Tuesday, December 9, 2014

IBM Gains Low-cost Cloud Routing Patent

IBM was awarded U.S. Patent #8,676,981 B2 "Routing Service Requests Based on Lowest Actual Cost within a Federated Virtual Service Cloud."  The company said the technique described by this patent uses analytics to increase cloud computing performance and reduce costs by dynamically moving workloads -- between or within cloud centers -- based on an automatic analysis that determines the most efficient and effective use of available resources.

IBM's patented invention automatically pools cloud computing resources from disparate cloud centers, enabling clients to improve performance and save money by reducing the amount of manual intervention needed to allocate hardware, software and services. The automated technique enables users have more control over where and how their cloud workloads are run and facilitates optimal use of a cloud infrastructure.

"Cloud delivery models are evolving and maturing and are creating new possibilities for end-users and third-party service providers to lower costs for IT deployments as they enter new markets and create new solutions," said Leonard Hand, IBM Master Inventor and lead inventor on the patent. "Our patented invention will give users more control over their cloud deployments so that they can extract the most value from their IT resources at the most optimal cost."


GlobeNet Deploys Infinera on US Terrestrial Network

GlobeNet, a wholesale provider of Latin and North America data network services, has deployed Infinera's DTN-X packet optical transport networking platform across its North America routes in the Northeast and South Florida.

GlobeNet's submarine cable network spans 23,500 km system and offers the lowest latency available between the Americas. The network links cable landing stations in Tuckerton, NJ and Boca Raton, FL, USA, with cable landing stations in Fortaleza (CE) and Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil, St. David’s, Bermuda, Barranquilla, Colombia as well as Maiquetía, Venezuela.

GlobeNet has deployed an Infinera Intelligent Transport Network across its entire U.S. terrestrial backhaul network. The Infinera DTN-X offers GlobeNet the capacity to deliver 100 Gbps coherent transmission today via 500 Gbps super-channels, with a forward-scale design to support terabit super-channels in the future.

Infinera said this upgrade provides GlobeNet a network that can deliver over eight terabits per second (Tbps) of transmission capacity on a single fiber.

"GlobeNet's selection of an Infinera Intelligent Transport Network for its North America backbone underscores the value of our solutions to wholesale carriers operating mission critical networks," said Scott Chandler, Infinera vice president, North America sales. “The Infinera Intelligent Transport Network enables GlobeNet to automate, converge and simplify its optical transport network to reliably deliver advanced services to its customers.”


Nutanix Adds Data-at-Rest Encryption

Nutanix, which offers a converged appliance that combines compute/storage/networking for scale-out applications, announced a number of new security capabilities for its Virtual Computing Platform, including data-at-rest encryption.

The new security capabilities are available with Nutanix Operating System (NOS) 4.1 software, and help IT security teams meet stringent standards like HIPAA, PCI DSS and SOX. Nutanix hardware platforms now meet a number of certification standards including FIPS 140-2, NSA Suite B support (to Top Secret), Common Criteria EAL2+, NIST-SP800-131A and others.

Security features available in this release include:

  • Self-encrypting drives to secure data at rest, compliant with FIPS 140-2 Level 2 standards
  • Strong two-factor authentication, including the use of client certificates, to prevent unauthorized administrator log-ins
  • Nutanix Cluster Shield to limit administrator access in security-conscious environments by restricting shell logins.

“Security is required across the entire data center architecture, including server and storage systems. Unfortunately, legacy infrastructure components often lack the necessary controls and fail to meet common certification requirements,” said Simon Mijolovic, Senior Security Solutions Architect at Nutanix.


  • In August, Nutanix, a start-up based in San Jose, California, announced a $140 million Series E funding round at over a $2 billion valuation.

China Unicom Deploys Coriant hiT 7300 DWDM

China Unicom, a leading fixed and mobile service provider in China, has selected Coriant's hiT 7300 Multi-Haul Transport Platform to expand its 100G backbone network.  The deployment will link the cities of Wuhan, Hefei and Nanjing.

