Monday, July 31, 2017

MEF Update and Scope with Nan Chen



Nan Chen, President of MEF, provides an update from MEF’s recent Annual Meeting in Toronto.  MEF is enabling service providers to create a global ecosystem of automated networks that deliver agile, assured, and orchestrated services.

There are 4 major areas of strategic work:
(1) Third Network services (wavelength, Carrier Ethernet, IP, SD-WAN, Layer 4-7 cloud services),
(2) LSO Reference Architecture and Open APIs,
(3) reference implementations and MEFnet, and
(4) certification programs for services, technology, and professionals.

These topics and more will be explored at MEF17 (www.MEF17.com) , 13-14 November in Orlando, Florida.

See video: https://youtu.be/5NexRVi2VkI


MEF - Advancing the Industry



Over the last few years, MEF has done three very important things: (1)  shifting beyond Ethernet to support other connectivity types and network-based apps; (2)  developing Lifecycle Service Orchestration (LSO);  shifting from just implementing technology specs to implementing LSO APIs, reference processes, and other operations enablers. The combination of these three will be very powerful, says Allan Langfield, Executive Director of Product Management at Comcast Business.

Recorded at the MEF Annual Member's Meeting in Toronto.

See video: https://youtu.be/5eb0pwSpj-M


Market Update for India

India's mobile market continues to be the most dynamic worldwide thanks to Reliance Jio's entrance nine months ago. Mobile data traffic is booming, total subscriber count continues to rise, and rumours continue to swirl about consolidation of the 12 players into perhaps just a handful. Wireline subscription continue to drop rapidly at a monthly decline rate of 0.57% as mobile coverage, services, and offers proliferate.

New figures released by Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) last week show that total wireless subscribers (GSM, CDMA and LTE) increased from 1,174.60 million at the end of Apr-17 to 1,180.82 million at the end of May-17, thereby registering a monthly growth rate of 0.53%. Adding in fixed line subscribers, the number of telephone subscribers in India increased from 1,198.89 million at the end of April to 1,204.98 million at the end of May, thereby showing a monthly growth rate of 0.51%. The monthly growth rate was stronger in rural areas (1.00% ) than in cities (0.15%), which indicates that finally many villages are getting connected. Rural tele-density increased from 57.02 at the end of April to 57.55 at the end of May, compared to urban tele-density of 172.28 at the end of May. Amazingly, Delhi now has a tele-density of 260%, while the state of Bihar in east India has a tele-density of 62%.

The Wireless Tele-density (%) in India increased from 91.34 at the end of April to 91.74 at the end of May. The Urban Wireless Tele-density increased slightly from 167.21 at the end of April to 167.24 at the end of May, and Rural Wireless Tele-density increased from 56.59 to 57.12 during the same period. The share of urban and rural wireless subscribers in total number of wireless subscribers was 57.30% and 42.70% respectively, at the end of May 2017.

In broadband, the number of subscribers increased from 284.23 million at the end of April to 291.61 million at the end of May with a monthly growth rate of 2.60%. The market is moving rapidly to mobile at the expense of DSL and fixed wireless. This breaks down as follows.

Broadband subscribers:

·         Wired subscribers - 18.23 million, for a -0.14% monthly growth rate.

·         Mobile devices users (phones and dongles) - 272.85 million, for a 2.80% monthly growth rate.

·         Fixed wireless subscribers (WiFi, WiMax, point-to-point radio and VSAT) - 0.53 million, -3.04% monthly growth rate.

·         The top five broadband service providers are Reliance Jio Infocom (117.34 million), Bharti Airtel (53.30 million), Vodafone (40.43 million), Idea Cellular (24.63 million) and BSNL (21.59 million). For wired broadband service providers, the top five were BSNL (9.80 million), Bharti Airtel (2.09 million), Atria Convergence Technologies (1.20 million), MTNL (0.99 million) and YOU Broadband (0.64 million).

TRAI monthly figures by mobile operator






I Squared Capital to acquire Hutchison Global for $1.86bn

I Squared Capital, an independent global infrastructure investment manager, announced an agreement, through its ISQ Global Infrastructure Fund II, to acquire a 100% interest in Hutchison Global Communications Investment Holding (HGC) from Hutchison Telecommunications Hong Kong Holdings (HTHKH), a part of CK Hutchison Holdings, for approximately HKD14.5 billion (approximately $1.86 billion).

HGC is a major fixed-line service provider addressing fixed and mobile carriers, OTT service providers, corporate, residential and data centres in Hong Kong and worldwide. The company's 1.4-million-km fibre network connects to over 14,200 buildings; it is also one of Hong Kong's largest WiFi service providers operating over 25,000 hot spots. HGC's international network includes four key land routes into mainland China, as well as multiple submarine and terrestrial cable systems.

HTHKH stated that the transaction is intended to enable it to focus in its core business of serving mobile customers, and that it plans to use the proceeds of the transaction for working capital and to invest in its mobile business.

I Squared Capital noted that a significant portion of HGC's revenue is generated through long-term contracts with a diverse customers base that includes the major mobile providers in the region. HGC Group is also working to develop cloud computing services and delivering high-speed WiFi service under the HGC On Air brand.

I Squared stated that the acquisition is expected to close by October 2017.

I Squared Capital, based in New York, is an independent global infrastructure investment manager that focuses on energy, utilities and transport in the Americas, Europe, and select high growth economies. As well as New York, the company has offices in Houston, London, New Delhi, Hong Kong and Singapore.

Commenting on the transaction, Gautam Bhandari, partner at I Squared Capital, said, "With I Squared Capital's investment, HGC will continue to provide the same quality of service that mobile telecommunication providers, corporate and residential customers have come to expect… fresh capital will also enable the company to develop new solutions to meet the ever-increasing demand for high-speed information infrastructure throughout the region and beyond".


AT&T appointments executives ahead of merger with Time Warner

AT&T has announced a number of executive appointments in preparation for completing its acquisition of global media and entertainment company Time Warner; the transaction is currently under review by the U.S. Department of Justice and competition authorities in certain foreign countries.

Effective August 1st, the following executives will assume new positions and continue to report to AT&T chairman and CEO Randall Stephenson:

1.   In addition to her existing responsibilities as global marketing officer, Lori Lee will assume leadership of AT&T International; Ms. Lee previously led AT&T's Time Warner merger integration planning team.

