Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Qualcomm's Next Snapdragon with 3G/LTE Supports Windows 8

Qualcomm's next generation dual-core and quad-core Snapdragon family of smart mobile processors, including the MSM8960 with integrated 3G/LTE modem, is being designed to power devices running the next version of Windows. Specific functionality will support power efficiency modes and multitasking modes in Windows 8.

"Qualcomm and Microsoft have a long and productive history of collaboration focused on driving innovation forward, and we are pleased to be among the leaders of the next evolution of mobile computing," said Luis Pineda, senior vice president of product management, computing and consumer products at Qualcomm. "Our upcoming family of Snapdragon processors is intelligently integrated, optimized for mobile and built smarter, making it the ideal processor to address consumers' growing demands for new, innovative experiences and usage scenarios that we believe will be delivered by the next version of Windows."

The first processor in the Snapdragon family to power devices using the next version of Windows will be the MSM8960, which is sampling this month, followed by the quad-core Snapdragon APQ8064, which is anticipated to sample in early 2012.

BT and ZTE Form Research Partnership

BT and ZTE have entered into a research partnership to explore the next generation of fixed line, wireless and mobile telecommunications services.

"This is another example of BT's commitment to open innovation - combining with outstanding partners, customers and academic bodies to develop exciting new services and constantly improve the customer experience. We've been very impressed with the knowledge and sophistication of ZTE's team and, by combining our complementary strengths and expertise on a range of research projects, we expect this partnership to be very fruitful for both ourselves and our respective customers," stated Clive Selley, CIO BT Group.

Ericsson: 670 Million Mobile Users in China Increasingly Seek Data Access

In rural China, 670 million mobile subscribers – equivalent to half of the country's population – have started actively demanding internet access anytime, according to an extensive study by Ericsson Consumer Lab.

Some highlights of the study:

  • In rural China, ownership of fixed-line phones has declined to 46 percent, while ownership of mobile phones has increased to 90 percent.

  • Ownership of home PCs has reached 31 percent, and 16 percent of respondents indicated that they planned to purchase a PC in the next 12 months.

  • Individual entertainment such as using a PC to browse the web, or a mobile phone to chat online, is becoming more popular among rural Chinese residents.

  • In all, 41 percent of the respondents said that "Internet access anytime, anywhere" was very important to them.

The study covers rural areas in 18 provinces across China, including interviews with more than 2,000 local villagers. Further details are online.

Gigaset Releases DECT Cordless Phone with Social Media Features

Gigaset Communications GmbH, a spinout of Siemens that was later acquired by Arques Industries AG, released a hybrid landline DECT phone system in the U.S. market featuring social networking updates on its screen and the ability to handle four parallel calls at once (three VoIP calls and one PSTN call).

The new Gigaset C610A IP DECT telephone supports High-Definition Sound Performance (HDSP) using the G.722 CODEC to deliver exceptional quality audio when calling via the Internet. Up to six VoIP accounts and six DECT handset registrations can be configured on the system. Each VoIP account can have a distinctive ring assigned to it.

Gigaset also operates is own closed, softswitch network that allows any Gigaset IP phone to call any other Gigaset IP phone worldwide for free. The new Gigaset C610A support HD voice over this extension number network.

The social media functionality provides updates from Facebook and Twitter right on the handset. In addition, a room monitoring function automatically dials another extension or a pre-determined phone number when noise is detected.

The C610H handset that comes with the C610A IP system has a 1.8-inch color display, a standard 2.5mm headset jack and storage for up to 150 phone numbers.

Tekelec Names Ron De Lange as CEO

Tekelec has appointed Ron de Lange as president and chief executive officer (CEO), replacing Krish Prabhu, Tekelec's interim CEO and a Board member, who will step down from his Board seat as planned.

Ron de Lange joined Tekelec in July 2005 as president and general manager for the Network Signaling Group and was promoted to executive vice president Global Product Solutions in 2007, where he served as the primary architect of the company's product strategy. Prior to Tekelec, Ron spent 24 years at Lucent Technologies, where he held a number of leadership roles. He directed next-generation strategy, devising cross-functional convergence solutions and has managed multiple functions, including sales, marketing, manufacturing and finance.

Cisco: Global Internet Traffic to Quadruple by 2015

Total global Internet traffic will quadruple by 2015, reaching 966 exabytes per year, nearly a zettabyte, according to the newly released Cisco Visual Networking Index Forecast, 2010-2015.

