Showing posts with label China Mobile. Show all posts
Showing posts with label China Mobile. Show all posts

Monday, September 10, 2018

China Mobile opens branch in South Africa

China Mobile officially opened an office in Johannesburg, South Africa.

China Mobile International also signed a MoU for strategic alliance relationship with MTN Group. The two companies will collaborate on international business expansion, international transmission interconnection and network resources sharing etc. The MoU takes CMI one step closer to meeting its goal of an interconnected world that includes Africa.


Mr. Godfrey Motsa, CEO of MTN South Africa said he believes that with the partnership between MTN Group and China Mobile International, the cost of telecom services will be significantly lower, especially roaming, leveraging the shared technology and innovation of MTN and China Mobile, it will be easier to everyone to do business without boundaries for the future.

Sunday, August 12, 2018

China Mobile is a mixed bag with big subscriber numbers, low ARPU

China Mobile, the world's largest mobile operator in terms of customers, published a mixed report for the first half of 2018, revealing increased profitability amidst an overall drop in revenue, heightened price competition from rivals China Telecom and China Unicom, and a slowing of new customer additions as the market becomes saturated even in rural areas of the country. It is a mixed picture as well because China Mobile is seeing a wave of IoT activations of its network, as well continued triple-digit growth in handset data traffic, yet tighter cost management and better efficiency are touted as the path forward. China's central government has pressured the Big 3 operators to speed up their network upgrade programs, while at the same time imposing tariff reductions, especially the cancellation fo domestic data roaming tariffs between provinces. China Mobile retains a 53% market share, making it the strongest of the Big 3

In terms of revenue growth, voice revenue is eroding at an alarming rate (-6.4%) due to the tariff reductions; SMS and MMS are flat (+0.1%); wireless data revenue is the bright spot (+7.0%) but far outpaced by traffic growth of 153%; and wireline broadband is expanding at rate more typical for developed markets (+2.5%).

Meanwhile, over the past twelve months, China Mobile's stock price has declined by nearly 20%, lagging the 12-month performance of a basket of Chinese tech stocks (NAR: CQQQ).

Operating data published by China Mobile (in English) for the first half of 2018 is extensive, more so than the quarterly data disclosed by major operators in western countries, which is surprising as one might expect the opposite to be true.

Unlike the big three U.S. operators who enjoy ARPU is the US$50+ range, China Mobile must make do with ARPU of RMB 58.10 (US$8.43) -- about 1/6th the billing per subscriber per month -- a. China Mobile is clearly gearing up for what is likely to be one world's fastest and deepest rollouts of 5G. They are already known for running a tight ship in terms of cost management. To complete this 5G upgrade cycle they are promising to cut costs even further. And while China Mobile has a very large number of employees, individual salaries are low compared to western peers and so automation of network administration functions may not have as big a payback, which will mean that efficiency gains will have to come from somewhere else.

The semi-annual report gives us a good idea of where China Mobile intends to cut. Its cost cutting targets include:

-15.4% -- average maintenance expense per base station
-7.5% -- average power and utility expense per base station
-9.0% -- average selling expense per new additional customer
-0.13pp -- operating lease charges to revenue

A lot of these expenses are associated with the physical infrastructure that was handed over to China Tower, which completed its IPO in a Hong Kong listing only last week. China Mobile's new report states that tower leasing fees cannot exceed the budget established at the beginning. And now there are these new expectations for reduced maintenance, as well as expectations for the 5G rollout and network densification.



Top and bottom lines for 1H2018

Profits at China Mobile are growing, even if other aspects of the business are under challenge. EBITDA grew by 3.7% compared to the same period last year, reaching RMB145.9 billion. Profit attributable to equity shareholders grew by 4.7% year-on-year to RMB65.6 billion. While overall review was down, operating revenue of RMB391.8 billion, up by 2.9% compared to the same period last year, and telecommunications services revenue was RMB356.1 billion, up by 5.5% compared to the same period last year.


The Four Growth Engines

With its 906 million mobile customers, it is clear that this is the engine that really matters.

The total number of connections increased to 1.425 billion, comprising 906 million mobile connections, 135 million wireline broadband connections and 384 million IoT connections.

In the first half of 2018, the average handset data traffic per user per month, or DOU, of 4G customers exceeded 3GB while the total handset data traffic increased by 153%, while revenue for data traffic grew 15.3%. Actually, for Q2, data traffic grew 164%, so we are likely to see and even bigger data traffic growth rate for the rest of 2018. So far, China Mobile has managed to move 75% of its users onto the 4G network.