AT&T provides mobile services to more than 13 million consumers and businesses in Mexico, and pay-TV service to more than 13 million subscribers across 11 countries and territories in Latin America and the Caribbean.
2.   John Stankey will assume the lead of AT&T's Time Warner merger integration planning team, working closely with Time Warner chairman and CEO Jeff Bewkes to plan for the leadership transition to Stankey as CEO of AT&T's media company on completion of the merger; Mr. Stankey was previously CEO of AT&T Entertainment Group.

3.   John Donovan, previously chief strategy officer and group president of AT&T Technology and Operations, has been named CEO of AT&T Communications, encompassing AT&T's Business Solutions, Entertainment Group, and Technology & Operations groups.

AT&T provides mobile, broadband and video services to U.S.-based consumers and serves nearly 3.5 million businesses, from small companies to most of the Fortune 1000.


BT restructures, appoints EE CEO to lead new Consumer business

UK-based telco BT Group has announced organisational changes designed to simplify its operating model, strengthen accountabilities and accelerate its transformation.

The organisational changes are as follows:

1.         Marc Allera, currently CEO of the EE business acquired in 2016, is appointed to lead a newly created Consumer business, combining BT's Consumer and EE businesses, effective September 1, 2017. The new Consumer business will operate via three distinct brands - BT, EE and Plusnet – encompassing fixed and mobile networks, consumer products and services and content.

Marc Allen previously served in a number of roles with Three UK, including as chief commercial officer and sales and marketing director, and prior to that with its parent company Hutchison Whampoa.

2.         Cathryn Ross, currently chief executive of Ofwat, the water sector regulator in England and Wales, has been appointed as director of regulatory affairs, following the decision of Sean Williams, current chief strategy officer at BT Group, to leave the company. Cathryn Ross is expected to take up her new role in January 2018.

Prior to joining Ofwat, Cathryn Ross was executive director of markets and economics at the Office of Rail Regulation (ORR) and also worked at the Competition Commission (now Competition and Markets Authority).

3.         John Petter, after nearly four years serving as CEO of BT Consumer, has announced he will step down to pursue roles outside BT Group.

GigaSpaces to spin-off Cloudify orchestration and cloud mgt division

New York-based GigaSpaces Technologies, a supplier of software enabling in-memory computing, announced that it plans to spin off Cloudify, its orchestration and cloud management platform business unit, into a new company focused on the growing market for management and orchestration of cloud applications and network functions virtualisation (NFV).

GigaSpaces stated that it began planning for the spin-off last year, based on strong demand for the Cloudify product line in its core enterprise cloud markets and the emerging carrier network orchestration market. The move is intended to enable the Cloudify entity to dedicate engineering, product development, marketing and customer support activities to addressing the cloud market segment.

The new company will retain the core Cloudify engineering, product and marketing teams, working from existing locations in New York City, San Jose, California and Tel Aviv in Israel.

In 2016, GigaSpaces open sourced its products and implemented an open source support business model. The GigaSpaces IMC business unit launched InsightEdge, based on the Apache Spark cluster computing project, while Cloudify launched Apache Project ARIA, an open source orchestration library designed to accelerate TOSCA adoption.

The Cloudify project was launched in its current form in 2014 as an open source TOSCA orchestration platform, positioning Cloudify as a provider of technology for connecting hybrid clouds and the networking layer. The convergence of technology establishes Cloudify as an orchestrator capable of providing end-to-end orchestration of both networks and applications in multi-cloud environments.

Cloudify features built-in support for private clouds such as OpenStack and VMware, public clouds Amazon Web Services, Azure and Google Compute Platform, and container technologies such as Kubernetes. The platform is also being adopted by large telcos and carriers to manage NFV.

GigaSpaces noted that it will continue to market its in-memory computing via its XAP and InsightEdge product lines.



* Last year, Cloudify unveiled its Telecom Edition open source orchestrator solution at the OPNFV Summit in Berlin. Cloudify has designed the Telecom Edition to meet the needs of NFV operators by adding a set of new features, NFV-specific plugins and blueprints showcasing how to mode VNFs and SFC (service function chaining).

Windstream expands metro fibre, adds fixed-wireless

Windstream, a provider of advanced network communications, announced a major expansion of its metro fibre network in Indianapolis that will provide the area's growing business community with access to fibre and fixed-wireless infrastructure connecting to more local data centres and commercial buildings and to Windstream's national fibre network.

Windstream's latest metro fibre network expansion and the addition of fixed wireless access serves the areas of Carmel, Fishers, Noblesville, Westfield and Greenwood, as well as connecting its national network to key data centre campuses and commercial buildings in the Indianapolis area. The expansion will also enable business customers to utilise the operator's enterprise-class data, voice, network and cloud services.

A specific Indianapolis-based organisation that will benefit from Windstream's expansion is Hamilton Southeastern School District (HSSD), the second-largest school district in the Indianapolis metro area with more than 20,000 students across its 21 schools. Windstream noted that HSSD is an existing WAN customer.

Windstream's expansion in Indianapolis increases both the coverage of its network and the services that are available to local customers, including fixed wireless connectivity, unified communications, managed services, network security, business continuity, network solutions and cloud services.

Windstream is engaged in expanding its metro fibre networks across the U.S. as part of an initiative designed to support customers in the banking, financial services, legal services, education, healthcare, government, hospitality and retail sectors. In addition to Indianapolis, Windstream is expanding its metro networks in cities including Charlotte, Detroit, Nashville, Richmond, Little Rock, Atlanta, Chicago, Minneapolis, Philadelphia, Dallas, St. Louis and Cleveland.

Windstream is a major provider of advanced network communications and technology solutions for consumers, businesses, enterprise and wholesale customers across the U.S. The company supplies core transport solutions over local and long-haul fibre infrastructure spanning approximately 147,000 miles nationwide.

GoNetspeed to launch fibre broadband in Pittsburgh

GoNetspeed, based in Rochester, New York, a fibre broadband service provider, announced it will begin offering high-speed connectivity to select communities in Pittsburgh, targeting both business and residential customers.

GoNetspeed aims to bridge the digital divide by taking fibre connectivity directly to the customers utilising an existing network in Pittsburgh. The company plans to begin offering residential broadband service in the community of Ambridge by October, followed by Beaver Falls shortly after. GoNetspeed's residential packages are priced from $50 for 100 Mbit/s bandwidth; it also offers 500 Mbit/s and 1 Gbit/s bandwidth options.