The traffic growth is driven by four primary factors, according to Cisco. They are:

  • An increasing number of devices: Cisco expects that by 2015 there will be nearly 15 billion network connections via devices -- including machine-to-machine -- and more than two connections for each person on earth.

  • More Internet users: By 2015, there will be nearly 3 billion Internet users --more than 40 percent of the world's projected population.

  • Faster broadband speed: The average fixed broadband speed is expected to increase four-fold, from 7 megabits per second in 2010 to 28 Mbps in 2015. The average broadband speed has already doubled within the past year from 3.5 Mbps to 7 Mbps.

  • More video: By 2015, 1 million video minutes --the equivalent of 674 days -- will traverse the Internet every second.

For this year's report, Cisco used an iterative forecasting model that was more focused on connection metrics (such as sessions and transactions) rather than on consumer metrics.

Some additional highlights of the report:

* Global IP traffic is expected to reach 80.5 exabytes per month by 2015, up from approximately 20.2 exabytes per month in 2010.

* Average global IP traffic in 2015 will reach 245 terabytes per second, equivalent to 200 million people streaming an HD movie (1.2 Mbps) simultaneously every day.

* By 2015, the Asia Pacific region will generate the most IP traffic (24.1 exabytes per month), surpassing last year's leader, North America (22.3 exabytes per month), for the top spot.

* The fastest-growing IP-traffic regions for the forecast period (2010 – 2015) are the Middle East and Africa (which had a 52-percent compound annual growth rate, for an eightfold growth), surpassing last year's leader Latin America (48 percent CAGR, sevenfold growth).

* The global online video community will increase by approximately 500 million users by 2015, up from more than 1 billion Internet video users in 2010.

* In 2010, PCs generated 97 percent of consumer Internet traffic. This will fall to 87 percent by 2015, demonstrating the impact that devices like tablets, smartphones and connected TVs are having on how consumers access and use the Internet.

* Accessing the Internet on Web-enabled TVs continues to grow and by 2015, 10 percent of global consumer Internet traffic and 18 percent of Internet video traffic will be consumed via TVs.

* Global advanced video traffic, including three-dimensional (3-D) and high-definition TV (HDTV), is projected to increase 14 times between 2010 and 2015.

* Global mobile Internet data traffic will increase 26 times from 2010 to 2015, to 6.3 exabytes per month (or 75 exabytes annually).

* By 2015, global peer-to-peer traffic will account for 16 percent of global consumer Internet traffic, down from 40 percent in 2010.

* Business IP video conferencing is projected to grow six fold over the forecast period, growing more than two times as fast as overall business IP traffic, at a CAGR of 41 percent from 2010 to 2015.

By 2015, TVs will account for over 18 percent of Internet video traffic, demonstrating the impact of web-enabled TVs as a viable online option for many consumers (bigger screens support better video experiences). This trend also represents the evolution of video on the Internet-from low-quality, short-form content and clips to high-quality, long-form programs and movies.

* Mobile data traffic will be nearly 8 percent of global IP traffic by 2015, growing from 1.2 percent of global IP traffic in 2010.
  • In June 2010, Cisco's Visual Networking Index Forecast predicted that global Internet traffic will increase more than fourfold to 767 exabytes, or more than 3/4 of a Zettabyte, by 2014. Cisco said this growth in traffic would continue to be dominated by video, exceeding 91 percent of global consumer IP traffic by 2014 -- especially HDTV and 3DTV. By 2014, 3-D is forecast to comprise 4 percent of total consumer Internet video traffic, while HDTV will account for 38 percent.

  • In June 2009, Cisco's Visual Networking Index Forecast predicted that global IP traffic will increase fivefold by 2013 driven by expanded usage of interactive media, and the explosion of video content across multiple devices. This would put the total IP traffic volume at 667 Exabytes per year or 56 exabytes per month -- the equivalent of 10 billion DVDs worth of data per month traversing networks.

  • In June 2008, Cisco's Visual Networking Index Forecast predicted that global IP traffic would increase at a combined annual growth rate (CAGR) of 46 percent from 2007 to 2012, nearly doubling every two years -- a six fold increase from 2007 to 2012. This will result in an annual bandwidth demand on the world's IP networks of approximately 522 exabytes, or more than half a zettabyte.

