Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Comcast Tests 1 Tbps, Long-Haul Super-Channel with Ciena

Comcast and Ciena completed a live field trial of a 1 Terabit/sec optical transmission spanning nearly 1,000 km over Comcast’s existing long-haul fiber infrastructure connecting Ashburn, Va. to Charlotte, N.C.

The 1 Tbps trial, which took place during the first week of October, carried live data traffic over a 1 Tbps 16QAM super-channel.  At the same time, that network was also carrying customer traffic over 10G, 40G and 100G wavelengths, all coexisting on a mix of flexible and 50GHz-spaced fixed grid channels.

The trial used Ciena’s 6500 Packet-Optical Platform solution that combined flexible grid Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexers (ROADM) with 16QAM coherent modulation to achieve 5b/s/Hz of spectral efficiency over a distance of nearly 1,000 km of uncompensated ELEAF fiber.

Ciena’s next generation Raman and programmable gain amplifiers, the newest addition to the WaveLogic intelligent coherent portfolio, provided optimized performance and system reach. The trial ran in parallel over the same optical infrastructure that supports a combination of HD video, Internet and voice traffic on Comcast’s existing 100G national backbone.

“We continue to work with Ciena to leverage our already installed Ciena 6500 platforms to deliver more content, faster Internet speeds and enable new cloud-based applications for our customers,” said Steve Surdam executive director, Network Engineering at Comcast Cable. “As we look to continuously evolve our network infrastructure, Ciena’s high-capacity Terabit optical technology will give us the flexibility and scalability required to future proof our network to deliver next-generation products and services for our customers.”


  • Comcast has been leveraging Ciena’s coherent 40G and 100G technologies across its national fiber network since 2009. Ciena’s packet networking solutions also support Comcast’s Metro Ethernet services offering.

Vitesse Unveils Jaguar-2 Switch Chip for Carrier Ethernet 2.0

Vitesse Semiconductor introduced its Jaguar-2 single chip solution for MEF Carrier Ethernet 2.0 business services over public and private cloud networks.

Jaguar-2 features 48 Gigabit Ethernet ports, 24 2.5G ports, up to four ports of direct connectivityto 10G optical modules and Layer-3 routing support. Sampling is expected to begin later this quarter.

Jaguar-2 leverages Vitesse Service Aware Architecture (ViSAA) to enable advanced Operations, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) and Service Activation Testing (SAT) capabilities, including wirespeed RF2544 and Y.1564.

Highlights of the Jaguar-2 family:
  • MEF CE 2.0 readiness with per Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) feature control and resource allocation support for 1 Gigabit Ethernet (GE) and 10GE applications;
  • Hierarchical service OAM and performance measurement including up and down MEP OAM and Service Activation Testing for maintenance and SLA assurance purposes;
  • Hierarchical QoS on a per-service basis, versus the port-level QoS available in competitive solutions;
  • VeriTime, which is Vitesse's high accuracy IEEE 1588v2 Precision Time Protocol implementation for nanosecond-accurate network timing and synchronization.
“As businesses increasingly outsource applications and data services to the cloud, their Ethernet connection becomes more critical than ever,” said Uday Mudoi, vice president, product marketing at Vitesse. “Representing the third-generation in Vitesse’s Carrier Ethernet switch engine portfolio, Jaguar-2 with ViSAA enables unprecedented levels of remote provisioning, monitoring and troubleshooting capabilities on service provider network access equipment. This granular level of control fundamentally changes how service providers can monetize their services and create new revenue opportunities.”


Accurate timing and synchronization is mission-critical for next generation networks. Carriers are migrating to packet-based timing architectures, including IEEE 1588, for the  advantages it offers over traditional synchronization techniques. This video discusses the evolution of network timing (0:51), IEEE 1588 (2:02), 1588 and Small Cell Architecture (2:29), LTE-Advanced Timing Accuracy Requirements (3:22), Differences in 1588 Implementations (3:50), and Vitesse's VeriTime solution (4:41).

GSA: 222 LTE Networks Launched

Th Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) confirmed that 222 operators have commercially launched LTE services in 83 countries.

