Showing posts with label China Telecom. Show all posts
Showing posts with label China Telecom. Show all posts

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

China Telecom completes 5G SA call with Ericsson Spectrum Sharing

China Telecom (Sichuan) completed China’s first 5G Standalone (SA 5G) Ericsson Spectrum Sharing data call on a commercial network. The milestone was achieved recently on China Telecom’s 2.1GHz commercial 5G network in Deyang City, Sichuan Province.

Ericsson said the demo  shows that Ericsson Spectrum Sharing can be deployed on a dual mode 5G Core-enabling Standalone 5G network. It provides another option for communications service providers such as China Telecom to speed up the roll-out of 5G services. This means China Telecom can roll out FDD New Radio 5G SA networks as part of its wider 5G commercial deployment in the country.

Per Narvinger, Head of Product Area Networks, Ericsson, says: “This achievement shows how communications service providers can use the advantages of the fast and cost-efficient 5G coverage enabled by Ericsson Spectrum Sharing to deploy 5G Standalone. This will create business opportunities for our customers and deliver superior user experiences for 5G subscribers. This is a key milestone for bringing 5G to everyone.”



Sunday, August 23, 2020

China Telecom tests Huawei's 5G Super Uplink + Downlink CA

China Telecom Shenzhen is testing 5G Super Uplink and dual carrier aggregation (CA) downlink technology from Huawei.

The pilot site uses 200 MHz 3.5 GHz TDD spectrum and 20 MHz 2.1 GHz FDD spectrum in the uplink. Single-user concurrent tests were completed in standalone (SA) networking mode. The results of the test showed that the average uplink rate reached 470 Mbps and the average downlink rate 2.43 Gbps, which are approximately 1.3 times and double that with a single 100 MHz bandwidth, respectively.

Huawei claims 5G Super Uplink has notable advantages over uplink CA. Super Uplink enables integrated uplink scheduling between two uplink carriers in one cell. This scheduling mechanism is more efficient than uplink CA implemented between two cells. In addition, uplink and downlink bands are decoupled, enabling downlink carriers to be flexibly added to adapt to data traffic requirements. For example, CA can be disabled or implemented within one band or between two bands. As uplink CA depends on downlink CA and its bands must be a subset of downlink CA bands, uplink CA cannot be used in the cases of asymmetric uplink-only bands, further highlighting the greater flexibility of Super Uplink.

https://www.huawei.com/us/news/2020/8/shenzhen-telecom-5g-superuplink-dc

Monday, July 13, 2020

China Telecom launches 5G SA Massive MIMO 1+X SSB

The Hunan branch of China Telecom has launched China’s first commercial 5G SA Massive MIMO 1+X SSB (Synchronization Signal and PBCH block) site with three-dimensional coverage on 3.5 GHz using equipment from ZTE.

ZTE claims that the 5G 1+X SSB site offers a better coverage compared with the traditional seven-beam sites, and that its solution can increase the data rate in the weak coverage areas by 49.5%. On the 29th floor with very weak signal, the downlink rate has stably reached over 100Mbps after the new site has been set up. In addition, the power consumption has been reduced by 5% to 10% during the low traffic periods, hence a lower TCO.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Ericsson confirms its 5G contracts with China Telecom and China Unicom

Ericsson confirmed that it will supply 5G solutions to China Telecom and China Unicom. This includes the Ericsson Radio System products, as well as Ericsson Spectrum Sharing solutions.

Ericsson said it will provide outdoor and indoor site solutions to build capacity and coverage in the 3.5GHz and 2.1GHz bands. Network services including provisioning, installation and testing will be provided to meet the CSPs’ technical needs and enable them to build and share 5G networks. The Ericsson Radio System product portfolio will facilitate the CSPs’ Standalone (SA) 5G RAN build. 3.5GHz and 200MHz wideband 5G radio solutions will serve shared network building needs for high-call-volume while 2.1GHz 5G radio solutions will support the mixed deployment of 3G, 4G and 5G networks. This will help China Telecom and China Unicom to quickly achieve coverage breadth and depth.

