Saturday, September 26, 2015

The Connectivity Declaration Seeks Universal Internet Access

On Friday, the leaders of 193 nations meeting at the United Nations formally adopted the Global Goals for Sustainable Development, which sets 2030 targets for fighting inequality, protecting our planet, and ending extreme poverty. The agreement includes a Connectivity Declaration demanding Internet access for all in the Least-Developed Countries by 2020.

The Connectivity Declaration:

"I believe: Internet access is essential for achieving humanity's #globalgoals When people have access to the tools and knowledge of the internet, they have access to opportunities that make life better for all of us. The internet is critical to fighting injustice, sharing new ideas and helping entrepreneurs create more jobs. But right now half the people on this planet don't have access, especially women and girls. The internet belongs to everyone. It should be accessible by everyone. I call on leaders and innovators from all countries, industries and communities to work together as one to make universal internet access a reality by 2020, as promised in the new Global Goals. Lets #CONNECTTHEWORLD to achieve our #GLOBALGOALS
"

The Connectivity Declaration has already been signed by: the Action/2015 coalition, Charlize Theron for Africa Outreach Project, Judith Owigar for AkiraChix, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Bill and Melinda Gates for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Richard Branson, Erik Hersman for BRCK, Niall Dunne for BT, Danny Sriskandarajah for Civicus, Denis O'Brien for Digicel, Jeff Sachs for Earth Institute, Hans Vestberg for Ericsson, Mark Zuckerberg for Facebook, Hugh Evans for Global Citizen, Arianna Huffington, Josiah Mugambi for iHub, Ashish Thakkar for Mara Group, Mo Ibrahim for the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Bono for ONE, David Soloff for Premise, Project Everyone, Nik Hartley for Restless Development, Carolyn Miles for Save the Children, Shakira, George Takei, Chris Anderson for TED, Daudi Were for Ushahidi, Jimmy Wales, Omoyele Sowore for Sahara Reporters, Cobus de Swardt for Transparency International, Kathy Calvin for the UN Foundation, and Oluseun Onigbinde for BudgiT.

http://connecttheworld.one.org/

Ericsson: IT is Key to UN Sustainable Development Goals

Information technology and universal access to the Internet are key to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, according to a study by Ericsson and the Earth Institute at Columbia University.

The U.N.'s new agreed Sustainable Development Goals call for several breakthroughs by the year 2030, including an end to extreme poverty and hunger, while improving access to health care and education, protecting the environment and building peaceful and inclusive societies.

"We believe the new goals need to leverage existing and widely deployed technologies, but also that future developments in ICT - including next-generation mobile broadband, the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence, 3D printing and others - will provide the tools for unprecedented advances in health care, education, energy services, agriculture, and environmental monitoring and protection," said Hans Vestberg, President and CEO of Ericsson.

"We have seen that a 10 percent increase in broadband penetration leads on average to one percent sustainable GDP growth. However, in some countries, the increase is even higher: up to 5 or 10 percent. That can make a real difference to people's lives," stated Vestberg.

The 21-page report is here:

http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/2015/ict-and-sdg-interim-report.pdf

Sprint to Sit Out 600 MHz Incentive Auction

Sprint has decided not to participate in the FCC's 600 MHz incentive auction next year.  In a blog posting, the company said its current spectrum holdings "are sufficient to provide its current and future customers great network coverage and be able to provide the consistent reliability, capacity, and speed that its customers demand."

“Sprint’s focus and overarching imperative must be on improving its network and market position in the immediate term so we can remain a powerful force in fostering competition, consumer benefits and innovation in the wireless broadband world,” stated Sprint CEO Marcelo Claure.  “Sprint has the spectrum it needs to deploy its network architecture of the future.”

The company also noted its efforts to increase coverage and capacity by densifying its network and increasing the number of cell sites using its existing spectrum.  Sprint is already deploying new technologies, such as carrier aggregation, that unlock the potential of its strong 2.5 GHz spectrum position.

http://newsroom.sprint.com/news-releases/sprint-statement-on-the-incentive-auction.htm

Friday, September 25, 2015

Databricks: Apache Spark Outgrowing Hadoop

The number of standalone deployments of Spark eclipses those on YARN as more users run Spark independent of Hadoop, according to a newly published survey of Spark users conducted by Databricks, the company founded by the creators of Apache Spark.

