Showing posts with label ZTE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ZTE. Show all posts

Monday, April 16, 2018

U.S. Commerce Dept. bans exports to ZTE

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has imposed a denial of export privileges against Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation (ZTE) of China.

The ban prohibits companies or individuals from participating in any way in an export transaction with ZTE. The order prohibits "Carrying on negotiations concerning, or ordering, buying, receiving, using, selling, delivering, storing, disposing of, forwarding, transporting, financing, or otherwise servicing in any way, any transaction involving any item exported or to be exported from the United States that is subject to the Regulations."

“ZTE made false statements to the U.S. Government when they were originally caught and put on the Entity List, made false statements during the reprieve it was given, and made false statements again during its probation...  Instead of reprimanding ZTE staff and senior management, ZTE rewarded them.  This egregious behavior cannot be ignored,” said Secretary of Commerce Ross.

In a press statement, ZTE said it is aware of the denial order activated by the United States Department of Commerce and that it is currently assessing the full range of potential implications.

https://www.commerce.gov/sites/commerce.gov/files/zte_denial_order.pdf

U.S. Dept. of Commerce Ruling Hits ZTE and Suppliers

The U.S. Department of Commerce has added ZTE to the list of entities involved in "activities contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States."

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) listing, which limits the availability of most license exceptions on U.S. technology sales to ZTE, was driven by a finding that ZTE willingly resold restricted U.S. technology products to Iran during the period of economic sanctions,

The move could block U.S. semiconductor companies from selling to ZTE, potentially impacting a wide range of networking gear and mobile devices.

ZTE said it is working expeditiously towards resolution of this issue and that it is fully committed to compliance with the laws and regulations of the jurisdictions in which it operates.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2016-05104.pdf


FBI Opens Criminal Investigation into ZTE Shipments to Iran

The FBI has opened a criminal investigation into whether ZTE shipped U.S.-made networking components and surveillance equipment to Iran.  According to various news sources, including Reuters, The Washington Post and The Smoking Gun, various documents have emerged, including a shipping manifest, related to a $130 million sales contract between ZTE and the Telecommunications Company of Iran.  Equipment reportedly includes systems from Cisco, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Juniper, Microsoft, Oracle and Symantec.

Thursday, April 12, 2018

ZTE gains Chair of new IEEE Next Gen V2X Study Group

ZTE has been designated as the chair of newly formed IEEE 802.11 NGV SG (Next Generation V2X Study Group), which will look at the requirements for adopting recent 802.11 technologies for new V2X applications, specifically for higher throughput applications, better reliability/efficiency, and extended range as well.

The goal of the NGV SG is to define the scope and develop the PAR and CSD for an IEEE 802.11 standard on Next -Generation V2X while maintaining backward compatibility with 802.11p. Sun Bo, a ZTE standard expert, was designated as the chair of the IEEE 802.11 NGV SG.

ZTE noted that two of its researchers have also taken on key leadership roles in international standards developments. Zhou Jingyi was designated as the chair of the Numbering Adhoc under IEEE-SA NewCom. Sun Bo was elected as the chair of WPAN WG under China NIST recently.

ZTE also holds the vice chair of 3GPP RAN2, the vice chair of IEEE P1934 WG, rapporteurs of two important ETSI MEC ISG projects, and is a board member of OpenFog Consortium.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

ZTE carries 66GBaud PDM-16QAM 400Gb/s WDM signals over 6,000 km

ZTE, working in collaboration with OFS and NeoPhotonics, transmitted 66GBaud PDM-16QAM 400Gb/s WDM signals over 6,000 km on 100 km spans with the channel spacing of 75GHz.

This sets a new world record for 400G ultra-long-haul (ULH) high-speed transmission distance, according to the companies.

In this test, the 506 Gb/s PDM-16 QAM signals after probability shaping are transmitted over 6,000 km on OFS 100 km spans with the channel spacing of 75GHz. This is the longest WDM transmission distance of PDM-16QAM signals so far based on the terrestrial transmission system (100km span) with the line spectrum efficiency exceeding 5.3b/s/Hz.

The test used probability shaping coherent communication technology developed by ZTE. The low-power-consumption small-sized high-bandwidth coherent driver modulator (HB-CDM) was designed and produced by NeoPhotonics and the large-aperture low-loss OFS TeraWave fibers provided by OFS.