China Telecom has also selected Ericsson 5G Core portfolio solutions. These include Cloud Packet Core, Cloud Unified Data Management and Policy products, built on cloud-native technology for operational efficiency and agility to launch new 5G services. The Ericsson 5G Core network will be deployed on Ericsson Network Functions Virtualization Infrastructure (NFVI) along with Ericsson Dynamic Orchestration.

China Unicom + China Telecom pick Huawei and ZTE 

China Unicom and China Telecom announced the winners of its 5G Stand Alone (SA) tenders, which were valued at a combined CNY183.5 billion. Vendor shares are as follows:

Huawei - 35.9%
ZTE - 35.9%
Ericsson - 17.9%
Datand Mobile Communications - 10.3%

Nokia did not win any share of the contracts.






Monday, April 27, 2020

China Unicom + China Telecom pick Huawei and ZTE for majority of 5G

China Unicom and China Telecom announced the winners of its 5G Stand Alone (SA) tenders, which were valued at a combined CNY183.5 billion. Vendor shares are as follows:

Huawei - 35.9%
ZTE - 35.9%
Ericsson - 17.9%
Datand Mobile Communications - 10.3%

Nokia did not win any share of the contracts.






China Mobile picks Huawei and ZTE for 5G base stations

China Mobile has selected Huawei and ZTE as the primary suppliers in the latest tender for its nationwide 5G rollout. This phase of the rollout calls for 232,143 5G base stations to be deployed in 28 provincial-level regions.

Huawei Technologies will build 57.2% of the base stations,
ZTE Corp. will build 28.7% of the base stations
Ericsson will build 11.4% of the base stations
China Information Communication Technologies (FiberHome + Datang) will build 2.6%.

Nokia was not selected for the contract, although it has played a role in previous parts of the 5G rollout.

China Mobile officially launched its 5G commercial service in 50 cities across the country.

China Mobile has deployed 40,000 5G base stations in the first batch of 50 key cities.  5G network construction is underway in more than 300 cities across the country.

The carrier is offering a number of 5G subscriptions starting with a Personal Plan priced at RMB 128 per month (~US$18). Family plans and business plans are also available. Downlink speed caps and data caps apply.

China Mobile initially has ten 5G smartphones available, along with 3 hotspot devices.

Cities with 5G coverage include: Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shijiazhuang, Xiong'an, Taiyuan, Jincheng, Hohhot, Shenyang, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin, Nanjing, Wuxi, Suzhou, Hangzhou , Ningbo, Wenzhou, Jiaxing, Hefei, Wuhu, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Quanzhou, Nanchang, Yingtan, Jinan, Qingdao, Zhengzhou, Nanyang, Wuhan, Changsha, Zhuzhou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, Dongguan, Liuzhou, Nanning, Haikou, Qiong, Hai, Chengdu, Guiyang, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Xining, Yinchuan and Urumqi.

http://www.10086.cn/aboutus/news/groupnews/index_detail_34938.html

China Telecom and China Unicom reach 5G sharing deal in 15 cities

China Telecom and China Unicom announced a "co-build, co-share" framework agreement aimed at cutting costs and speeding deployment. The sharing is limited to the access network and 5G spectrum resources. Each company will build and operate their own 5G core network.

The agreement, which covers 15 cities, is based on network construction and operation responsibilities in specific geographies. In the northern cities of Beijing, Tianjin, Zhengzhou, Qingdao and Shijiazhuang, the ratio of construction districts handled by China Unicom to China Telecom will be 6:4. In Shanghai and 9 other southern cities (Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Changsha, Wuhan, and Chengdu), the ratio of construction districts handled by China Unicom to China Telecom will be 4:6.

China Unicom and China Telecom will maintain their separate ownership structures. The company will continue competing under their existing brands.

http://www.chinaunicom.com/news/201909/1568027178888010079.html

Thursday, April 9, 2020

US Department of Justice recommends banning China Telecom

The U.S. Department of Justice issued a recommendation to the FCC to revoke and terminate China Telecom (Americas) Corp.’s authorizations to provide international telecommunications services to and from the United States. 