"We're constantly working to accelerate the expansion of our mobile communications network across China, while providing our customers with high-quality broadband communications and information services," said Mr. Guangquan Wang, Director of Network Technology, Network Technology Research Institute, China Unicom. "For this network expansion, we chose the Coriant hiT 7300 solution because it enables us to support an upgrade without interrupting existing traffic. It also provides us with the flexibility to add capacity as network demands increase."

"Our team has been working with China Unicom since 2006 and we're excited to enhance this network with a solution that enables virtually unlimited capacity growth and seamless scalability," said Pat DiPietro, Chief Executive Officer, Coriant. "Our Coriant hiT 7300 solution allows China Unicom to expand to 100G channels over existing 40G links without service disruptions."


Broadcom Raises Q4 Guidance, Announces Stock Buyback

Broadcom raised its financial guidance for the fourth quarter of 2014, increased its dividend and announced a stock buyback plan for 2015.

The company now expects its Q4 2014 revenue to approximately $2.075 — $2.150 billion, which is in the upper half of its previously guided range. Broadcom's quarterly dividend will increase by $0.02 per share, to $0.14 per share or $0.56 on an annual basis, a 17% year-over-year increase, beginning with the dividend that will be declared in the first quarter of 2015. In addition, the company announced a $1 billion share buyback authorization in 2015.


3M and Orange Bring Cloud and 3D Printing to Dental Care

3M is launching a 3D digital scanner service for the dental market using Orange Business Services' secure cloud platform in Europe.

3M and Orange Business Services designed an advanced solution that uses an intra-oral digital camera to capture highly accurate digital scans.  The data is securely transmitted to production centers where prosthetic and orthodontic works or moldings are produced via 3D printers. The service enables better patient care, saves time and maximizes the comfort offered to dentists, orthodontists, dental technicians and patients.

This platform also requires the storage and sharing of patient data. With the Orange Flexible Computing Healthcare solution, 3M implemented a solution complying with the legal requirements of the French Ministry of Health. The French legislation, one of the most stringent in Europe, requires that the data be hosted by an organization approved by the Ministry of Health.


Monday, December 8, 2014

Nokia Demos 4.1 Gbps over TDD-FDD LTE

Nokia Networks showcased a record-breaking speed of 4.1 Gbps over TDD-FDD LTE in collaboration with Ooredoo Qatar and China Mobile at the ITU Telecom World 2014 event in Doha.

The speed was achieved by combining TDD- and FDD-LTE spectrums and aggregating 10 carriers with 200 MHz bandwidth. The demo used:
  • Nokia Networks’ commercial Single RAN Advanced hardware
  • including the Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station for high-capacity throughput
  • Software to aggregate carriers on both TDD- and FDD-LTE spectrum
  • LTE-Advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology.

Waleed Al Sayed, Chief Operating Officer, Ooredoo Qatar, said: “We are building the biggest, fastest network in Qatar, so that customers across the country can access next-generation wireless data services. We are very proud that the first-ever ITU Telecom World to be held in Qatar should showcase this record-breaking success with the support of Ooredoo. By deploying our  advanced LTE network in Qatar, we are truly laying the foundation for the future.”


  • In June 2014, Nokia and SK Telecom have tested the aggregation of ten 20 MHz spectrum bands to achieve a record LTE throughput speed of 3.78 Gbps.  The test used Nokia’s Single RAN solution including the high-capacity Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station, enhanced with software to aggregate carriers on both TDD and FDD LTE spectrum and to implement LTE-Advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology.  The companies noted that their record performance demo utilized twice the amount of carriers and bandwidth specified by 3GPP, which foresees the aggregation of 5 carriers up to a total bandwidth of 100 MHz.

G.fast Moves Ahead

G.fast, the new broadband standard designed to deliver access speeds of up to 1Gbps over existing telephone wires gained final approval last week from the ITU.

G.fast aims to deliver fiber-like speeds over existing copper at distances of up 400m from a distribution point. It maintains coexistence with xDSL and operates at higher frequencies than VDSL2 (start frequency: 2.2, 8.5, 17.664 or 30 MHz).

Service rate performance targets from the ITU:

  • 500-1000 Mbps for FTTB deployments at less than 100m, straight loops
  • 500 Mbps at 100m
  • 200 Mbps at 200m
  • 150 Mbps at 250m
  • Aggregate service rates of equal to or more than 500 Mbps with start frequency of 23 MHz and VHF and DAB bands notches.