Databricks said that users that are running Spark in standalone (48 percent of respondents) exceeds those running Spark on YARN (40 percent of respondents), alongside a majority of users running Spark in the public cloud. The survey also found that 51 percent of respondents run Spark on a public cloud.

Key findings from the survey include:

  • Spark is outgrowing Hadoop: The most common Spark deployments according to the community are: 48 percent standalone, 40 percent YARN within Hadoop and 11 percent Apache Mesos. Spark users who do not use any Hadoop components have more than doubled in 2015 (from 2014). 
  • Streaming and advanced analytics uses rising: Spark is being used for an increasingly diverse set of applications, particularly data scientists for machine learning, streaming and graph analysis use cases. In 2015, there are 56 percent more Spark streaming users than in 2014. The production use of advanced analytics, like MLib for machine learning and GraphX for graph processing, increased from 11 percent in 2014 to 15 percent in 2015. 75 percent of Spark users are also using two or more Spark components (51 percent of Spark users are using three or more Spark components).
  • Spark users are becoming more diverse:  Of those surveyed, 41 percent identified themselves as Data Engineers, while 22 percent of respondents identified themselves as Data Scientists. Spark users are solving a variety of problems in different languages -- Scala (71 percent), Python (58 percent), SQL (36 percent), Java (31 percent) and R (18 percent) -- and all within the same framework.
  • Spark's most popular use cases come to light: Fifty-two percent use Spark for data warehousing, 68 percent use it for business intelligence, 40 percent for processing application and system logs, 48 percent to build recommendation engines, 36 percent for user-facing services and 29 percent for fraud detection and security.
  • Spark is increasing access to big data:  Ninety one percent of those surveyed claim performance as their reason for adoption, while 77 percent cite ease of programming, 71 percent cite ease of deployment, 64 percent cite advanced analytics capabilities and 52 percent cite real-time streaming capabilities.

"The continued growth of Spark has been highly encouraging, as companies are going into production to obtain real business value, and they are doing so in a wide range of environments beyond Hadoop clusters," said Matei Zaharia, creator of Apache Spark and CTO of Databricks. "Databricks and our partners are 100 percent committed to the long-term growth of Spark and we'll continue to make improvements based on this survey data and our ongoing community feedback, to make the most complete big data analytics toolkit accessible to all businesses."

https://databricks.com

NTT Com's Global IP Net Exceeds 1 Tbps on Japan-US Route

The Japan-U.S. capacity of NTT Communications' Tier-1 Global IP Network has been expanded past 1 Tbps for the first time.

NTT Communications said the expanded capacity will allow the network to support demand that is expected to double over the next two years, driven by the rapidly growing number of Internet users on smartphones and tablets and the growing adoption of broadband. Increasing use of music and video streaming, high-resolution images and 4K data are also boosting capacity needs.

http://www.ntt.com/aboutus_e/news/data/20150924_2.html

Eurotunnel Installs ALU's 1830 Photonic Service Switch

Eurotunnel will converge all of its operational communications services and applications onto a single data network powered by Alcatel-Lucent's optical transport technology.

Alcatel-Lucent will deploy a new optical network in the 50km North and South tunnels of the Channel Tunnel using its 1830 Photonic Service Switch (1830 PSS) platform with network management provided by the 5620 Service Aware Manger.  The new network will connect the existing synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) optical network across both sides of the Channel Tunnel as well as new ‘mission-critical’ operational services. Communications traffic will include CCTV, Voice over IP (VoIP), back-office applications, billing, reporting, scheduling, traffic management and signalling functions.  Alcatel-Lucent has previously worked with Eurotunnel, including the deployment of mobile technology allowing passengers to connect to the Internet over their mobile devices while travelling through the tunnel beneath the English Channel.

https://www.alcatel-lucent.com


  • The Channel Tunnel has the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world, which is used by Eurostar passenger train services and the Le Shuttle car and freight trains which transport nearly 2.6 million cars and 1.5 million trucks between the UK and France each year. In 2014 more than 21 million passengers, on all services, traveled through the Channel Tunnel.