Some highlights of their most recent report:

  • 109 LTE networks were commercially launched in the past 12 months.
  • 474 operators are investing in LTE in 138 countries, including 421 firm operator commitments to build LTE networks in 128 countries, plus 53 additional operators engaged in various trials, studies, etc. in a further 10 countries.
  • The majority of LTE operators have deployed the FDD mode of the standard.
  • The most widely used band in network deployments continues to be 1800 MHz (band 3) which is used in 43% of commercially launched LTE networks.
  • The next most popular contiguous bands are 2.6 GHz (band 7) used in 30% of networks, followed by 800 MHz (band 20) which is used in over 12% of networks today.
  • Interest in the TDD mode is strengthening and global. 23 LTE TDD systems are commercially launched in 18 countries, of which 11 that have been deployed in combined LTE FDD & TDD operations.

"Having globally aligned spectrum bands is a great result for end consumers, as these make international roaming easier, and help drive early device availability. Adoption of the APT700 MHz band plan represents a major opportunity for regional and global spectrum harmonization that could deliver the benefits of economies of scale for end-user devices," stated Alan Hadden, President of the GSA.


Alcatel-Lucent Intros Fixed-Access Micronodes

Alcatel-Lucent launched a range of fixed access micro-nodes that combine fiber and VDSL2 vectoring to bring ultra-broadband fixed access to more users, more quickly.

The small, customizable, fiber-fed micro-nodes can be deployed on telephone poles, in manholes, in buildings, and any other “fiber-to-the-distribution point” (FTTdp) location, covering 192, 48, 16, or even a single subscriber. The units offer a choice of powering options (remote or reverse), uplinks (GPON or GE), mounting, and service ports.  The range includes:

  • 7367 ISAM SX-48V with 48 VDSL2 vectoring ports
  • 7367 ISAM SX-16V with 16 VDSL2 vectoring ports
  • 7368 ISAM ONT G-010V with 1 VDSL2 port
  • 7363 ISAM MX-6: a compact modular system (with 6 mini linecards) supporting up to 192 VDSL2 vectoring ports. In addition, xDSL, POTS, and P2P fiber are also supported.

Alcatel Lucent also recently unveiled an EPON fiber solution, as well as a new Motive ServiceView solution that provides visibility across the entire network – including a view of micro-nodes and EPON fiber. It also looks across network services and all customer connected devices.


Infonetics: Managed Security Services Projected to Grow

Managed security services are projected to grow 45% over the next 5 years, according to a new report from Infonetics.  Major factors include:

  • An increase in the volume, variety, and complexity of threats of all types
  • Security product sprawl
  • A distributed workforce and the proliferation of BYOD erasing network perimeters
  • As IT infrastructure continues its march into the cloud, security will follow: cloud-based security service revenue is forecast by Infonetics to grow at a 10.8% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2012 to 2017, to $9.2 billion.

Though prominent SaaS providers like Google and Microsoft are transforming the standalone security business and bundling security functionality with business apps (Google Docs/Drive and Office 365), they remain serious competition for traditional managed security vendors

"The long-term outlook for managed security services, and especially cloud services, is quite strong, but there are some potential stumbling blocks,” cautions Jeff Wilson, principal analyst for security at Infonetics Research. “Improvements in the efficacy and ease of management of security products could decrease the urgency to move to the cloud, and regulatory drivers are forcing some customers to keep all data on premise.”


Broadcom Posts Revenue of $2.15 Billion, Announces 1,150 Job Cuts

Broadcom reported net revenue was $2.15 billion for the third quarter of 2013, up 2.7% compared with the $2.09 billion reported for the second quarter of 2013 and an increase of 0.8% compared with the $2.13 billion reported for the third quarter of 2012. Net income GAAP) was $316 million , or $0.55 per share (diluted), compared with a GAAP net loss of $251 million , or $0.43 per share (basic and diluted), for the second quarter of 2013 and GAAP net income of $220 million , or $0.38 per share (diluted), for the third quarter of 2012.

"Broadcom delivered better-than-expected results across the board in the September quarter," said Scott McGregor, Broadcom's President and Chief Executive Officer. "With the Renesas transaction closed, the combined team is working diligently to deliver LTE revenue in early 2014. Looking forward, we are taking the necessary steps to tightly manage the business while focusing on strategic initiatives, including LTE, data center innovation and driving the next generation of home video with HEVC."