The approval of the physical-layer protocol aspects of G.fast – defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.9701 “Fast Access to Subscriber Terminals (FAST) - Physical layer specification” – follows the approval in April this year of ITU-T G.9700, a companion text specifying methods to ensure that G.fast equipment will not interfere with broadcast services such as FM radio.

ITU-T Study Group 15 has initiated work on an extended set of features for G.fast, targeting performance enhancements which will include additions to its range of low-power states. These features are likely to be available for incorporation into service providers’ G.fast deployments as early as 3 July 2015.

Dr Hamadoun I. Touré, Secretary-General, ITU: “The time from G.fast’s approval to its implementation looks set to be the fastest of any access technology in recent memory. A range of vendors has begun shipping G.fast silicon and equipment, and service providers’ lab and field trials are well underway.”

The Broadband Forum has begun developing a test suite and certification programme for G.fast systems. The test suite will provide for interoperability, functional and performance testing. A beta-trial of the certification programme is planned for mid-2015, and certified G.fast implementations are expected to appear on the market before the end of 2015.

"Consumers should have confidence that the leading broadband service providers globally are working hard to deliver 1Gbps, ultra broadband access," said Robin Mersh, CEO of Broadband Forum. "The new G.fast standard makes it possible for telcos to deploy 4K UHD services faster and more affordably than they could with Fiber to the Home (FTTH)."

"The hot new product this holiday season and beyond is 4K UHD TVs," said Gary Shapiro, CEA President and CEO. "But consumers need confidence that 4K UHD TV online content distribution services, which are often limited by bandwidth rates, are feasible. G.fast offers a promising way to overcome this challenge."

"Besides supporting high-end services such as multi-stream 4K UHD TV, in urban areas already with good penetration of fixed copper telephone lines, G.fast has the added benefit of bringing self-installed broadband access to existing homes cheaper and with less disruption than bringing fiber into the home," said Malcolm Johnson, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Bureau.



Sckipio Raises $17 Million for G.fast Silicon

Sckipio Technologies, a start-up based in Israel, has raised US$17 million in a Series B round for its G.fast modem chipsets and software.

Sckipio's G.fast solution includes chipsets bundled with software for a variety of access and mobile backhaul applications based on the ITU G.fast G.9700 and G.9701 standards, to which Sckipio is a leading contributor.

The new funding was led by Pitango Venture Capital and combined with follow-on investment from the original Series A investors; Gemini Israel Ventures, Genesis Partners, Amiti Ventures and Aviv Ventures. This Series B round follows an initial investment of $10 million in the company.

“The market for G.fast is about to explode,” said Eitan Bek, General Partner, Pitango Venture Capital. “But what makes Sckipio a special opportunity is its combination of a world-class team, incredible technology and deep expertise in the G.fast market.”

“Sckipio intends to extend our leadership in G.fast,” said David Baum, Sckipio CEO. “The additional investment will help us move even faster, enhance our product offering more quickly, and provide working capital to scale production to meet the high demand for our solutions.”


CenturyLink Acquires DataGardens for Cloud Disaster Recovery

CenturyLink has acquired DataGardens, a provider of Disaster Recovery-as-a-Service (DRaaS), for an undisclosed sum.

DataGardens takes a cloud approach to mirror physical or virtual machine data. Its flagship software suite, SafeHaven, provides cloud-based disaster recovery by creating an offsite virtual data center in locations such as CenturyLink Cloud. Customers can define recovery point objectives and recovery time objectives, and quickly failover and failback with minimal disruption to mission-critical systems. In addition, SafeHaven delivers point-and-click test failover and failback functions that simplify disaster recover testing without affecting production data. DataGardens is based in Alberta, Canada.

CenturyLink said the DataGardens technology platform is ideal for small to midsize business (SMB) customers or enterprise departments that cannot tolerate unexpected downtime, but have traditionally seen disaster recovery as too expensive or complicated to set up.