Optus Extends 100G from Cairns to Perth

Alcatel-Lucent has upgraded Optus’ Australian optical network between Cairns and Perth using its 1830 Photonic Service Switch and Photonic Service Engine (PSE)-based coherent technology with soft-decision forward error correction (SD-FEC). The network now delivers 100G wavelengths, ten times the previous capacity.

"Optus is committed to building reliable network capacity for retail, government and enterprise customers based on the world’s best long-haul transmission technology. This upgrade supports the changing needs of our customers including increasing capacity demands across Optus’ Wholesale and branded business lines alike," said Rob Parcell, Managing Director Optus Wholesale, Satellite and SMB.

https://media.optus.com.au

Zscaler Lands Investment from Google Capital

Zscaler announced a continuation of its oversubscribed Series D round from Google Capital. This latest round of financing brings the company's total funding raised in the Series D to $110 million.

"We are joining forces with Google Capital to help millions of organizations around the world securely adopt cloud computing, mobility and the Internet of Things," said Jay Chaudhry, CEO of Zscaler. "Our new partnerships will further empower Zscaler to invest in our technology platform and grow our worldwide operations to meet ever increasing demand."



Zscaler Raises $100 Million for Security-as-a-Service


Zscaler, a start-up based in San Jose, California, raised $100 million in new venture funding for its Internet security-as-a-service offering.

Zscaler currently protects more than 5,000 enterprise and government organizations worldwide with a total of 13 million employees against cyber attacks and data breaches. The cloud-based Zscaler Security-as-a-Service platform is operating in more than 100 data centers around the world, delivering carrier-grade Internet security, advanced persistent threat (APT) protection, data loss prevention, SSL decryption, traffic shaping, policy management and threat intelligence without the need for on-premise hardware, appliances or software.

TPG invested in Zscaler, alongside existing investors EMC and Lightspeed Ventures, who also contributed to the round.

Blue Jeans Closes $76.5 Million for Cloud Video Conferencing

Blue Jeans Network, a start-up based in Mountain View, California, secured $76.5 million in new funding for its cloud-based video collaboration services.

Blue Jeans first launched its video as a service in 2011, proving a cloud-based way to connect business video conference room systems like Cisco and Polycom with consumer desktop and mobile solutions like Skype and Google. The solution does not require video bridging hardware (MCUs).

Earlier this year, Blue Jeansreleased its second major product line, a large-scale interactive events and experience service called Blue Jeans Primetime. Blue Jeans Primetime extends Blue Jeans' interactive video conferencing with new streaming capabilities to broadcast events to a worldwide audience, and includes the unique ability for the moderator to switch participant roles between active participant and passive observer, making it possible for speakers and their audiences to interact in brand new ways.

The company cites record growth for the fourth straight year, including bookings (ARR), revenues, subscribers, meetings, minutes, participants and more. Blue Jeans said it has at least doubled, tripled, or quadrupled each of these metrics year-over-year, every year since it launched its service in 2011.  The new Blue Jeans Primetime is being used by customers for all-hands meetings, large training sessions, and marketing events. There are also new market opportunities in media, entertainment, and sports for early adopters like TED, The Sundance Film Festival, and The Players' Tribune.

The new funding was led by NEA with participation from previous investors Accel, Battery Ventures and Norwest Venture Partners, and new investors Glynn Capital, Quadrille Capital, and Derek Jeter among others. This brings the total overall financing for Blue Jeans to $175 million.

"Despite all the advances in modern technology, the human face is still the most powerful tool for business," said Krish Ramakrishnan, CEO Blue Jeans Network. "As organizations have become more geographically dispersed, the need for video has become more critical than ever to establish and maintain meaningful connections, foster empathy and understanding, and improve communications. Our customers improve their productivity, save time and money, and build better relationships with Blue Jeans. We are so proud of how far we've come in a few short years, but we are not done yet. With this investment we are fueling up our tanks and preparing to step on the gas."

https://bluejeans.com/press-releases/blue-jeans-network-closes-investment-to-fuel-global-growth-power-new-era-of-video-collaboration

Entel Chile Combines 2600 MHz and 700 MHz for 250 Mbps

Entel Chile has tested an end-to-end LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) Carrier Aggregation (CA) implementation supporting data speeds up to 250 Mbps.