Revenue for the personal mobile market grew by only 1.1% compared to the first half of 2017.

In fixed line residential Internet service, China Mobile is adding customers at a good clip and its market share has now reached 39% with 128.2 million households. This is bad news for China Telecom and China Unicom. Net growth in household broadband customers reached 18.80 million, accounting for 57% of the total number of net additional customers in the industry. Over 42% of households receive over 100 Mbps connection speeds, a strong showing compared to many developed countries. Household ARPU is also rising (+7.2% yoy) although ARPU remains at a very low level RMB 35.0 (US$5.08).

In the first half of 2018, application and information services revenue grew by 23.5%.

China Mobile also said it is rapidly completing a national NB-IoT network, which it expects to launch before the end of the year.

China Mobile's total number of IoT smart connections has reached 384 million and revenue from IoT business recorded a year-on-year growth of 47.6%.

The CAPEX story

For 1H2018, China Mobile spent RMB 79.5 billion (US$11.54 billion), down from RMB 85.3 billion for 1H2017. For the full 2018, China Mobile anticipates total CAPEX will be RMB 166.1 billion, down from RMB 177.5 billion for all of 2017.

For comparison, Verizon's CAPEX for 1H 2018 was $7.8 billion, compared to $7.0 billion for 1H 2017. Deutsche Telekom listed its 1H2018 revenue at EUR 6.1 billion for "both sides of the Atlantic."

The CAPEX budget for 1H2018 was as follows:

  • 36.7% - Mobile communications networks, including the addition of 190,000 4G base stations
  • 37.6% - Transmission networks
  • 10.7% - Business networks
  • 4.4% - Support systems
  • 8.3% - Buildings & infrastructure & power systems
  • 2.3% - Other
For the second half of 2018, China Mobile plans to shift more of the spending from the transmission network to the mobile communications network, with additional spending for buildings and other infrastructure.

The 5G plan

China Mobile has been granted an LTE FDD (Frequency-Division Duplexing) operating permit and says it is working to speed up network convergence.

The operator plans 5G trials for the remainder of 2018. The corporate report states: "The development of 5G bears great significance to the Company for its profound implications on our sustainability... We are keen to generate returns on our investments and will plan our future investments on 5G taking into consideration the level of maturity of the industry and business models that emerge"

China Mobile awards EUR 1 billion deal to Nokia


China Mobile and Nokia signed a frame agreement valued at up to EUR 1 billion for the continued delivery of mobile, fixed, IP routing, optical transport, customer experience management technologies and operational support as well as services expertise throughout 2018. The agreement was signed at the recent Sino-German Economic Forum by Li Huidi, Vice President of China Mobile, and Hans-Jürgen Bill, Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources.....

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

IEEE 5G World Forum: China Mobile sees Deep Rethinking with 5G

5G gives us the opportunity to rethink the fundamentals of cellular communications, said Dr. Chih-Lin I of China Mobile, speaking at the 2018 IEEE 1st 5G World Forum (5GWF’18) in Santa Clara, California this week. The deep rethinking refers to a reevaluation of basic cell infrastructure, including the base station, the fronthaul, the protocol stack, the air interface and even signalling and control systems. The core idea is to make everything software-defined everything. Keywords for this rethinking are open and smart. Rather than rely on one or two strategic vendors, China Mobile runs its own R&D programs.

Dr. Chih-Lin I said China Mobile is actively engaged with multiple vendors, academia, and the open source community, especially The Linux Foundation, with the goal of making its future network more agile and more energy efficient. For instance, China Mobile is one of the 5 founders of the O-RAN Alliance, which aims to open up the radio access network.


She said China Mobile is also especially interested in white box hardware in the RAN. Field trials are planned for later this year in Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Anhui. As a cost savings mechanism, China Mobile would like to see new suppliers in its networks.

China Mobile is also experimenting with various materials to help dissipate heat in base stations. This may also be included in future reference designs.

China Mobile, Huawei and Alibaba have established a Wireless AI Alliance (WAIA) to coordinate industry and academic research efforts in China for intelligent networking. Five working groups have been set up. Two whitepapers have been published.

