network, deployment in the future of Nokia 4.9G will bring significant capacity and data rate enhancements and network latency reductions to let users maintain a continuous 5G service experience complementing 5G radio coverage.

Nokia is also planning for "4.9G", which will further increase capacity and speeds to several gigabits per second, including allowing additional numbers of carriers to be aggregated, opening the door to additional licensed and unlicensed spectrum, and advancing the radio systems to allow highly directional antennas to be used and to allow signals sent via multiple transmit / receive paths to be added together. Furthermore, it will utilize cloud-based networks with intelligence added to the edge in order to reduce latencies to less than 10msec.

"While the ever-connected world of people and IoT drives huge data demands, the speeds enabled by 5G will be a colossal step in operators' network evolution. However, with our 4.5G, 4.5G Pro and 4.9G technologies, we will provide a smooth evolution path that will allow them to increase capacity and improve the user experience while creating new revenue opportunities," stated Samih Elhage, President of Mobile Networks at Nokia.

http://company.nokia.com/en/news/press-releases/2016/09/01/nokia-announces-airscale-powered-45g-pro-and-49g-to-establish-smooth-path-for-operators-to-5g