The Department of Justice said its recommendation was based on:

  • the evolving national security environment since 2007 and increased knowledge of the PRC’s role in malicious cyber activity targeting the United States;
  • concerns that China Telecom is vulnerable to exploitation, influence, and control by the PRC government;
  • inaccurate statements by China Telecom to U.S. government authorities about where China Telecom stored its U.S. records, raising questions about who has access to those records;
  • inaccurate public representations by China Telecom concerning its cybersecurity practices, which raise questions about China Telecom’s compliance with federal and state cybersecurity and privacy laws; and
  • the nature of China Telecom’s U.S. operations, which provide opportunities for PRC state-actors to engage in malicious cyber activity enabling economic espionage and disruption and misrouting of U.S. communications. 

“Today, more than ever, the life of the nation and its people runs on our telecommunications networks,” said John C. Demers, Assistant Attorney General for National Security.  “The security of our government and professional communications, as well as of our most private data, depends on our use of trusted partners from nations that share our values and our aspirations for humanity.  Today’s action is but our next step in ensuring the integrity of America’s telecommunications systems.”

https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/executive-branch-agencies-recommend-fcc-revoke-and-terminate-china-telecom-s-authorizations

Sunday, March 22, 2020

China Telecom posts a loss of 5.6 million mobile users

China Telecom reported 330,400,000 million mobile subscribers as of February 2020, down by 5.6 million in February.  In January, the company added 430,000 mobile users.

In fixed broadband, China Telecom reported 151,880,000 million customers as of the end of February, down by 1.25 million in the first two months of the year

https://www.chinatelecom-h.com/en/ir/kpi.php





Thursday, October 31, 2019

China Telecom launches 5G in 50 cities

China Telecom officially switched on commercial 5G service in 50 cities.

In the early stage of commercial use, China Telecom said its 5G network covers the main downtown areas and hotspots of each city. Its network footprint will expand over time.

China Telecom emphasized its focus on the user experience, with its commitment to accelerate the pace of 5G network construction, improve the strategic layout of 5G industry, and enrich 5G applications and content.

China Telecom's lowest cost 5G service tier is priced at RMB 129 (US$18).

Thursday, October 10, 2019

ZTE and China Telecom employ 5G slicing for intelligent manufacturing

ZTE, in collaboration with the Zhejiang Branch of China Telecom, assisted Bluetron in commissioning China's first 5G SA (Standalone) site, which put 5G slicing, edge computing and smart manufacturing into trial to help Bluetron build a new 5G smart factory.

The deployment leveraged an integrated solution of 5G slicing, edge computing, and intelligent manufacturing.

ZTE said this enables machine vision slicing and fast backhaul of video streams employing key technologies such as, slicing stores, wireless slicing perception, end-to-end slicing security isolation, dynamic slice migration, UPF moving to edge, and UPF offloading. These slices can reduce the latency, jitter, and packet loss rate of video data transmission, guarantee the bandwidth and quality of video transmission and improve the accuracy and real-time performance of video analysis results.

"Committed to continuous technological innovation, ZTE works with operators and industry partners to explore the cooperation mode of the edge cloud and build an edge ecosystem together to comprehensively promote the commercial use of  the MEC edge cloud and jointly promote the flourishing of 5G edge services," said Chen Xinyu, General Manager of ZTE Telecom Cloud & Core Network Product Line.

Monday, September 9, 2019

China Telecom and China Unicom reach 5G sharing deal in 15 cities

China Telecom and China Unicom announced a "co-build, co-share" framework agreement aimed at cutting costs and speeding deployment. The sharing is limited to the access network and 5G spectrum resources. Each company will build and operate their own 5G core network.

The agreement, which covers 15 cities, is based on network construction and operation responsibilities in specific geographies. In the northern cities of Beijing, Tianjin, Zhengzhou, Qingdao and Shijiazhuang, the ratio of construction districts handled by China Unicom to China Telecom will be 6:4. In Shanghai and 9 other southern cities (Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Changsha, Wuhan, and Chengdu), the ratio of construction districts handled by China Unicom to China Telecom will be 4:6.