“Single-carrier 400G transmission has become the most attractive beyond 100G solution since it can reduce system complexity,” said Dr. Yu Jianjun, ZTE Scientist in optical communication and OSA Fellow, “ ZTE has extended researches on 400G transport technologies for a long term and solved a variety of key technical problems. The probability shaping technology used in this experiment lengthens the transmission distance by 40%.”

ZTE cited a number of other optical transmission milestones:

  • In 2015, ZTE together with OFS released a new 400G ULH high-speed transmission record by transmitting 128.8-GBaud QPSK WDM signals over 10,130 km and 6,078 km on terrestrial fiber links.
  • In 2016, ZTE transmitted 120GBaud 16QAM signals over 1,200 km on terrestrial fiber links, setting a new 800G transmission record.
  • In 2017, ZTE adopted an enhanced advanced algorithm to transmit WDM signals on standard single-mode fiber links over 2,125 km, breaking the 400G 8QAM signal transmission record.


Wednesday, March 21, 2018

ZTE touts cloud native container platform for NFV

ZTE announced an end-to-end container networking solution for open-source NFV .

ZTE’s unified ICT PaaS platform, TECS OpenPalette, is based on container and Kubernetes cluster management technologies.

The company said that in order to address telecom application requirements such as high concurrency, large throughput, and multiple network planes, its platform employs the Knitter container networking solution.

In addition to supporting the native Kubernetes network, it offers multiple network planes, static application IP addressing, IP address migration, configurable IP resources, and high-performance forwarding.

Sunday, March 11, 2018

ZTE enhances core router with Bit Indexed Explicit Replication

ZTE has enhanced its ZXR10 T8000 core router with the addition of Bit Indexed Explicit Replication (BIER) technology -- an industry first according to the company, and useful for balancing SDN backbone network traffic.

ZTE describes BIER as a simplified multicast packet forwarding technology that does not require complex multicast protocols and multicast forwarding tables. It can efficiently distribute multicast packets only by switching the messages of the multicast senders and receivers instead of maintaining multicast flow status, which perfectly fits the philosophy of SDN centralized control.

The ZXR10 T8000 router supports multiple northbound interfaces. The company's software enables traffic optimization and scheduling based on policies, which can help achieve load balancing, reduce the link congestion ratio, delay network expansion, and improve user experiences.

Thursday, March 8, 2018

ZTE makes a big showing at MWC with its push for 5G

ZTE, now one of the world’s major network equipment suppliers, recently reported 2017 operating revenue of RMB 108.82 billion, 7.49% higher than a year earlier, but not the double-digit growth rate seen earlier in the decade. The big 4G expansion projects in its home market of China have largely wrapped up and the company has pivoted from chasing any sale just for the sake of growing its global market share to the pursuit of profitability. For 2017, ZTE’s net profit RMB 4.55 billion, an increase of 293%. Net cash flow from operating activities for 2017 was approximately RMB 6.78 billion, about 28.88% year-on-year growth. This was a much stronger performance than 2016 when revenues grew just 4% and profits were lower.

The 2017 results were impacted by troubles with the U.S. government. In March 2017, ZTE made penalty payments of over US$1.19 billion to the U.S. government in the case involving the shipment of U.S.-origin technology to Iran during the period of economic sanctions. ZTE plead guilty in the case and paid the fine, but this has not opened new doors to the U.S. market. As with Huawei, U.S. government officials continue to cite national security as the reason to block the company from supplying any equipment to the U.S. government or U.S. carriers.

This has not impeded ZTE from growing sales in other global markets. ZTE generates about 40% of its revenue abroad. Like other suppliers from China, the company has been backed by substantial export/import loans from the China Development Bank (CDB), which have helped expand its international reach, especially in developing countries.

In Russia, ZTE has just clinched a 70% share of the first stage of  Rostelecom's the access network modernization project. ZTE's Multi-Service Access Network (MSAN) product delivers VDSL. Rostelcom is currently testing G.vectoring and G.fast for deployment in a second stage of its upgrade project. Rostelecom, of course, is Russia's leading broadband and pay-TV provider with over 12.7 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and over 9.7 million pay-TV subscribers, over 4.7 million of which are subscribed to its IPTV service.