GoNetspeed will also provide the business community with Internet and Ethernet services throughout Pittsburgh.

The company has plans to expand its services to other communities in Pennsylvania, as well as to customers in California and Florida, and potentially other areas where interest is shown.

GoNetspeed was founded by Frank Chiaino, who serves as company chairman. Mr. Chiaino previously founded Fibertech Networks, which built nearly 14,000 miles of metro fibre networks across the northeast region. Fibertech merged with Lightower Fiber Networks in 2015. GoNetspeed is led by Larry Coleman as president, formerly president and founder of Sunesys, with Tom Perrone serving as COO and previously VP of engineering and planning at Fibertech.


NI enhances LabVIEW MIMO Application Framework

NI, the provider of platform-based systems that enable engineers and scientists to address engineering challenges, announced multiple antenna User Equipment (UE) support for its LabVIEW Communications MIMO Application Framework.

NI's enhanced MIMO Application Framework is claimed to be the only commercially available physical layer reference design to enable massive MIMO prototyping for both desktop simulations and functional 5G deployments.

Using the new solution, wireless researchers can pair the MIMO Application Framework with NI software defined radio hardware to conduct real-time, over-the-air experiments for a range of MIMO research areas including multi-user MIMO, single-user MIMO and massive MIMO. The multi-FPGA physical layer reference design is supplied with LabVIEW Communications source code that can be reconfigured and modified to allow the creation of a network of multiple antenna devices.

The NI solution equips researchers to explore beamforming techniques not only at the base station, but also at the UE to help improve overall network throughput, extend cell coverage and reduce interference. The MIMO Application Framework supports network throughput of more than 1.5 Gbit/s, a flexible, reconfigurable TDM-based frame structure and a bidirectional communications link that can be used to quickly conduct massive MIMO experiments and integrate custom signal processing algorithms.

NI noted that as participants in its RF/Communications Lead User program, wireless researchers at Sweden's Lund University have used the NI prototyping platform for 5G research and recently demonstrated the feasibility of massive MIMO under mobile conditions for users moving at both pedestrian and vehicular speeds.



Friday, July 28, 2017

Cisco observations – Moving towards software on a subscription model

Will large enterprises and Service Providers customers embrace Cisco's high-performance networking platforms built with its own ASICs and OSx, or continue to push for white box platforms based on merchant silicon and fully open software? Will the global ransomware outbreaks of the past two months play to Cisco's advantage as enterprises re-evaluate their security posture and perhaps adopt a more core network-centric approach?

Cisco provided an update on its strategic vision at its recent Cisco Live! customer event in Las Vegas. Materials from this event can be found on the company's Investor Relations web page.

Cisco currently is in an enviable market position. It holds the leading market share in at least 10 market categories; it has 20,000 people working in sales and perhaps 60,000 erstwhile partners around the world. For its most recent fiscal quarter, ended April 29th, Cisco reported revenue of $11.9 billion, GAAP net income of $2.5 billion, or 50c per share, and non-GAAP net income of $3.0 billion, or 60c per share. Sales fell by 1% compared to a year earlier but the company deliver a 5% growth in net income, thanks to cost-cutting measures. Cisco's balance sheet most recently showed $125.950 billion in cash, cash equivalents, and other assets, clearly a mountain of gold that could be used for strategic acquisitions or simply returned to shareholders. Cisco's market cap stands at $160.4 billion. Compare all of this to its nearest rivals, especially the big European concerns, and Cisco’s position is quite strong.

Mergers and acquisitions strategy

Cisco's management perpetually faces the question of execution in a market that overall has been pretty flat and declining in many sectors and geographies. With a gross margin consistently in the mid-60 percentage range, the company is vulnerable to lower cost competitors. Huawei and ZTE, in particular, deliver highly competitive products at lower cost. Cisco is also known for making a lot of acquisitions. Over the years some have been hugely successful for the company, such as the Ethernet switching acquisitions (Crescendo, Grand Junction and Kalpana), while others were huge failures (e.g. Scientific Atlanta).

During briefings at Cisco Live!, Chuck Robbins said the company remains open to strategic mergers and acquisitions that are capable of augmenting and accelerating its core innovation. The company has 160 staff members dedicated to M&A integration. Over the past four years, 80% of the acquisitions have been software related- this is a trend likely to continue. The Meraki and Sourcefire acquisitions were called out for delivering double digit returns.

The differentiated vision of intent-based networking

Cisco new intent-based networking vision, which includes a new DNA Center for orchestrating control over networking traffic, the new ASIC-powered Catalyst 9000 series switches, and a unique ability to analyse encrypted traffic, is already being tested by 75 global organisations. Naturally, Cisco finds measurable improvements for customers testing the new solution, claiming: a 67% time savings for network provisioning, 48% reduced security breach impact, 61% reduced opex. It is too early to see how premium the customers are willing to pay for better management capabilities.

Better security is perhaps the stronger argument for Cisco to make for its silicon-differentiated platforms. In his talk to the investment community, David Goeckeler SVP/GM, Networking and Security Business, argued forcefully that effective security requires a network that can find threats, containing threats, and delivering automated remediation. This depends on leveraging network data, a resource that new ASIC-driven switching platforms can deliver in abundance. When you put together deep analytics and machine learning in an automated policy enforcement system, you have the fundamentals for intent-based infrastructure. Software-defined access can be used to limit the lateral movement for threats. Automated responses mean that human management of network is replaced.

Moving to a recurring revenue model

Perhaps the biggest change in direction for Cisco is that it is actively moving existing offers to subscriptions. In other words, software that used to be consumed on a perpetual basis will now become recurring revenue. Already, more than $2 billion of revenue that could have been recognised under the old model is not being collected on a recurring licensing basis. Over the FY17-20 timeframe, Cisco expects this to grow to 2-3% of total revenue. When factoring in other services already on a recurring model, such as Spark/WebEx, Meraki software, Jasper and Cisco ONE, the total percentage of recurring revenue is expected to grow from 26% in FY 14 to 37% in FY20. The security offers are expected to drive the subscription business. The net effect is improved predictability of future revenue.

Financial guidance for the next 3-5 years

Given its size, Cisco can hardly expect to grow much faster than the market. Overall, the updated financial guidance calls for revenue growth of 1-3%, stable margins, and EPS growth in the mid-single digits. Cisco said it aims to return over 50% of free cash flow to shareholders. Over the past ten years this has been the case. Approximately 50% of cash has been used for share repurchase and about 15% for dividend payments.