Some additional highlights of the presentation

  • China Mobile is the world's largest mobile operator with 902 million subscribers, of which 73% are now on 4G
  • China Mobile's 4G network footprint covers 99% of China's population
  • China Mobile has nearly 2 million base stations in operation, of which 63% are 4G LTE
  • China Mobile has over 200 million VoLTE users
  • 5G testing kicks off this year in 5 cities (Hangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Suzhou, with service demos planned for Beijing, Chengdu, and Shenzhen). Pre-commerical trials will be extended next year. China Mobile is targetting 2020 for 5G commercialization.


Video of Dr. Chih-Lin I's presentation 
http://ieeetv.ieee.org/conference-highlights/ieee-5g-world-forum-keynotes-full-stream-day-2-2018

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

China Mobile awards EUR 1 billion deal to Nokia

China Mobile and Nokia signed a frame agreement valued at up to EUR 1 billion for the continued delivery of mobile, fixed, IP routing, optical transport, customer experience management technologies and operational support as well as services expertise throughout 2018.

The agreement was signed at the recent Sino-German Economic Forum by Li Huidi, Vice President of China Mobile, and Hans-Jürgen Bill, Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer of Nokia and also Chairman of the Board of Directors of Nokia Networks GmbH & Co KG in Germany. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the Chinese Premier Li Keqiang also attended the forum.

Nokia said it will supply China Mobile with best-in-class, end-to-end technology solutions to enable a next-generation network for the age of the cloud and machine communications.

In addition, Nokia and China Mobile have signed a memorandum of understanding for research and testing of the artificial intelligence (AI) and machine-learning capabilities of next-generation networks for the delivery of intelligent network optimization and radio resource management.

Mike Wang, President of Nokia Shanghai Bell, said: "This is a highly significant agreement with our longstanding partner that consolidates Nokia's position as a leading provider of next-generation technologies and services in China. We are committed to delivering industry-leading, end-to-end capabilities that will allow operators to dramatically increase performance, which will introduce new possibilities for networks of the future."

Sunday, July 8, 2018

NEC selected for Bay to Bay Express subsea cable system

NEC has been selected to build a high-performance submarine cable connecting Singapore, Hong Kong and the United States.

A consortium composed of China Mobile International, Facebook and Amazon Web Services is backing the Bay to Bay Express Cable System (BtoBE).

Construction of the nearly 16,000-kilometer optical submarine cable is expected to be completed by the fourth quarter of 2020.

NEC said the BtoBE system will utilize multiple pairs of optical fiber and achieve round trip latency of less than 130 milliseconds.

"NEC is honored to be selected by the BtoBE consortium as the turn-key system supplier for this world record-breaking optical fiber submarine cable system that covers the longest distance without regeneration. The BtoBE, landing at three locations spanning across the Pacific Ocean, is designed so that once completed, it can carry at least 18Tbs of capacity per fiber pair," said Mr. Toru Kawauchi, General Manager of the Submarine Network Division at NEC Corporation. "The BtoBE will provide seamless connectivity and network diversity, while serving to complement other Asia-Pacific submarine cables, among others."

https://www.nec.com/en/press/201807/global_20180709_03.html



Nokia to set up R&D lab with China Mobile in Hangzhou

Nokia and China Mobile signed a MoU to establish a joint laboratory in Hangzhou, China to study the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning to 5G.

The new laboratory promises to foster an open RAN and 5G ecosystem working with third parties. The team will use the Nokia AirScale Cloud RAN, AirFrame OpenRack, open edge server and ReefShark chipsets, as well as Nokia-developed AI middleware to access embedded intelligence. Nokia and China Mobile will also conduct technology field trials and demonstrations.

China Mobile will lead the research in terms of scenario selection, requirements confirmation, open API standardization and solution definition.

"China Mobile has been paying attention to the application of artificial intelligence for a long time, and making effort to build an open and collaborative 5G+AI  ecosystem. With the signing of this MoU, we are pleased to t initiate the collaboration on the research of big data and machine learning technologies applying to 5G RAN network, and make joint effort in the O-RAN alliance which was kickoffed recently to enhance the intelligence of 5G network, reduce the complexity, and explore the new capabilities of network," says Yuhong Huang, Deputy General Manager of China Mobile Research Institute.

Thursday, July 5, 2018

U.S. seeks to block China Mobile from entering U.S. market

Citing national security concerns, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration is requesting that the FCC deny a license request from China Mobile to offer services in the U.S. market.