One might have expected certain Nordic vendors to have been the likely choice for this Rostelecom tender, but it was not too be. Although geopolitics perhaps plays its role in deals at this level, there is no denying that ZTE has been highly successful with its MSAN platform in many other markets outside its home territory and that it is investing in the future of copper and fibre access technology just as aggressively as with 5G. On the copper side, ZTE recently became the first vendor to add 35b bonding profile support to its VDSL2 CPE device. Profile 35b technology can provide downstream rates three times those of profile 17a by expanding the spectrum to 35 MHz. This enables the CPE to deliver 500 Mbps downstream and 100 Mbps upstream rates over a 200-meter telephone line – a great solution for where it is not cost effective for the operator to pull fibre over that last link from the street to the home. As of February 2018, ZTE claims to have shipped over 280 million CPE devices.  Think about that number – certainly enough scale to become the major supplier in Russia going forwards.

A more surprising series of wins perhaps, given geopolitics, comes in India, where ZTE is now a major supplier of low-cost smartphones and optical transmission gear. From our records, we know that ZTE has been growing its engineering team in India since at least 2010. In October 2017, ZTE announced a 100G WDM Backbone Network Project and metro area network (MAN) construction contract with Idea Cellular, the third largest mobile operator in India with 189 million subscribers. With this deal, ZTE’s OTN optical transport platform captured a 95% share in the metro optical backbones that carry Idea Cellular’s traffic. ZTE has previously disclosed major contracts with Bharti Airtel as well. This success comes despite some protectionist voices in India warning against Chinese suppliers for critical network infrastructure.

With 5G, we are seeing the results of ZTE massive R&D efforts over the past five years. In 4G, ZTE already established itself as an equal to rival Huawei. The company knows that 5G is the opportunity to race ahead not only in core mobile infrastructure but also in smart city and industrial IoT deployments.

At Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, ZTE captured the “Best Technology Innovation for 5G" award for its end-to-end vision encompassing the radio access network, the core network, bearer platforms, custom 5G silicon and CPE terminals. As with other suppliers, many of these are “works in progress” rather than commercially deployable solutions right now.

The company believes its 5G strengths to include its work with Massive MIMO, the antenna technology which has been shown to improve spectral efficiency up to 8 times.

ZTE has been pioneering a multi-user shared access (MUSA) technology to effectively increase the number of connections served, and thereby enable support for scenarios involving mass connectivity with low power consumption. This could be extremely useful in very crowded areas, such as subway systems, when everyone is using their smartphone. The MUSA technology works by allowing high overload and eliminating scheduling operations, thereby increasing the number of connections by between 3- and 6-fold. It uses advanced spread spectrum sequence and SIC technology to simplify terminal implementation and help reduce energy consumption.

In an ongoing series of tests in China, ZTE’s MUSA reached 90 million connections / MHz / hour -- which far exceeds current network capacity/efficiency performance levels.

In the network core, ZTE is ready to commercialize end-to-end 5G network slicing. Its Cloud ServCore platform implements lightweight micro-service components to enable the network slices to operate independently and with easy scalability. This will allow IoT applications, for instance, to scale smoothly and without impacting other network slices.

ZTE is also readying a 5G Flexhaul bearer solution based on next-gen FlexE technology. Part of this vision to achieve a unified bearer network for 3G / 4G / 5G traffic. ZTE says its 5G Flexhaul achieves end-to-end protection switching time of less than 1ms, as well as single node forwarding latency of less than 0.5μs.

ZTE’s MWC performance included the signing of a 5G agreement with Ooredoo Group, which serves 164 million customers across the Middle East. ZTE will provide Ooredoo Group with end-to-end networks, applications, and terminals. Currently, the parties are completing the joint verification of the 5G architecture,. There are also the questions of defining the 5G business model and user experience. It is too early to quantify this work in financial terms, as it remains to be seen how fast the market adopts 5G and whether customers will pay more for 5G than their current 4G plans.  South Africa-based MTN also inked a deal with ZTE while at Mobile World Congress.  MTN is also currently conducting lab and field tests of ZTE’s 5G NR radio access, 5G virtualized network slicing, carrier DevOps and container-based vEPC, and 5G Flexhaul bearer network.


Sunday, February 11, 2018

Russia's Rostelecom picks ZTE for Access Network Upgrade Project

ZTE clinched a 70% share of the first stage of  Rostelecom's the access network modernization project.

ZTE's Multi-Service Access Network (MSAN) product delivers VDSL. Rostelcom is currently testing G.vectoring and G.fast for deployment in a second stage of its upgrade project.

ZTE noted that its access products are equipped with lithium batteries to endure the harsh outdoor environments in Rostelcom's territory, including extreme low-temperature. Its customized outdoor cabinets are cold-resistant, water-proof, moisture-resistant and dust-proof.

Rostelecom is Russia's leading broadband and pay-TV provider with over 12.7 million fixed-line broadband subscribers and over 9.7 million pay-TV subscribers, over 4.7 million of which are subscribed to its IPTV service.