Broadcom also noted that it has launched a global restructuring plan that includes a workforce reduction of up to 1,150 employees (some of whom originated from the Renesas acquisition). In connection with the plan, Broadcom recorded restructuring costs of $12 million in the third quarter of 2013 and anticipates that it will record approximately $20 million in restructuring costs in the fourth quarter of 2013.


  • In September 2013, Broadcom agreed to acquire LTE-related assets from affiliates of Renesas Electronics Corporation for approximately $164 million in cash. Broadcom is gaining a dual-core LTE SoC that is ready for volume production and is carrier-validated by leading global operators in North America, Japan and Europe. Broadcom also receives high-quality multimode, multiband, LTE-A/HSPA+/EDGE modem IP that includes support for leading-edge features such as Carrier Aggregation and VoLTE. The acquisition adds quality patents and applications to Broadcom's IP portfolio and brings some of the world's most experienced cellular engineers to Broadcom.  Broadcom said the deal will accelerate the launch of its first multimode, carrier-validated LTE SoC platform, which is now expected in early 2014. 

Cloudian Raises Funding from Intel for its Distributed Object Software

Cloudian, a start-up based in Foster City, California, announced Series B funding from Intel Capital.

Cloudian develops software for distributed object storage in cloud and enterprise use cases. Cloudian aims to help enterprise IT and cloud service providers (CSPs) to deploy turnkey multi-tenant private and public object storage systems on commodity IA servers, scaling from two servers to exabytes across multiple datacenters with high reliability and elasticity.

Cloudian is actively partnering with leading cloud computing environments including Citrix Cloud Platform, Apache CloudStack, and OpenStack, cloud on-ramp providers, and the vast ecosystem of tools and applications that is afforded through true S3 compatibility. Cloudian's customers include Vodafone, Nextel, NTT, Nifty, and LunaCloud. The company has additional offices in China and Japan.

"Cloudian puts the power of on-premise object storage and S3 application ecosystem into the hands of IT professionals at enterprises and managed service providers," said Michael Tso, co-founder and CEO, Cloudian. "We are thrilled to have Intel's support in our quest to deliver Cloudian globally through distributors and channel partners, bringing Cloudian's rich features and economics to private, public, and hybrid clouds."


ZTE Posts 9-Month Revenue of RMB 54.66 Billion (US$8.98b)

ZTE reported a net profit of RMB 552 million (US$90.69 million) from January to September, with basic earnings per share of RMB 0.16, in line with the company’s earlier forecast. Revenue dropped 10% to RMB 54.66 billion (US$8.98 billion). ZTE posted a quarterly profit after extraordinary items in the July-September period, ending a negative sequence that began in the second-quarter of 2012. ZTE forecasts the company will post a full-year net profit in 2013, after a loss in 2012.

Some highlights:

  • There was positive operational cash flow reported in Q3, following a sequence of negative cash flow in the July-September periods in 2009 to 2012.
  • Capital investment by global telecom operators remained sluggish, with spending focused on 4G networks and the construction of broadband networks, and their ancillary transmission networks.
  • In the China market, large-scale TD-LTE network construction will drive investment opportunities for solution providers, while the ongoing implementation of the Broadband China strategy would provide policy support for the development of high-speed broadband infrastructure nationally, ZTE is in a strong position to capitalize on these market opportunities by building our competitiveness and working closely in tandem with the operators.
  • Internationally, ZTE continued to focus its efforts in major and globally-leading carriers, and gained strong momentum in key sectors such as enterprise and government ICT solutions, services and mobile devices, while consolidating its share of the telecommunications network infrastructure market.


Monday, October 21, 2013

Tellabs to be Acquired to Marlin Equity Partners for $891 Million

Marlin Equity Partners, a Los Angeles California-based private investment firm with over US$1 billion of capital under management, will acquire all of the outstanding shares of Tellabs in a deal valued at $891 million ($2.45 per share in cash, representing a 4.3% premium over the closing price on October 18th).

"This transaction will deliver to Tellabs stockholders certainty of value and liquidity, immediately upon closing," said Vince Tobkin, Tellabs chairman. "Tellabs' Board of Directors arrived at the decision to enter into a transaction with Marlin after a thorough review of Tellabs' strategic alternatives and after more than 30 potential buyers, both strategic parties and financial sponsors, were contacted as part of a competitive bidding process.

