Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Open vSwitch (OVS) Moves to Linux Foundation

Open vSwitch (OVS), which is an open source virtual switch designed to enable network automation while supporting standard management interfaces and protocols, is now a Linux Foundation Project.

OVS was developed to address the rapidly growing needs of SDN and virtual networking use cases. It has been ported to multiple virtualization platforms, switching chipsets, and networking hardware accelerators. OVS works on a wide variety of systems, including Linux, DPDK, Hyper-V, and FreeBSD. It is used in a variety of SDN applications, including NFV and network virtualization; it is the most widely used networking back-end in OpenStack.

“OVS is a great example of how open source software has enabled the networking industry to match the pace of cloud computing and help advance virtualized technologies,” said Jim Zemlin, executive director, The Linux Foundation. “Hosting OVS as a Linux Foundation Project will serve to further collaboration across users and vendors and aid in open technology development throughout the networking stack.”

Contributions to OVS span more than 300 individuals across companies including Cisco, Ericsson, Huawei, HP, IBM, Intel, Red Hat and VMware. The governance is managed by a group of the top committers to the project with a variety of backgrounds and affiliations.

As a project hosted at The Linux Foundation, Open vSwitch will continue its operations under an open governance model and continue accepting contributions from all interested companies and developers.



Momentum Builds for Central Office Re-architected as a Data Center Project (CORD)

The Central Office Re-architected as a Data Center (CORD) initiative, which was initially developed by ON.Lab as a use case for the ONOS open source SDN operating system, will now be managed as an independent open source project under The Linux Foundation. CORD aims to utilize merchant silicon and  the elasticity of commodity clouds to enable data center economics and cloud agility in the central office environment. Google, Radisys and Samsung...

Facebook Pursues Hierarchical Flash Storage Strategy

Building data center infrastructure at Facebook is all about understanding engagement, said Vijay Rao, Director Technology, Strategy Facebook, speaking at Flash Memory Summit in Santa Clara, California.

Facebook's growth metrics are well known - whether in posts, comments, likes, photos, messages, videos -- the curve moves strongly in the upward and to the right direction.

Designing infrastructure for this type of runaway engagement means planning for spikes, such as Mother's Day.  In terms of raw power, Rao estimated Facebook's overall compute power at about 7.5 quadrillion instructions per second. Facebook engineers now have seven types of servers to choose from depending on the application they are supporting.

On the storage side, Facebook is pursuing a hierarchical storage model -- various technologies are employed depending on the "temperature" of the data.  Hot data resides in DRAM or NVM-based DIMMs while warm data is stored in PCIe NVM Flash. User content grows colder over time, so archival photos and posts eventually will move to cold storage systems.

Facebook's overall strategy is to pursue a "disaggregated rack" architecture with designs contributed to the Open Compute Project.

Earlier this year at Open Compute Project Summit, Facebook introduced its "Lightning"- a flexible, NVMe JBOF (just a bunch of flash) box. It is designed to provide a PCIe gen 3 connection from end to end (CPU to SSD). It leverages the existing Open Vault (Knox) SAS JBOD infrastructure to provide a faster time to market, maintain a common look and feel, enable modularity in PCIe switch solutions, and enable flexibility in SSD form factors.

Rao highlighted three other solid storage innovations.

Next gen Non-Volatile Memory (NVM), which promise significant boosts in performance and scalability using 3D technologies and other breakthroughs.

Facebook's own AVA card, which puts four M.2 modules on a card.

WORM, which promises very large capacities (>100TB) with low endurance (150 write cycles) for low-cost, long-term storage.


Intel to Acquire Nervana for AI

Intel agreed to acquire Nervana Systems, a start-up based in San Diego, California, for their work in machine learning. Financial terms were not disclosed.

Nervana, which was founded in 2014, developed a software and hardware stack for deep learning.

Intel said the Nervana technology would help optimize the Intel Math Kernel Library and its integration into industry standard frameworks, advancing the deep learning performance and TCO of the Intel Xeon and Intel Xeon Phi processors.


Nervana is headed by Naveen Rao.

Netronome's 25GbE Adapters Accelerate OpenStack Firewalls and Open vSwitch

Netronome unveiled its the Agilio CX dual-port 25GbE intelligent server adapter (ISA) and Agilio OVS Firewall software integrated with the Mirantis OpenStack solution for seamless cloud-based provisioning.

