Tuesday, August 28, 2012

Ericsson Supplies Packet Optical for California's Digital 395 Project

Praxis Associates has selected Ericsson as the sole optical transport supplier for the California Broadband Cooperative’s (CBC) Digital 395 Broadband Project. 

Ericsson’s packet optical transport platform (POTP), the SPO 1400, will deliver broadband services to schools, hospitals, government agencies and other critical facilities along a 583-mile fiber route in the Eastern Sierra Mountains in California.  The project’s service area encompasses 36 communities, six Indian reservations, two military bases, 26,000 households and 2,500 businesses. 


  • Ericsson’s SPO 1400 family, which leverages a Unified Packet/OTN Switch Fabric, integrates OTN, SONET/SDH and PDH support and performance, L2 connection oriented Ethernet switching and aggregation and WDM technology. The product family previously scaled from 2-service slots and 40G of capacity to a chassis-platform offering 16-service slots and 800G of capacity.  Its latest SPO 1480 scales the solution to 32/40 service slots and a switching fabric with 3.2 Tbps of capacity. It brings fully non-blocking ODU-0 granularity to the metro regional aggregation and it also introduces 100 Gbps Coherent DWDM interfaces.

    Ericsson said the value proposition of its SPO POTP family is the ability to deliver low and high order TDM and packet and wavelength services across the Metro Access and Regional network on a common set of platforms with a single multilayer IP Transport Network Management Systems (IPT NMS). The hybrid TDM-WDM-Packet architecture provides the flexibility to optimize node configurations for location and cost with the ability to scale optical capacity without sacrificing shelf switching capacity.

Xilinx Acquires PetaLogix for Embedded Linux Tools

Xilinx has acquired PetaLogix, a developer of embedded Linux tools, for an undisclosed sum.

PetaLogix was founded in 2005 by Dr. John Williams when he was a Research Fellow at the University of Queensland, before spinning out as a privately held company in 2007.

"PetaLogix has been a key player behind the growing adoption of Xilinx programmable technologies within the embedded market, first providing a Linux distribution for MicroBlaze and PowerPC processors, and now a Linux distribution and tool chain for the Zynq™-7000 All Programmable SoC," said Tomas Evensen, chief scientist for embedded software at Xilinx. "With their technology, tool set and expertise, the PetaLogix team is uniquely positioned to help Xilinx further shorten time-to-market and aggressively drive growth in the embedded space, and across all key vertical market segments we serve."


Telstra Intensifies LTE Rollout in Key Cities

Telstra will more than double its 4G coverage area in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth over the next 10 months. The network expansion will see more than 1,000 new 4G/LTE base stations installed by mid 2013. When all new sites are live, Telstra’s 4G service will reach approximately 66 per cent of the Australian population – up from 40 per cent today.

The first new 4G sites have just been launched in Bondi and in the North Shore rail tunnel in Sydney.

"Our 160,000 4G smartphone customers are already telling us that 4G is improving their mobile experience, with research showing they’re more likely to reach for their device over their PC to search the web, social network and bank online -- compared with 3G smartphone owners. Our network expansion kicks off in Sydney today where we’re introducing some of the world’s fastest mobile internet speeds to customers visiting iconic Bondi Beach and to underground rail passengers travelling on the North Shore line between Central and North Sydney stations, helping our customers stay connected and entertained on their commute," said Brendon Riley, Telstra’s Chief Operations Officer.

Some additional notes from Telstra:
  • Australians are now using more than 340,000 Telstra 4G mobile broadband devices and more than 160,000 4G smartphones.
  • Analysis of Telstra’s customer base shows men have been fastest to embrace 4G smartphones – accounting for 56 per cent of Telstra’s 4G smartphone base vs 44 per cent women.
  • Queenslanders lead the pack when it comes to 4G smartphone adoption accounting for 26 per cent of 4G smartphone subscribers, followed by Victorians (accounting for 22 per cent) and customers in NSW (21 per cent).
  • Aussies aged 18-29 years old are most enamoured with 4G smartphones representing 24 per cent of Telstra’s of subscribers. The 40-49 age group are the next biggest buyers (23.5 per cent), followed by 30-39 year olds (representing 22 per cent of Telstra’s 4G smartphone base).             
  • 4G smartphone owners spend on average 7 hours a week surfing the web on their mobiles.
  • Half of 4G smartphone owners surveyed say search the internet (e.g. Google) more on their 4G smartphones than they do on a PC.
  • Half say they use their 4G smartphone as the primary way to access social networking.
  • 28 per cent say they access online banking more on their 4G mobiles than their computer.