The 3-5-year growth forecast is also broken down by segments:

Technology;                Revenue growth

1.  Infrastructure platforms                 flat

2.  Security                              low to mid-teens

3.  Applications                       high single digits to low teens

4.  Services                              mid-single digits


To summarise, Cisco is betting that differentiated innovation will pay off because customers value the deeply embedded security and automation. Though revenues will only grow in the 1-3% range, earning per share should continue to expand as the company moves to a recurring subscription model for up to 37% of its revenue. Cisco promises to return 50% or more of free cash flow to shareholders, and the probability of further mergers and acquisitions remains strong, especially for networking software and service start-ups.

Huawei reports H1 revenue of CNY 283.1bn, up 15% yr/yr

Huawei announced business results for the first half of 2017, including revenue for the first six months of CNY283.1 billion (approximately $41.83 billion), up 15% compared with CNY245.5 billion in the first half of 2016.

Huawei noted that during the first half of 2017 it achieved growth across all three of its business groups, and expects to maintain the current momentum over the remainder of the year.

For its business groups, Huawei reports that:

1.         In the Carrier Business, it continued its focus on supporting global carriers with their digital transformations across all industries, delivering business solutions designed to help carriers lower the cost of end-to-end network construction.

Huawei noted that it is collaborating to lead the development of 5G and is continuing to develop 4.5G technology, as well as supporting carriers' efforts to create all-cloud networks and leverage their existing infrastructure.

2.         In the Enterprise Business, Huawei stated that major companies worldwide are increasingly electing to partner with the company to implement the digital transformation leveraging solutions including cloud computing, all-cloud networks, enterprise wireless, IoT, big data, storage and servers, across sectors including government, finance, electricity, transportation, manufacturing and safe city initiatives.

3.         The Consumer Business maintained its focus on addressing user needs by working with global partners to enable the delivery of smart gadgets for consumers worldwide, and continued to build its global position as a premium brand.



ECI launches Hybrid Virtualization Platform for the edge

ECI, a global provider of Elastic Network solutions for service providers, critical infrastructures and data centre, announced the launch of its Hybrid Virtualization Platform, designed to support multiple NFV-based use cases to help communication service providers simplify operations, reduce opex and enhance SLAs.

By supporting delay-sensitive services and enabling improved security and termination of flows at the network edge, the new ECI platform is designed to support a variety of applications including modernised business services, as well as future Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G services. The platform features ECI's vE-CPE family, which is set to provide virtualisation across customer premises (uCPE) and service provider Edge PoP (MEC).

ECI noted that modern networks feature a complex array of customised hardware, making it potentially costly for service providers to maintain. In addition, launching new services may require significant investments in planning and provisioning hardware and infrastructure. The adoption of virtualised infrastructure, where key network functions run as software (VNFs) on commercial computing platforms, addresses these issues.

The Hybrid Virtualization Platform comprises the Mercury NFVI platform, open source NFV management and orchestration (MANO), which runs ECI's carrier-grade PaaS system, and a suite of virtualised network functions (VNFs) that includes edge routing, session border control, WAN optimisation, LAN monitoring and caching functions.

ECI's new hybrid solution is designed to offer service providers the following capabilities:

1.         Flexibility via support for application delivery on fixed, mobile and converged networks, with ability to evolve to address the future needs of IoT and 5G backhaul.

2.         Agility, with the ability to mix and match multiple functions on the same platform to create new service packages delivered in pay-as-you-grow models.

3.         Faster time to market via the Mercury NFVI solution that allows remote service life cycle management, from provisioning to turn up.

4.         Reduced opex by streamlining service creation using software-driven processes.


ECI's Mercury platform is designed for fixed, mobile and converged networks, and alleviates the demands on the network core by increasing the capabilities and intelligence of MEC (Mobile Edge Computing) to the customer premise via uCPE or to the eNodeB. The Mercury NFVi platform is available as both a stand-alone appliance and as a blade that can be integrated into ECI's Neptune packet-optical transport system.

Big Switch secures $30.7m in capital funding

Big Switch Networksof Santa Clara, California, The Next-Generation Data Center Networking company,

a.         Founded in 2010 having originated from the original Stanford research team that invented software defined networking (SDN) technology.

b.         Began shipping its platform-independent open SDN product suite, featuring a controller, virtual switch and network monitoring application in 2012, and in 2013 started packaging its technology components into bare metal SDN fabric solutions.
c.         In January 2016 closed a Series C, $48.5 million funding round with participation from both new and existing investors, including Morgenthaler Ventures, Silver Lake Waterman, Index Ventures, Khosla Ventures, Redpoint Ventures, Accton, CID Group and MSD Capital, and bringing total funding at that time to $94 million.

Has announced it has secured $30.7 million in new financing to support further sales and product expansion as organisations continue to adopt next-generation networking solutions to modernise data centres.

Big Switch stated that the latest financing involves the participation of Dell Technologies Capital, Silverlake Waterman, Index Ventures, Morgenthaler Ventures, MSD Capital, Redpoint Ventures, Khosla Ventures, Intel Capital and a strategic investment from a Tier-1 service provider. The company noted that total funding raised to date exceeds $120 million.

http://www.bigswitch.com/press-releases/2017/07/27/big-switch-networks-secures-307mm-in-incremental-capital


  •  In January, Big Switch announced new capabilities for its Big Cloud Fabric (BCF), including comprehensive networking support for hyper-converged solutions powered by VMware vSAN and virtual desktop and application solutions with VMware Horizon, as well as multi-container networking support for Mesosphere DC/OS and Kubernetes container orchestration platforms, including Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform.

NTT Com launches international network services, build 2 data centres in India

NTT Communications (NTT Com), the ICT solutions and international communications business within the NTT Group, announced the launch of international data network services in India through its affiliate NTT Communications India Network Services (NTTCINS).

NTT Com stated that the acquisition of its licence in India follows the launch of construction of two new Indian data centres in Mumbai and Bangalore, through subsidiary Netmagic, a provider of managed hosting and cloud services in India. As a result, NTTCINS will be able to offer infrastructure services and management and security services designed to meet companies ICT outsourcing needs.