“This deal reinforces Marlin’s long-term commitment to the telecommunications market sector and the business potential we believe is being driven by the concurrent demand for high-bandwidth mobile, video, and cloud-based services and applications,” said Pat DiPietro, an operating partner at Marlin. “Tellabs has an exceptionally strong heritage of technology innovation and customer-centric solutions, and we look forward to working closely with the Tellabs team to enhance long-term value for its premier customer base.


  • Tellabs reported 2012 revenue of $1.05 billion with earnings per share (GAAP) of $.47.  The company has about 2,100 employees and is based in Naperville, Illinois.
  • Earlier this year, Marlin acquired the Optical Networks business unit of Nokia Siemens Networks as well as Sycamore Networks.  The companies were combined into Coriant, a new optical transport company headquartered in Munich, Germany.

Microsemi to Acquire Symmetricom for its Precise Timing Solutions

Microsemi agreed to acquire Symmetricom for approximately $230 million, or $7.18 per share, representing a premium of 49 percent based on the average closing price of Symmetricom's shares of common stock during the 90 trading days ended Oct. 18, 2013.

Symmetricom specializes in highly precise timekeeping technologies for data, voice, mobile and video networks and services. It provides timekeeping in GPS satellites, national time references, and national power grids as well as in critical military and civilian networks. The company is based in San Jose, California.

Microsemi said expects significant synergies from this immediately accretive transaction. Based on current assumptions, Microsemi expects the acquisition to be $0.22 to $0.25 accretive in its first full calendar year ending December 2014.

Microsemi's current product lines include high-performance and radiation-hardened analog mixed-signal integrated circuits, FPGAs, SoCs and ASICs; power management products; timing and voice processing devices; RF solutions; discrete components; security technologies and scalable anti-tamper products; Power-over-Ethernet ICs and midspans; as well as custom design capabilities and services. The company is based in Aliso Viejo, California.

"The acquisition of Symmetricom will create the largest and most complete timing portfolio in the industry today," stated James J. Peterson, Microsemi president and chief executive officer. "From source to synchronization to distribution, Microsemi will offer an end to end timing solution for an expanded range of markets, driving increased dollar content opportunity and revenue growth."
"The acquisition of Symmetricom by Microsemi will create a powerful combination," said Elizabeth Fetter, Symmetricom's chief executive officer. "I believe Microsemi is the ideal company to leverage Symmetricom's technology and capabilities further into the communications market along with the scale to accelerate the adoption of the company's innovative new chip scale atomic clock (CSAC) technology into broader markets."


Cisco Intros XFP Transmitter Modules for Cable Operators

Cisco released a new high-density Prisma SuperQAM XFP Transmitter module for its flagship Prisma II optical video platform.

The new XFP Transmitter module is another key piece of Cisco's Converged Cable Access Platform (CCAP) migration plan, enabling operators to double the density of their current chassis from 16 transmitters to 32 transmitters and reduce power consumption by half.

Also, the module will fit into the optical physical interface card (PIC) in Cisco's next-generation Terabit CCAP product, the converged Broadband Router (cBR-8), which will directly link to the optical node and further reduce rack space in the cable headend.  Cisco is currently conducting trials and plans for deployment of the new modules with several major global service provider customers.


Equinix Renews Leases for Five Data Centers with Digital Realty

Equinix will renew existing leases with Digital Realty for five data center properties located in Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, Miami and Washington, D.C.

The companies said all five of the leases were negotiated at market rates and include 15-year initial terms from the current lease expirations, as well as two approximately 10-year renewal options at pre-negotiated rental rates. Financial terms were not disclosed.


Ikanos Unveils Neos Chipset Supporting G.fast

Ikanos Communications unveiled its next-generation DSL platform supporting the G.fast protocol for gigabit rates over standard copper lines.

The new Ikanos Neos architecture leverages the company’s ultra-low-power analog technology for improved power-per-port performance, gigabit data-rates, and high transmission reliability and line stability in high-data-rate vectored environments. The architecture is designed to support all the CPE and CO requirements in the G.fast specification, including line-power, VDSL2 fallback, and G.vector, configurable as single or multi-port.

Prototype availability is scheduled for the second quarter of 2014.