Cisco and EMC Offer "Three Paths to the Cloud"

Cisco and EMC jointly announced a "three paths to the cloud" strategy that combines custom-design infrastructure, validated reference architectures, and pre-integrated converged infrastructure.  The plan includes new joint reference architectures, aligned channel partner incentives, and integrated customer support to speed customers' path to the cloud.

The "three paths to the cloud" include:

  • Implement a custom-designed infrastructure with best-of-breed products
  • Install validated, easy-to-deploy reference architectures with Cisco solutions for EMC VSPEX Proven Infrastructure. The two new Cisco Validated Designs (CVD) are Cisco Solutions for EMC VSPEX for Microsoft Hyper-V Architectures and Cisco Solutions for EMC VSPEX for VMware vSphere 5.0 Architectures.
  • Purchase a pre-integrated converged infrastructure with VCE Vblock System.

Cisco and EMC have been strategic partners for a decade. More than 200 channel partners have been trained to resell and deploy EMC VSPEX with Cisco Unified Data Center.


T-Systems Launches vCloud Powered by VMware

T-Systems is an early partner for VMware vCloud Data Center Services, which is being integrated into the T-Systems' Dynamic cloud portfolio. The carrier is the first to offer this capability in Europe.

vCloud is an Infrastructure-as-a-Service solution that allows companies to expand their internal IT resources with the cloud capacities of T-Systems. AutoScouts24, an online car marketplace for Europe, is the first customer. Actum/G2, one of the leading digital marketing agencies in the Czech Republic, is another customer.

Deutsche Telekom is also transforming its own IT services towards the cloud while accelerating its innovation speed and time-to-market.


TI Extends its Keystone Multicore DSPs with OpenMP

Texas Instruments (TI) has added support for OpenMP Application Program Interface (API) to its KeyStone-based TMS320C66x multicore DSPs.

The OpenMP API is a portable, scalable model that provides a flexible interface for developing parallel applications in markets such as mission critical, industrial automation, embedded vision, medical imaging, video surveillance, audio and video infrastructure and high performance computing.

“With the industry’s first production release of OpenMP API support on their multicore DSPs, TI is truly making multicore programming easier for developers,” said Michael Wong, CEO of OpenMP. “TI’s support of the OpenMP API on its KeyStone-based C66x multicore DSPs allows developers to easily migrate their applications to take advantage of power and performance. This is an important milestone for all developers in the embedded processing space.”


Monday, August 27, 2012

VMware Builds its SDN Capabilities

At its VMworld event in San Francisco, VMware unveiled its new VMware vCloud Suite 5.1 for software-defined data centers.

The goal is to abstract all hardware resources and pool them into aggregate capacity, enabling tenants to have their own virtual datacenters with a logically isolated collection of all the virtual compute, storage, networking and security resources. VMware vCloud Suite 5.1 introduces a number of virtualization, software-defined data center services, policy-based provisioning, disaster recovery, and application and operations management capabilities.

 On the networking side, the vCloud Suite now enables the dynamic creation of virtual networks and services that are decoupled and independent from the physical network hardware. Specifically, the new vCloud Networking and Security allows for the creation of logical networks for each application or tenant. The system can isolate the network traffic between applications belonging to the same organization – regardless of physical network constraints or boundaries.

VMware said that by creating a pool of network capacity on top of any network hardware, its vCloud Networking and Security can support tens of thousands of isolated virtual networks with the same operational ease of creating and managing VMs.

VMware vCloud Networking and Security integrates the VXLAN protocol and VMware vShield Edge and application security service for virtualizing the network – from virtual switching to virtualized layer 4-7 services. It will also include an extensibility framework to support the integration of a wide range of third-party network and security solutions.


Juniper Expands its 10GbE Switching Line

Juniper Networks introduced the EX4550, the newest member of Juniper’s 10GbE switching line.

The EX 4550, which is available with both fiber and copper interfaces, includes Juniper’s unique Virtual Chassis technology, enabling multiple interconnected switches to operate as a single, logical device.