The demonstration took place in September 22 and was performed using Ericsson Networks Software 14A on both 2600 MHz and APT700 MHz spectrum bands on a commercial network, using a commercial terminal. Entel is the first operator in Latin America to test 250 Mbps speed in a commercial LTE network.

Ericsson is a long-term supplier to Entel.

"This demo places Entel on the very limited list of operators in the world to demonstrate LTE-A in a live network using a commercial terminal. We are very proud to have partnered with Entel in this achievement, further extending our long-standing relationship," stated Nicolas Brancoli, Vice President of Ericsson Latin America.

http://www.ericsson.com
http://informacioncorporativa.entel.cl/comunicados-de-prensa/posts/entel-realiza-la-primera-conexion-con-tecnologia-lte-advanced-de-latinoamerica

Ericsson and Qualcomm Demo LTE-U at 300 Mbps

Ericsson and Qualcomm conducted a demonstration of LTE-U at last week's PT/Expo Comm China 2015. The companies combined one 20 MHz licensed component carrier (CC) with one 20 MHz CC running on 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum over the air to deliver a peak throughput of up to 300 Mbps, using a Qualcomm Snapdragon 820 processor with X12 LTE.

The demonstration at PT/Expo Comm China 2015 used an RBS 6402 indoor picocell radio base station with multi-standard, multi-band capabilities and Wi-Fi support. It is designed for  buildings up to 5000 square meter in size.

http://www.ericsson.com
http://www.qualcomm.com

Thursday, September 24, 2015

ARIN Issues Last IPv4 Address from Free Pool -- All Gone

The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN), the nonprofit association that manages the distribution of Internet number resources for its region, has issued the final IPv4 addresses in its free pool.

“The exhaustion of the free IPv4 pool was inevitable given the Internet’s exponential growth,” said John Curran, ARIN’s President and CEO. “Luckily, we prepared for this eventuality with IPv6, which contains enough address space to sustain the Internet for generations. While ARIN will continue to process IPv4 requests through its wait list and the existing transfer market, organizations should be prepared to help usher in the next phase of the Internet by deploying IPv6 as soon as possible.”

“When we designed the Internet 40 years ago, we did some calculations and estimated that 4.3 billion terminations ought to be enough for an experiment. Well, the experiment escaped the lab,” said Vint Cerf, ARIN’s Board Chairman and renowned Internet pioneer. “The Internet is no longer an experiment; it is the lifeblood of commerce, communication and innovation. It needs room to grow and that can only be achieved through the deployment of IPv6 address space.”

ARIN has established a Waiting List for Unmet IPv4 Requests and will process these if it receives any IPv4 addresses from IANA, or when any are recovers from revocations or returns from organizations.  ARIN also noted that organizations looking to add or transfer IPv4 space should be aware that the exhaustion of the ARIN free pool does trigger important changes in ARIN’s Specified Transfer Policy and Inter-RIR Transfer Policy. This change specifically impacts those organizations that have been the source entity in a specific IP address space transfer within the last twelve months. Effective today, because exhaustion of the ARIN IPv4 free pool has occurred for the first time, there is no longer a restriction on how often organizations may request transfers to specified recipients.

The attention now shifts to IPv4’s successor, IPv6.

https://www.arin.net/announcements/2015/20150924.html

NIST Researchers Teleport Quantum State over 100km of Fiber

Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and NTT have transferred quantum information carried in light particles over 100 km of optical fiber, four times farther than the previous record. The breakthrough could lead to quantum repeaters, opening the door to quantum communications over long distances of fiber.

Previously, quantum state has been teleported over free space, but transfers over optical have been limited because fewer than 1% of photons could be detected through 100km of fiber.

http://www.nist.gov/pml/how-to-teleport-quantum-information.cfm





Researchers at NTT Envision Quantum Repeaters in Future Photonic Networks


Researchers at Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) and the University of Toronto are proposing all-photonic quantum repeaters for long-distance quantum communication.  If achieved, such devices would disprove the necessity of matter quantum memories in long distance quantum communications, which is seen by many as the ultimate future of optical communications.