“After significant engagement with China Mobile, concerns about increased risks to U.S. law enforcement and national security interests were unable to be resolved. Therefore, the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, through the National Telecommunications and Information Administration pursuant to its statutory responsibility to coordinate the presentation of views of the Executive Branch to the FCC, recommends that the FCC deny China Mobile’s Section 214 license request.”

https://www.ntia.doc.gov/press-release/2018/ntia-statement-china-mobile-s-section-214-application-fcc

  • China Mobile initially filed its petition for global facilities-based and global resale international Section 214 authority in September 2011.

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

China Mobile and NTT DOCOMO back IoT Multi-vendor eSIM

China Mobile and NTT DOCOMO will launch an eSIM(1) solution to enable cross-vendor SIM profile switching from DOCOMO to China Mobile.

This allows DOCOMO customers from Japan with IoT equipment in China to switch the mobile numbers (profiles) of their IoT equipment from DOCOMO to China Mobile even with different SIM vendors adopted by the two operators, thus eliminating the need to replace physical SIM cards.

DOCOMO commercialized the eSIM solution in 2014 and launched a commercial service with Telefonica Brasil S.A. (Vivo) in 2015.

DOCOMO and China Mobile International signed an IoT Service Agreement including eSIM solution in November 2017.

DOCOMO has also been pursuing various eSIM projects through partnerships with international mobile operators including IoT World Alliance, SCFA and Conexus
. Gradual expansion to Europe, Asia, Middle East and America is planned.

Monday, April 9, 2018

Nokia wins key role in China Mobile's regional optical transport network

Nokia has secured the #1 vendor role in a central bid to supply equipment for China Mobile's regional optical transport network.

Specifically, China Mobile has chosen Nokia to provide an integrated IP/optical solution for 13 city metro and two provincial backbone networks. The network includes Nokia 1830 PSS-24x platform, a highly scalable packet/OTN multilayer switching platform. Deployments are underway. Financial terms were not disclosed.

China Mobile's new optical transport network will support its next-generation of network services, especially 5G.

Yu Xiaohan, head of the China Mobile customer team at Nokia Shanghai Bell, said: "We are very pleased to work closely with China Mobile to provide the optical technology for its most advanced networks today and in the future. We'll continue to fulfill our mission by making people's life easier as we create the technologies that connect the world."

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Vodafone and China Mobile enter IoT resale partnership

Vodafone and China Mobile agreed to resell each other’s IoT services.

Under the agreement, each company will share new IoT project opportunities. Vodafone customers will be given access to China Mobile IoT SIMS for deployments in China, and China Mobile customers wanting to offer IoT-enabled products outside of China will use Vodafone’s Global IoT SIM and management platform. Vodafone will manage all elements of the operational model for its customers including on-boarding, SIM and logistics as well as billing and support. The company will effectively act as a single point of contact for its enterprise IoT customers wanting to move into China.

China Mobile signs cooperation pact with Ericsson

At Mobile World Congress, China Mobile signed a Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement with Ericsson to develop Internet of Things (IoT) opportunities in industry and enterprises.

The partnership will build on Ericsson’s Device Connection Platform IoT (DCP-IoT) Connectivity Management platform, as part of the IoT Accelerator Platform, to help China Mobile expand IoT business worldwide, and to support China’s One Belt One Road initiative.

The companies plan to jointly build an Industry IoT Cooperation Center to plan for and develop IoT Connectivity and IoT ecosystem solutions in areas such as manufacturing, industry, health, and intelligent transportation.

Ericsson and China Mobile also agreed to strengthen cooperation in 5G standardization and 5G networks, and also jointly develop 5G network-enabled use cases for industries, as well as exploring business opportunities to reach the full potential of IoT.

Chris Houghton, Head of Market Area North East Asia, Ericsson, says: “At MWC 2018 we are showing that we are no longer just talking about 5G and IoT, we are doing what it takes to make it happen. The IoT Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement with China Mobile shows we are working with partners to put our 5G and IoT technology leadership into practice.”

Monday, January 22, 2018

China Mobile tests core scalability for NB-IoT using EXFO

China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC), working with EXFO's test solution, completed a performance verification test of core networking equipment from 4 major vendors. The tests examined whether these NFV-based networks can individually support 5 million narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) devices.