The EX4550 Ethernet Switch offers 32 wire-speed GbE or 10GbE pluggable ports in a compact one rack unit base platform. It includes two expansion slots, one in front and one in back, that accommodate optional expansion modules that can increase the EX4550’s density to 48 wire-speed GbE or 10GbE ports, delivering 480 Gbps of Layer 2 and Layer 3 connectivity.

The switch can participate in the same Virtual Chassis configuration with EX4200 Ethernet switches, making its suitable for customers migrating from 1GbE to 10GbE servers.


India Sets 800 & 1800 MHz Spectrum Auction for November

India's Department of Telecommunications will conduct an e-auction of spectrum in 1800MHz and 800MHz bands in November.  A document published by the regulator describes qualification criteria and timelines for companies planning to bid for the spectrum.

Holders of CMTS/ UAS licenses will be treated as ‘Existing Player’.  Companies seeking to enter the market (not an existing licensee) need to get a Unified License (UL), which can only be issued to an Indian company with a maximum foreign equity of 74% as per extant guidelines. Hence, foreign entities desirous to participate in the auction(s) will need to form an Indian company accordingly to obtain a Unified Licence (UL).

For the1800MHz band auction, the spectrum Block Size shall be 1.25MHz (Paired). A minimum of 8 blocks each of 1.25MHz (10MHz) will be put to auction in all service areas. In addition, a provision will be made for spectrum up to 3 blocks each of 1.25MHz (3.75 MHz), wherever available, after reserving spectrum for refarming against allocation in 900 MHz band for the licences expiring during 2014 to 2016 and also taking care of guard band requirements, for topping up the 8 blocks of spectrum put to auction i.e. up to a total of 11 blocks each of 1.25MHz to meet the requirement of new entrants, if such an exigency arises, and to ensure that the entire quantum of spectrum of 10MHz in each service area is allocated in the auction.  The existing operators will be allowed to take maximum two blocks of 1.25MHz each in each service area.

For the 800MHz band auction, the spectrum Block Size shall be 1.25MHz (Paired).  A minimum of 3 blocks each of 1.25MHz (3.75MHz), will be put to auction in all service areas. In addition, a provision will be made for spectrum of one block of 1.25MHz, wherever available, for topping up the 3 blocks of spectrum put to auction, to meet the requirement of new entrants, if such an exigency arises, and to ensure that the entire quantum of spectrum of 3.75MHz in each service area is allocated in the auction.

The existing operators will be allowed to bid for 1 block of 1.25MHz in each service area. New entrants will be required to bid for minimum of 2 blocks each of 1.25MHz in each service area.

Start of the e-auction of 1800MHz Band is slated for 12-November-2012.  The 800 MHz e-auction will start 2 days from the day of close of the e-auction of 1800MHz Band.


Cisco and VMware Tighten Strategic Partnership

Cisco and VMware are expanding their strategic partnership to include integrated products and solutions for software defined data centers.  The companies are building dedicated engineering teams to collaborate on deeper integration across the VMware cloud infrastructure and management stacks and Cisco's Data Center Networking and Fabric Computing platforms. 

The companies said their goal is to launch a new set of solutions designed to provide customers unprecedented levels of agile compute and network services, workload and workspace mobility, end-to-end visibility, and ease of troubleshooting across their physical and virtual infrastructures.

Some highlights of the announcement at VMworld:
  • VMware will integrate the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Switches with the new VMware vCloud Suite 5.1 and other VMware products.
  • Cisco and VMware will develop Cisco Unified Computing Systems (UCS)-based cloud solutions, which will bundle Cisco virtual networking, virtual services and management such as the Nexus 1000V virtual switch, CSR 1000V cloud router, ASA 1000V cloud firewall, virtual WAAS for WAN optimization, and Intelligent Automation for Cloud with VMware vSphere 5.1, VMware vCloud Suite 5.1 and complementary management offerings.
  • Cisco will resell VMware vCloud Suite 5.1, which will feature enhanced interoperability with Cisco Nexus 1000V.
  • VMware and Cisco are expanding their joint solutions with Cisco VXI and VMware View to introduce new integrated solutions for SMB and ROBO customers featuring Cisco e-Series UCS servers and VMware View®.
  • Cisco and VMware will also provide Cisco Validated Designs and reference architectures to simplify and accelerate customer implementation of these joint solutions.
  • Cisco and VMware joint solutions will be made available for VCE, as well as ecosystem partners, to help drive customer adoption of its industry-leading converged infrastructure platforms. Cisco and VMware remain strongly committed, along with EMC, to the VCE partnership.
"The next-generation datacenter will enable customers to capture the value of VMware cloud infrastructure and management stacks along with the next wave of Cisco innovations in hardware, ASICs, systems and network programmability to deliver unprecedented scalability, security, diagnostics and policy management. As the leader in networking, Cisco looks forward to continuing to lead the industry in partnership with VMware," stated Rob Lloyd, Executive Vice President, Cisco.