Netronome said its Agilio 25GbE platform delivers up to 4X higher performance and scale when implementing OpenStack and Linux Firewall-based stateful and zero trust security compared with other 25GbE server adapter solutions in the market.  Agilio also promises up to 5X higher performance for OpenStack and Open vSwitch (OVS)-based acceleration. The Agilio 25GbE platform is capable of delivering up to 25Gb/s of throughput for OVS and Linux Firewall-based OpenStack deployments while consuming only one CPU core. With 2GB of on-board adapter memory, the Agilio platform can support up to two million flows for security policy rules, delivering micro-segmentation-based zero trust security.

“More than 60 percent of OpenStack-based cloud deployments today are based on OVS and Linux Firewall, which are well known to consume too many CPU cycles at 10/25GbE and higher networking speeds, starving VMs and applications,” said Sujal Das, senior vice president and general manager of marketing and strategy at Netronome. “Netronome is the first in the industry to offer a holistic 25GbE platform that not only delivers economies in the area of speeds and feeds but also improves overall server efficiency when running modern and secure data center applications.”

“Zero-trust security implemented using OpenStack security groups fills many holes in traditional perimeter-based firewalling exacerbated by increasing east-west traffic,” said Kamesh Pemmaraju, vice president of product marketing at Mirantis. “The integration of the Agilio CX 25GbE and Linux Firewall platform with Mirantis OpenStack solves this multi-dimensional challenge by improving performance, scale and economies for both east-west traffic and servers implementing zero-trust security.”


Cisco Contributes Full Duplex DOCSIS Chip Design

Cisco is contributing a silicon reference design for Full Duplex DOCSIS to the cable industry on a royalty-free basis.

Specifically, Cisco is offering a validated reference design for a digital echo canceler that maximizes the use of HFC capacity. Over the past 2 year, a team of Cisco engineers have defined a multi-slice scalable echo canceler (EC) for the Full Duplex DOCSIS specification that seamlessly integrates with the Cable Modem Termination System (CMTS) architecture. The technology is scalable for a return path from 200 MHz (1.7 Gbps) to 1.2 GHz (10 Gbps).

“By making this royalty-free design available to the industry, we can help our cable customers evolve to more rapidly deploy virtualized, fiber-deep, and all-IP infrastructures,” said John Chapman, Cisco fellow and CTO, Cable Access Business. “We hope to accelerate the transformation of the cable industry to deliver multi-gigabit speeds and new high bandwidth services and products, and in the near future, customers can begin to enjoy the benefits of Full Duplex DOCSIS technology.”

“DOCSIS 3.1 Full Duplex with up to 50 times more upstream capacity than today and echo cancellation technology, is further evidence that DOCSIS and the cable network itself has a long, useful life ahead,” said Jeff Finkelstein, executive director, Network Strategy, Cox Communications. “The work being done on Full Duplex by the MSO, vendor and CableLabs team shows that the cable network will continue to evolve and deliver high bandwidth services for many years, enabling our customers to enjoy the services most important to them to meet their future needs.”


NEC Debuts 10 Gbps E-band Radio with Adaptive Modulation

NEC Corporation of America launched its new iPASOLINK EX Advanced radio, featuring Adaptive Modulation for 10 Gbps wireless throughput capacity in a single channel.

NEC said its new radio operates in E-band millimeter wave frequency range (71-86GHz), achieves low latency and high transmission capacity of 10Gbps within a single channel, more than three times higher than NEC's previous iPASOLINK EX model.

The new product's Adaptive Modulation and Bandwidth Radio (AMBR) feature enables dynamic adjustment of its modulation method and communication bandwidth according to the particular application, weather conditions and link distance, allowing it to maintain high quality network connections even in severe weather conditions.

The new iPASOLINK EX Advanced is approximately 30% smaller than the previous iPASOLINK EX model, improving site acquisition and installation costs. The integrated 10GbE interfaces allows it to efficiently transmit high capacity data via optical fiber to core networks.

"As data demands have increased, capacity has become a significant concern for network planners who need to ensure throughput, security and availability,” said Matt Engelmann, vice president for NEC Corporation of America. “These concerns apply to all transport mediums and I am pleased to confirm our new radios like iPASOLINK EX Advanced meet these demands and help transport network operators deliver higher quality network services for enhanced user experience. These enhancements are industry leading and indicative of NEC’s continued investment in radio technology.”