EXFO said its test solution was preferred for three main reasons:

  • Performance - capacity to simulate millions of IoT devices on one single server, keeping network configuration simple
  • Flexibility - ability to adapt to rapidly evolving specifications and specific requirements
  • Extensive test coverage: covers the network from end to end, including focus on individual nodes


"Communication service providers have to ensure that new IoT equipment introduced into the network will be compatible with existing network nodes before they go live," Claudio Mazzuca, EXFO's Vice-President, Systems and Analytics. "Through our local presence, we were able to deliver quick turnaround times to adapt to CMCC's specific requirements. Our test solutions come with unmatched flexibility giving them an edge in today's rapidly transforming telecom landscape."

Monday, January 8, 2018

China Mobile Chooses Huawei's CloudFabric

China Mobile is using Huawei's CloudFabric solution to build a private cloud resource pool for its data centers in the cities of Hohhot and Harbin. China Mobile is mainly using its private cloud to support its internal IT systems, including business platforms, IT support systems, and other internal uses.

In 2016, the Phase-I project for China Mobile's private cloud resource pool was completed. Phase-II aims to become the world's largest OpenStack resource pool.

Huawei noted that its CloudFabric solution has been deployed at more than 1,200 data centers in over 120 countries.

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

China Mobile to enter UK as MVNO

China Mobile is entering the UK telephony market as a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) with leased capacity on the EE network.

The new service -- called CMLink -- will provide mobile voice and data services for Chinese immigrants, students and professionals living in and traveling to the UK. The company estimates the size of the Chinese community in the UK at 433,000. A further 82,000 Chinese nationals are studying in the UK on student visas. During the first half of 2017, there were 115,000 Chinese tourists visiting the UK, up 47% over last year.

Two key features of the service:

  • CMLink promises no extra fees on data, minutes and texts across the UK, selected destinations in the EU, mainland China and Hong Kong SAR.
  • CMLink subscribers can  make free calls to 880 million China Mobile users in China.

“China Mobile’s ‘Big Connectivity’ strategy affirms its vision of becoming a leading global operator with innovative digital services.” said Dr. Li Feng, Chairman and CEO at CMI. “While China Mobile serves 880 million domestic mobile subscribers, CMI – its operating subsidiary responsible for international business – is breaking new ground in overseas markets. With the growing business and cultural exchanges between China and the UK, the launch of CMI’s CMLink MVNO, enables Chinese communities to stay connected with family, friends and business partners anytime, anywhere. We expect the UK launch to be a new chapter in CMI delivering compelling digital services that break down barriers of communication for global consumers while fostering open exchange between Belt and Road companies.”

Monday, December 4, 2017

Huawei and China Mobile develop control plane protocol for Broadband Network Gateways

Huawei and the China Mobile Research Institute have developed a Control Plane and User Plane Separated Protocol (CUSP) for cloud-based Broadband Network Gateways (BNGs).

The companies said their CUSP draft defines protocol requirements for information delivery, reliability, and security mechanisms needed for communication between the control and user planes in cloud-based BNG architecture with separated control and user planes.

The protocol has been submitted to the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) for consideration as a standard.

"The CU-separated BNG architecture allows network resource pooling to improve resource utilization and enables centralized virtual control plane to accelerate service efficiency and shorten new service provisioning time,” said Hu Shujun, an expert at the China Mobile Research Institute. “These are the business values brought by the architecture. The standards proposal submitted at the meeting was well received by industry experts, and the interface protocol and information model for interaction between the control and user planes will drive the new architecture to mature and become applicable. On the way to standardization of this architecture, we are open to new thoughts and welcome conversations with more industry experts to accelerate this process."

  • In March 2017, Huawei worked with the European Advanced Networking Test Center (EANTC) to complete the industry's first function and performance tests on broadband access for one million home subscribers. 
  • In June, Huawei and China Mobile Shaanxi successfully carried out the world's first commercial trial of the CU-separated BNG architecture on a live network.

Thursday, November 30, 2017

China Mobile and ZTE sign partnership agreement

China Mobile signed a strategic cooperation agreement with ZTE covering joint development of smart city, smart home, secure terminal service platform, smart next-generation network operation and maintenance, and next-generation network technologies. The two parties will be committed to co-building a healthy ecosystem as well as encouraging efforts for continuous development in the industry.

The agreement was signed at the China Mobile Global Partners Conference 2017.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

China Mobile marks 20th anniversary, now at 877 million subscribers

China Mobile marked the 20th anniversary since its debut as a publicly listed company with a first generatio, analogue mobile network. The company first began trading on the main board of the Hong Kong HKEX on 23 October 1997.