In June 2012, Cisco outlined its vision for the Open Network Environment (ONE), promising multilayered "full-duplex" programmability across network hardware platforms and its operating systems based on application dynamics. The goal is to enable flexible, application-driven customization of network infrastructures through a rich set of platform APIs, agents and controllers, and overlay network technologies.

The ONE framework consists of three fundamental technology components: Platform Interfaces, Agents and Controllers , and Virtual Overlays. Initial deliverables of the Cisco Open Network Environment include:
  • a developer kit with platform APIs across Cisco IOS, IOS-XR, and NX-OS Software
  • Proof-of-concept controllers and SDN/OpenFlow agents allowing academic research partners to universities to partition or "slice" their campus network to enable academic research on SDN with consistent policy management.
  • Overlay network solutions that include the Cisco Nexus 1000V for scalable, multitenant cloud deployments.

Cisco said its open programmability architecture complements current approaches to software-defined networking while encompassing the entire solution stack from transport to management and orchestration. The new virtual overlay networks capability for multi-tenant cloud deployments with the Cisco Nexus 1000V virtual switch will feature OpenStack support, programmability, multi-hypervisor capability, and VXLAN gateway functionality. The company will also provide proof-of-concept OpenFlow v1.0 agents on the Cisco Catalyst 3750-X and 3560-X Series Switches.

In July 2012, VMware agreed to acquire Nicira, a start-up focused on software-defined networking (SDN) for approximately $1.05 billion in cash plus approximately $210 million of assumed unvested equity awards. The goal of SDN is to allow enterprises and service providers to create the most flexible network topologies that seamlessly span any cloud environment.

Nicira, which is based in Palo Alto, California, has developed a software-based Network Virtualization Platform (NVP) that creates a distributed virtual network infrastructure in cloud data centers that is completely decoupled and independent from physical network hardware. The company says its technology "decouples and isolates virtual networks from the underlying network hardware, like server virtualization decouples and isolates virtual machines from the underlying server hardware."

Nicira's NVP software is implemented at the network edge and managed by distributed clustered controller architecture. The system forms a thin software layer that treats the physical network as an IP backplane. This approach allows the creation of virtual networks that have the same properties and services as physical networks, such as security and QoS policies, L2 reachability, and higher-level service capabilities such as stateful firewalling.

Juniper Scales its Virtual Gateway Security

Juniper Networks is expanding the capabilities of its vGW Virtual Gateway solution to support hybrid private/public cloud security as well as Service Provider business models in cloud security.

Juniper's vGW Virtual Gateway is a hypervisor-based security solution for monitoring and protecting virtualized network environments. It delivers stateful firewall, integrated intrusion detection (IDS), and virtualization-specific antivirus (AV) protection for ensuring VM host capacity and performance.

These latest upgrades to vGW secure both IPv4 and IPv6. Juniper has also added new Cloud API and software developer’s kits (SDKs) to help Service Providers automate security configuration in virtual environments. New vGW management enhancements facilitate security for large-scale multi-tenant cloud deployments by offering more granular and customizable security segmentation.


Broadcom's StrataXGS Trident II Packs 100 10GbE Ports for Virtualized Data Centers

Broadcom unveiled its new StrataXGS Trident II Series Ethernet switching chip designed for extremely dense, cloud-scale data centers.  The design brings 2X greater forwarding density, a 4X increase in network virtualization scale, and the ability to deliver 100 10GbE ports for massive scale in top-of-rack or aggregation switches. Uplink capabilities in the flexibility to support up to 32 40GbE ports.