NTT Com plans to invest $160 million in building the two data centres, which are scheduled to become operational by April 2018. The new data centres will add nearly 500,000 sq feet of gross floor space at full build out, increasing NTT Com's total gross footprint in India to 1,100,000 sq feet. The new data centres in Mumbai and Bangalore will accommodate 2,750 racks with 22 MW of power and 1,500 racks with 15 MW of power, respectively.

NTT Com noted that it became the first Japanese service provider to be awarded a Virtual Network Operator - International Long Distance (VNO-ILD) network licence for India in March. In addition, NTT Com provides Arcstar Universal One international network services in partnership with local carriers. The company also implements value-added services such as network virtualisation functions (NVF) utilising the infrastructure of its partner carriers in India.

Netmagic provides colocation service via a global network of data centres operated by NTT Com under the Nexcenter brand, as well as managed hosting, cloud, network, managed security, disaster recovery and software-defined storage services. NTT Com leverages global network infrastructure including its Tier-1 IP network, the Arcstar Universal One VPN network that reaches 196 countries/regions, and 140 secure data centres.


Commenting on the launch, NTT Com president and CEO Tetsuya Shoji said, "India has been a key strategic market for NTT Com with the accelerating shift of IT services from traditional enterprise data centres into the cloud-based services… for the past few years the business in India has consistently grown over 35% annually… with the expansion of the data centre foot print and new international data network services NTT Com aims to meet the growing market needs for mobility, e-commerce, IoT, cloud and big data".


BT to offer Ixia security and monitoring to customers worldwide

Keysight Technologies company Ixia, a provider of network testing, visibility and security solutions, announced a new global reseller agreement with UK telco BT, under which BT will be able to offer Ixia's product portfolio to customers in 180 countries worldwide.

BT provides managed services to 6,500 customers worldwide, including major global multinational companies. With an advanced product portfolio supported by a team of more than 2,500 skilled security specialists, consultants, partners and vendors, BT delivers flexible end-to-end security capabilities to private- and public-sector organisations worldwide.

Through the agreement, BT customers will have access to Ixia's comprehensive solution portfolio including:

1.         Security and test products including BreakingPoint, which simulates real-world legitimate traffic, distributed denial of service (DDoS), exploits, malware and fuzzing to validate an organisation's security infrastructure.

2.         Network visibility solutions, which include its network packet brokers Vision ONE to help ensure all security and monitoring tools have visibility of the required data, as well as real-time application and threat intelligence, network TAPs and bypass switches to help improve resiliency and minimise downtime during deployment.



  • Recently, BT announced the launch of BT Managed Endpoint Access Security, a new security service designed to protect organisations from cyber threats and malware through greater visibility and better monitoring of devices connected to the corporate network.


  • The new service is based on technology from ForeScout Technologies, an Internet of Things (IoT) security company, to provide real-time agentless visibility and control of devices connected to corporate networks, including managed and unmanaged, private devices, Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD) and IoT.

ExteNet to acquire Axiom Fiber Networks

ExteNet Systems based in Lisle, Illinois, a provider of distributed network systems (DNS) enabling cellular, wireless and broadband connectivity, announced it entered into agreement to acquire New York-based MetroFiber, d/b/a Axiom Fiber Networks, on undisclosed terms.

Axiom Fiber Networks is a telecommunications infrastructure services provider operating in the greater New York City metro area. The acquisition by ExteNet will increase the company's fibre footprint in the New York City metro area.

In 2016, Axiom Fiber announced it has entered into a technology alliance with LightRiver Technologies, the company delivering Factory Built Network design and commissioning services. By partnering with LightRiver, Axiom Fiber, which delivers telecom infrastructure services over its fibre network to carrier and enterprise customers across New York City, expands its ability to provide flexible and scalable networking solutions that leverage its fibre infrastructure.

Axiom Fiber offers dark fibre and custom networking solutions, with a focus on providing efficient solutions with flexible business terms. In 2015, the company established a PoP at Sabey Data Centers' Intergate.Manhattan facility, located at 375 Pearl Street in lower Manhattan, and with Telx at its three New York City facilities, 60 Hudson, 111 8th Avenue and 32 Avenue of Americas.

ExteNet Systems designs, builds, owns and operates distributed networks (DNS) for use by wireless carriers, broadband providers, IoT companies, property owners and communities across the U.S. The company provides scalable infrastructure designed to enhance wireless and broadband services in both outdoor and indoor environments using fibre-based distributed antenna systems (DAS), remote radio heads (RRH), small cells, WiFi and virtualised EPC (vEPC) technologies.

ExteNet's outdoor distributed networks are deployed in urban, suburban and rural environments, while its indoor distributed networks are deployed in property verticals including sports and entertainment venues, hotels and convention centres, commercial office space, healthcare facilities and transit systems.


Sonus intros cloud-based Incident Management-as-a-Service

Sonus Networks announced the introduction of a new offering, Incident Management-as-a-Service (IMaaS), which, in conjunction with its maintenance and support offerings, provides oversight of Sonus network elements and helps speed the resolution of network anomalies that can affect IP-based communications.

Sonus noted that network downtime and degraded performance can reduce an organisation's productivity, customer satisfaction and revenue, and the new IMaaS offering is designed to address these factors by assessing the availability and performance of Sonus devices to ensure they are performing as expected.

In the event of an issue, IMaaS notifies the problem resolution resources supporting the Sonus devices, providing monitoring across areas including incident characterisation, customer notification and initial triage to help speed time to incident resolution.

Specifically, IMaaS provides secure surveillance and monitoring to support proactive/early incident detection and alarm acknowledgement, with incident logging and investigation, assessment, escalation and reporting. The solution works by measuring the response from Sonus elements to verify connectivity, measuring the availability of elements and performance of network interfaces, delivering reports on the capacity and availability of individual ports, and measuring the performance of applications running on the elements.

Sonus IMaaS is the latest addition to the Sonus Global Services portfolio that also encompasses offerings for cloud scale-out, predictive services, network survivability, bandwidth optimisation and security.

The company noted that in the latest Cost of Server, Application, and Network Downtime: North American Enterprise Survey and Calculator from research firm IHS Markit, aggregate, information and communication technology downtime costs North American organisations an estimated $700 billion per year, with equipment problems responsible for around 40% of the total sum.