Western Digital Achieves First 64 Layer 3D NAND

Western Digital has achieved pilot production of 3D NAND technology in 64 layers.

The technology, which WD is calling BiCS3, was developed jointly with Toshiba, its manufacturing partner. It will be initially deployed in 256 gigabit capacity and will be available in a range of capacities up to half a terabit on a single chip.

WD expects commercial volumes of BiCS3 in the first half of calendar 2017.

"The launch of the next generation 3D NAND technology based on our industry-leading 64 layer architecture reinforces our leadership in NAND flash technology," said Dr. Siva Sivaram, executive vice president, memory technology, Western Digital. "BiCS3 will feature the use of 3-bits-per-cell technology along with advances in high aspect ratio semiconductor processing to deliver higher capacity, superior performance and reliability at an attractive cost. Together with BiCS2, our 3D NAND portfolio has broadened significantly, enhancing our ability to address a full spectrum of customer applications in retail, mobile and data center."


Monday, August 8, 2016

Samsung Claims Top Spot in Enterprise SSDs - Key Role in Data Centers

Samsung Electronics is now the world’s number one supplier of enterprise solid state drives used in corporate data centers, according to a number of analyst firms cited by the company:

The IDC report, Worldwide Solid State Storage Quarterly Update CY 1Q16, shows that Samsung rose to the leader position in Enterprise SSD sales in Q1 of this year, with the IDC data showing Samsung at 32.4 percent compared to the second place finisher with 16.9 percent. This shows a sharp upswing in Enterprise SSD sales from Q4 of 2015 when Samsung was in a virtual dead heat with its closest competitor with about a 22 percent market share. For the year 2015, IDC showed Samsung with a 20.6 percent share.

Analyst firm Forward Insights showed a slightly larger market lead for Samsung, reporting that in the first quarter of 2016, Samsung easily led the enterprise SSD market with a 34 percent share, well above the 19 percent share of the nearest competitor. This compares with a second place Samsung finish with 25 percent of Enterprise SSD market share in Q4 of 2015, according to the analyst firm.

TrendFocus charted Samsung with a 45 percent leadership position in Enterprise SSD market share for the first quarter of this year, rising from a second place finish with 26 percent share in the fourth quarter of last year.

“The enterprise market is a top Samsung memory focus, so it should come as no surprise that we have now also taken the lead in supplying SSDs to the enterprise, after years of leadership in the client market,” said Jim Elliott, corporate vice president, Memory Marketing, Samsung Semiconductor, Inc. “Our securing the No. 1 position in enterprise SSDs has been supported by market leading advances in flash density and performance, and continued success with our 3D V-NAND manufacturing and state-of-the-art controllers,” he added.


Samsung Ships 512 GB NVMe SSD

Samsung Electronics has begun mass producing the industry’s first NVMe PCIe solid state drive (SSD) in a single ball grid array (BGA) package, for use in next-generation PCs and ultra-slim notebook PCs. The package that contains all essential SSD components including NAND flash memory, DRAM and controller.  The new SSD is 20mm x 16mm x 1.5mm and weighs only about one gram (an American dime by comparison weighs 2.3 grams). The single-package...

Samsung Ships its 15.36TB SSD

Samsung Electronics began shipping the industry’s largest solid state drive (SSD) – the “PM1633a,” a 15.36 terabyte (TB) drive. The new 15.36TB SSD is based on a 12Gb/s Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) interface, for use in enterprise storage systems. Samsung said the unprecedented 15.36TB of data storage on a single SSD is enabled by combining 512 of its 256Gb V-NAND memory chips. The 256Gb dies are stacked in 16 layers to form a single 512GB package,...

rage (UFS) 2.0 standa

Toshiba Debuts Flash-based Analytics Platform

Toshiba America Electronic Components introduced an all-flash, big data, real-time streaming analytics platform targeted at distributed applications in manufacturing, finance, medical and security. TAEC will debut the technology at this week’s 2016 Flash Memory Summit.

TAEC's new Flashmatrix leverages NAND flash memory arranged in a matrix. Flashmatrix enables multiple data sets to be accessed in parallel and scaled linearly. All of the NAND flash memory is shared by every CPU allowing for flexibility and high performance. The entire platform is in 2U enclosure and offers linear rack scale scalability. Flashmatrix is optimally designed for low power consumption.