China Unicom and China Telecom will maintain their separate ownership structures. The company will continue competing under their existing brands.

http://www.chinaunicom.com/news/201909/1568027178888010079.html

Monday, September 2, 2019

Huawei and China Telecom implement 5G Super Uplink

China Telecom Shanghai announced the implementation of a 5G Super Uplink solution featuring TDD/FDD coordination, high-band/low-band complementation, and time/frequency domain aggregation. Super Uplink, which is supported from end to end by Huawei 5G technologies, was first announced by the partners at this year's Mobile World Congress in Barcelona

The 5G Super Uplink implements the time-frequency domain aggregation of TDD and FDD in the uplink frequency band. This increases uplink spectrum resources of NR, boosts the uplink capability of the 5G network, reduces latency, and improves the utilization rate of the uplink spectrum of 2.1 GHz/1.8 GHz.

The companies said the newly launched Super Uplink solution increases uplink speeds by 20%–100% under good radio conditions, while also delivering a fourfold increase to cell-edge uplink rates.

China Telecom Shanghai plans to expand pre-commercial trials and increase research and development, network construction, and industrial cooperation.

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Huawei and China Telecom introduce 5G Super Uplink

Huawei and China Telecom introduced a 5G Super Uplink solution featuring TDD/FDD coordination, high-band/low-band complementation, and time/frequency domain aggregation. Super Uplink is supported from end to end by Huawei 5G technologies.

The 5G Super Uplink implements the time-frequency domain aggregation of TDD and FDD in the uplink frequency band. This increases uplink spectrum resources of NR, boosts the uplink capability of the 5G network, reduces latency, and improves the utilization rate of the uplink spectrum of 2.1 GHz/1.8 GHz.

At a launch event at last week's MWC Shanghai, the companies hosted a 5G Super Uplink demo. The test results showed that the experienced uplink rate of 5G UEs in the cell center was increased by 20% to 60%, the experienced uplink rate of 5G UEs at the cell edge was increased to 2 to 4 times, the air interface latency was reduced by about 30%, and the URLLC services were enabled.

The Huawei Balong 5000 chipset, customer-premises equipment (CPE), and Mate 20 X were also displayed at the event.

https://www.huawei.com/en/press-events/news/2019/6/chinatelecom-huawei-5g-super-uplink-innovation-solution

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

China Telecom awards 5G agreement to Ericsson

China Telecom signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Ericsson concerning 5G.

Ericsson said it has embarked on in-depth cooperation on a 5G test network with China Telecom. In addition to testing the technical networking scheme, the partners have completed innovative 5G projects, such as the live 4K HD broadcast of a marathon; live 8K HD broadcast of the Women's World Club Volleyball Championship; 360 degree panoramic live broadcasting, and driving demos.

The agreement was signed by Luca Orsini, Head of Networks, Market Area North East Asia, Ericsson, and Liu Guiqing, Deputy General Manager, China Telecom.

Ericsson noted that it has now signed forty-five 4G agreements with service providers.

Monday, August 20, 2018

China Telecom delivers strong results in 1H2018

China Telecom reported robust financial results and operational metrics for the first half of 2018, with overall operating revenues of RMB193.0 billion, of which, service revenues amounted to RMB177.6 billion, representing an increase of 7.0% over the same period last year. EBITDA amounted to RMB55.9 billion and EBITDA margin was 31.5%. Net profit amounted to RMB13.6 billion, representing an increase of 8.1% over the same period last year while basic earnings per share were RMB0.168, achieving persistent favorable growth.



Capital expenditure was RMB32.9 billion, representing a decrease of 19.9%. Free cash flow reached RMB18.4 billion which has increased remarkably over the same period last year.

Some operational metrics:

  • The total number of mobile subscribers reached 282 million, representing a net increase of 31.66 million which was more than double of the net addition in the same period of last year. 
  • Handset data traffic growth over the past year has been +379%
  • Average data usage now tops 4.6 GB per month
  • China Telecom captured a 46.5% market share in the net additions for China
  • Overall total market share increased to 18.9%
  • The total number of 4G users reached 217 million, representing a net increase of 35.27 million. 
  • 4G penetration is now at 77%
  • The total number of wireline broadband subscribers reached 141 million, representing a net increase of 7.09 million. 
  • 56% of wireline broadband subscribers are getting over 100 Mbps service
  • Average access bandwidth is 85Mbps
  • China Telecom now has 1.2 million base stations in operation with 98% population coverage and 36% utilization rate
  • 96% FTTH home pass coverage in cities and towns
  • Gigabit-class broadband has been deployed in >170 cities
  • China Telecom's IP metropolitan network and backbone network bandwidth reached 500Tbps and 170Tbps respectively
  • China Telecom is building a premium network of Internet data center clusters; deployment focused on Inner Mongolia, Guizhou, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, southern China, Chengdu-Chongqing-Shaanxi and other key regions
  • Video service penetration reached 70%; 9 mil Smart Home Networking service delivered, Family Cloud subs ~20 mil
  • China Telecom now serves 30 million IoT devices and is aiming for 60 million this year