Thursday, July 27, 2017

The Need for SD-WAN Service Definitions and Open APIs



SD-WAN is one of the biggest transformations in telecom in the last 20 years, says Nav Chander, Senior Director of Service Provider Marketing at Silver Peak.  There is a significant role for the MEF in SD-WAN because the industry is in need of service definitions. The MEF has proven itself very adept at building such consensus.

Recorded at the MEF Annual Members' Meeting in Toronto.

See video:  https://youtu.be/Qe5ZS4dND4Q



Telefónica announces restructuring

As part of the company's ongoing transformation program, Telefonica executive chairman José María Álvarez-Pallete has unveiled a new organisational structure designed to support business growth and facilitate the implementation and delivery of corporate objectives.

As part of this initiative, Telefonic's nominating, compensation and corporate governance committee has approved the appointment of Ángel Vilá Boix, formerly chief strategy and finance officer, as its new chief operating officer (COO). Therefore, at a meeting of Telefonica's board of directors. Ángel Vilá will be proposed as a member of the board and executive director, taking up the vacancy created by the departure of Julio Linares from the board.

Julio Linares has been proposed as a member of the board of directors of Telefónica Brasil and Telefónica Deutschland, and will continue to represent the company institutionally in several organisations.

The appointment of Ángel Vilá Boix as COO will consolidate the operational model introduced in 2014. With the appointment, Telefonica's five operating businesses - Spain, Brazil, Hispanoamérica, Germany and the UK - as well as the chief commercial digital officer and the chief global resources officer, will report directly to the COO.

Under the new structure, Laura Abasolo will become chief finance and control officer, reporting directly to the executive chairman, José María Alvarez-Pallete. Laura Abasolo is currently director of planning, accounting and control, and has been a member of the executive committee since March 2014.

In addition, the current director of corporate development and Fonditel, Enrique Lloves, will become head of a new strategy and corporate development area, and will also join the executive committee.

As a result of these changes, the following personnel will report directly to Telefónica's executive chairman: COO Angel Vilá; group general counsel Ramiro Sánchez de Lerín; chief data officer Jose María Alonso; chief finance and control officer Laura Abasolo; head of corporate communication and institutional marketing Jose Luis Gómez-Navarro; head of public affairs and regulation Carlos López Blanco; head of strategy and corporate development Enrique Lloves; chief of staff María García-Legaz; and chairman public affairs Francisco de Bergia.

Additionally, the committee will propose that global CTO Enrique Blanco should take responsibility for the systems area, currently led by Phil Jordan as global chief information officer, who is to leave the company. The committee will also propose that Telefónica Open Future be integrated into the innovation area, led by Gonzalo Martín-Villa.

Ángel Vilá Boix

Ángel Vilá has served in a number of executive roles with Telefonica Group since the late 1990, and executed key corporate transactions including those relating to O2 plc, Brasilcel/Vivo, EPlus, GVT and the Telefonica Germany IPO.


Ángel Vilá currently serves as a board member of Telefónica Germany and as a trustee in the Telefónica Foundation. He has previously served on the boards of Telco SpA (Italy), BBVA, Digital Plus, Atento, Telefónica Contenidos, Telefónica Czech Republic, Endemol, CTC Chile, Indra SSI and on the advisory panel of Macquarie MEIF funds.

Alaska Communications deploys Ciena

Ciena announced that Alaska Communications has upgraded its terrestrial and AKORN submarine networks using its solutions to improve Internet access and enable secure, reliable connectivity in Alaska.

The network upgrades are also designed to support demand for mobile broadband services, provide a cloud enablement platform for businesses and allow Alaska Communications to continue delivering unlimited Internet to residents. The additional network capacity will help customers such as hospitals and the education sector utilise critical applications and improve their services.

Alaska Communications serves businesses, schools, health care providers, state and local governments and other carriers via its terrestrial and subsea networks. The operator's AKORN undersea optical cable network links Alaska and Oregon and traverses a geographically-diverse secondary path to help reduce the potential for service disruption.
Ciena stated that the network upgrade will increase network capacity from the Lower 48 to Alaska four-fold leveraging its GeoMesh solution. Leveraging the traffic grooming and aggregation capabilities of the new scalable, OTN-switched Ciena network, Alaska Communications is able to more quickly turn up new services and deliver low-latency, high-capacity connectivity, and thereby provide an improved customer experience.


* In January, Anchorage-based Quintillion announced the deployment of Ciena's 8700 Packetwave Platform to support the first phase of its planned 15,000-km intercontinental subsea system that will connect Europe and Asia via the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic. Quintillion's Phase 1 network build in Alaska will connect Nome and Prudhoe Bay, with branches into four rural coastal communities: Barrow, Point Hope, Wainwright and Kotzebue.

* The company also stated it was building a new terrestrial fibre system between Prudhoe Bay and Fairbanks that will also provide a link between the continental U.S. and the Arctic.


* In March, Alaska Communications announced an agreement with Quintillion to provide corporations, government agencies, healthcare services and schools in northwest Alaska with access to high-speed broadband and managed IT services.

Huawei expands D-CCAP portfolio with FTTB Giga Coax access

Huawei announced at the Cable Tech Show 2017 in Tokyo the launch of the MA5633-XB10, claimed to be the first Giga Coax access product enabling the delivery of gigabit bandwidth for MSOs that is designed for installation in corridors.

Huawei noted that the new product addresses the trend of moving fibre closer to end users on hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC) networks, and expands its existing distributed-converged cable access platform (D-CCAP) solution portfolio.

Huawei's D-CCAP solution is a gigabit coaxial access solution specifically designed for MSOs. The solution allows video and data modulation to be supported at remote optical sites and thereby enables platform sharing with FTTH networks. The new MA5633-XB10 offers high capacity, compact size and low power consumption together with a distributed architecture, and is designed to deliver up to 1,000 Mbit/s bandwidth over coaxial cables to support a full range of data and video services.
Capabilities of the new MA5633-XB10 solution include:

1.         Support for 32 x 10 DOCSIS 3.0 channels, delivering a downstream rate of 1.6 Gbit/s and an upstream rate of 300 Mbit/s, sufficient to support 4K and 8K HD video.

2.         A compact, 'pizza box' package, with streamlined fins for heat dissipation and a fan-free design to reduce power consumption and allow for installation in narrow indoor cabinets.

3.         Capacity to support up to 256 households from a single platform, plus support for on-demand frequency configuration to allows operators to flexibly expand device capacities.