In a paper published this week by the journal Nature Communications, the researchers said their all-photonic scheme paves a completely new route towards long-distance quantum communication based only on optical devices. Compared to matter quantum memories, this approach eliminates the quantum interface between matter and photons.  The design is based on existing optical technology, such as linear optical elements, single-photon sources, photon detectors and an active feed-forward technique.

http://www.ntt.co.jp/news2015/1504e/150415a.html

Dell Updates its Switching Portfolio

Dell rolled out a number of big expansions to its networking portfolio.  For the campus, Dell introduced a new unified-campus architecture powered by the new Dell Networking C9010 Network Director switch and companion C1048P Rapid Access Node. In the data center, Dell debuted the Dell Networking S6100-ON, combining multi-rate connectivity, modularity and open networking.

"At Dell, we’re taking a holistic, end-to-end approach to networking from connecting server storage and workloads together in the data center to connecting desktops and mobile devices in the campus," said Tom Burns, vice president and general manager, Dell Networking and Enterprise Infrastructure. "We’re excited about these new products and capabilities and the new levels of simplicity and flexibility to help our customers become future ready."

Some highlights:

  • Dell Networking C9010 Network Director and C1048P Rapid Access Nodes -- Dell's new unified-campus architecture provides a single management view for the entire campus from access to core, enabling a single point of control for quality of service, policy provisioning and software upgrades, as well as for programming software-defined attributes. The new Dell Networking C9010 Network Director is a next-generation multi-rate capable modular switch and is the first platform based on the new Dell campus network architecture. It delivers optimum scalability for up to 4,000 virtual ports managed centrally, a lifetime of flexibility with support for 10 and 40 gigabit Ethernet (GbE) today, and a tool-free upgrade to 100GbE in the future to meet the growing bandwidth requirements of a diverse campus of end-users and end-points. For initial deployments, the C9010 can be deployed as a traditional campus switching platform without the Dell Networking C1048P Rapid Access Node, serving to aggregate legacy switching platforms in wiring closets.

    The new Dell C1048P Rapid Access Node extends the capabilities of the C9010 Network Director by providing enhanced power over Ethernet well as user access and connectivity back to the C9010. The C1048P can be deployed either stand-alone or in a stacked configuration.
  • Dell Networking S6100-ON Multi-Rate Modular In-Rack Switch -- this data center switch combines multi-rate connectivity with chassis-level modularity and open networking. Multiple expansion modules support port speeds ranging from 10 – 100GbE with both QSFP28 and CXP port choices.


http://www.dell.com


New Hibernia Express Cable Timed at Record 58.95ms Latency for NY-London

The new Hibernia Express transatlantic cable is delivering an actual tested latency of better than 58.95ms (milliseconds) from New York to London, which is faster by more than half a millisecond off the original projected speed.

Hibernia Networks said its new undersea cable has undergone rigorous testing over the past two weeks. Testing parameters included power stability, spectral efficiency and latency. The results confirmed the latency on Hibernia Express from LD4 in Slough, England to NY4 in Secaucus, New Jersey to be under 58.95ms.

“Hibernia Networks is excited to announce that we not only have built the lowest latency transatlantic link connecting New York to London, but have also exceeded our original design goals with a tested latency of sub-58.95 milliseconds,” states Bjarni Thorvardarson, CEO of Hibernia Networks. ”Our team, along with our key partner, TE SubCom, has worked tirelessly to ensure the Hibernia Express cable system provides our customers with unmatched capabilities. The test results confirm that we are able to provide the lowest latency, highest capacity solutions to support the business objectives of our customers.”

http://www.hibernianetworks.com/hibernia_express


  • Hibernia Express utilizes a 6-fiber-pair submarine cable, with a portion of the fibers optimized for lowest latency and a portion optimized for 100X100 Gpbs design capacity. The total cross-sectional design capacity of the cable will be over 53 Tbps. Hibernia Express will initially launch with 100 Gbps transmission capacity using TE SubCom’s C100 SLTE platform. Hibernia Express follows the most direct route between the UK and North America, promising to reduce latency by at least 5 milliseconds over existing cables.