Wednesday, June 13, 2018

Microsemi teams with China Telecom on optimized OTN for 5G

Microsemi is working with China Telecom Beijing Research Institute to define and develop next-generation optical transport solutions for 5G.

China Telecom is leading the Next-Generation Optical Transport Network Forum (NGOF) consortium formed to drive industry collaboration and technological innovations to define converged optical transport network (OTN) which meet the needs of 5G deployments. As part of this collaboration, Microsemi is bringing to market the DIGI-G5, the newest member of its DIGI OTN processors, supporting new 5G optimized architecture that enables the stringent synchronization, latency and network slicing requirements being placed on optical networks to support 5G deployments.

“China Telecom plans to be the pioneer in both 5G commercial service and 400G OTN network commercial deployments. A mobile-optimized converged metro, multiservice and cloud-based OTN transport network is critical to both initiatives,” said Zhang Chengliang, vice president, China Telecom Beijing Research Institute. “The availability of Microsemi’s DIGI-G5 will help the industry deliver a new generation of OTN equipment to enable the 5G era.”

Microsemi said its new 5G optimized architecture of the DIGI-G5 reduces the total latency for single hop close to 1 microsecond. In addition, the DIGI-G5 integrates close to two terabits of on-chip ODUk switching for hard traffic isolation and grooming in support of network slicing.

DIGI-G5 also delivers nanosecond level time stamping accuracy and provides mechanisms to carry critical timing information over the OTN network, ensuring that platforms will meet Precision Time Protocol’s (PTP’s) Class C requirements.

“As a market leader in OTN processors powering packet optical transport networks world-wide, we are focusing our investments to enable service providers to leverage economy of scale and realize operational efficiencies by extending OTN from their metro networks to the access as the packet optical topology for 5G transport,” said Babak Samimi, vice president and business unit manager for Microsemi's Communications business unit. “As a founding member of NGOF along with China Telecom, Microsemi is innovating and optimizing OTN for mobile applications and DIGI-G5 is bringing together the critical pieces like synchronization, latency, and network slicing needed for 5G.”

DIGI-G5 features supporting 5G:

  • New OTN 3.0 rates, enabling flexible (FlexO) and fractional 100G+ transmission
  • Comprehensive Ethernet support including 25GE, 50GE and 100Gbps
  • Close to 1 microsecond datapath latency
  • Supports hard traffic isolation and slicing over OTN
  • High precision nanosecond level IEEE 1588 PTP timestamping accuracy
  • Integrated G.HAO bandwidth-on-demand processing for OTN switching networks closer to the access

http://www.microsemi.com/digi-g5

About NGOF - http://ngof.net

Microsemi's DIGI-G5 powers Terabit OTN switching cards

Microsemi introduced its DIGI-G5 Optical Transport Network (OTN) processor for terabit capacity OTN switching cards.

The company said this newest generation in its DIGI franchise enables packet-optical transport platforms to triple in capacity while slashing power consumption by 50 percent per port.

DIGI-G5 delivers 1.2 terabits per second (Tbps) of combined OTN and client interfaces and is first to market with newly standardized 25 Gigabit Ethernet (GE), 50GE, 200GE, 400GE, Flexible OTN (FlexO) and Flexible Ethernet (FlexE) with integrated security engine enabling flexible encrypted optical connections.

Transporting Ethernet, storage, intellectual property (IP)/ multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) and 4G/5G Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI)/eCPRI services over 100G OTN switched connections has proven to be the most fiber, power and cost-efficient deployment solution for moving bits in today's metro and long-haul networks.

“Our DIGI OTN processor portfolio has been instrumental in transforming service provider networks to mass deploy 100G OTN switched networks,” said Babak Samimi, vice president and business unit manager for Microsemi's Communications Business Unit. “Our DIGI-G5 breaks new ground by enabling the industry’s transition to new OTN 3.0 architectures at terabit scalability by delivering three times the port density while lowering power consumption by 50 percent per port.”