Sunday, February 4, 2018

ZTE boosts VDSL2 with 35b bonding

ZTE has added 35b bonding profile support to its VDSL2 CPE device. Profile 35b technology can provide downstream rates three times those of profile 17a by expanding the spectrum to 35 MHz.

ZTE said the 35b bonding profile enables the CPE to deliver 500 Mbps downstream and 100 Mbps upstream rates over a 200-meter telephone line.

The company noted that profile 35b and other profiles, such as 17a, can use vectoring technology in the same bundle of telephone line pairs, thereby bringing the speed of multiple line pairs in actual deployments close to the speed achievable in ideal noiseless conditions.

ZTE ZXHN H186 is designed as a bridge modem with two GE ports at the LAN side. If an existing home gateway is linked to a GE port of the ZXHN H186, its rates can be upgraded to up to 500 Mbps downstream.

ZTE has shipped over 280 million CPE devices to date.

Thursday, February 1, 2018

ZTE reports 2017 sales of RMB 108.82 billion, up 7.49%

ZTE Corporation reported 2017 operating revenue of RMB 108.82 billion, 7.49% higher than a year earlier. Net profit attributable to holders of ordinary shares of the listed company in the whole year 2017 was RMB 4.55 billion, an increase of 293%.

Net cash flow from operating activities for 2017 was approximately RMB 6.78 billion, about 28.88% year-on-year growth. Excluding the impact of penalty payments imposed by U.S government authorities, the company's net cash flow from operating activities was RMB 12.44 billion, representing an increase of approximately 136.58% over the previous year.

In reflecting on 2017, ZTE said it successfully focused on the market of mainstream carriers and high-value customers, and persisted in a proactive yet prudent business strategy while exploring new opportunities for growth.

Thursday, November 30, 2017

China Mobile and ZTE sign partnership agreement

China Mobile signed a strategic cooperation agreement with ZTE covering joint development of smart city, smart home, secure terminal service platform, smart next-generation network operation and maintenance, and next-generation network technologies. The two parties will be committed to co-building a healthy ecosystem as well as encouraging efforts for continuous development in the industry.

The agreement was signed at the China Mobile Global Partners Conference 2017.

Monday, November 27, 2017

ZTE wins biggest share of China Unicom's IMS project

ZTE Corporation was awarded 47% of the total contract for China Unicom’s IMS project -- the biggest share of the whole project.

According to the bidding plan, China Unicom selects top 3 vendors of the ranking as its partners to deploy IMS networks in various provinces for services like VoLTE, one number with multiple devices, VoWiFi, and 5G voice services, etc.

ZTE also noted that it won a 70% share of China Mobile’s CM-IMS network VoLTE project in 2015.

To date, ZTE has deployed over 280 IMS commercial/trial projects, including over 70 vIMS projects around the world.

Sunday, November 19, 2017

China Mobile, ZTE and Qualcomm show 5G NR system

ZTE, China Mobile, and Qualcomm demonstrated an end-to-end 5G NR Interoperability Data Testing (IoDT) system data connection based on 3GPP R15 standard - an industry first.

The IoDT connection demonstration took place at China Mobile’s 5G Joint Innovation Center, and utilized ZTE’s 5G NR pre-commercial base station and Qualcomm Technologies’ 5G NR sub-6 GHz UE prototype.

The end-to-end 5G NR system operates in 3.5GHz and supports 100MHz bandwidth, compliant with the 3GPP Release-15 5G New Radio layer 1 framework — including the scalable OFDM numerology, new advanced channel coding and modulation schemes, and the low-latency self-contained slot structure.

Li Zhengmao, Vice President of China Mobile Communications Corporation, said: “China Mobile has been committed to promoting the unified global 5G standard with industry partners. The achievement of end-to-end 5G NR interoperable connection testing, compliant with the 3GPP 5G NR standard, is an important milestone of 5G to productization and pre-commercialization from standard. China Mobile is willing to cooperate with other industry leaders, including Qualcomm Technologies and ZTE to promote that the 5G products continue to mature and the 5G industry marches to success.”

Monday, October 23, 2017

ZTE wins 100G backbone project in India

ZTE has been awarded a 100G WDM Backbone Network Project and metro area network (MAN) construction contract with Idea Cellular, the third largest mobile operator in India with 189 million subscribers.

ZTE’s optical transport key product, ZXONE 9700, obtained 95% market share in the MAN project.