The performance boosts in this latest generation of StrataXGS silicon are matched by new "SmartSwitch" technologies, including

  • Smart-NV: Delivers up to 4X greater scale, enabling SDN virtualization across both virtual and physical workloads at wire-speed. Enables cloud-scale network infrastructure virtualization using advanced Layer 2 over Layer 3 (L2oL3) network virtualization technologies such as NVGRE and VXLAN.
  • Smart-Buffer: Delivers up to 5X higher packet buffer utilization and burst absorption performance using innovative traffic load-based intelligent and dynamic allocation schemes.
  • Smart-Table: Delivers highest Layer 2 and Layer 3 forwarding scale with network topology-based profiling for maximum deployment flexibility.
  • Smart-Hash: Eliminates polarization and load imbalances in fat-tree networks possessing heavy and diverse traffic patterns. Provides unprecedented network traffic visibility and diagnostics required by software defined networking. 
Sampling of the StrataXGS Trident II Series is expected this quarter with multiple device options.


Dell'Oro: Demand for 40G and 100G Wavelengths in Weak Optical Market for 1H2012

WDM equipment revenue rose five percent in first half 2012 compared to a year ago, according to a newly published report by Dell'Oro Group.  The growth is attributed to strong demand for 40/100 Gbps wavelengths.  However, the report finds that the overall optical transport equipment market declined approximately five percent in the first half of 2012 from year-ago levels to $6.1 billion.

"The optical market contracted in the first half of 2012 due to lower spending in the mature markets of North America and EMEA," said Jimmy Yu, Vice President of Optical Transport research at Dell'Oro Group.  "The emerging regions of Asia Pacific and Latin America, however, did grow as service providers in the regions continued to expand network capacity," added Mr. Yu.

Two other key findings:

  • Huawei captured approximately 20 percent share of the worldwide optical market in first half 2012.
  • Adoption of Optical Packet products continued to rise and contributed close to one-third of the optical market revenues in first half 2012.

New Cloud Advisory Council Gets Started

A new Cloud Advisory Council has been established to support the roll-out of next-generation cloud architecture.

The Cloud Advisory Council brings together original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), strategic technology suppliers, independent software vendors (ISVs), and end-users.

Founding members include: AMAX, AMD, Atlantic.Net, Check Point Software, Colfax, DDN, Eucalyptus, Mellanox Technologies, Nanjing Standard Communication, Nimbula, ProfitBricks, SGI, Sugon, Supermicro, and Xeround.


Sunday, August 26, 2012

Hibernia Atlantic Links its Fiber Network to Chicago's CME

 Chicago's CME Group, the world's leading and most diverse derivatives marketplace, is a new Point of Presence (PoP) on Hibernia Atlantic's Global Financial Network (GFN).

Specifically, Hibernia is now providing direct, low latency connectivity up to 10 Gigabit Ethernet into CME Group’s new data center located in Aurora, Illinois.

The facility, which encompasses more than 428,000 square feet houses CME's advanced trading match engines for its CME Globex platform, the fastest-global electronic trading systems for futures and options.


Violin Memory OEMs VMware’s Virtualization Technology

Violin Memory announced an OEM agreement with VMware, offering virtualization-in-a-box to enterprise customers. This enables companies to run business critical and big data applications at the speed of memory in virtualized and cloud environments.

The deal enables vSphere to run natively on Violin’s flash Memory Arrays, so that customers can put business critical applications directly on Violin’s system to get industry leading storage performance without worrying about the configuration or management of traditional storage networks.

“Violin has identified the virtualization challenges with disk-based storage infrastructures and set out to eliminate those barriers using flash,” said Narayan Venkat, vice president of products for Violin Memory. “By partnering with VMware, we enable our customers to achieve their goal of a fully virtualized data center. This is one of the many steps we’ve taken to apply the benefits of flash to virtualized environments, and create specialized application acceleration appliances like Virtual Database-in-a-box, Private Cloud-in-a-box and VDI-in-a-box.”

Violin Memory also confirmed its ability to deliver 1.35 million IOPS for virtualized mixed workloads on VMware vSphere.  This result has been validated by Enterprise Strategy Group (ESG).  The test also showed Violin Memory Arrays can scale up to 10,000 virtual desktops on Violin arrays using VMware View without restrictions.