CenturyLink to Provide Cybersecurity to US Govt Agencies

CenturyLink was awarded a task order from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Office of Cybersecurity and Communications to provide Intrusion Prevention Security Services, known as EINSTEIN 3 Accelerated (E3A) protections, to U.S. federal civilian agencies. The one-year task order was issued under a four-year indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract for EINSTEIN cybersecurity services that was previously awarded to CenturyLink in March 2013. Financial terms were not disclosed.

CenturyLink said the EINSTEIN program provides advanced email filtering and web Domain Name System spoofing protections, as well as signature-based intrusion detection, prevention and mitigation services to participating federal agencies under the guidance and oversight of DHS.

"CenturyLink is proud to be selected to continue providing EINSTEIN cybersecurity protections to federal agencies," said Lisa Bruch, CenturyLink Government acting senior vice president and general manager. "We're excited to support DHS's mission to provide federal agencies with advanced managed cybersecurity capabilities that offer additional protections to mitigate growing and evolving threats. The ability to share valuable cyber intelligence and information with an expanding list of federal agencies."


Mitsui & Co. Invests in Pica8 for Open SDN

Pica 8, a start-up based in Palo Alto, California with R&D in Beijing, China, has added Mitsui & Co. Global Investment to its previously announced Series B funding round.

Pica 8 leverages commodity bare metal switches for its Open-vSwitch (OVS) SDN solution aimed at high-end data centers. PicOS provides extensive support for traditional switching and routing protocols.  Pica8 can provide PicOS, switching hardware or both in a fully integrated package as part of an end-to-end data center SDN solution.

“When network administrators think that programming a Cisco Catalyst switch with Python is SDN, SDN is in trouble,” said Steve Garrison, vice president of marketing at Pica8. “When Cisco says ACI is SDN even though it’s a closed architecture, SDN is in trouble. Pica8 believes that we have come too far along the path toward SDN to declare it the exclusive property of heavyweights like Cisco and Juniper.”


Vitesse Integrates Carrier Ethernet Services with Open Source SDN Controllers

Vitesse Semiconductor announced availability of an open, full duplex machine-programmable application programming interface (API) – JSON/RPC – for its CEServices software. This is an essential tool for enabling open-source SDN controllers to program all essential functions in an automated, programmatic model.

The company said the new capabilities introduced by the JSON/RPC machine-to-machine (M2M) protocol will enable its CEServices software stack to eclipse the rudimentary forwarding behavior of low-level APIs like OpenFlow, and extends SDN controller programming capabilities to:

  • End-to-end service creation
  • Operations, Administration and Maintenance (OAM)
  • Quality of Service (QoS)

“Vitesse’s turnkey CEServices software and Serval Carrier Ethernet switch engine have already been integrated into the popular OpenDaylight controller, and is in customer SDN/NFV trials with large service providers,” said Uday Mudoi, vice president of product marketing at Vitesse. “We recognize the criticality of service agility in global networks and are committed to helping define open and standardized APIs as part of the MEF Third Network Initiative.”


  • In January, Vitesse Semiconductor introduced its CEServices software suite for easier provisioning and management of Carrier Ethernet business services.
    CEServices software works in tandem with Vitesse's ViSAA-enabled Carrier Ethernet switch engines -- Jaguar, LynX, Caracal, and Serval -- to simplify Ethernet business service provisioning and monitoring at greater scale and wire-speed performance with various standards-based capabilities including:

  • Service classification and MEF compliant policing to meet advanced Service Level Agreements (SLAs);
  • Performance Monitoring and Service Activation Measurements - RFC2544, Y.1731 and Y.1564;
  • Multi-operator OAM - Up and Down MEPs;
  • Extensive suite of Carrier Ethernet and MPLS/MPLS-TP networking protocols; and
  • SyncE and IEEE 1588v2 PTP protocol support with Vitesse's VeriTime, the industry's de facto highest accuracy IEEE 1588v2 synchronization technology.

    For service subscriber Edge applications, such as SLAs, ViSAA Service Edge Software control functionality enables per EVC, policers, shapers, queues, tagging and marking, statistics and extensive OAM to ensure traffic flow compliance.

For network applications, CEServices software enables ViSAA networking functionality for provider bridge (Q-Q) tunneling. Traffic protection enables scalability, while ensuring reliability. CEServices also enables end point and immediate point access to MEF CE 2.0 capabilities and functions.

