Monday, May 11, 2015

IoT is Contributing to Rise in Simple Service Discovery Protocol Amplification Attacks

There has been a significant growth in Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP)-based amplification attacks, according to a recently published DDoS Threat Report from NSFocus, which specializes in enterprise-level, carrier-grade solutions for DDoS mitigation, Web security and enterprise-level network security.

The NSFOCUS report cites the rise of IoT-connected devices, such as webcams, as primary agents responsible for an increase in SSDP reflection attacks.

The report is based on statistical analysis and key observations from actual DDoS attacks that occurred during the second half of 2014. This data was collected from a mix of global enterprises, Internet service providers, regional telecom operators and Internet hosting companies.

Some key findings:

  • Any network-connected device with a public IP address and vulnerable operating system will increase the number of devices that could be used to launch SSDP–based reflection attacks. This particular type of DDoS attack was seen as the second most dominant threat, after NTP-based attacks, in 2H2014.
  • More than 30 percent of compromised SSDP attack devices were network-connected devices such as home routers and webcams. Findings also revealed that globally, more than 7 million SSDP-controlled devices could potentially be exploited.
  • While 90 percent of DDoS attacks lasted less than 30 minutes, one attack lasted 70 hours. This shorter attack strategy is being employed to improve efficiency as well as distract the attention of IT personnel away from the actual intent of an attack: deploy malware and steal data. These techniques indicate that today’s attacker continues to become smarter and more sophisticated.
  • Online retailers, media and gaming remain top targets: As retailers, entertainment and gaming companies increasingly employ online environments, consumers demand the highest level of quality of service. By slowing down or flooding these servers, attackers look to take advantage of online businesses through a variety of means, including blackmail, unfair business competition or asset theft.

"We are watching the evolution of attack technologies that amount to nothing less than 'bullying' (flood attacks) and 'leveraging' (resource exhaustion) tactics that enhance the impact by exploiting network bandwidth. To counteract these assaults, organizations must look to traffic- cleaning devices in conjunction with other security protocols," stated Yonggang Han, COO of NSFOCUS.

http://www.nsfocus.com

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