As of 30 September 2017, China Mobile was serving 877,708,000 mobile lines, including 621,757,000 4G subscribers. The number of net new mobile customers for 2017 has now surpassed 28 million.

The number of fixed broadband lines grew to 103.425,000, topping the 100 million milestone for the first time during September. The number or net new fixed line broadband customers has surpassed 25 million for 2017 so far.

Monday, September 25, 2017

China Mobile looks to buy Oi Brasil

China Mobile is negotiating to acquire the mobile division of Oi, the largest telecommunications company in Brazil and South America, according to report in The China Daily.


The deal has not been finalized. China Mobile might have to pay US$3.5 billion in fines owed by Oi to the Brazilian telecoms authority, known as Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes, or Anatel.

If it goes through, the deal would be historic on several fronts. None of the Chinese telecommunications carriers have acquired other carriers in other countries. China Mobile, which is already the world's largest mobile operator, would add nearly 41 million mobile subscribers in Brazil.

Oi, which was once known as Telemar, was formed through the merger of 16 state-owned incumbent local exchange carriers. The company was re-branded as "Oi" in 2007. In June 2016, Oi filed for bankruptcy protection, citing US$19 billion (R$65 billion) in debt. The case is still pending in the Brazilian courts.

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

China Mobile Hong Kong and Huawei build All-Cloud Core Showcase

China Mobile Hong Kong Company Limited (CMHK) and Huawei have jointly built an all-Cloud Core Network showcase to serve as an incubation center for new businesses.

At the showcase, more than 20 main traditional core network NEs have been moved on to the cloud, where the same NFVI is shared.

The companies said their deployment approach makes O&M more efficient and allows resources to be better utilized. The unified NFVI accelerates rollout of new services, guarantees fast innovation and service verification. So far, the site has provided more than three million subscribers with mobile data, VoLTE (Voice over LTE) and VoWiFi (Voice over WiFi). All KPIs show that network operation has been stable.

http://www.huawei.com/en/news/2017/8/All-Cloud-Core-Network-Showcase


Tuesday, August 1, 2017

ZTE, China Mobile and Qualcomm Demo Pre 5G on TD-LTE

ZTE, together with China Mobile and Qualcomm, announced the demonstration of a Pre5G gigabit rate solution on a TD-LTE commercial network in Quanzhou, Fujian in China leveraging multi-carrier aggregation, 4 x 4 MIMO, 256QAM and other advanced technologies.

During the latest demonstration, China Mobile and ZTE also verified the Pre5G gigabit solution utilising Qualcomm commercial Snapdragon 835 platform and achieved a peak rate of up to 700 Mbit/s using a 10-stream data transmission on a single phone.

ZTE noted that in a white paper assessing 5G vision and requirements, the IMT-2020 (5G) promotion group stated that 5G should support a user data rate of between 100 Mbit/s and 1 Gbit/s. One of ZTE's four-core Pre5G technologies, Giga+ mobile broadband (MBB), uses massive MIMO, multi-carrier aggregation and high-order modulation technologies to improve spectrum efficiency and network-wide capacity and is designed to deliver a peak rate of over 1 Gbit/s.

Previously, in June Quanzhou Mobile and ZTE jointly implemented a commercial deployment of 3D-MIMO in big video environments. With 16 commercial terminals connected, the single-carrier downlink peak cell rate achieved was nearly 730 Mbit/s, while the single-carrier 16-stream downlink peak rate for 3D-MIMO reached 700 Mbit/s, equivalent to a three-carrier rate of up to 2.1 Gbit/s.
ZTE noted that the use in the latest demonstration of 4 x 4 MIMO, multi-carrier aggregation and high-order baseband modulation (256QAM) technologies, together with commercial chips in the commercial network, is designed to significantly improve the efficiency of spectrum utilisation without increasing bandwidth, and can provide a user data rate of more than 1 Gbit/s.


ZTE's Pre5G solution involves both key 5G technologies such as massive MIMO and commercial availability on 4G networks, as well as enhancements to the LTE Advanced (LTE-A) Pro technologies in the 3GPP architecture, including massive CA, unified delivery network (UDN), 256QAM, licensed assisted access (LAA), WiFi link aggregation (LWA) and narrowband Internet of things (NB-IoT).

See also