"The introduction of our next-generation G.fast platform is a testament to Ikanos’ commitment to advancements in DSL technology and to our dedication to driving the industry forward while bringing innovative and differentiated products to our customers,” said Omid Tahernia, president and CEO at Ikanos. “To us G.fast is not simply the next step in the evolution of the DSL standard. G.fast enables the realization of a vision where hybrid fiber-copper networks turn the promise of gigabit broadband into reality for telcos, effectively eliminating the need for costly FTTH deployments. While Ikanos has been at the forefront of driving the G.fast standardization efforts and is a strong advocate of standards compliancy and interoperability, we have maintained our focus on innovation and believe our G.fast family of products will bring unique and differentiated power profiles and robust transmission features to our customers, putting Ikanos in a leading position as the industry adopts the new standard."

In addition,  Ikanos introduced a new member of its VDSL2 CO (Central Office) processor family, the single-port Velocity-Uni. When used in tandem with a Fusiv Vx185-based home gateway, the end-to-end solution is capable of delivering up to 300Mbps aggregate data rate in FTTdp applications, covering a distance of up to 200 meters.


  • Earlier this year Ikanos demonstrated an aggregate data rate of 150Mbps at a distance of 500 meters in a 192-port DSLAM configuration.

  • The company has also demonstrated 300Mbps aggregate performance at 200 meters, ideal for short-loop FTTdp deployments.  

Ventev Wireless Intros Optimized Wi-Fi Antennas

Ventev Wireless Infrastructure, a division of TESSCO Technologies, introduced a new line of TerraWave Solutions High-Density Antennas for Wi-Fi deployments in stadiums, convention centers, campuses, city centers, airports, manufacturing facilities, and other locales with high densities of wireless clients.

Ventev says its next-generation antennas increase capacity and optimize coverage for Wi-Fi users in large, indoor/outdoor venues by providing a narrower, focused beam of coverage that reduces channel-to-channel interference.

The highest-performing TerraWave High-Density 2.4/5 GHz Patch Antenna uses a narrow 35-degree beamwidth (compared with the traditional 50-80 degrees) and features a higher gain (14 dBi versus 6-10 dBi) that enables a greater distance between the antenna and users. Thus there is a much higher flexibility in placement without sacrificing network performance.

The 2.4/5 GHz 10/11 dBi narrow-bandwidth TerraWave Ceiling-Mount High-Density Antenna for indoor applications features an inconspicuous in-ceiling tile mount that camouflages the Wi-Fi access point for improved aesthetics and increased security. It is the only ceiling-mount high-density antenna currently available specifically designed for indoor applications such as convention centers, auditoriums, large warehouses and factories.

The new line of antennas supports all of the industry’s leading access points, including Aruba Networks, Cisco Systems, Juniper Networks, Meru Networks, and Motorola Solutions, among others. The antennas feature a broad range of technical specifications (gain, beamwidth, number of ports) and offer a variety of mounting options (ceiling, wall, mast/pole, under the seat) to ensure the right product is selected for the right application.

“Ventev’s TerraWave line of High-Density Antennas are being deployed in high-profile, high-density locations throughout North America,” said Jeff Lime, Vice President of Ventev Wireless Infrastructure. “As Wi-Fi continues to move beyond carpeted environments, including outdoors into stadiums and on campuses, the ability to provide stronger, reliable Wi-Fi signals to large numbers of simultaneous users – while mitigating interference – is a huge benefit.”


Broadcom Debuts System-level Vector Processor

Broadcom introduced its system-level vector processor (VP) for removing crosstalk interference on DSL networks .

Broadcom said its BCM65500 solution enables services with throughput well over 100 Mbps downstream from any port of standard xDSL chassis of up to 384-lines. The BCM65500 vectoring processor is a turnkey system-level vectoring solution that offers Vector Control Entity (VCE) software to manage the BCM65500 and G.vector DSP chipsets, as well as Broadcom's high-performance, power-efficient 28nm XLP II control processor. The advanced microarchitecture leverages the 28nm process for industry-leading power and cost.

Network operators can see performance benefits with the upgrade of a single system fabric board in an already-deployed DSLAM -- a comparatively lower investment to more than double the bandwidth of existing copper lines.