Lantiq Powers First CAT-iq 2.0 Home Gateway for DT

Lantiq's XWAY and COSIC silicon will power the industry's first home gateway certified by the DECT Forum as compliant with the CAT-iq 2.0 profile. Specifically, Deutsche Telekom will upgrade its Speedport W 504V home gateway to be CAT-iq 2.0 compliant in its service area beginning this summer.

Two Lantiq single-chip devices are used in the home gateway. The Lantiq COSIC Modem is an integrated CAT-iq solution featuring a baseband controller, RF transceiver and a power amplifier on a single chip. This can be used with any of the Lantiq XWAY xRX family of CPE products for xDSL gateways. Lantiq's embedded VoIP engine is the DECT software stack which serves as the engine at the heart of the CAT-iq implementation and is supported with a toolkit for application integration.

CAT-iq is a next generation cordless phone technology for advanced IP-based communications, beginning with wideband, HD-quality voice services and expanding to a rich suite of voice services and data-driven applications. Features of CAT-iq 2.0 include multi-line support, easy pairing and phonebook synchronization. As future CAT-iq profiles are released, service providers will be able to push new voice and data services to consumers that essentially make cordless phones part of a broadband intelligent home network.http://www.lantiq.com

Sunrise Telecom Adds Mobile Backhaul Verification Tools

Sunrise Telecom has enhanced its RxT test platform with new capabilities for mobile backhaul installation and service activation, including for trunks used to support LTE.

The RxT includes network verification capabilities for legacy Time Domain Multiplexing E1/T1, and SONET/SDH interfaces used in second and third generation (2G and 3G) mobile networks. It also provides IntelliSAM -- a comprehensive ITU-T Y.1564 Carrier Ethernet service activation test capability along with a unique bandwidth profile measurement algorithm developed to dramatically surpass the carrier Ethernet activation methodology previously offered in RFC2544.

"The first of its kind, the RxT's mobile backhaul verification capability increases productivity by allowing technicians to seamlessly keep pace with next generation backhaul systems and successfully manage the transition from E1/T1 and SONET/SDH to Ethernet," said Bahaa Moukadam, Sunrise Telecom's chief executive officer. "Technicians need end-to-end visibility in the network to quickly identify problems, decrease mean time to repair and avoid service level agreement penalties."

Sunrise Telecom's mobile backhaul solution includes the RxT-2270 E1, RXT2380 SONET/SDH, the RXT2500 Dual 1GE and the RXT5000 10GE modules, which are all available today through the company's worldwide distribution channels. The recently introduced IntelliSAM, the most comprehensive Carrier Ethernet service activation methodology helps verify service level agreements. This single platform solution reduces training time due to the familiar user-interface across all technologies.http://www.sunrisetelecom.com

Ethernet Alliance Completes 40 & 100 GigE Interoperability Event

The Ethernet Alliance reported substantial success for a Higher Speed Ethernet (HSE) subcommittee interoperability plugfest for products designed to support IEEE Std. 802.3baTM-2010, 40 and 100 Gbps Ethernet. The testing was held during the week of April 18th to verify the interoperability of test equipment, switches, routers, NICs, transceivers and cabling supporting 40 and 100 Gigabit Ethernet.

"This interoperability event demonstrates that the HSE ecosystem is continuing to mature," said David Schneider, marketing chair of the Ethernet Alliance's Higher Speed Ethernet subcommittee. "The fact that many systems were able to interoperate indicates that widespread deployment will soon be a reality."

"The ratification of the IEEE Std 802.3baTM-2010 standard was a step in the development of the 40 and 100 Gigabit Ethernet ecosystem," said John D'Ambrosia, who chaired the IEEE P802.3ba 40 Gbps and 100 Gbps Ethernet Task Force, and Chief Ethernet Evangelist of Force10 Network's CTO Office. "As these Ethernet Alliance events demonstrate, the technology behind the 40 Gbps and 100 Gbps Ethernet standard advances Ethernet's long legacy of interoperability and robustness."

Fourteen Ethernet Alliance members participated, including Berk-Tek Systems (a Nexans Company), Broadcom, Brocade, Extreme Networks, Ixia, JDSU, Juniper Networks, Mellanox Technologies, Opnext, Panduit, Siemon, Spirent Communications, TE Connectivity (TE – formerly Tyco Electronics) and Volex Group plc.