Cox Launches its First Gigabit Home Service in SoCal

Cox Communications has launched its first 1 gigabit residential Internet service at the new Park Place Apartment Homes in Irvine, California.

Cox is the first in Southern California with residential Internet service.

Earlier this year, Cox Communications announced that it would bring 1 gigabit speeds to residential customers in all of its markets by the end of 2016. The company has been deploying gigabit speeds to businesses for more than 10 years, and launched gigabit speeds to residential customers in Phoenix in October.

“Cox already offers the fastest residential Internet in Orange County, and with the launch at Park Place Apartment Homes, we’re the first provider in Southern California to offer 1 gigabit speeds to residential customers,” said Dave Bialis, Senior Vice President and Region Manager for Cox Communications in California. “As technology continues to advance and change how consumers use broadband, Cox will be well positioned to serve our customers in the future.”


T-Mobile to Raise Funds from New Share Offering

T-Mobile US is commencing a registered public offering of 17,391,305 shares of its Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, with a liquidation preference of $50 per share.

The company said it will use the funds for capital investments and acquisition of additional spectrum unrelated to spectrum it may obtain in the Federal Communications Commission’s pending AWS-3 spectrum auction.


Ireland's ESBT Deploys Coriant for 100G

ESoB Telecoms Ltd (ESBT) has deployed Coriant's hiT 7300 Multi-Haul Transport solution to enable 100G services for wholesale and enterprise customers across Ireland.

Coriant said the new ESBT network will also utilize the robust capabilities of the Coriant TransNet Planning Tool while being managed by Coriant's well-proven TNMS Management System. With these tools, ESBT can automate workflow and commissioning tasks while accelerating deployment of new services it plans to bring to market.


Sunday, December 7, 2014

Blueprint: NFV Needs to Get Back to (Virtual) Reality

by Pravin Mirchandani, CMO, OneAccess

Calls for ‘plausible NFV’ amid a world of short-sighted proof-of-concepts

NFV has been voraciously hyped and with good reason; there is much to get excited about. The potential benefits to operators and communication service providers (CSPs) of enabling a virtualized and service oriented network environment are vast: increased network flexibility, additional security, reductions in network OPEX/CAPEX, dynamic capacity adaptation according to network needs and, perhaps most crucial of all, reduced time to market for new, revenue generating network services that can combat declining ARPUs.  NFV really could be the silver bullet that operators and CSPs have been looking for.

Breaking Vendor Lock-in with NFV

But there’s a storm brewing for 2015. So excited has the networking industry become that its NFV gaze has focused almost universally on the end-game: an idealized world in which new services are ‘turned up’ as part of a complete virtualized service chain. Perilously little has been said about how operators will migrate to utopia from the battlegrounds of today.

To date, the central migration message coming from the big five networking vendors has been: ‘Trust us. We’ll get you there.’ Needless to say operators, whose collective future may be determined by their success with NFV, are far from comforted by such assurances. Many have endured vendor lock-in for decades and, as a result, are rightly viewing this first wave of proprietary NFV proof-of-concepts (POCs) with a healthy dose of skepticism. Given a viable and open alternative, NFV could be their chance to break free.

It’s not only vendor lock-in that operators should fear. In their haste to establish NFV dominance, many vendors have NFV-ized their existing lines of routers and switches by installing x86 cards and are now conducting operator POCs via this generic computing environment. This is sledgehammer NFV in action; it may prove that the theory behind NFV is possible, but it is seriously lacking in plausibility when any kind of scaled migration path is considered.

Cash-strapped operators are highly unlikely to stomach the significant price premium required to install x86 cards across their entire CPE infrastructure. Moreover, x86 does not always deliver the optimized performance needed for the volume packet handling and SLA requirements for today’s network services, and in the operators’ last-mile network, there are far too many access link combinations required to enable the physical hardware to be done away with any time soon. ADSL, VDSL, S.HDSL, among others, plus cellular for radio access (frequently used for backup), together with SFP ports to support different fiber speeds and optical standards, are not readily available in an x86 platform, and could only be made so at a prohibitive cost.