“Big data processing can face multiple problems in scaling, latency and power as the customer demands increase,” said Ralph Schmitt, Executive of System Development at Toshiba America Electronic Components, Inc. “Flashmatrix addresses each of those issues to create a system that is a true solution for analytic processing by offering low-power-consumption, parallel processing to reduce system latency, card level scaling and a large non-volatile memory space shared by all CPUs. Flashmatrix continues Toshiba’s mission to persistently develop innovative technologies to make the best use of NAND flash memory.”

TAEC will showcase Flashmatrix at this week's 2016 Flash Memory Summit in Santa Clara, California.


Kalray Unveils C/C++ Programmable Acceleration Card

Kalray, which is based near Paris, France, introduced its Krypto128 programmable acceleration card based on 2nd generation, "Bostan" MPPA high-speed I/O processor. The

The Bostan processor combines high computing performance with real-time processing and low power consumption, while using a C/C++ programming model.

Kalray will target two main markets with its Krypto128 card: storage computation pipelines, which include algorithms such as compression, encryption, erasure coding and integrity checks, and the IPsec and OpenSSL transparent market.

Kalray said it has customer use cases in which a Krypto128 card can offload and replace up to 8 Intel Xeon E5 2630v3 @2.4Ghz when implementing a Lz4 compression, an AES128 encryption, an erasure coding (8 to 10) and a CRC 32 bits on 4K block of data.

“Kalray is fully committed to offering solutions to our customers that help them to quickly introduce SSD technology, with all its latency benefits, into their data center,” said Eric Baissus, CEO of Kalray. “And, more importantly, this gives them the possibility to scale up acceleration into VPN routers or secure gateways."

At this week's Flash Memory Summit in Santa Clara, California, Kalray will demonstrate a complete NVMeOF (Non-Volatile Memory express over Fabrics) chain from compute node to remote NVMe SSDs with SK Hynix. The remote storage system will be built around 13 SKHMS M.2 PCIe Carriers integrating 4 SKHMS PE3110 SSDs each and 6 Kalray smartNIC KONIC-80 equipped with Kalray’s MPPA2 -256 “Bostan” High Speed I/O Processor.


Vodafone Spain Deploys Huawei's DB-HSDPA Solution

Vodafone Spain has completed the world's first commercial implementation of dual-band High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (DB-HSDPA) technology using technology from Huawei. The solution delivers approximately double the amount of UMTS throughput compared to single carrier on UMTS 900MHz.

DB-HSDPA is a 3GPP release 9-defined technology. From the second half of 2015, chipsets that support DB-HSDPA technology have been incorporated into commercial devices. DB-HSDPA capable terminals are able to receive and monitor two bands simultaneously, delivering a better user experience.

On the Vodafone Spain network, there is a single carrier on UMTS 900MHz. The companies noted that UMTS 900MHz can absorb a larger number of subscribers than UMTS 2100MHz.  strategy.

"Huawei and Vodafone have cooperated closely to ensure the successful commercial deployment of DB-HSDPA. We will endeavor to assure the provision of innovative solutions, and accelerate the pace and scale of DB-HSDPA's commercial application to benefit more subscribers," said Peng Honghua, president of Huawei's UMTS Product Line.

The successful commercial deployment of DB-HSDPA demonstrates Huawei's ongoing commitment for the supply of innovative techniques in wireless networks to help build the best experience-oriented MBB networks. In addition, Huawei's patented UX2 interface solution will ensure the application of DB-HSDPA not only at intra-NodeB level, but also among different NodeBs.


Planning Advances for Hawaiki - the 14,000 km Transpacific Cable

A marine route survey has kicked off for Hawaiki, a 14,000 km transpacific cable system that is scheduled for completion in mid-2018. Hawaiki will link Australia and New Zealand to the mainland United States, as well as Hawaii, with options to expand to several South Pacific islands.