4.         Distributed, modular architecture that enables the future transition to FTTH, offering the ability to work with the MA5800 distributed smart OLT deployed at a central office and therefore support evolution to CloudFAN.

Japan's JPIX extends Internet exchange to Equinix Osaka

Equinix and Japan Internet Exchange (JPIX), a major Internet exchange (IX) service provider in Japan, announced that JPIX has extended its peering fabric to the Equinix International Business Exchange (IBX) data centre in Osaka, OS1, to meet increasing data centre and IX demands from international and domestic network operators in the OS1 IBX data centre.

With the addition of IX points of JPIX in OS1, Equinix customers will be able to interconnect and peer directly with JPIX's diverse aggregation of ISPs, cable TV service providers and content providers, enabling traffic exchange with greater reliability, improved performance and lower cost.

As a leading IX service provider in Japan, JPIX provides traffic exchange for 160-plus customers, including ISPs, cable operators and contents providers.

Equinix noted that JPIX established an IX switch at the Equinix TY2 IBX data centre in Tokyo in 2008, subsequently extending its services to all Equinix facilities in Tokyo (TY1 to 10) via Equinix Metro Connect, a dark fibre network that connects all of Equinix's Tokyo data centres.


* As part of its expansion in the Asia Pacific region, Equinix has recently announced plans to expand its SY4 IBX data centre in Sydney, Australia to meet demand for capacity and interconnection services, and the eighth phased expansion of its SG2 IBX facility in Singapore to address market demand for direct connectivity to cloud service providers such as Amazon Web Services, Oracle Cloud, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform.


* Equinix also recently launched dedicated, private access to Oracle Cloud at its Sydney IBX data centre leveraging Oracle Cloud Network Service - FastConnect and the Equinix Cloud Exchange.

Wave2Wave launches ROME 250 optical switching

Wave2Wave Solution based in Milpitas, California, a supplier of solutions enabling automated data centre connectivity, announced its ROME 250 Robotic Optical Switching platform, extending the ROME portfolio with a smaller, lower cost platform designed to allow telecom and data centre operators to migrate to software defined networking (SDN) down to the physical connectivity layer.

Wave2Wave stated that building on the success of the ROME 500 solution and the scalability of ROME fabric, the new ROME 250 offers increased granularity that is compatible with network architecture and software interfaces. As processing of data moves towards the network edge, ROME 250 is claimed to offer significant capex savings via support for 100's or 1,000's of network cross connect points, while also helping reduce opex to near zero.

The ROME 250 platform offers 256 fibre end points in a 19 inch 10 RU chassis, with te ability to support either single mode or multi-mode OM4 fibre connections. As with ROME 500, ROME 250 is integrated with a range of third party orchestration software platforms.
Describing the new solution, David Wang, founder and CEO of Wave2Wave, said, "ROME closes the last gap for a fully automated and software defined network in data centres and telecom infrastructure… ROME… (enables) a dynamic architecture and automated provisioning process".


* In October 2016, Wave2Wave introduced the EVO Switch+ connectivity solution, designed for spine-and-leaf networks with mixed data rates. EVO Switch+ is deployed alongside high density switches to simplify 100 to 25 Gbit/s or 40 to 10 Gbit/s network configurations to help IT managers implement projects.

Key features of the EVO Switch+ include: support for QSFP28 to SFP28 or QSFP+ to SFP+ optical interfaces; 1 U or 2 U form factors; and plug-and-play capability via MTP/MPO cables in either single mode or multi-mode.

EVO Switch+ serves as an add-on to Layer-2 switches from vendors including Arista, Brocade, Cisco, Dell and Juniper

Brazil's Algar Telecom selects Sonus cloud-native SBC

Sonus Networks, a global provider of solutions for securing cloud and real-time communications, announced that Brazil's Algar Telecom has selected the Sonus Session Border Controller Software Edition (SBC SWe) to support the nationwide expansion of its SIP peering and SIP trunking services.

Algar is a private communications service provider in Brazil that offers voice, video, data and IT services to businesses and residential customers. Leveraging the Sonus cloud-native solution, Algar will gain network-wide sharing of SBC session licenses and the ability to dynamically allocate SBC capacity where it is need across the country. With Sonus' SBC SWe, Algar will be able to quickly expand its SIP services footprint without the need to deploy new hardware.

The Sonus SBC SWe and its associated Sonus Insight Element Management System (EMS) will be deployed as virtual network functions (VNFs) across Algar's network. This approach aligns with the company's push towards implementing an advanced network functions virtualisation (NFV) architecture.

Sonus noted that as service providers migrate real-time communications to NFV and cloud environments, the Sonus SBC SWe provides a cloud-native approach for SIP session management, interworking, security and resiliency while offering the reliability and features of hardware-based SBCs. The Sonus SBC SWe has been deployed in more than 100 networks to date.

Algar Telecom, a part of the Algar group, provides high-speed Internet access, mobile services, cable TV, voice, data, IT and infrastructure and outsourcing services. Algar Telecom has a presence in all of the main regions of Brazil and operates a network with 19,000 miles of optical fibre serving 1.4 million customers in the states of Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, as well as the federal district.

Hammer Fiber teams with Go Long Wireless

Hammer Fiber Optic Investments, a New Jersey-based wireless and fibre network operator and a wholly owned subsidiary of Hammer Fiber Optic Holdings, announced it has partnered with Go Long Wireless (GLW) based in Sarasota, Florida, which holds 12 GHz multi-channel video distribution and data service (MVDDS) spectrum in 49 U.S. markets and covering more than 29 million people.

Through the partnership, Hammer Fiber will be able to expand its business model of delivering a bundle of high speed broadband, TV and VoIP service to the additional 49 markets, with a focus on addressing underserved rural communities.

Hammer Fiber noted that its business model has been proven in Atlantic City, New Jersey where a pre-5G 'wireless fibre' network is delivering a triple play bundle of high speed broadband, 4K UHD capable TV and VoIP service. Utilising off the shelf DOCSIS 3.0/3.1 modems, the Hammer technology platform is designed to leverage the cable-ready architecture and to be scalable by enabling low cost and ease of installation.

Go Long Wireless is a member of the MVDDS 5G Coalition Partnership, which is awaiting the outcome of a pending FCC ruling that is expected to add MVDDS spectrum to the 5G spectrum band. The addition of MVDDS spectrum to the 5G band would help to meet future demand for bandwidth.