DIGI-G5 highlights

  • Total interface bandwidth of up to 1.2Tbps
  • Comprehensive Ethernet support: 10GE, 25GE, 50GE, 100GE, 200GE, 400GE and the new OIF FlexE specification
  • New OTN 3.0 rates, enabling flexible (FlexO) and fractional 100G+ (OTUCn, OTUCn-m) transmission
  • 56G PAM-4 Serializer/Deserializer (SerDes) allows direct connection to QSFP-DD, OSFP and coherent digital signal processors (DSPs)
  • Integrated packet test set enables remote troubleshooting and debug, driving down capital and operating expenditures
  • Integrated security engine enabling end-to-end AES-256 based encryption and authentication
  • Integrated G.HAO bandwidth-on-demand processing for OTN switching networks
  • Innovative DIGI-Mesh-Connect architecture which enables compact, pay-as-you-grow OTN switching at lowest cost and power by eliminating the need for a centralized switch fabric device.
  • Sampling is expected in Q2

Monday, January 8, 2018

China Telecom completes 100G ROADM net with Huawei

China Telecom completed the commercial rollout of a 100G ROADM backbone network on the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River serving Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Hubei, Anhui, and Jiangxi. Huawei was the exclusive network solutions provider.

The network, which is now supporting over three hundred 100G services, is based on ROADM optical mesh networking. The rollout was completed in 5 months.

"The dynamic interconnection of the first ROADM backbone network in China initializes the strategic upgrade from electrical nodes to all-optical nodes and from point-to-point links to optical-layer mesh networking. This not only breaks the electrical bottlenecks of network node capacities, but also symbolizes the transition from all-optical network 1.0 (all-optical fiber networks) to the new era of all-optical network 2.0 (all-optical automatic grooming)," stated Wei Leping, Deputy Director of the Science and Technology Committee of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and Director of the Science and Technology Committee of China Telecom.

Monday, September 11, 2017

China Telecom is growing but ARPU continues to erode

For the first half of 2017, China Telecom posted total revenue of RMB 184.1 billion, up 4.1% from RMB 176.8 billion a year ago – a faster pace of growth than many other global carriers, but likely slower than China’s overall GDP. While revenue for mobile and wireline services grew a faster pace than the global average, China Telecom’s net profit expanded at an even better pace – up 7.4% yoy to RMB 12.5 billion.

This positive news from China Telecom came about one week after China Unicom finalized a US$11.7 billion investment round with Alibaba, Tencent and nine other leading Chinese companies.  With the Chinese market currently in contention by three rivals (China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom), the strategic investment, with the backing of the central government, has the potential to tip the scale in favour or China Unicom.  The cash infusion strengthens the balance sheet and provides the opportunity to leap ahead in network rollout and 5G prepositioning. For comparison, China Telecom’s company-wide CAPEX for the first half of 2017 amounted to RMB 41 billion (US$6.20 billion approximately) and is expected to reach RMB 89 billion for 2017. down 8% compared to 2016. While China Telecom is cutting network expenditures, China Unicom may get a much-needed boost to advance its infrastructure.

China Telecom’s recent past

China Telecom is the original incumbent fixed line operator for China. Until 1995, it was purely a government agency under China’s Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. In 2002, a historic split took place with some of the provincial and city assets being assigned to the newly-created China Unicom, and some being retained by the newly listed China Telecom Corporation Limited. China Telecom made its entrance into mobile communications by pursuing a personal handy phone network technology, before eventually adopting CDMA 2000 and then in 2015, finally launching 4G LTE for its mobile backbone.

Today’s mission

For its part, China Telecom says its mission is to build “three superior networks, namely 4G network, IoT network and all-fibre network with further reinforcement of network edges.” As the legacy operator for much of the country, China Telecom suffers from the same, steady loss of fixed access line.  In its case, fixed lines have fallen from 137 million two years ago to about 124 million now. However, over the same two-year period, the number of FTTH subscribers has nearly doubled, from 61.92 million in mid-2015 to about 117 million today.  Sometime before the end of this year, China Telecom will have tipped the scales from the past to the future, as the number of FTTH subscribers zooms past legacy copper fixed access.