"G.vector technology enables global operators to deliver high-bandwidth broadband services quickly, easily and cost-effectively by extending the performance of existing copper infrastructures," said Greg Fischer, Broadcom Vice President and General Manager, Broadband Carrier Access. "Our new system-level vector processor, utilizing Broadcom's field-proven G.vector technology and our unique DSL expertise, offers system OEMs a comprehensive solution to support the continued growth of DSL and FTTN services."

The Broadcom BCM65500 currently is sampling.


Broadcom Shows Most Advanced Multi-DSL Residential Gateway Chip

Broadcom announced its next generation, ultra high-performance digital subscriber line (DSL) and Gigabit routing chip for residential gateways and set-top boxes.

Broadcom's new BCM63138 integrates single and multi-line ADSL2+/VDSL2 channel bonding interfaces supporting concurrent physical layer capabilities such as G.Vector, G.inp and SRA, along with GbE switching with advanced broadband WAN to home LAN traffic flow management.

The design incorporates dual-PCIe interfaces to support dual-band concurrent 802.11n and 802.11ac (5G WiFi) wireless networking configurations, USB3 host ports and SATA interfaces for mass storage support, and a hardware secure boot mechanism.

The BCM63138 is uniquely positioned to facilitate the combination of set-top box and DSL gateway functionality into a single platform. It also offers an integrated multi-channel VoIP with DECT baseband.


Belgium's Telenet Selects ALU's 7950 Core Router

Telenet, Belgium’s leading cable broadband provider, has selected Alcatel-Lucent's 7950 Extensible Routing System (XRS) to meet the ever-expanding video and data demands of its customers.

Alcatel-Lucent said its 7950 XRS will prepare Telenet for the next decade of demand-growth from both residential and enterprise customers, supporting the explosion of video traffic created by high definition content, on-demand viewing and multi-screen delivery the widespread use of smart-phones and tablets, and the rapid adoption of ‘cloud’ applications.


Sunday, October 20, 2013

Layer123 SDN & OpenFlow World Congress: DT's Terastream Project

"The fundamental premise of Terastream is simplification," said Axel Clauberg, VP Aggregation, Transport, IP & Fixed Access, Deutsche Telekom AG, speaking at last week's Layer123 conference in Bad Homburg, Germany.

The Terastream project, which is a next generation network project of Deutsche Telekom, in many ways reflects the business drivers and next steps for SDN and NFV.  Clauberg said operators must continue to invest in their networks in order to handle explosive traffic growth and deliver an excellent customer experience. Competition is tough not only because of traditional challengers but because of over-the-top (OTT) players who are able to move very fast because they live in a software-based world.

The Terastream architecture answers these challenges, said Clauberg, by providing a radical simplification of the infrastructure and eliminating legacy protocols.  What should the network look like if all the traffic were IP?  What is all of the equipment for delivering services could be centralized in an infrastructure cloud data center?  Once the network operator has a data center that serves as an infrastructure cloud, it is easy to see how other network functions could be virtualized.

Key enabling technologies for Terastream include 100G coherent optics, IP/DWDM, IPv6, a real-time OSS, KVM hypervisors, and OpenStack.    IPv4 is only a service produced in the network. Clauberg said one early decision was to push for open standard solutions. The infrastructure cloud will be run on Layer 3 networking.  There is a strong push to make everything fully automated and secure.

Terastream has already been deployed in Croatia -- part of the DT global footprint -- as a proof-of-concept.  The first rollout occurred in a matter of months.  Over 500 customers are already getting up to Gigabit access speeds with native IPv6 service.

"We are on a path toward becoming a software-defined operator," said Clauberg.  However, even though operators are moving from hardware to these software business models, his call to the industry is to keep innovating in both domains.

A DT slide deck from last year.

  • In September, Deutsche Telekom confirmed multi-vendor interoperability on a 100 Gigabit Ethernet long haul link on TeraStream pilot network in Croatia.  The tests, which were a joint effort between Alcatel-Lucent, Cisco Systems, Hrvatski Telekom and Deutsche Telekom, represent an important milestone towards the future of generally available 100GbE networking.
    The actual link, the industry’s first of its kind, consisted of 600 km of Standard Single Mode Fiber (SMF) between the cities of Split and Varazdin using leveraging the TeraStream colorless, open spectrum, passive network. The 100 Gbps signal, carrying live production traffic, used ITU standard 50GHz spacing via a high gain forward error correction algorithm capable of achieving 10Gbps comparable distances. The implementation in this test used pre-standards, aligned in ITU Study Group 15.  Multi-vendor interoperability on the 100 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) long-haul DWDM links was established between IP routers from Cisco Systems and Alcatel-Lucent. Cortina Systems also provided technology for the tests.