Hammer Fiber's 5G Carrier Wireless Fiber Technology, which is provided by the company's wireless division under the AIR name, is designed to be compliant with future 5G standards, which are expected to be published over the next year. Hammer Fibre stated that its AIR technology is capable of carrying LTE-compatible service over 500 MHz wide broadband channels to fixed LTE subscriber modems and small cells utilising mmWave, or KA/KU band, spectrum.


Hammer Fiber offers internet, voice, video and data services to residential and small business customers in New Jersey, as well as carrier services in Philadelphia and New York. The company delivers high capacity broadband, voice and video both via direct fibre and the Hammer Wireless AIR wireless fibre platform.


Wednesday, July 26, 2017

MEF aims to define the future of Lifecycle Service Orchestration – Part 2

link to part 1 of this article

by Bartosz Michalik of Amartus

OpenCS Packet WAN project advances development of LSO

Together with Donald Hunter from Cisco, I have the privilege of co-leading the OpenCS Packet WAN project, which is one of the seven initiatives started in OpenCS ecosystem. The aim of the project is to deliver a reference implementation of an SDN controller that manages multi-vendor networks. The northbound API was released as a part of Presto SDK, which, in its current version, focuses on Presto network resources provisioning (NRP) models. Packet WAN is an open source module of the OpenDaylight controller called Unimgr. But, before I delve into the project details, let me take you on a journey through how we got to this stage of the development.

LSO hackathons throwback

The LSO development effort started in Dallas, in November 2015, during the first LSO Hackathon that was co-located with MEF’s GEN15 conference. At the time, I joined one of the Hackathon teams as a regular participant, and together with 40+ other colleagues from various vendor and provider companies, we were experimenting with the first ideas around Presto API. This experience had a great influence upon me, and it turned out to be extremely productive in terms of the LSO development. As I already mentioned at the beginning of this article, soon after the Hackathon I summarized the work of our team and presented it in this guest blog post at SDxCentral.

Since that first Hackathon, MEF organised three successful meetings in Rome, Baltimore and Frankfurt that saw developers, engineers and networking experts from MEF member and non-member companies invest their exceptional skills in LSO evolution. For a recap of the last Frankfurt Euro17 Hackathon, please go to this blog post by Charles Eckel, an Open Source Developer Evangelist at Cisco. At the consecutive Hackathons, we were crowded in a confined space and turning coffee, sweets and brainpower into Presto, Legato and Sonata LSO building blocks code. In parallel, on the official level, OpenCS and OpenLSO were launched, and the Hackathon teams could start remote collaboration on a daily basis.

To facilitate continuous development, MEF has built MEFnet, a compute-storage-networking platform, which delivers technical facilities for the Third Network reference implementations, OpenLSO and OpenCS projects, and gives interested parties an ability to evaluate APIs using reference implementations deployed to the MEFnet cloud.

Recently, we have implemented agile methodologies with the aim to iteratively deliver APIs, their reference implementations, and other artifacts that, when they are combined, will become LSO IRP SDK. And only a few months ago MEF initiated yet another program to welcome contributions from academia – namely MEF Software Developer Community. The idea is to give researchers and students an opportunity to participate in the development of Lifecycle Service Orchestration. The next edition of the LSO Hackathon is coming this fall to Orlando, co-located with MEF17. Check out this MEF17 link for more details and information on participation. All hands on deck!

What Is OpenDaylight Unimgr plug-in?

So, to return to 'my' Hackathon project. OpenCS Packet WAN is a project that delivers orchestration of MEF CE 2.0 services with SDN OpenDaylight controllers in combination with CE 2.0 networking devices. It has been developed as an OpenDaylight Unimgr module. For the current implementation, we use the ODL controller similarly as we did at the first Hackathon when we were experimenting with some ad-hoc Presto NRP ideas: https://wiki.opendaylight.org/view/Unimgr:Main.

However, the model itself has evolved a great deal - from the prototype, via the ONF Core model-based data model to ONF Transport API (T-API). We have also been working on improving the architecture of the solution and adjusting it to the model changes.

Unimgr is a platform that focuses on the Presto NRP-compliant network resource activation API and is a good starting point to making a network LSO-compliant. The most important concept in our Presto implementation is a driver that encapsulates protocol- and vendor-specific logic to make a sub-segment activation possible. What it means is that networks built using Cisco and/or Juniper devices, can be using two different drivers to manage these types of devices. In addition, a driver is required to contribute an abstract representation of managed devices to the Unimgr topology. Why? Because an NBI client (e.g. Service Orchestration Functionality – SOF) needs to know the current state of the network to be able to trigger resource activation requests.

To support other network vendors, there are three drivers being maintain – Cisco XR driver for MPLS, OVSDB driver for SDN-like networks, and a dummy driver, which can act as a template and requires a minimal amount of code to meet a Unimgr driver contract. Once the driver is installed, then Unimgr middleware will begin handling the RPC requests, decomposing them and triggering requests to the registered drivers if needed.

The Unimgr development plan is aligned with MEF SDK effort and OpenCS planning. In fact, the second iteration of OpenCS is about to be delivered as a part of the ODL Nitrogen release. Some of the new features include:

•   The implementation of the latest Presto NRP.

•   Support for P2P connection over multiple drivers.

•   Support for dynamic bandwidth changes in the drivers that we host in the project.

In addition, a simple implementation of MEF LSO Legato will also be delivered for the scenarios in which a fully-featured SOF (e.g. for a lab/experimental network) is not needed.

The future for the LSO ecosystem

The LSO ecosystem is dynamic and fast growing which means the future of LSO is very bright. However, it is important to continually grow this ecosystems, which means encouraging engineers and coders from more companies to join the upcoming meetings and hackathons. The next big LSO hackathon is in Orlando, FL, 13-16th November during the MEF17 show.

About the Author

Bartosz Michalik is a Software Architect at Amartus, a Certified MEF Engineer, and a holder of the MEF Recognition Award for LSO Hackathon blogging and facilitation. He leads the LSO Presto Hackathon project, and co-leads the OpenCS Packet WAN project together with Donald Hunter from Cisco. He is also a contributor to the Open Daylight UniMgr project. E-mail me at a Bartosz.Michalik@amartus.com with any questions or queries.

(More information about MEF’s Third Network Vision and Lifecycle Service Orchestration is available here: https://www.mef.net/third-network/lifecycle-service-orchestration)

See also