The big trends for 1H2017

  • Service revenues amounted to RMB165.8 billion, representing an increase of 6.8% over the same period last year
  • EBITDA was RMB52.4 billion, representing an increase of 3.7% over the same period last year while EBITDA margin5 was 31.6%.
  • Net profit was RMB12.5 billion, representing an increase of 7.4% over the same period last year.
  • Capital expenditure was RMB41.1 billion while free cash flow was RMB7.2 billion with remarkable improvement over last year.
  • The net increase of mobile subscribers was 14.85 million, reaching a total of 230 million
  • China Telecom now estimates its national mobile market share at 16.8%.
  • The net increase of 4G users was 30.15 million, reaching a total of 152 million.  This means China Telecom’s penetration rate of 4G users increased has reached 66%.
  • The aggregate handset Internet data traffic increased by 126% compared to the same period last year while the DOU of 4G users reached 1.4GB, representing an increase of 56% over the same period last year.
  • An additional issue is the vast ARPU disparity between China Telecom (along with its home market rivals) with developed markets in the West. The average 4G user in China pays roughly US$11 per month, while users in the United States or Western Europe might pay 4X, 5X or 6X this amount.  The disparity roughly follows per capita GDP differences between the country. However, much of the capital expenditure, at least for network infrastructure, will be closer. 

Usage continues to grow

China Telecom is also reporting one mobile usage trend that may not be common with most other mobile operators – mobile voice usage continues to rise even as handset data traffic screams ahead.  In Q2 2017, China Telecom’s handset data traffic (kTB) reached 633.6 kTB up from 491.6 kTB in Q1.  Meanwhile, mobile voice usage reached 196,735 million minutes in Q2 2017, up from 179,556 million minutes in Q1.  People are talking more even as they become increasing depended on their smartphones.
The net increase of wireline broadband subscribers was 4.98 million, reaching a total of 128 million.
The net increase of FTTH subscribers was 11.24 million, reaching a total of 117 million while the penetration rate reached 92%.

The ARPU quandary

While other carriers have seen a big pop in average revenue per subscriber (ARPU) in the transition from 2G/3G to 4G, the gain at China Telecom is from RMB 56.8 (US$8.55) to RMB 67.2 (US$10.12) As noted above, the migration of the subscriber base to 4G is now 66% complete, so revenue will continue to grow as the remain 34% upgrade their smartphones and move onto a 4G data plan. However, China Telecom’s 4G ARPU is also falling, down 7.7% from RMB 72.8 (US$10.96) in 2016 to RMB 67.2 (US$10.12) today. The rate of decrease in ARPU is greater than the growth in overall revenue. If the recent past is any guide, it’s unlikely that China Telecom will be able to increase 4G prices anytime soon.  With growing competition, ARPU probably will continue to slide.

An additional issue is the vast ARPU disparity between China Telecom (along with its home market rivals) with developed markets in the West. The average 4G user in China pays roughly US$11 per month, while users in the United States or Western Europe might pay 4X, 5X or 6X this amount.  The disparity roughly follows per capita GDP differences between the country. However, much of the capital expenditure, at least for network infrastructure, will be closer.

Usage continues to grow

China Telecom is also reporting one mobile usage trend that may not be common with most other mobile operators – mobile voice usage continues to rise even as handset data traffic screams ahead.  In Q2 2017, China Telecom’s handset data traffic (kTB) reached 633.6 kTB up from 491.6 kTB in Q1.  Meanwhile, mobile voice usage reached 196,735 million minutes in Q2 2017, up from 179,556 million minutes in Q1.  People are talking more even as they become increasing depended on their smartphones.

Friday, July 7, 2017

China Telecom and Ericsson launch open IoT platform

China Telecom and Ericsson announced the launch of the China Telecom IoT Open Platform, a global connection management platform that will support China's One Belt One Road strategy and speed the deployment of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions and services.

The China Telecom IoT Open Platform is designed to enable enterprises to deploy, control and scale the management of IoT devices through partnerships. Using the platform, enterprise customers will be able to integrate their business processes with the managed connectivity service offered by China Telecom to create a reliable IoT solutions. Leveraging the platform, China Telecom and its customers will be able to drive the digital transformation of industries in China and beyond.