Some highlights about the Hawaiki Cable:

  • The 14,000 km cable system will deliver more than 30 Tbps of capacity via TE SubCom’s C100U+ Submarine Line Terminating Equipment (SLTE) and will allow for optional connectivity to islands along the route, utilizing TE SubCom’s industry leading optical add/drop multiplexing (OADM) nodes.
  • Hawaiki will be the highest cross-sectional capacity link between the U.S. and Australia and New Zealand.
  • As a carrier-neutral cable system, Hawaiki will usher in a new era of international connectivity benefitting businesses and consumers across the Pacific region.
  • The system was co-developed by New Zealand-based entrepreneurs Sir Eion Edgar, Malcolm Dick and Remi Galasso.

“Each stage of this groundbreaking project is important, but after very carefully planning our transpacific route and conducting an extensive survey of each landing site, we are extremely pleased to launch the marine route survey, which will give us data necessary to safely and properly deploy the system in the coming months,” said Remi Galasso, chief executive officer of Hawaiki. “The team is doing a great job; we are on time and on budget. We are confident that with our trusted supplier, TE SubCom, our cable will be delivered as planned in mid-2018, less than two years from now. Hawaiki is not only bringing competition and diversity to the market, but it’s also offering a future-proof solution to its customers in the most cost-effective fashion.”


Twilio Hits Q2 Revenue of $64.5 Million, up 70% YoY

In its first earnings release as a public company, Twilio reported revenue of $64.5 million for the second quarter of 2016, up 70% from the second quarter of 2015 and 9% sequentially from the first quarter of 2016. Base revenue of $56.4 million for the second quarter of 2016, up 84% from the second quarter of 2015 and 13% sequentially from the first quarter of 2016. GAAP loss from operations of $10.9 million for the second quarter of 2016, compared with GAAP loss from operations of $9.5 million for the second quarter of 2015.

“We delivered strong results in our first quarter as a public company, as we saw continued growth across our product lines,” said Jeff Lawson, Twilio’s Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer. “Customers around the world use Twilio to build differentiated experiences for their end users by embedding communications into their software applications. The successful completion of our IPO in June will provide additional capital and brand visibility to drive our growth in the future as we look to fuel the future of communications."

Second Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights

A few metrics and recent highlights

  • 30,780 Active Customer Accounts as of June 30, 2016, compared to 21,226 Active Customer Accounts as of June 30, 2015.
  • Dollar-Based Net Expansion Rate was 164% for the second quarter of 2016, compared to 149% for the second quarter of 2015.
  • Became a featured partner of Facebook Messenger and announced integration into the Messenger platform.
  • Launched Twilio Notify, an API for orchestrating notifications across SMS, push notifications, and messaging applications.
  • Introduced Twilio Programmable Wireless, the first communications platform designed for developers and businesses to easily program cellular connectivity.
  • Expanded our relationship with Amazon Web Services to include delivery of SMS messages for AWS’s Simple Notification Service.
  • Launched Sync, a real-time state synchronization API.


Twilio's Completes IPO 

Twilio announced the pricing of its public offering of 10,000,000 shares of Class A common stock at a price of $15.00 per share. The shares are expected to begin trading on the New York Stock Exchange on June 23, 2016 under the symbol “TWLO.”

Twilio's platform enables developers to embed real-time communication and authentication capabilities directly into their software applications. The company was founded in 2008 and has over 500 employees, with headquarters in San Francisco and other offices in Bogotá, Dublin, Hong Kong, London, Mountain View, Munich, New York City, Singapore and Tallinn.


  • Twilio was founded by Jeff Lawson, previously a Product Manager for Amazon Web Services, and Evan Cooke, previously a Postdoctoral research fellow in network security and distributed systems at the University of Michigan.

NeoPhotonics Sees Q2 Sales Rise 16% YoY, Sees Robust 100G Growth

NeoPhotonics reported Q2 2016 revenue of $99.1 million, up $13.8 million, or 16.1%, from the second quarter of 2015, and flat from the prior quarter. GAAP Net income was $2.7 million, up from $1.8 million in the second quarter of 2015, and up from $2.3 million in the prior quarter.

“Globally, we continue to see the overall environment for 100G and beyond products very robust across both telecom and datacenter applications. In spite of PON market softness, we delivered solid financial results in the second quarter including strong profitability at 15 cents per share and cash generation of approximately $10 million. We are accelerating our high speed product growth and we have announced the end of life of our declining and lower margin PON products,” stated Tim Jenks, Chairman and CEO of NeoPhotonics. “We are experiencing an unprecedented level of demand for our 100G products, which we’re seeing as a major and sustaining mid-term trend in China as well as in the west. Given these industry trends and our strong market position, we are raising and narrowing our expected revenue growth for 2016 to a range of 22-25%,” concluded Mr. Jenks.