Cables tested met or exceeded IEEE Std. 802.3ba, and bit error ratio tests (BERT) were used in the transceiver and cable tests to verify link-level error-free operation within the requirements of IEEE Std. 802.3ba. Basic layer 3 traffic was used to verify system-level error-free operation.

Ixia, JDSU, and Spirent provided 40 and 100 Gbps test ports, Broadcom, Brocade, Extreme Networks, and Juniper Networks provided 40 and 100 Gbps switch and router ports, and Mellanox provided 40 Gbps NICs.

Transceivers from Opnext, TE and one other optics vendor were included in the testing.

Copper and optical cables, including OM3 and OM4 multimode fiber and direct attached copper, passive and active cable assemblies along with direct attach active optical cable assemblies were contributed by Berk-Tek, Panduit and Siemon.

This is the second such interoperability event hosted by the Ethernet Alliance; the first event was held in September of 2010.http://www.ethernetalliance.org

Google Discloses Phishing Attack on Gmail

Google described a new phishing attack that has been used to collect Gmail user passwords. The campaign that appears to originate from Jinan, China. In a blog posting, Google said the attack affected the personal Gmail accounts of hundreds of users including, among others, senior U.S. government officials, Chinese political activists, officials in several Asian countries (predominantly South Korea), military personnel and journalists.http://googleblog.blogspot.com/

Alcatel-Lucent Debuts AppGlide Video Analytics service

Alcatel-Lucent introduced AppGlide Video Analytics, a new managed service to help broadband service providers measure the quality of experience (QoE) for both free and paid online video from an end-user viewer's perspective.

The new service, available for trial now, identifies content delivery-quality issues. The cloud-based solution combines data from video player plug-ins, QoE agents, content-delivery network devices (CDNs) and routers to deliver a truly holistic view of quality of experience for subscribers. In addition, it provides insights into viewing trends, content usage, CDN and network performance. It shows the volume and quality of video being delivered; gives visibility into viewer behaviors (what is being watched, how long, why viewers stopped watching etc.); and helps service providers monitor, and isolate CDN performance.

"Having access to the individual data sources is meaningful but—according to service providers we've spoken with—the cross-correlation of this information is powerful and unique to AppGlide," said Mark Peterson, general manager of the Alcatel-Lucent AppGlide venture. "For example, being able to see that a viewer stopped watching a video after only a few minutes, and this coincided with poor quality-of-experience will enable the provider to take very specific remedial steps."

AppGlide Video Analytics was developed and commercialized by Alcatel-Lucent's Ventures organization, which is part of Bell Labs.http://www.alcatel-lucent.com

Romania's Romtelecom to Deploy ADVA's Agile Optical Core

Romania's Romtelecom has selected ADVA Optical Networking's FSP 3000 Agile Core transport solution to enable multiple critical networks in Romania, including several county-wide rings, a nationwide network throughout the country and an international link connecting Romania and Germany.

In addition to the high-speed offered by the 100 Gbps capability, the FSP 3000's DWDM, multi-degree ROADM (reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer), control plane, protection, restoration, end-to-end service provisioning and management functionalities provide Romtelecom with a high degree of network automation.

"We sought to consolidate around a single vendor backed by a complete support offering, and ADVA Optical Networking was the best-suited choice," said Wolfgang Breuer, chief technical officer at Romtelecom. "Our portfolio is wide and growing. Only ADVA Optical Networking provides a globally proven core solution with such valuable agility to support our service offering. This new FSP 3000-based solution helps us to improve our time-to-market and deliver high-capacity services of any protocol, with a clear and graceful migration to 100Gbit/s in the future."http://www.advaoptical.com http://www.romtelecom.ro

Japanese ISPs Test 100 Gigabit Ethernet Internet Exchange

Leading Japanese ISPs, including Internet Multifeed Co. (MF), Internet Initiative Japan Inc. (IIJ) and NTT Communications, completed a 100 Gigabit Ethernet Joint Interoperability test. The event was described as a success and is expected to lead to the commercial rollout of 100GigE exchange points in Japan.

The companies noted that they are already bundling multiple 10GigE interfaces to keep up with peering demands.