Violin Memory said flash memory arrays are superior to legacy HDD-based storage systems, which cannot manage the performance and scalability required to virtualize business critical applications and desktops.   By supporting 10,000+ desktops through sustained low latency, even during load, the Violin Memory 6000 Series flash Memory Arrays 6000 system enables large enterprise-wide VDI with a small storage footprint in the data center.

Vyatta Launches Empowering SDN Initiative

Vyatta introduced its "Empowering SDN initiative" to help enterprises and service providers build an enduring software-defined networking (SDN) strategy.

Vyatta said the significance of its Empowering SDN program is the ability to take steps now, using established protocols like OSPF and BGP, to create agile, capacity-on-demand networks for the future.

In data centers, SDN could allow users to allocate groups of servers on-the-fly . Vyatta's software based routers, firewalls and VPNs enables enterprises to connect and securing these groups. Vyatta's code can be operated as virtual machines (VMs). This approach removes the constraints of a fixed device with a finite, predetermined amount of physical ports and other resources. The Vyatta VM can be replicated and positioned where needed, avoiding network congestion due to unneeded trips out to a central router. Additionally, software-based networks can provide significant savings over a large, proprietary router – leveraging the economies of the x86 architecture.

Vyatta also noted that its software-based networks are built on open source projects, resulting in code that has been downloaded more than a million times and tested extensively in production networks worldwide. Its code has demonstrated interoperability with a wide range of network gear and continues to extend its capabilities, adding to the management and API with a roadmap to include OpenStack, CloudStack and other emerging cloud provisioning tools.


AT&T to Host DevLab in Silicon Valley

AT&T has opened registration for DevLab, a one-day, hands-on programming workshop for developers, providing a technical deep dive into the latest services and tools for mobile app development. The event will take place September 25 at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.

At DevLab, AT&T's new Speech API, part of the AT&T API Platform, and the AT&T Application Resource Optimizer (ARO) which analyzes mobile application efficiency, giving developers the ability to improve battery life and data usage.

Developers can learn more and register at http://2012devlab.com

Saturday, August 25, 2012

Qualcomm Acquires DesignArt for Wireless Backhaul Chipsets

Qualcomm has acquired DesignArt Networks, a developer of small cell modem chipsets for cellular base stations and high-speed wireless backhaul infrastructure, for an undisclosed sum.

DesignArt, which is based in Ra’anana, Israel, supplies system-on-chip (SoC) and software for indoor and outdoor small cell base stations and remote radio heads.

The product set includes its DAN3000 SoC platform, which can supports various types of cell-site RF access equipment required for the emerging HetNet architecture - specifically all-in-one BTS and single-RAN radio head equipment. The DAN3000 baseband pipeline is designed to provide sufficient signal processing capacity to support the implementation of 4G LTE R10 baseband pooling and multi-GE unified mobile backhaul solutions. The company was founded in 2006.

Qualcomm said the acquisition allows its networking customers to benefit from the efficient integration of small cell and Wi-Fi technologies with various wireless and wireline backhaul options to support the proliferation of indoor and outdoor small cells that provide coverage and capacity exactly where it is needed.

"DesignArt and its products will both enhance and accelerate our initiatives to drive increased capacity and coverage in mobile networks,” said Craig Barratt, president of Qualcomm Atheros. “Operators can significantly improve user experience across residential, enterprise and outdoor networks given the greater network efficiencies derived by implementing small cells and heterogeneous networks." http://www.qualcomm.com

Friday, August 24, 2012

Huawei Launches Blade Remote Radio Unit - Distributed Base Stations

Huawei introduced a new Blade Remote Radio Unit (RRU) as part of its distributed base station solution, which supports the assembly of different bands to meet operator multi-band, multi-technology network deployment requirements.

Huawei said its Blade RRU reduces the total volume of RRU equipment, enhances installation flexibility, simplifies operations and maintenance, and simultaneously supports multi-technology, multi-band networks with limited site resources and costs.

The volume of a single RRU is 12L, which is half the industry average. For flexible network deployment, multiple RRUs are seamlessly assembled as “one box” with independent installations and maintenance for each unit, meaning that this single entity of assembled RRUs supports multi-band, multi-mode GSM/UMTS/LTE, multi-sector, multi-carrier and multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) technology in accordance with evolving network development requirements.