Google Acquires Orbitera for Cloud Software Sales

Google announced its acquisition of Orbitera, a start-up offering a commerce platform for buying and selling software in the cloud.  Financial terms were not disclosed.

The Orbitera platform can be used by independent software vendors, service providers and IT channel organizations for deploying, managing and billing of cloud-based software. The company said more than 60,000 enterprise stacks have been launched on Orbitera.

Google said this acquisition will not only improve the support of software vendors on Google Cloud Platform, but reinforce its support for the multi-cloud world.


EarthLink Picks VeloCloud for SD-WAN Services

EarthLink is working with VeloCloud to deliver SD-WAN (software-defined wide area network) services.

EarthLink’s full-service SD-WAN offering will launch to market in fall 2016.  This technology enables customers to realize the full potential of the cloud by supporting application growth, network agility and simplified branch implementations while delivering optimized access to cloud services, private datacenters and enterprise applications.

“VeloCloud Cloud-Delivered SD-WAN will be offered as part of EarthLink’s complete suite of solutions that includes network access, hosted voice, security services, optimized application performance, bandwidth prioritization controls and always-on customer service to satisfy the needs of a wide range of enterprises,” said Joe Eazor, Chief Executive Officer and President of EarthLink. “Companies wanting to enhance the experience for their customers need to maximize application performance and meet increasing bandwidth demands with a viable cost effective solution. Implementing SD-WAN alongside other managed network services will give our customers more visibility and control over the applications, websites and devices that utilize their network.”


Power Outage Knocks Delta's Global Operations Offline

A power outage in Atlanta, which began at approximately 2:30 a.m. ET. on Monday, hit Delta's computer systems and operations worldwide, forcing the airline to cancel or reschedule thousands of flights. The stoppage of operations appears to have lasted over five hours.

The disruption in Delta's global network operations follows a multi-day disruption in service last month at Southwest Airlines, which attributed its outage to a router failure and a cascading series of IT problems.


Sunday, August 7, 2016

Ericsson and Bombardier test LTE at 200 kmh

Ericsson and Bombardier have completed trials of LTE networks for railway solutions at simulated speeds of up to 200 kilometers per hour with the goal of supporting communications-based train control (CBTC), closed-circuit television (CCTV), voice, platform information, advertising and Wi-Fi for passengers, and other such applications.

The companies said LTE could potentially be employed for CBTC, which uses high-resolution location determination and high-capacity data communications - such as those enabled by LTE networks - to support automatic train protection, operation and supervision functions.  In the CBTC tests, the LTE networks achieved uplink and downlink latencies far below the threshold of 100 milliseconds and packet losses approaching zero (anything less than 0.5% was considered a pass mark). Quality of Service capabilities built into Ericsson's equipment also allowed for the preemption and prioritization of mission-critical railway services.

Charlotta Sund, Head of Customer Group Industry & Society at Ericsson, says: "The results of the tests performed to date are very promising and we will continue to test a variety of modems to ensure we can provide robust LTE networks for rail applications. We aim to develop solutions that ensure enhanced rail safety through communications-based train control and CCTV, as well as enhanced entertainment for passengers through services such as voice, platform information, advertising and Wi-Fi."


MEF COO Kevin Vachon: Annual Meeting Highlights & MEF16 Preview

MEF is focused on enabling agile, assured, and orchestrated Third Network services over automated, virtualized, and interconnected networks.

MEF COO Kevin Vachon shares highlights on key LSO and open initiative work at MEF’s Annual Meeting in Boston and provides a preview of the MEF16 event in Baltimore, 7-10 November.

See video: https://youtu.be/o2X5R7i9E40

MEF Launches 5G, SD WAN & Cloud Exchange Projects

MEF is advancing development of Third Network services based on LSO, SDN, and NFV encapsulated in OpenCS use cases and OpenLSO capabilities.

MEF CTO Pascal Menezes discusses the launch of new projects for 5G, SD WAN & Cloud Exchange technology domains that will be orchestrated using LSO APIs.

Project directors will coordinate use cases, information models, and APIs needed for orchestrating services across these and other domains.

See video:  https://youtu.be/bL1y14I4EcQ