Financial terms were not disclosed.

The ZXONE 9700 is an OTN device with ultra-large cross-connect capacity. It supports up to 64T cross-connect capacity and 100G/beyond 100G rates for long-haul transmission.

Thursday, October 19, 2017

ZTE's 9-month revenues rise 7% YoY

ZTE Corporation's revenue in the first nine months of 2017 increased to RMB 76.580 billion (US$11.57 billion), 7.01% higher than last year.

ZTE published guidance calling for a 36.58% increase in net profit for the nine months ended 30 September 2017. Net profit attributable to holders of ordinary shares of the listed company in the first nine months was RMB 3.905 billion, based on the preliminary figures.


Wednesday, October 4, 2017

ZTE and Softbank hit 956 Mbps on 20 MHz Massive MIMO

ZTE and SoftBank achieved a peak downstream rate of 956 Mbps on a 20MHz bandwidth in a trial of pre-5G TDD massive MIMO. The trial, which was conducted on Softbank's commercial network in Nagasaki, Japan, featured 24-stream space division multiplexing technology.

ZTE previously achieved a similar rate of 1.1Gbps in a 24-stream field test in Shenzhen, China that also used its Pre5G TDD Ma
ssive MIMO solution.

ZTE and SoftBank are also collaborating on a Smart Life strategic project for post-4G networks, including improvement of spectrum efficiency, 4G/5G network integration, mobile bandwidth, IoT, and Internet of Vehicles.


ZTE signs up as Official Smartphone for PGA Tour

ZTE has signed a three-year marketing agreement to become the PGA TOUR’s first-ever Official Smartphone.

The deal, which includes global rights through 2020, was officially signed today by PGA TOUR Commissioner Jay Monahan and ZTE Mobile Devices CEO Lixin Cheng.

“The PGA TOUR is delighted to introduce ZTE as a new marketing partner as we enter the smartphone category for the first time,” said Brian Oliver, PGA TOUR Senior Vice President, Sponsorship & Partnership. “Mobile devices have become such a critical means by which fans watch and get updates on our competition, find information about their favorite players and share PGA TOUR-related content. In ZTE, we are partnering with a global leader in the telecommunications industry.”

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

ZTE appoints Angela Simpson to head US Gov Affairs

ZTE USA appointed Angela Simpson as vice president, US Government Affairs, where she will manage all of the company’s government relations and public policy matters in the United States.

Ms. Simpson was previously Deputy Assistant Secretary for the United States Department of Commerce, National Telecommunications and Information Administration where she also held roles as Acting Chief of Staff and Senior Advisor to the Office of the Assistant Secretary. Prior to coming to the Department of Commerce, Simpson was Director of Government Affairs for Covad Communications in Washington, D.C. where she was responsible for advocacy before the Federal Communications Commission and Congress.

https://www.zteusa.com/

ZTE to Plead Guilty and Pay $1.19 Billion to U.S. Government


In the case involving the shipment of U.S.-origin technology to Iran during the period of economic sanctions, ZTE Corporation agreed to enter a guilty plea and to pay a $430,488,798 penalty to the U.S. ZTE simultaneously reached settlement agreements with the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). In total ZTE has agreed to pay the U.S....


Sunday, August 27, 2017

ZTE posts 1H17 sales of RMB 54 billion, up 13% yoy

Citing strength in mobile networking and its smartphone business, ZTE reported that its first-half revenue increased 13.1% to RMB 54.01 billion (US$8.12 billion). Net profit attributable to holders of ordinary shares of the listed company jumped to RMB 2.29 billion.

Some highlights:

  • R&D spending increased to RMB 6.68 billion in the first half, or 12.4% of revenue. 
  • In March 2017, the company was ranked No. 1 in the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)'s latest annual list for patent applications, reflecting the company's increased focus on research and development of next-generation technologies.
  • The Carrier Networks division accounted for 59.9% of revenue.
  • ZTE has deployed over 60 Pre5G networks as well as 240 SDN and NFV networks globally.  
  • ZTE cited a year-on-year growth of 41.7 percent in self-developed chip shipments in the first half of 2017. 
  • In its Consumer division, ZTE reported growth in both operating revenue and gross profit, saying it now ranks fourth in the US smartphone market and ranks among the top five in countries including Australia, Germany, Canada and Spain. ZTE’s terminal STB shipment gained a year-on-year increase of 15% in first-half, exceeding the annual shipments in 2016.

http://www.zte.com.cn

Monday, August 7, 2017

ZTE acquires 48% stake or Turkey's Netas

ZTE announced that it has completed its previously announced transaction for the acquisition of a 48.04% holding in Istanbul-based Netaş Telekomünikasyon of Turkey; in December last year, ZTE announced a proposal to acquire the stake in Netas through an agreement with OEP Turkey Tech BV, a portfolio company managed by One Equity Partners.