AT&T and Crown Castle Sign $4.85 Billion Tower Deal

AT&T and Crown Castle announced a $4.85 billion deal under which AT&T will lease the rights to approximately 9,100 of its company-owned wireless towers to Crown Castle.   The deal also includes the sale of approximately 600 AT&T towers to Crown Castle.

Under the terms of the leases, Crown Castle will have exclusive rights to lease and operate approximately the towers, including the option to sublease to other carriers. The average term of the lease rights is about 28 years. As the leases expire, Crown Castle will have fixed price purchase options, totaling approximately $4.2 billion, for these towers based on their estimated fair market values at the end of the lease terms.

AT&T will sublease capacity on the towers from Crown Castle for a minimum of 10 years for $1,900 per month per site, with annual rent increases of 2 percent. AT&T has the option to renew up to a total of 50 years. AT&T will also have access to additional reserve capacity on the towers for future use. AT&T expects the additional capacity will help it continue to meet growing demand for mobile Internet services. The transaction will have no impact on the customer experience.

“This deal is good for AT&T and our shareholders,” said Bill Hogg, Senior Vice President — Network Planning and Engineering, AT&T Services Inc. “This deal will let us monetize our towers while giving us the ability to add capacity as we need it. And we’ll get additional financial flexibility to continue to invest in our business, maintain a strong balance sheet and return value to our shareholders.”


  • In December 2012, Crown Castle purchased approximately 7,200 towers from T-Mobile USA for $2.4 billion in cash.  
  • Also in 2012, Crown Castle International acquired NextG Networks for approximately $1.0 billion in cash.  NextG, which specialized in outdoor distributed antenna systems ("DAS"), had over 7,000 nodes-on-air and a further 1,500 nodes under construction. In addition, NextG had rights to over 4,600 miles of fiber. Over 90% of NextG nodes were in urban and suburban locations, with 80% in the top ten US metropolitan areas, including New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and Dallas Fort Worth.

Saturday, October 19, 2013

OpenStack Havana Adds Metering and Orchestration Features for Scaling Clouds

The OpenStack community marked the eighth release of its open source software for building public, private, and hybrid clouds.

OpenStack Havana introduces nearly 400 new features to support software development, managing data and running application infrastructure at scale.  There were over 900 contributors to the Havana software release, a more than 70% increase from the Grizzly release six months ago. Two new projects, OpenStack Orchestration and Metering, were incubated during the Grizzly release cycle and are now available in the Havana release.

Some of the New Capabilities in OpenStack Havana:

  • Application-Driven Capabilities – OpenStack Orchestration, now available as part of the Havana release, is a template-driven service for describing and automating the deployment of compute, storage and networking resources for an application. The new global clusters feature for Object Storage enables you to cut costs and improve performance by replicating and delivering data around the world, and the new QoS capability across Block Storage drivers allows you to guarantee performance requirements for an application.  Docker support was also added to speed application deployment using containers.
  • Improved Operational Experience – During this release cycle, significant effort went into increasing the breadth of functionality that is exposed through the Dashboard. A new team of user experience experts also contributed their time to improve the UI, workflows and productivity. OpenStack Metering, another new service in Havana, provides users with a single source of usage data across OpenStack services for activities like enterprise chargebacks and feeding systems monitoring tools.
  • More Enterprise Features – OpenStack continues to mature and support enterprise-driven features such as end-to-end encryption across all Block Storage drivers, SSL support across all service APIs, new VPN and Firewall-as-a-Service capabilities, and support for rolling upgrades and boot from volume, which provides the foundation for live migration. Additionally, popular storage and networking providers continue to improve and write new plugins for OpenStack, making it easier for enterprises to work with their trusted vendors and take advantage of existing infrastructure.
"If software development, managing data or running application infrastructure is strategic to your business, OpenStack is the platform that will accelerate time to value," said Jonathan Bryce, executive director of the OpenStack Foundation. "We’ve seen more users contribute directly to the Havana release than ever before. It means users are empowered and driving the direction of OpenStack based on their real-world use cases and implementations."