The test was conducted using routers, switches and packet generators provided by Brocade Communications, Cisco, Juniper Networks and Toyo Corporation. Spirent Communications supplied the packet generator and test gear.

MF, IIJ and NTT Com interconnected routers and switches capable of 100 Gigabit provided by Brocade, Cisco and Juniper and tested the interoperability of physical and network layer, interoperability with optical switch, routing exchange and redundant IX topology while exchanging 100 Gigabit traffic.http://www.ntt.co.jp

Monday, May 30, 2011

COMPTEL Weighs In Against AT&T + T-Mobile Deal

AT&T's proposed acquisition of T-Mobile would not serve the public interest and should be blocked by regulators, according to COMPTEL, an industry organization representing competitive carriers and their suppliers.

In a filing with the FCC, COMPTEL argues that the deal would create a significant increase in horizontal market concentration in the mobile telephony/broadband services market by reducing the number of national competitors from four to three, increasing AT&T's market share from 32 percent to 43 percent and vesting control of more than 77 percent of the wireless lines in service in two carriers -- AT&T and Verizon Wireless. As the sole, national GSM operator, other regional carriers would have no choice but to secure roaming agreements with AT&T. The mega-carrier would also be in a position to control access to backhaul facilities in many markets, according to COMPTEL, and this could lead to exorbitant prices for special access services.

France Telecom-Orange Outlines 2015 "Conquest" Plan

France Telecom-Orange's strategic and financial ambitions for the 2011-2015 period will be characterized by an initial "adaptation" phase (2011-13) of network investments followed by a "conquest" phase (2014-15) during which its goal will be the return to sustained growth of both revenues and operating cash flow. The company's CAPEX plans are forecast to be EUR 18.5 billion in the first phase compared to EUR 10.8 billion in the second phase. This translates to a CAPEX/Sales ratio of approximately 13.4% in the initial phase compared to 11.0% in the second phase.

As part of its Conquests 2015 Investor's Day, executives at France Telecom-Orange outlined the following objectives:

1. During the adaptation phase (2011-2013), the company aims to progressively accelerate revenue growth
over the period (CAGR of +0.6%) with EBITDA stabilized in 2013 above the 2011 level. The Group's goal is to achieve a cumulative EBITDA of around 45 billion euros in the 2011-2013 period.

This goal notably accounts for the implementation of a new performance plan and the
benefits expected from the ramp-up of the procurement joint venture with Deutsche Telekom.
Overall, the Group forecasts gross savings of at least 3 billion euros by 2015 (including over 2
billion euros by the end of 2013) versus the cost base in 2010.

From 2011-2013, the Group forecasts cumulative CAPEX of around 18.5 billion euros,
including 1 billion euros for fiber deployment in France. This represents an average rate of
CAPEX to revenues of 12.6% over the period (excluding FTTH in France). The rate of
investment is expected to peak in 2012 (~14%) as the deployment of fiber accelerates and
the Group fulfills its network coverage and capacity objectives.

Taking these items into consideration, the Group announces cumulative operating cash flow
guidance (EBITDA – CAPEX) of around 27 billion euros over the 2011-2013 period, excluding
exceptional items.

2. During the 2014-2015 "conquest phase", the group expects revenue growth rate of +2.7% (2013-2015 CAGR), with
a return to growth in France and in the Enterprise segment, and a continued solid contribution from Europe and AMEA; EBITDA, with 3.4% growth (2013-2015 CAGR).

CAPEX, with the return to a normalized investment level of 10% over the period, equal to
approximately 9.8 billion euros (excluding FTTH in France, which represents an additional
point, for a total CAPEX rate of 11% equal to 10.8 billion euros); and operating cash flow, with a CAGR of +9% over the 2013-3015 period.

"Our Conquests 2015 business plan now moves into an adaptation phase that is
preparing the ground for a subsequent, even more decisive conquest phase. In the pursuit of our
ambitions, we will be able to capitalize on a number of positive factors between now and 2015.
These include the economic outlook in the countries in which we operate, an increasingly favorable
regulatory environment, the quality of our networks, strategic new growth opportunities that we have
identified, as well as our new strategy for building partnerships with other players in the digital
ecosystem. I am certain, as always, that the competence and commitment of our 170,000
employees will enable us to meet these objectives," stated St├ęphane Richard, Chairman and CEO of France Telecom-Orange.