ZTE stated that the investment, made through subsidiary ZTE Cooperatief UA, is intended to strengthen Netas' product and service capabilities and support the company's growth in Turkey and international markets.

Netaş is a major systems integrator in Turkey and has an established presence in international markets. Leveraging the agreement with ZTE, Netas expects to be able to accelerate its growth worldwide. The company has advanced ICT R&D capabilities in Turkey and has supported development of a range of technology innovations.

Working with ZTE, Netas' aims to strengthen and expand its global software solutions business, which it claims has deployed its solutions with more than 200 operators worldwide. In particular, the company's ULAK 4.5G project, as well as other solutions including cyber security products, will become available in more international markets through ZTE's global presence.

When announcing the planned acquisition last December, ZTE noted that Netas generated revenue of approximately $371 million for the fiscal year 2015 from customers in sectors including telecom carriers, banks, government and enterprise, and that the company operated the largest private R&D centre in Turkey with around 800 engineers.

ZTE also stated that under the proposed agreement, Netaş would remain an independent company, but would have access to the ZTE portfolio of products, services and solutions, while Netaş' range of ICT solutions would be made available to ZTE customers worldwide.

Regarding the transaction, Dr. Zhao Xianming, CEO of ZTE, said, "ZTE's vision, know how and patent portfolio, with Netaş' expertise in VoIP, IT, GSM-R, cyber security and other technologies, will bring (new) solutions to the ICT industry… ZTE will assist Netaş to strengthen its R&D capabilities and support its current 4.5G solutions to make ULAK more competitive globally… Netaş will (also) bring solutions such as its IoT platform to ZTE's customers".


  • At the time of the original announcement, Netaş, which is listed on the Borsa Istanbul stock exchange, was owned 48.04% by OEP Turkey Tech, 15.0% by the Turkish Armed Forces Foundation, with 36.96% publicly held. OEP Turkey Tech acquired its stake in Netas from Nortel in 2010.

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

ZTE, China Mobile and Qualcomm Demo Pre 5G on TD-LTE

ZTE, together with China Mobile and Qualcomm, announced the demonstration of a Pre5G gigabit rate solution on a TD-LTE commercial network in Quanzhou, Fujian in China leveraging multi-carrier aggregation, 4 x 4 MIMO, 256QAM and other advanced technologies.

During the latest demonstration, China Mobile and ZTE also verified the Pre5G gigabit solution utilising Qualcomm commercial Snapdragon 835 platform and achieved a peak rate of up to 700 Mbit/s using a 10-stream data transmission on a single phone.

ZTE noted that in a white paper assessing 5G vision and requirements, the IMT-2020 (5G) promotion group stated that 5G should support a user data rate of between 100 Mbit/s and 1 Gbit/s. One of ZTE's four-core Pre5G technologies, Giga+ mobile broadband (MBB), uses massive MIMO, multi-carrier aggregation and high-order modulation technologies to improve spectrum efficiency and network-wide capacity and is designed to deliver a peak rate of over 1 Gbit/s.

Previously, in June Quanzhou Mobile and ZTE jointly implemented a commercial deployment of 3D-MIMO in big video environments. With 16 commercial terminals connected, the single-carrier downlink peak cell rate achieved was nearly 730 Mbit/s, while the single-carrier 16-stream downlink peak rate for 3D-MIMO reached 700 Mbit/s, equivalent to a three-carrier rate of up to 2.1 Gbit/s.
ZTE noted that the use in the latest demonstration of 4 x 4 MIMO, multi-carrier aggregation and high-order baseband modulation (256QAM) technologies, together with commercial chips in the commercial network, is designed to significantly improve the efficiency of spectrum utilisation without increasing bandwidth, and can provide a user data rate of more than 1 Gbit/s.


ZTE's Pre5G solution involves both key 5G technologies such as massive MIMO and commercial availability on 4G networks, as well as enhancements to the LTE Advanced (LTE-A) Pro technologies in the 3GPP architecture, including massive CA, unified delivery network (UDN), 256QAM, licensed assisted access (LAA), WiFi link aggregation (LWA) and narrowband Internet of things (NB-IoT).

See also