Operators Should Focus on Virtual Network Functions (VNFs)

Most importantly, however, is the need for operators to focus on the services, or virtual network functions (VNFs), that they wish to deliver. Today (over their legacy infrastructures) operators are just starting to introduce bundles of managed network services to enterprise customers and are generating much needed revenues as a result. In cash terms, the most valuable of these services (VPN encryption, application performance management and WAN optimization, are good examples) rely on intelligence being present at the edge of the network, as well as in the core. Locating ‘dual-headed’ functions such as these on the router itself makes by far the most sense, but will be a huge technical challenge to achieve via an x86 card.

Operators may go to sleep dreaming of a fully functioning virtualized infrastructure, but the tough truth is that they’re not going to wake up to one any time soon. Theirs is a world where every cent of network investment must be pegged against immediate performance gains. The slim budgets which do exist are focused on network imperatives, like tackling legacy infrastructure obsolescence and reducing TCO.

For operators to commit to NFV beyond today’s POCs, they will need a staged, scalable and flexible migration strategy, which neither increases costs nor diverts budgets away from more immediate priorities. They also need managed migration. This means the ability to ‘activate’ VNFs only when they are ready to do so, otherwise the money simply won’t be spent. It’s high time that the vendor community understood this and adjusted their management of these customers accordingly.

With this in mind, OneAccess has spent the last three years preparing its product portfolio to address precisely these issues. While the big five have vied for influence in NFV, scrapping over ‘who leads the market’, OneAccess has been doing the heavy lifting. It has successfully separated the hardware-dependent forwarding plane from the ripe-for-virtualization control plane in its CPE routers and integrated the tail-f management framework; something that no other CPE vendor has accomplished.

As a result, it can now enable both the virtualized management of each router and support the continued delivery of today’s legacy services as well as support dual-headed functions as VNFs.  And finally, because OneAccess is an operator service-enablement specialist, its router platforms are purpose designed for this environment which, in the context of NFV, means they are open. Not only does this guarantee interoperability with each operator’s existing infrastructure, it also hands them a skeleton key which they can use to force the bigger vendors to follow suit.

As we move into 2015, fever-pitch excitement over all things NFV will subside and the serious business of service migration will take center stage. For the sake of the operators, vendors in the networking industry can’t get back to (virtual) reality soon enough.

About the Author 

Pravin Mirchandani is chief marketing officer and NFV service evangelist at OneAccess, a service provider specialist in the design, development and deployment of cost-effective managed network services on pCPE.

Mirchandani leads product strategy and is responsible for product management and corporate communications at OneAccess. His particular strength is seeing around the corner and anticipating the unexpected, of particular relevance when considering the changes surrounding SDN and NFV.

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Docker Releases Three Orchestration Services for Multi-Container Distributed Apps

Docker released alpha implementations of three orchestration services for multi-container distributed applications. The goal is to help developers and sysadmins to create and manage a new generation of portable distributed applications that are rapidly composed of discrete interoperable Docker containers that can scale to run in concert anywhere from the developer’s laptop to hundreds of hosts in the cloud.

The three new orchestration services are:

  • Docker Machine: This service further expands the portability capabilities of distributed applications by providing the user the flexibility to provision any host with the Docker Engine, whether a laptop, a data center VM, or a cloud node. This saves a developer a significant amount of time in manual setup and custom scripting, resulting in faster iterations and compressing the development-to-deployment cycle.
  • Docker Swarm: Docker Swarm is a Docker-native clustering service that works with the Docker Engines, provisioned by the new Docker Machine service, and creates a resource pool of the hosts on which the distributed applications run. By automatically scheduling container workloads and allocating resources, Docker Swarm provides users with high-performance and availability while eliminating inefficient and error-prone manual resource management.
  • Docker Compose: This service provides developers with the ability to assemble applications from discrete, interoperable Docker containers completely independent of any underlying infrastructure, enabling distributed application stacks to be deployed anywhere and moved at any time. Defining a distributed application stack and its dependencies through a simple YAML configuration file converts what was an incredibly complex process into a simple one that can be executed in just a few keystrokes.
  • Open APIs and Open Design Create Opportunity for Broad Ecosystem

“As we evolve from applications created from a small number of Docker containers on a handful of hosts to large, multi-Docker container applications spread across clusters and diverse infrastructures, it is important that users don’t lose the qualities that have made Docker so successful,” said Solomon Hykes, CTO and founder of Docker and the Chief Maintainer of the Docker open source project. “This includes native and open interfaces, the ability to be portable across all environments, and through a common UI the power to leverage a broad ecosystem of 18,000 tools and 60,000 Dockerized apps.”