The China Telecom IoT Open Platform is based on Ericsson's Device Connection Platform, a global, unified platform that is used by multiple enterprise customers across various industries to manage IoT connection services worldwide. The platform provides enterprise customers with reliable connectivity with service-level agreements and a common, unified view of devices and access networks.

Ericsson’s Device Connection Platform was launched in 2012 and currently supports more than 25 operators and over 2,000 enterprise customers as part of its IoT Accelerator platform. Ericsson is also collaborating with the Bridge Alliance and the Global M2M Association to support the provision of a seamless customer experience with global coverage for IoT applications.

Recently, Ericsson and China Mobile formed a strategic agreement to cooperate on IoT, signing a separate Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Ericsson and China Mobile Research Institute (CMRI) covering R&D for Cloud RAN and IoT.

With regards to IoT, China Mobile was to use the Ericsson Device Connectivity Platform to streamline the process for provisioning, as well as deploy services to capitalise on new business opportunities.



  • Earlier this year, China Telecom and Orange Business Services extended their existing strategic partnership to cover IoT space during the launch event of eSurfing on the Silk Road in Shanghai. Through the expanded agreement, multinational customers of both China Telecom and Orange will be able to deploy IoT and machine-to-machine (M2M) services across each other's networks.


China Telecom Shanghai Research Institute joins HomeGrid Forum

The HomeGrid Forum announced that China Telecom Shanghai Research Institute, the research organisation within the China Telecom, has become its latest promoter member, building on work conducted by the institute on G.hn-related projects over the past three years.

The forum noted that China Telecom joins other HomeGrid members from Asia as the Asian, and particularly the Chinese markets, continue to lead the global technology industry.

China Telecom selected G.hn as its home networking technology of choice and China Telecom Shanghai announced the first public tender request for G.hn devices earlier in 2017, marking the commencement of G.hn commercial deployments by carriers in China.

In addition, it was stated that China Telecom Shanghai Research Institute has expressed an interest in establishing a new HomeGrid Forum Certification facility at its labs in Shanghai. The forum noted that currently silicon and system vendors are able to certify their products at facilities in Shenzhen or Taipei.

The HomeGrid Forum works with member companies to ensure interoperability between vendors and products and to verify that standards are met through a compliance and interoperability testing program which leads to silicon and system certification.

HomeGrid Forum (HGF) is an industry alliance that supports cooperation between technology companies, silicon vendors, system manufacturers and service providers to promote the G.hn gigabit home networking technology that is based on ITU-T standards. The forum has over 70 members and aims to enable a single unified, multi-sourced networking technology for coax, copper pair, powerline and plastic optical fibre while continuing to support existing HomePNA deployments and the transition to G.hn.

Regarding the G.hn technology, Donna Yasay, president of HomeGrid Forum, said, "When combined with other technologies, such as wireless, home mesh networking and Ethernet, G.hn creates a hybrid that can extend connectivity further than other products on the market… G.hn is the backbone for the kind of seamless connectivity that is now in demand around the world".


Friday, June 30, 2017

AT&T and China Telecom sign partnership deal

AT&T and China Telecom announced they have signed a framework agreement that strengthens their cooperation to support the development of advanced network services for multinational companies operating in China.

Through the agreement, the companies will help multinational customers leverage secure global communications to support business growth in China and worldwide. AT&T and China Telecom will also jointly work to create new services in the areas of Internet of Things (IoT), cloud-based big data, Voice over LTE (VoLTE) roaming, and software-defined networks (SDN).

The companies noted that the new agreement renews the 20-year authorisation under which Shanghai Symphony Telecommunications (SST), the joint venture formed bAT&T, China Telecom and Shanghai Information Investments, was established in 2000. As part of the new agreement, the parties intend to expand the scope of SST and the locations it serves to enable the delivery of new business services and technologies to customers.

Specifically, under the renewed agreement the companies plan to:

1.         Help establish industry standards for SDN and support their adoption.

2.         Launch bilateral roaming tests, as contemplated in a previously executed roaming agreement for business customers.

3.         Explore the potential of VoLTE roaming.