California's CENIC Wins Grant to Expand Pacific Wave Research Net

The Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC), along with the Pacific Northwest Gigapop (PNWGP) as a sub awardee and coauthor of the proposal, has been awarded a grant of nearly $3.5 million from the National Science Foundation’s International Research Network Connections (IRNC) program to expand the Pacific Wave Software Defined Exchange (SDX) over a five-year period.

The grant enables the expansion of U.S.-Asia scientific research network collaboration.

The Pacific Wave SDX, which will be deployed in Seattle, Los Angeles, and the Bay Area, is an integral component of the international effort to interconnect research and education networks using Software Defined Networking (SDN). The Pacific Wave SDX joins several other IRNC awardees to support research, development and experimental deployment of multi-domain SDXs and will serve as an innovation platform for next generation networking, including enhancing connectivity to campus and wide-area “Science DMZ” infrastructures like the Pacific Research Platform (PRP), which enables researchers to move data between labs and scientific instruments to collaborators’ sites, supercomputer centers, and data-repositories without performance degradation.

“California’s research universities, along with more than 200 other research institutions across the U.S., will benefit from these enhanced capacities, enabling them to access scientific instruments and exchange data with their research collaborators in the Asia-Pacific Region,” said CENIC President & CEO Louis Fox, who is also principal investigator on this IRNC grant. “We look forward to working with other IRNC awardees, the NSF, and our Asia-Pacific colleagues as we continue to develop this critical infrastructure for international scientific research.”

http://www.cenic.org

Pacific Wave Adds 40G TransPacific Capacity

Pacific Wave has upgraded its U.S. West Coast peering exchange by adding a second 40 Gbps connection to Australia and New Zealand. The link goes from Los Angeles through the Big Island of Hawaii and on to Australia. It complements an exisitng 40 Gbps link from Seattle through Oahu to Australia.

Pacific Wave is a state-of-the-art international peering exchange designed to serve research and education networks throughout the Pacific Rim and beyond and features connection points at three US West Coast locations: the San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles, and Seattle. It is a joint project between the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC) and the Pacific Northwest Gigapop (PNWGP) with support from the University of Southern California and the University of Washington.

http://www.pacificwave.net

IBM Opens APIs for Extending Watson's Cognitive Capabilities

IBM is releasing a wide set of APIs for extending the language recognition, speech and vision capabilities of Watson. The cognitive APIs will help third-party developers in creating products, services and applications embedded with Watson.

New capabilities, offered through the Watson Developer Cloud, include advanced language, speech, and vision services, and developer tools. The company said Watson has evolved from one API and a limited set of application-specific deep Q&A capabilities two years ago, to more than 25 APIs powered by over 50 technologies now. New speech capabilities include Japanese, Mandarin, Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese.

IBM also announced the opening a new Watson development hub in San Francisco, expanding on its NYC headquarters.

http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/47715.wss

Internap Teams with Akamai for Cloud Security

Internap and Akamai Technologies announced an alliance to provide customers with Internap’s performance-optimized cloud, data center and network services combined with Akamai’s cloud security and data center protection services.

Internap will offer Akamai Cloud Security solutions to organizations in security-conscious industries – including financial services, healthcare and automotive – that require the infrastructure reliability, availability and scalability that Internap and Akamai jointly deliver. The alliance is expected to result in advanced web security solutions for organizations with performance-reliant applications and workloads, as well as more efficient access to both companies’ technologies.

“Organizations that demand optimal web and application performance simply can’t afford the potentially business-impacting outages and downtime associated with DDoS attacks,” said Michael Ruffolo, Internap’s president and CEO. “We believe this alliance is a logical and powerful combination that uniquely addresses this problem for our joint customers. Akamai will be our sole DDoS mitigation provider, bringing market-leading security capabilities to Internap’s state-of-the-art data center facilities and to our expertise in delivering high-performance cloud, colocation and networking services.”

http://www.internap.com
https://www.akamai.com/

See also