Docker said its orchestration services are being backed by a partner ecosystem that includes Cisco, Digital Ocean, HP, IBM, Mesosphere, Microsoft and VMware.

Cisco Hits Arista with Multiple Patent Lawsuit

Cisco filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Arista Networks, claiming that a dozen key switching features covered by 14 different U.S. patents held by Cisco were copied.

In a blog post, Mark Chandler, General Counsel at Cisco, writes that none of these features are incorporated in industry standards andy were patented by individuals who worked for Cisco and are now at Arista, or who at Cisco worked with executives who are now at Arista. Specifically, Cisco's complaint cites the following technologies that are incorporated by Arista in their entirety into Arista’s products.

  • System Database (“SysDB”) (Arista uses Cisco’s networking device implementation covered by Cisco Patent No. 7,162,537)
  • Zero-Touch Provisioning (“ZTP”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No. 7,290,164)
  • On Board Failure Logging (“OBFL”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No.7,340,597)
  • Control Plane Policing (“CoPP”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No. 7,224,668)
  • Spanning Tree Loop Guard(Arista uses Cisco’s implementations covered by Cisco Patent Nos. 7,460,492 & 7,061,875 )
  • In-Service System Upgrades (“ISSU”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation described by Cisco Patent No. 8,356,296)
  • Virtual Port Channels (“vPC”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No 8,051,211)
  • Access Control ListsImprovements (“ACL”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent Nos. 7,023,853 & 6,377,577)
  • Private Virtual Local Area Networks (“Private VLANs”) (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent Nos. 6,741,592 & 7,200,145)
  • Generic Command Interface (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No. 7,047,526)
  • CLI Command Data Translation (Arista uses Cisco’s implementation covered by Cisco Patent No. 7,953,886)
Furthermore, Chandler argues that "Arista promotes the theft of Cisco’s intellectual property as a key differentiator for Arista versus other Cisco competitors."

Mark Chandler's blog post is here:

A copy of the complaint is posted here:

Arista has not yet officially responded to the complaint but Jayshree Ullal, Arista’s chief executive, was quoted in the press expressing her disappointment in her former employer.

Saturday, December 6, 2014

Arianespace Launches DIRECTV-14 and GSAT-16

Arianespace successfully launched two satellites into orbit: DIRECTV-14 and GSAT-16. The launch used the Ariane 5 ECA rocket.

DIRECTV 14 is a 20-kilowatt class Ka-band and reverse-band digital broadcast satellite that will be used to provide Ultra HD and other new consumer services.  It is based on the SSL 1300 platform and will deliver a very advanced beam forming network for service across the U.S. including Alaska and Hawaii and Puerto Rico. It will be positioned at 99 degrees West longitude when launched and is designed to provide service for 15 years or more.

GSAT-16, which is the 11th Indian communication satellite, was built in Bangalore, carries 12 ku, 24 C and 12 Extended C band transponders.

DIRECTV said it expects the new satellite to be in service in early second quarter of next year. Tt will be the first commercial satellite to use the Reverse Band Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) spectrum.

 “DIRECTV 14 shows our commitment to the latest in satellite technology, including the development of a full broadcast payload for Reverse Band DBS spectrum and the leading edge delivery of 4K UltraHD video services,” said Phil Goswitz, senior vice president, Space & Communications, DIRECTV.  “SSL is a strong and reliable partner and continues to play a key role in DIRECTV’s ability to deliver the best entertainment experience for its customers.”


  • Last month, DIRECTV became the first multi-channel video provider to offer 4K Ultra HD programming direct to customers’ TVs, offering a variety of new releases, popular films and nature documentaries with nearly four times the resolution of HD. Customers who have DIRECTV’s Genie HD DVR are able to watch 4K programming on supporting 2014 Samsung UHD TVs.