Some additional data points:

  • France Telecom-Orange now has 169,000 employees worldwide, of which 39% frontline staff

  • 210 million customers

  • operating in 35 countries

  • 7,000 Orange branded stores

  • 300 TB of mobile traffic per day

  • 98% 3G+ coverage of France's population by end of 2011

  • FT-Orange targets at least €3bn in gross savings by 2015 vs. 2010 cost

Nokia Cuts Outlook as Device Sales Fall

Nokia cut its financial guidance for its second quarter and full year 2011 citing substantially weaker sales of mobile devices and services. The company attributed the decline to competitors across multiple price categories, particularly in China and Europe; a product mix shift towards devices with lower average selling prices and lower gross margins; and pricing tactics by Nokia and certain competitors. Nokia was unable to predict an annual target for 2011 given the current uncertainty and the major product transition underway.

"Strategy transitions are difficult. We recognize the need to deliver great mobile products, and therefore we must accelerate the pace of our transition," said Stephen Elop, president and CEO of Nokia. "Our teams are aligned, and we have increased confidence that we will ship our first Nokia product with Windows Phone in the fourth quarter 2011."

The updated guidance includes:

Nokia now expects Devices & Services net sales to be substantially below its previously expected range of EUR 6.1 billion to EUR 6.6 billion for the second quarter 2011.

Nokia now expects Devices & Services non-IFRS operating margin to be substantially below its previously expected range of 6% to 9% for the second quarter 2011 -- the figure could be around breakeven.

Nokia's previous targets for the third quarter, fourth quarter, and full year 2011 were: 1) Net sales in Devices & Services to be at approximately the same level in the third quarter 2011 as in the second quarter 2011, and seasonally higher in the fourth quarter 2011, compared to the third quarter 2011; 2) Devices & Services non-IFRS operating margin to be between 6% and 9% in 2011. These targets are no longer valid.

Nokia has taken price actions on its current smartphone portfolio, and Nokia is intensifying its focus on retail point-of-sales marketing.

Nokia started shipping its new dual-SIM devices last week.

The company notes continued progress on its Windows Phone strategy, and predicts the first Nokia Windows Phone will ship in the fourth quarter 2011.

CWA Lobbies for AT&T/T-Mobile Merger

The Communications Workers of America believes the merger of AT&T and T-Mobile will create as many as 96,000 new, quality jobs, accelerate broadband build out, and improve wireless communications and innovation.

In a filing submitted to the FCC, the CWA cited a new analysis by the Economic Policy Institute shows that the merger will create about 12,000 quality jobs per billion dollars invested in a wireless network. The study says the additional $8 billion in capital expenditures that AT&T has committed to invest in wireless broadband buildout will create up to 96,000 jobs.

Australia's NBN Co Picks Ericsson for Rural Broadband Wireless

NBN Co, which is building Australia's national broadband network, has awarded a 10-year contract to Ericsson to design, build and operate a 4G fixed-wireless network. The deal is valued at up to AUS $1.1 billion.

The fixed-wireless broadband network will deliver up to 12 Mbps downstream to locations not reachable by fiber. Broadband satellite will also be used as part of the NBNCo plan.

Design of the fixed-wireless network has already started although exact locations for initial rollout won't be announced for several month following the completion of detailed network planning and consultation with local communities.

NBN Co Head of Corporate Services, Kevin Brown said: "It's only right that those parts of the country with some of the poorest access to high-speed broadband should be among the first to receive the National Broadband Network either via satellite or the fixed-wireless solution we are announcing today.

"Those receiving our fixed-wireless service will benefit from the latest 4G fixed-wireless technology, LTE. While wireless spectrum is shared between users, unlike a mobile network, fixed-wireless will allow us to plan a network for a more predictable number of users in a given area. This gives us greater consistency in the speed and quality of service the NBN Co network will provide to each user."

NBN Co has initially entered into a turnkey arrangement for at least 12 months to enable a fast start to construction and delivery. Over time NBN Co intends to assume greater responsibility for construction and operation of this world-leading infrastructure.
  • NBN Co announced in February that it had acquired wireless spectrum from AUSTAR that is sufficient to meet most of its needs for the fixed-wireless services. Spectrum has still to be acquired for WA and the Northern Territory, however the Australian Communications and Media Authority has initiated a public process for the allocation of spectrum in these locations that would be suitable for fixed-wireless services.